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This document presents an overview on the impact of the Dry Corridor phenomenon in Central America, and the work the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) - in collaboration with its partners - is doing to support countries to increase disaster resilience of households, communities and institutions.Published by: FAO ; 2015
This document presents an overview on the impact of the Dry Corridor phenomenon in Central America, and the work the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) - in collaboration with its partners - is doing to support countries to increase disaster resilience of households, communities and institutions.
Format: Digital (Free)Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MOAI) Myanmar - gov ; Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development (MLFRD) Myanmar - gov ; et al. - FAO, 2015This report assesses the disaster impact of the cyclone Komen on agriculture and rural-based livelihoods of affected populations in Myanmar. The assessment was conducted in the six most-affected regions/states of Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Magway, Rakhine and Sagaing. It was co-led by FAO and WFP under the framework of the Food Security Sector in partnership with UN women, World Vision, CESVI, CARE, JICA and LIFT.
Food and Agriculture Organization (Rome, Italia) ; Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MOAI) Myanmar - gov ; Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development (MLFRD) Myanmar - gov ; World Food ProgrammePublished by: FAO ; 2015
This report assesses the disaster impact of the cyclone Komen on agriculture and rural-based livelihoods of affected populations in Myanmar. The assessment was conducted in the six most-affected regions/states of Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Magway, Rakhine and Sagaing. It was co-led by FAO and WFP under the framework of the Food Security Sector in partnership with UN women, World Vision, CESVI, CARE, JICA and LIFT.
Format: Digital (Free)This study has a focus on climate adaptation strategies for farmers in Malawi.
This paper assesses farmers’ incentives and conditioning factors that hinder or promote adaptation strategies and evaluates its impact on crop productivity by utilizing household level data collected in 2011 from nationally representative sample households in Malawi. The study distinguishes between (i) exposure to climatic disruptions, (ii) bio-physical sensitivity to such disruptions, (iii) household adaptive capacity in terms of farmers’ ability to prepare and adjust to the resulting stress, and, finally, ( ...Published by: FAO ; 2014
This study has a focus on climate adaptation strategies for farmers in Malawi.
This paper assesses farmers’ incentives and conditioning factors that hinder or promote adaptation strategies and evaluates its impact on crop productivity by utilizing household level data collected in 2011 from nationally representative sample households in Malawi. The study distinguishes between (i) exposure to climatic disruptions, (ii) bio-physical sensitivity to such disruptions, (iii) household adaptive capacity in terms of farmers’ ability to prepare and adjust to the resulting stress, and, finally, (iv) system-level adaptive capacity that serve as enabling factors for household-level adaptation. We employ a multivariate probit (MVP) and instrumental variable technique to model farming practice selection decisions and their yield impact estimates.
Format: Digital (Free)According to this report, the global livestock sector contributes a significant share to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, but it can also deliver a significant share of the necessary mitigation effort. The authors call for urgent, concerted and collective action from all sector stakeholders to ensure that existing and promising mitigation strategies are implemented. They also highlight a need to reduce the sector’s emissions and its environmental footprint, especially in view of its continuing expansion to ensure food security and feed a growing, richer and more urbanized world populati ...Published by: FAO ; 2013
Tackling climate change through livestock: A global assessment of emissions and mitigation opportunities
According to this report, the global livestock sector contributes a significant share to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, but it can also deliver a significant share of the necessary mitigation effort. The authors call for urgent, concerted and collective action from all sector stakeholders to ensure that existing and promising mitigation strategies are implemented. They also highlight a need to reduce the sector’s emissions and its environmental footprint, especially in view of its continuing expansion to ensure food security and feed a growing, richer and more urbanized world population.
Format: Digital (Free)The University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania through the Institute of Resource Assessment (IRA) implemented a three years research program to study the implications of climate change on natural and social systems in three agro-ecolocilal zones in Tanzania. The paper presents findings obtained from one of the zones studied.
