Published by: WMO ; 2013
Collection(s) and Series: GCOS- No. 177
Format: Digital (Free)The twenty-first session of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Steering Committee (SC) was held at the German Meteorological Service, Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD), in Offenbach, Germany from 22 to 24 October 2013.
This report provides an overview of the presentations and discussion at the session and identifies specific action items following from the deliberations of the SC.Published by: WMO ; 2013
The twenty-first session of the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) Steering Committee (SC) was held at the German Meteorological Service, Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD), in Offenbach, Germany from 22 to 24 October 2013.
This report provides an overview of the presentations and discussion at the session and identifies specific action items following from the deliberations of the SC.
Collection(s) and Series: GCOS- No. 176
Format: Digital (Free)This report provides information for scientists interested in high quality surface radiation data as well as for scientists running a BSRN station. It offers information about the available data, the data access and describes tools to visualize the data and to check their quality.Published by: WMO ; 2013
This report provides information for scientists interested in high quality surface radiation data as well as for scientists running a BSRN station. It offers information about the available data, the data access and describes tools to visualize the data and to check their quality.
Collection(s) and Series: GCOS- No. 174
Format: Digital (Free)The goals of the Session were: (1) To seek guidance on drivers and priorities from the OOPC sponsors, (2) to initiate the revision of the new OOPC Terms of Reference (ToR), (3) to develop the OOPC Work Plan for the next period of 2013-2018, and 4) to identify initial steps in implementing the Work Plan.Published by: WMO ; 2013
The goals of the Session were: (1) To seek guidance on drivers and priorities from the OOPC sponsors, (2) to initiate the revision of the new OOPC Terms of Reference (ToR), (3) to develop the OOPC Work Plan for the next period of 2013-2018, and 4) to identify initial steps in implementing the Work Plan.
Collection(s) and Series: GCOS- No. 173
Format: Digital (Free)World Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013Published by: WMO ; 2013
Collection(s) and Series: DBCP Technical Document- No. 47
Format: Digital (Free)PermalinkThis document provides a functional specification for AMDAR onboard software, which can be utilized by avionics software developers to build avionics software applications for AMDAR that will efficiently meet WMO standards and requirements for reporting of meteorological data from the aircraft platform utilizing aviation communications protocols and infrastructure.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013PermalinkThe GCOS Reference Upper‐Air Network (GRUAN) guide provides both mandatory operating requirements and guidelines on how to achieve the operating protocols specified in the GRUAN Manual (GCOS‐170). Mandatory operating protocols are distinguished by the words “must” or “shall” while guidelines are distinguished by the words “could” or “should”. The primary goals of GRUAN are to provide vertical profiles of reference measurements suitable for reliably detecting changes in global and regional climate on decadal time scales, initially for temperature, pressure and water vapour, with ...PermalinkThis GCOS (Global Climate Observing System) Reference Upper‐Air Network (GRUAN) Manual describes mandatory operating protocols (distinguished by use of the words “must” or “shall”) which describe what is expected of participating sites, the GRUAN Lead Centre, and the Working Group on GRUAN (WG‐GRUAN) to achieve the goals of GRUAN. These protocols have the status of requirements in a technical resolution, which sites within GRUAN are expected to follow or implement.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); International Council for Science (ICSU); et al. - WMO, 2013The goals of the workshop were to identify observational requirements for adaptation, to review the Essential Climate Variables (ECVs) to determine their adequacy for adaptation, and to support the development of a new implementation plan to address the gaps and deficiencies identified. The workshop was closely aligned with the implementation of the GFCS. Consistent with the four GFCS priority areas, individual sessions addressed agriculture, water resources, health, and disaster risk reduction issues, among others. In addition, the sessions on data rescue and da ...PermalinkThis report describes this latest RA II intercomparison: the participants (from WRC, Japan, Hong Kong, the Republic of Korea, and Thailand), the intercomparison itself and the results. That all participating instruments except one were found to be well-maintained and highly accurate is a credit to all those who participated, and we can now be confident that solar radiation measurements made in these Asian region countries are reliable and dependable.PermalinkThis report presents the results from a sub-Regional Pyrheliometer Intercomparison that was held at the Regional Radiation Centre at Norrköping, at the kind invitation of Sweden, for Members of Baltic states of WMO Regional Association VI. The opportunity was taken during the exercise to include a pyranometer intercomparison. The participating countries were Austria, Finland, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Sweden and WRC (Switzerland).PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); International Council for Science (ICSU); et al. - WMO, 2013The fifth GCOS Reference Upper Air Network (GRUAN) Implementation and Coordination Meeting (ICM5) was held at the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI) at De Bilt, the Netherlands, from 25 February to 1 March 2013 with support from the US GCOS Program Office at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Climatic Data Centre (NCDC), the NOAA Climate Program Office (CPO) and the GCOS Secretariat at the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The meeting also included a site