Technical Report Series No. 1
Climate and Meteorological information requirements for water management
A review of issues
In providing better understanding between climate and water management, this review will, where relevant, adopt the approach of a SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats). As well as some recent initiatives noted in the preceding section, the basic data requirements and methods for water management are covered in the WMO Guide to Hydrological Practices (Ref. 7). In Volume I, Chapters 2, 3 and 4 deal with the climate observations required for water management, whilst Volume II deals with applications and management activities. Table II.4.1 from that publication is a particularly useful reference point. This table itemises the various data requirements from the hydrological cycle, which apply to different water sector applications. Not all are meteorological or climatological in nature, so the aim of this review is to concentrate on those that are. This review aims to identify the fundamental gaps and weaknesses that fail to produce the desired synergies between climate, meteorology and water management. It is evident that there is much debate and effort being expended with the intention of matching practical capacities with the theoretical requirements, but consideration of the broad range of applications for which meteorological can apply to water management can help to justify the effort.