The study was conducted in two villages: Upungwe and Mbogwe located in Nzega District, Tabora region. Interviews with a sample size of 99 people – 10 per cent of the total number of households – were used. A total of 40 people were involved in focus group discussions – ...Published by: FAO ; 2013
Exploring opportunities for climate change adaptation in semi arid areas of Tanzania: A case of Nzega District in Tabora region: In African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
The University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania through the Institute of Resource Assessment (IRA) implemented a three years research program to study the implications of climate change on natural and social systems in three agro-ecolocilal zones in Tanzania. The paper presents findings obtained from one of the zones studied.
The study was conducted in two villages: Upungwe and Mbogwe located in Nzega District, Tabora region. Interviews with a sample size of 99 people – 10 per cent of the total number of households – were used. A total of 40 people were involved in focus group discussions – 20 from each village.
Findings show that different ethnic groups have moved into villages in response to climate change impacts in their areas of origin. The crops most affected were cotton, rice, cassava, sweet potatoes, groundnuts and maize, respectively.
The authors recommend that in order to strengthen adaptation rural-urban, urban-rural and rural-rural linkages needs to be facilitated so that products and information can flow from all ends.
Format: Digital (Free)In 2010, FAO prepared guidelines to support policy-makers in integrating climate change concerns into new or existing forest policies and national forest programmes. This document serves as a companion to those 2010 guidelines in order to aid sustainable forest management.
This document provides guidance on what forest managers should consider in assessing vulnerability, risk, mitigation options, and actions for adaptation, mitigation and monitoring in response to climate change.PermalinkFitzgibbon Catherine; Crosskey Alexandra; Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) ; et al. - FAO, 2013This technical brief argues that disaster risk reduction (DRR) interventions should not only focus on addressing the hazards that causes disasters but should also encompass actions that reduce vulnerability to disaster risk and build local capacity to cope. It identifies good practice in DRR interventions and illustrates how risk-reduction considerations can be systematically incorporated into all development and humanitarian policies and programming.PermalinkThis report presents the findings of a study commissioned by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to review the status of development and implementation of disaster risk management (DRM) plans for the agriculture sector throughout the Caribbean. The report is divided into four sections: (i) the first section introduces the background of the region, the Hyogo Framework for Action, and the methodology and objective of the study; (ii) section two reviews the status of disaster risk management (DRM) strategies in the agricultural sector, highlighting the participation ...PermalinkThis framework explains the Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security Framework Programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) which has been undertaken with the goal of enhancing the resilience of livelihoods against threats and emergencies to ensure the food and nutrition security of vulnerable farmers, fishers, herders, foresters and other at risk groups. The framework presents four thematic pillars which mirror the priorities outlined in the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA): (i) enable the environment, emphasizing good governance and effective ...PermalinkUnderscoring that droughts affect more people annually than any other type of natural disaster, the July edition of 'Issues in the Spotlight' of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) describes the increased international attention given to national drought policies in the lead up to, and following. the first High-Level Meeting on National Drought Policy.
The newsletter calls for policy makers to break the crisis management cycle and move toward pro-active risk management strategies. It describes the Declaration adopted at the conclusion of the High-Level Meeting ...PermalinkThis brief focuses on the key disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) carries out in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (WBGS). It seeks to give an overview of FAO's DRR strategy and briefly describe their activities in WBGS to protect livelihoods from shocks, to make food production systems more resilient and more capable of absorbing the impact of, and recovering from, disruptive events, such as floods, droughts, earthquakes, animal and plants pests and diseases.PermalinkClimate-smart interventions are highly location-specific and knowledge-intensive. Therefore, considerable efforts are required to develop the knowledge and capacities to make climate-smart agriculture (CSA) a reality. The purpose of this sourcebook is to further elaborate the concept of CSA and demonstrate its potential, as well as its limitations. It is aimed as a reference tool for planners, practitioners and policymakers working in agriculture, forestry and fisheries at national and subnational levels, dealing with the effects of climate change.PermalinkThis review of national greenhouse gas mitigation planning in the agriculture sector has two objectives: to provide national policymakers and others in the agriculture sector with an overview of national mitigation planning processes and aid then in identifying the relevance of these processes for promoting agricultural development; and to provide policymakers and advisors involved in low-emission development planning processes with an overview of mitigation planning in the agriculture sector and in particular to highlight the relevance of agriculture to national mitigation plans and actions. ...PermalinkPermalinkRecent food crises and growing concerns about global climate change have placed agriculture on top of the