visit at the Cabauw Experimental Site for Atmospheric Research (CESAR) an ...PermalinkThe World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has undertaken the 2012 WMO Survey on the Use of Satellite Data to collect information on the availability and use of satellite data and products by users globally, and to identify any areas for improvement and remedial action. This is part of the work programme of the WMO Commission for Basic Systems Expert Team on Satellite Utilization and Products (ET-SUP).1 The total number of valid responses received was 227 (originating from 95 WMO Member countries2 ) of which 127 (56%) were provided by National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS), ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); International Council for Science (ICSU); et al. - WMO, 2013PermalinkThe Terrestrial Observation Panel for Climate (TOPC) was established to develop a balanced and integrated system of insitu and satellite observations of the terrestrial ecosystem. The Observation Panel focuses on the identification of terrestrial observation requirements, assisting the establishment of observing networks for climate, providing guidance on observation standards and norms, facilitating access to climate data and information and its assimilation, and promoting climate studies and assessments. The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), and the World C ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA); Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD) - WMO, 2013Congress during its sixteenth session in 2011 welcomed the decision of the Commission for Climatology during its fifteenth session in 2010 for improving WMO Climate System Monitoring including related methodologies and dissemination of monitoring reports for timely information on extreme weather and climate events occurring on large scale and having high socioeconomic impacts. A brochure called "Assessment of the observed extreme conditions during the 2009/2010 boreal winter" was published by WMO in 2010 and is now followed by this supplement to the WMO annual statement on the status of the g ...PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Global Space-based Inter-calibration System (GSICS) - WMO, 2013PermalinkThis report focuses on satellite observations for climate monitoring from space, and the need for an international architecture that ensures delivery of these observations over the time frames required for analysis of the Earth’s climate system. The report outlines a strategy for such an architecture – a strategy that is intentionally high-level, conceptual and inclusive, so that a broad consensus can be reached, and all relevant entities can identify their po¬tential contributions. The strategy, however, is not suffi¬cient, in and of itself, and therefore also presents a logical architecture ...PermalinkThis first session of the CIMO Expert Team on Standardization was held from 26 to 29 November 2012 at the WMO Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
The meeting followed up on the matter of the Siting Classification for Surface Observing Station on Land that was published in the WMO Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation (WMO-No. 8, CIMO Guide). It agreed on a way to provide clarifications on how to interpret and apply the classification through a question and answer website. It also reviewed the process for further developing this classification as a common WMO-I ...PermalinkThis document provides the Final Report of the 15 th Session of the WMO AMDAR Panel, which, was also the final Meeting of the Panel, having agreed to hand over full programmatic management and governance of the Aircraft-based and AMDAR observing systems to WMO and its Technical Commissions, CBS and CIMO. Most importantly, Members should be aware that this does not mean the end of AMDAR related developmental activities and there remains a strong need to continue supporting the work programme of the WMO Aircraft-based Observations programme. This programme will be managed jointly by a CBS Expert ...Permalink
PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkFlood Maps are tools to visualize flood information for decision makers and the general public. These maps form the basis for developing flood risk scenarios based on land use, various environmental and climate conditions and including social and economic conditions. Flood maps in their various formats and scales are the basis for the planning and implementation of development alternatives. In addition to the general objective of a flood map, special uses require specific information including maps that depict exposure to floods of various recurrence periods, flood risks, vulnerability and res ...PermalinkFlood forecasting and early warning is carried out to reduce risks in flood prone areas. This tool is tailored for use when decision‐makers need to establish an effective overview of the flood situation, provide timely and accurate early warnings and flood forecasting services to a variety of users. Many countries have already integrated flood forecasting and early warning measures into their local and national emergency planning systems. This tool provides a concise overview of concepts and approaches in flood forecasting and early warning that help flood managers and practitioners to develop ...PermalinkAs floods do not recognize borders, transboundary flood risk management is imperative in shared river basins, involving both Governments – as borders are involved – and their people – as risk is involved. However, transboundary flood management is not easy to implement, as joint monitoring, forecasting and early warning, coordinated risk assessment and joint planning of measures, and appropriate legal and institutional frameworks are all necessary. The tool on transboundary aspects of flood management focuses on common problems, objectives and approaches of flood management in transboundary ba ...PermalinkCoastal flood hazards are diverse (storm surges, tsunamis, tropical storms, seiches etc.) and are highly unpredictable. A profound understanding of these hazards, their mechanisms and potential impacts is therefore indispensable in order to derive an appropriate risk management response.
Such response should be selected from the widest range of measures and policies possible, taking due account of the inherent uncertainties both with respect to the probability of hazard and evolving socioeconomic developments.
This Tool paper aims at providing practical guidance to flood ...PermalinkFlood managers have traditionally focused on structural interventions that, in the majority of cases have succeeded only in shifting impacts downstream or upstream. Meanwhile, however, the analytical tools for flood risk assessment and risk management practices offer a far greater variety of options. The Tool introduces the topic based on a judicious combination of measures that address risk reduction, risk retention and risk transfer through a strategic mix of structural and non-structural measures for flood preparedness, response and recovery. Risk reduction options also include the question ...PermalinkThis tool provides flood management practitioners a generic approach for integrating environmental considerations into the decision-making processes in basin flood management on project as well as strategic levels. As such, it provides generic approaches for conducting Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEA) at the basin flood management planning stage and Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) at the project design and implementation stage.PermalinkThis tool sets out to provide for the operational level a lead-in on available concepts and methods to assess flood losses for three major purposes: the activation and facilitation of local and external help, the formulation of recovery plans, and long-term development planning and policy reform in the realm of flood management. The second edition of the Tool incorporates recent developments in flood loss assessment and techniques across the world, such as examples of practiced assessment case studies from Czech Republic, Japan, Madagascar and Nepal.PermalinkPermalinkThis WMO information note is the first in a series that will aim to make the science underlying the weather, climate and water issues addressed by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) more easily accessible to the general public. The science of climate change continues to advance through the accumulation of additional data and observations and new studies and analyses. The peer-reviewed scientific literature that draws on these data and studies are assessed by the WMO/UNEP Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which will issue "The Physical Science Basis" volume of its Fifth ...PermalinkPermalinkThis ninth WMO/GAW Annual GHG Bulletin reports atmospheric abundances and rates of change of the most important long-lived greenhouse gases (LLGHGs) – carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide – and provides a summary of the contributions of the other gases. These three together with CFC-12 and CFC-11 account for approximately 96% of radiative forcing due to LLGHGs.PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - WMO, 2013 (WMO-No. 1122)The report, Establishing a WMO Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System Regional Node for West Asia: Current Capabilities and Needs, has been elaborated under the overall supervision of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Atmospheric Research and Environment Branch, with the support of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for West Asia. Its aim is to assess the observation and prediction capabilities of sand and dust storms in West Asia and provide guidance in establishing a WMO Sand and Dust Storm (SDS) Warning Advisory and Assess ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - WMO, 2013 (WMO-No. 1121)Sand- and Dust Storms (SDS) are a major problem in West Asia, where their main characteristics – intensity, extent and frequency – are either not well known or have not yet been scientifically addressed. The growing concern of countries in the region about these phenomena has led to a number of high-level international meetings in recent years at which the creation of a system for SDS monitoring and forecasting has repeatedly been raised.PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThis Technical Report: Planning of Water Quality Monitoring Systems, has been developed by WMO jointly with UNEP GEMS/Water in an effort to provide basic know-how and the materials needed to plan, establish and operate water-quality monitoring systems on national levels but also with a view to improving access to water-quality data and information in transboundary basins and globallyPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM); Sayers and Partners - WMO, 2013This case study, which is a part of wider scope Tool “Effectiveness of Flood Management,” summarizes flood management approaches and policies adopted in England. The study introduces the national framework of flood management policies and the roles of flood related organizations. For better and efficient management, England has been taking a risk based approach to flood management for years, including systematic benefit cost analysis and project appraisal. Adaptive approach to cope with emerging climate change issues is also becoming a mainstream management strategy.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM); Global Water Partnership (GWP) - WMO, 2013Coastal flood hazards are diverse (storm surges, tsunamis, tropical storms, seiches etc.) and are highly unpredictable. A profound understanding of these hazards, their mechanisms and potential impacts is therefore indispensable in order to derive an appropriate risk management response.