international agenda. Decision-makers have recognised the strong link between the dual goals of eradicating hunger and making agriculture sustainable. Achieving these goals will require a significant increase in agricultural investment but, more importantly, it will require improving the quality of this investment. This annual flagship report by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reviews the economic and social rationale for agricultural investment, examines the causes of underinv ...PermalinkCrop production must meet the demands of feeding a growing population in an increasingly degraded environment amid uncertainties resulting from climate change. there is a pressing need to adapt farming systems to meet these challenges. one of agriculture’s greatest assets in meeting them is nature itself: many of the ecosystem services provided by nature – such as nutrient cycling, pest regulation and pollination – directly contribute to agricultural production. the healthy functioning of these ecosystem services ensures the sustainability of agriculture as it intensifies to meet growing deman ...PermalinkSince the Global Conference on Climate Change, Food Security and Agriculture held at the Hague in 2010, the concept of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) has gained increasing attention at international and national levels, with several countries initiating related activities. The objective of this paper is to highlight recent experiences with country-level implementation of CSA to identify some key lessons to incorporate in ongoing efforts to expand the use of the approach in developing countries. Section 1 describes the evolution of the concept of CSA since the Hague conference. Section 2 i ...PermalinkAgriculture has to address simultaneously three intertwined challenges: ensuring food security through increased productivity and income, adapting to climate change and contributing to climate change mitigation. To accomplish this, food systems have to become, at the same time, more efficient and resilient, at every scale from the farm level to the global level. Radical changes are needed in agricultural and food systems. These changes can play an essential role in greening the economy and contributing to sustainable development. This paper considers the intertwined challenges of food sec ...PermalinkContinued population growth, urbanization and rising incomes are likely to continue to put pressure on food demand. International prices for most agricultural commodities are set to remain at 2010 levels or higher, at least for the next decade (OECD-FAO, 2010). Small-scale producers in many developing countries were not able to reap the benefits of high food prices during the 2007-2008 food price crises. Yet, this upward food price trend could have been an opportunity for them to increase their incomes and food security. The opportunity that high food prices could have provided as a pat ...PermalinkSteduto Pasquale; Hsiao Theodore C.; Fereres Elias; et al. - FAO, 2012 (FAO irrigation and drainage paper-No. 66)Food production and water use are inextricably linked. Water has always been the main factor limiting crop production in much of the world where rainfall is insufficient to meet crop demand. With the ever-increasing competition for finite water resources worldwide and the steadily rising demand for agricultural commodities, the call to improve the efficiency and productivity of water use for crop production, to ensure future food security and address the uncertainties associated with climate change, has never been more urgent.PermalinkThis report analyses the connected problem of food security and climate change. It observes that a social vulnerability lens is essential to understand why certain individuals, households or communities experience differences in food insecurity risks, even when they are in the same geographic region. Examples of strategies for community-based adaptation include improving water management practices, adopting practices to conserving soil moisture, organic matter and nutrients, and setting up community-based seeds and grain banks. The report includes the following recommendations: integrate food ...PermalinkThis policy brief examines the role of forests for climate change adaptation in the region of Asia. It is organized into several sections. Firstly, anticipated changes to precipitation and temperature in Asia under a low and a high emissions scenario, between 2010 and 2039, are outlined. Following on from this, the key elements of Forest-Based Adaptation (FBA) are discussed and the current status of FBA in Asia is highlighted. Finally, recommendations aimed at moving forest-based adaptation forward are made. The following suggestions are made: FBA should be integrated into wider sustainable fo ...PermalinkSouthern Africa and Mozambique are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The region is frequently exposed to droughts, floods, variable rainfall and heat, which are expected to worsen, and sensitivity to such exposure of the natural resource-based livelihood system is very high. The project area is remote and highly underdeveloped and the population is poor, food insecure, and not resilient to the impact of climate shocks. Due to water scarcity, not sufficient for humans and livestock except in a few communities along the Limpopo River, livelihood options are limited. Livelihoods ...PermalinkTogether, both women and men play a significant role in safeguarding food security. It is important to understand their respective roles and responsibilities to ensure that they benefit equally from climate-smart agriculture practices. However, insufficient research has been undertaken to understand how they are adapting to climate change, mitigating emissions and maintaining food security. To address the gap, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security have jointly come up with this training guide. Its ...PermalinkStarting with an overview of the concept of climate change, the course then looks at its impact on food security. After examining strategies for mitigating or adapting to the effects of climate change, it suggests concrete ways to make sure agriculture is “climate smart”.