Such response should be selected from the widest range of measures and policies possible, taking due account of the inherent uncertainties both with respect to the probability of hazard and evolving socioeconomic developments.
This Tool paper aims at providing practical guidance to flood ...PermalinkThese Guidelines are intended to provide a one-stop, consistent and up-to-date reference resource for everything managers need to know about running a National Meteorological or Hydrometeorological Service (NMS).PermalinkThis Questionnaire has been prepared by the RA VI Task Team on Strategic and Operating Plan (TT/SPAP) which reportsto the RA VI Management Group. The main objective of the Questionnaire is to collect basic information about the current institutional arrangements of hydrometeorological services in RA VI, as well as, the views of the RA VI Members regarding the most important challenges and priorities. The information collected will help the ManagementGroup and Secretariat to prepare a detailed RA VI Panorama as a background material for the discussions during the XVI Session of RA VI (September ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013PermalinkPermalinkThis publication is intended for those involved in providing training for staff in a National Meteorological and Hydrological Service (NMHS) or related agencies. In particular, it aims to strengthen training departments and enhance the expertise of trainers by providing a reference manual and introductory guide. It includes guidance on the options available to ensure positive learning experiences for individuals and organizations.PermalinkThis report provides a summary of the Fourth session of the International Organizing Committee (IOC) of the WMO Solid Precipitation Intercomparison Experiment (SPICE) that was held in Davos, Switzerland from 17 to 21 June 2013.
The IOC reviewed the outcomes of the first winter season focusing in particular on issues which were experienced on the different sites and which could affect data quality and data availability towards deciding on necessary modifications and clarifications on the overall set-up of the experiment and procedures to be followed within SPICE.
The IOC reviewed ...PermalinkThe session was very successful. Although its main focus was on refining and agreeing on a detailed Work Plan for the IPET, and on assigning key tasks to particular members of the IPET, it also enabled the detailed work to commence on those of the Key Activities Areas (KAAs) from the WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS) Framework Implementation Plan (WIP) that have been assigned to IPET-WIFI for provision of input related to the Global Observing System (GOS).PermalinkThis guide is intended to help Permanent Representatives of WMO (hereafter referred to as PRs) and potential candidates understand the purpose and benefits of the WMO Fellowship Programme. It will familiarize them with the application procedure, requirements, entitlements and available fellowship opportunities. It builds upon the Manual on Policies and Procedures for WMO Fellowships (WMO/TD-No. 1356, ETR-18) but takes into account the funding situation for the current financial period, identifying which elements of support can be offered within the available funding.PermalinkPermalinkThis publication covers the first decade of the 21st century and aims at providing a decadal perspective of climate variability and change and its observed impacts on different sectors.PermalinkA decadal perspective makes it possible to assess trends and anticipate the future. it can also inform efforts to develop operational climate services that provide information and forecasts for decision-making in agriculture, health, disaster risk, water resources and other sectors.PermalinkThe aims and objectives for the workshop had been approved by ICT-IOS-7 in July 2012 and CBS-XV in September 2012. However the challenge was substantial as: the user community has varied and evolving requirements; the operating communities have a wide range of technological, political and financial challenges and there are already numerous successful bi-lateral and multi-lateral exchange agreements already in place. Understanding the current situation in terms of requirements, exchange agreements and constraints is an issue in itself. But this will be necessary in order for the next step actio ...PermalinkThe workshop was presented with examples of available global and regional climate data, monitoring, prediction and projection information from global, regional and national entities and mechanisms (introductory overview see Annex V), such as WMO Global Producing Centres for 1 Long-range Forecasts (GPCs), the WCRP Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP), WMO Regional Climate Centres (RCCs; status document see Annex VI), the WMO RCC Tokyo (Japan), the WCRP Co-ordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX), Regional Climate Outlook Forums (RCOFs), the WMO Climate Watch concept, ...PermalinkLong-term observation of the atmosphere, land and ocean is particularly vital as a foundation for monitoring climate variability and climate change. It is necessary for evaluating the effectiveness of policies implemented to mitigate climate change and for improving climate prediction models and tools.
On the other hand observations are also essential for managing climate variability, including for assessing social and economic vulnerabilities and for developing climate services needed for adaptation.
The Meeting on sector applications and climate observation community dialogue ...PermalinkThis document sets out a competency framework for personnel involved in training, but it is not necessary that each person has the full set of competencies. However, within the following application conditions, which will be different for each organization, it is expected that any institution providing education and training services to current and future meteorologists and hydrologists will have staff somewhere within the organization who together cover all the competencies.PermalinkEarly warning systems (EWS) are a critical life-saving tool for floods, droughts, storms, bushfires and other hazards. Recorded economic losses linked to extreme hydro-meteorological events have increased nearly 50 times over the past five decades, but the global loss of life has decreased significantly, by a factor of about 10, thus millions of lives are being saved (Fig. 1). This has been attributed to advancements in monitoring and forecasting linked to effective emergency preparedness and response planning on the national and local levels (Box 1).PermalinkThe scope of this report is to evaluate the benefits of a future satellite mission in a polar sun-synchronous “early morning” orbit, in response to a request from the Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites (CGMS). This evaluation is addressed first from a generic standpoint and then applied more specifically to the potential deployment by the China Meteorological Administration (CMA) of a FY-3 mission in such an orbit.
The report is based on the work of the Tiger Team established on this matter by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and CGMS. It summarizes the outcome ...PermalinkThe present Statement is based on datasets and information that were made available by WMO Members and partners for 2012 and assessed in their global and regional geographical context. Comparisons were made with climatological averages and records (historical background) whenever possible and appropriate.PermalinkThis report highlights the progress made in international coordination by WCRP and in cooperation with its sister programmes in developing high-quality, climate-data records, especially from space-based observing systems, developing a comprehensive set of model simulations of centennial and decadal Ear th/cl imate system project ions, and coordinating major international reanalysis activities worldwide.PermalinkThe purpose of this Framework is to provide procedures and arrangements for the implementation and continuous improvement of risk management in the Organization to ensure that risk management is carried out in a consistent manner based on the principles defined in the RMP, and following best practice and procedures.PermalinkThe World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Public Weather Services (PWS) Programme has the primary role of assisting National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) to develop or enhance their capacity to deliver services to the public, media, disaster managers and responders and other users in socio-economic sectors. The PWS Programme therefore assists NMHSs in their responsibility of providing warning and alerting services for the safety of life and livelihood, and property when threatened by extreme weather events such as heavy rain, heavy snow, strong winds, heat waves and extre ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkWeather and climate know no national borders. The transformation of the International Meteorological Organization into the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1950 was therefore an essential response to the need for strengthening global cooperation in this scientific area. WMO’s aim: to reduce the loss of life and property caused by disasters and other catastrophic events related to weather, climate and water, as well as to advance the universal goal of sustainable development and safeguard the environment and the climate for present and future generations.PermalinkFollowing the successful outcome of the First Workshop on Marine Instrumentation for the Asia-Pacific Region, held in Tianjin, China, in July 2011 (see JCOMM Meeting Report No. 871), which focused on focused on metrological instrumentation technology, the Second JCOMM Marine Instrument Workshop for the Asia-Pacific Region was held at the RMIC in Tianjin, China, from 3 to 5 December 2012, at the kind invitation of the National Center of Ocean Standards and Metrology (NCOSM), China State Oceanic Administration (SOA). About 50 participants from 8 Members/Member States attended the workshop.
PermalinkThe fourth session of the Expert Team on Marine Climatology (ETMC) was held at the Project Office of the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, Ostend, Belgium, from 26 to 28 November 2012. Members of the Task Team on the Marine Climate Data System (MCDS) were also invited to the meeting as MCDS was high in the agenda for this meeting.