The course is aimed at policy makers and people working in development agencies, who need to better understand how climate change affects agriculture and food systems, and what concrete actions can be taken.
The course also includes face to face training materials, such as exercises, trainer’s no ...PermalinkBetween 1950 and 2009 landslides claimed the lives of almost 18 000 people in Asia and affected approximately 5.5 million people (EM-DAT 2010). If statistics were available for landslide impacts caused by earthquakes, these numbers would be many times greater. Landslides cause social, economic and environmental damage. Forest and agricultural resources are lost; infrastructure and heritage sites are damaged or destroyed. Landslide material can block rivers and increase downstream sedimentation, increasing the risk of floods. With predicted changes in rainfall and climate in the coming decades ...PermalinkThis report summarises current knowledge of the anticipated impacts of climate change on water availability for agriculture. It examines the implications for local and national food security and the methods and approaches for assessing climate change impacts on water and agriculture. It emphasises the need for a closer alignment between water and agricultural policies and makes the case for immediate implementation of ‘no-regrets’ strategies which have both positive development outcomes and make agricultural systems resilient to future impacts.PermalinkFAO-Adapt serves a double purpose. First, it systemises the adaptation activities currently underway across the organisation, which serves to ensure that all efforts can move ahead toward a clear and unified goal. This, in turn, enables FAO to present a comprehensive body of work to the outside world. The document consists of five main sections: Chapter 1 introduces the background and context of FAO-Adapt; Chapter 2 discusses climate change impacts on the agriculture sectors and food security; Chapter 3 defines adaptation in the context of the agriculture sectors and describes means and measur ...PermalinkThe objective of this report is to catalyse thinking about the ways in which agriculture – which has a vital role in global food security, development and natural resources use – can and must be fully integrated into national strategies and a consensus-based multilateral framework to address the challenges of climate change. The report brings forth questions that will occupy the world community over the next decade or more regarding the role of agriculture in climate change adaptation and mitigation. The report offers some answers and concrete proposals – while recognizing that much more needs ...PermalinkThis FAO publication focuses on climate change mitigation financing for smallholders. The Organization, however, fully recognizes that adaptation may be the imperative and priority over the short and medium term for many smallholders in circumstances where climate change may adversely impact their efforts to overcome poverty and food insecurity. In many cases, most countries will need to deal with both adaptation and mitigation. FAO is supporting national efforts on CSA which seek to enhance the capacity of the agricultural sector to sustainably support food security, livelihoods and growth un ...PermalinkThe world already faces a biodiversity extinction crisis, and it is likely to be made worse by climate change. This paper examines the likely ecosystem and landscape changes that will occur in forests, mountains, wetlands, coastal areas, savannahs, grasslands and steppes. Impacts include changes in physical conditions, weather patterns and ecosystem functioning. As a consequence, terrestrial, freshwater and marine wildlife will be severely affected unless we manage to cope with climate changes through decisive planning and action. The main focus is on tropical terrestrial wildlife and its habi ...PermalinkThis document is published as a key part of the effort by the Forestry Department of FAO and the National Forest Programme Facility to assist countries address emerging policy issues related to forests and climate change through integrating climate change considerations into national forest programmes. It is the outcome of a thorough consultative process with active engagement of countries and experts. It seeks to provide a practical approach to the process of integrating climate change into national forest programmes. The aim is to assist senior officials in government administrations and the ...PermalinkThis year’s report focuses on the costs of food price volatility, as well as the dangers and opportunities presented by high food prices. Climate change and an increased frequency of weather shocks, increased linkages between energy and agricultural markets due to growing demand for biofuels, and increased financialization of food and agricultural commodities all suggest that price volatility is here to stay. The report describes the effects of price volatility on food security and presents policy options to reduce volatility in a cost-effective manner and to manage it when it cannot be avoide ...PermalinkThe impacts of climate change on the global hydrological cycle are expected to vary the patterns of demand and supply of water for agriculture – the dominant user of freshwater. The extent and productivity of both irrigated and rainfed agriculture can be expected to change. As a result, the livelihoods of rural communities and the food security of a predominantly urban population are at risk from water-related impacts linked primarily to climate variability. The rural poor, who are the most vulnerable, are likely to be disproportionately affected. Adaptation measures that build upon improved l ...PermalinkThis volume brings together top analysts from inside and outside FAO to examine a problem that has become increasingly relevant as food prices once again, soar to high levels. This volume stresses that countries themselves can do a great deal to safeguard food security in the event of turmoil by establishing social safety nets, emergency food reserves and other schemes to protect the poor. The book also presents guidelines on “smart subsidies”, those which provide production incentives and improve supply responsesPermalinkThe report notes that women make significant contributions to the rural economy in all developing country regions.PermalinkThe study draws on specific examples from Africa, Asia and Latin America as well as from some developed countries to show how constraints to successfully integrating production of food and energy crops can be overcome.PermalinkEl informe del año en curso se centra en los costos de la volatilidad de los precios de los alimentos, así como en los riesgos y oportunidades que plantean los elevados precios de los alimentos. El cambio climático y la mayor frecuencia de las perturbaciones meteorológicas, el aumento de los vínculos entre los mercados energéticos y agrícolas debido a la creciente demanda de biocombustibles y el aumento de la “financierización” de los productos alimenticios y agrícolas básicos apuntan a que la volatilidad de los precios será una realidad perdurable. En este informe se describen los efectos de ...PermalinkLa presente edición de El estado mundial de la agricultura y la alimentación aborda el tema de Las mujeres en la agricultura: cerrar la brecha de género en aras del desarrollo. El sector agrícola tiene un bajo rendimiento en muchos países en desarrollo y una de las principales razones es que las mujeres no tienen igualdad de acceso a los recursos y oportunidades que necesitan para ser más productivas. El presente informe confirma claramente que los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio sobre la igualdad de género (ODM 3) y la pobreza y la seguridad alimentaria (ODM 1) se refuerzan mutuamente.Permalinkويركز تقرير هذا العام على تكاليف تقلب أسعار الأغذية والأخطار والفرص الناجمة عن ارتفاع أسعار الأغذية. فالتغيُّرات المناخية وازدياد تواتر صدمات الأحوال الجوية، وازدياد الصلات بين أسواق الطاقة والأسواق الزراعية نتيجة لازدياد الطلب على الوقود الحيوي، وازدياد التوظيف المالي للسلع الغذائية والزراعية توحي كلها بأن تقلب الأسعار سيظل مستمراً. ويبين التقرير آثار تقلب الأسعار على الأمن الغذائي، ويعرض خيارات السياسات التي يمكن بها الحد من التقلبات على نحو يتسم بفعالية التكلفة، والتكيُّف معها عندما يتعذر تلافيها.Permalink今年这份报告注重粮价波动的代价以及高粮价所带来的危险与机遇。气候变化及天气冲击的频率增加，由于对生物燃料的需求增加而促使能源与农业市场之间联系增强，粮食和农业商品的金融化程度增加，所有这些都表明价格波动会普遍化。本报告说明了价格波动对粮食安全的影响，提出了以经济有效方式减少价格波动、当无法避免时予以控制的政策方案。Permalink今年的《粮食及农业状况》涉及“农 业中的女性：填性别鸿沟 促农业发展”。 在很多发展中国家，农业领域发展不足， 其中一个主要原因便是女性没有平等地 获得提高生产力所需的资源和机会。本 报告明确说明，针对两性平等的千年发 展目标（目标3）与针对扶贫和针对粮食 安全的千年发展目标（目标1）之间是相 辅相成的。