The main goals of the meeting were to address guidance from the fourth session of the Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology ( ...PermalinkAbout 90 per cent of disasters are caused by hazards related to weather, climate or water such as droughts, tropical cyclones and floods. These hazards know no national boundaries. International cooperation at a global and regional scale is therefore essential. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the authoritative voice of the United Nations (UN) on weather, climate and water, facilitates this cooperation through the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of its 191 Members [...]PermalinkDroughts are slow-onset events that cause more loss of lives, livelihoods and permanent displacement of people than cyclones, floods and earthquakes combined. From 1991 to 2000, drought took over 280,000 lives and cost billions of US dollars in damage. Sub-Saharan Africa suffered its worst dry-spell of the twentieth century in 1991–1992 when drought covered some 6.7 million km2 and affected about 110 million people. The 2010–2011 drought in the Horn of Africa put 10 million people at risk.PermalinkA core priority of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of its 191 Members is to reduce impacts of disasters caused by weather-, climate- and water-related hazards. This is achieved through the detection, monitoring and provision of hazard data, mappings, predictions and early warnings to support risk analysis, risk reduction, risk financing and transfer. Leveraging its extensive international and regional coordination and collaboration networks, the WMO Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Programme addresses the informatio ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalink
PermalinkHumanity must be able to anticipate future climate with some reasonable degree of confidence in order to innovate and adapt successfully. The proposed GFCS promises to meet the challenge of providing effective climate services for decision-making in four initial priority areas - agriculture and food security, disaster risk reduction, health and water - before expanding to provide such services to a broader spectrum of users. This issue of the Bulletin is dedicated to highlighting some of the principal aspects of the implementation plan and governance model for the GFCS.PermalinkSustainable development holds the promise for a better future for all. Information on weather, climate and water - important factors affecting all areas of human activity - is critical to decision-making for sustainable development. Thus, the Global Framework for Climate Services, which provides the mechanism for the generation and use of climate knowledge, products and services, will bring us closer to achieving sustainable develpment.PermalinkThe final three articles focus on reducing disaster risk. Climate-related disasters are on the rise worldwide. As a result, interest in climate services has risen significantly. National decision-makers need climate information to help them develop policies to decrease the risk of disasters. At the local level, work is underway to make cities safer and a campaign is underway to create a global network of local governments committed to reducing risks and building more resilient cities.PermalinkThis manual is designed to facilitate cooperation in respect of the international coordination of marine meteorological services (MMS); to specify obligations of Members in the implementation of MMS; and to ensure uniformity in the practices and procedures employed in achieving these. It also aims to facilitate the development of adequate support from World Weather Watch (WWW) to MMS.PermalinkThe 2010 Edition of this guide has been completely revised and updated. It provides information regarding the most important practices and procedures in agricultural meteorology.PermalinkThe Ninth WHYCOS International Advisory Group (WIAG) meeting was opened by Mr Julius Wellens-Mensah, President of the Commission for Hydrology (and Chair of WIAG), at 9:30am on Thursday 8 th December 2011. Mr Wellens-Mensah welcomed the participants to this important meeting, noting that the major objective of the meeting was to respond to the conclusions and recommendations of the 2011 Review of the WHYCOS programme.PermalinkPermalinkSuspended particulate matter in the atmosphere, commonly known as aerosol by the technical and scientific community, plays a role in climate change, air quality/human health, ozone depletion and the long-range transport and deposition of toxics and nutrients. Aerosols have many sources ranging from sea spray and mineral dust that are mechanically generated by wind at the Earth’s surface to sulphates, nitrates and organics produced primarily by chemical reaction of gases in the atmosphere producing non-volatile products that condense to form particles. In addition, semi-volatile substances such ...PermalinkThis document represents an update to the Implementation Plan for the Sustained and Coordinated Processing of Environmental Satellite Data for Climate Monitoring (SCOPECM) Version 1.3 of 20 March 2009 [RD-01]. Phase 2 of SCOPE-CM incorporates accomplishments and lessons learned from Phase 1, updated requirements and guidelines from the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS), and the evolving needs for climate information by a variety of users. A key component of Phase 2 is the establishment of sustained production of fundamental climate data records (FCDRs) as well as Essential Climate V ...PermalinkThis report assesses the current state of the science on the relationship between climate change and tropical cyclone (TC) activity in the Western North Pacific (WNP) basin. It focuses in particular on identifying any possible influences of anthropogenic climate change on tropical cyclone track and impact area in this region.Permalink