我们必须促进农业中的两性 平等并赋予妇女权力，以不断获得反饥 饿抗极端贫困之战的胜利。我坚信，实 现千年发展目标3 会有助于实现千年发 展目标1。PermalinkLa presente publicación es el resultado de un proceso iniciado en 2009 con una serie de talleres de grupos nacionales interesados, con el objeto de apoyar a los países en el proceso de integración de aspectos relativos al cambio climático en sus programas forestales nacionales (PFN). Este estudio se publica como parte del esfuerzo del Departamento Forestal de la FAO y del Mecanismo para los programas forestales nacionales para ayudar a los países a abordar las nuevas cuestiones de política relacionadas con los bosques y el cambio climático mediante la integración de las consideraciones sobre ...PermalinkLe présent document est publié à l'initiative du Département des forêts de la FAO et du Mécanisme pour les programmes forestiers nationaux, pour aider les pays à traiter les questions émergentes intéressant les forêts et le changement climatique en intégrant des considérations relatives au changement climatique dans leurs programmes forestiers nationaux. Il est le fruit d'un processus consultatif approfondi prévoyant un engagement actif de pays et d'experts. Il a pour objet de présenter une approche pratique du processus d'intégration du changement climatique dans les programmes forestiers nat ...PermalinkLe rapport de cette année porte sur les coûts de la volatilité des prix des denrées alimentaires ainsi que sur les dangers et les avantages des hauts niveaux de prix. Le changement climatique et la multiplication des chocs météorologiques, le renforcement des liens entre les marchés de l'énergie et les marchés agricoles lié à la demande croissante en biocarburants, et enfin, la financiarisation progressive des produits alimentaires et agricoles, sont autant de réalités qui laissent penser que la volatilité des prix n’est pas près de disparaître. Le rapport décrit les répercussions de la volati ...PermalinkИзменение климата и учащение погодных катаклизмов, усиление связи между энергетическими и сельскохозяйственных рынками из-за растущего спроса на биотопливо и увеличение финансиализации продуктов питания и сельскохозяйственной продукции, - все это означает, что волатильность цен возросла надолго. В докладе проанализированы последствия колеблемости цен с точки зрения продовольственной безопасности и представлены возможные меры политики, призванные уменьшить волатильность экономически эффективным образом и регулировать ее, когда она не может быть предотвращена.PermalinkLa présente édition de La situation mondiale de l’alimentation et de l’agriculture est consacrée au rôle de la femme dans l’agriculture et aux mesures à prendre pour combler le fossé hommes-femmes en vue de soutenir le développement. Dans de nombreux pays en développement, le secteur agricole n’est pas vraiment performant, en partie parce que les femmes n’ont pas accès aux mêmes ressources et opportunités que les hommes pour accroître leur production. La présente publication confirme, sans l’ombre d’un doute, que les objectifs du Millénaire sur l’égalité des sexes (OMD 3) et la pauvreté et la ...PermalinkPermalinkЭтот выпуск доклада «Положение дел в области продовольствия и сельского хозяйства» посвящен теме «Женщины в сельском хозяйстве: устранение гендерного разрыва в интересах развития». Сектор сельского хозяйства во многих развивающихся странах показывает низкие результаты, и одна из главных причин этого – то, что женщины не имеют равного доступа к ресурсам и возможностям, необходимым им для повышения производительности труда. В докладе убедительно подтверждается, что цели развития тысячелетия по гендерному равенству (ЦРТ-3) и продовольственной безопасности (ЦРТ-1) дополняют друг друга.PermalinkFAO, 2010Governments need to acknowledge that problems of undernutrition and micronutrient deficiency persist, and they should sensitize the public to the magnitude of the problem, its causes and effects and possible strategies to combat it. Nutritional considerations need to be seriously integrated into agriculture, livestock, aquaculture and related programmes so that this dimension can be monitored and desired outcomes achieved. The key objectives of this priority area are to contribute to the eradication of hunger and malnutrition in Asia and the Pacific region in line with the targets of the World ...Permalink