World Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC); et al. - WMO, 2017
World Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission ; United Nations Environment Programme ; International Council for SciencePublished by: WMO ; 2017
Collection(s) and Series: GCOS- No. 206
Format: Digital (Free)
Published by: WMO ; 2017
Format: Digital (Free)In response to WMO’s Executive Council’s decision at its sixty-eighth session, June 2016 (Decision 39 (EC-68)) this paper presents a proposed resource plan for the sustainable support of climate data management systems (CDMS) and data rescue activities (the Plan). The initial focus in this Plan is on undertaking or supporting climate data rescue and CDMS implementation over the next five years, in developing and least-developed countries (D & LDC) that have recently expressed their need for assistance with securing and managing their data. Most of these countries are in Regions I, V and the In ...Published by: WMO ; 2017
In response to WMO’s Executive Council’s decision at its sixty-eighth session, June 2016 (Decision 39 (EC-68)) this paper presents a proposed resource plan for the sustainable support of climate data management systems (CDMS) and data rescue activities (the Plan). The initial focus in this Plan is on undertaking or supporting climate data rescue and CDMS implementation over the next five years, in developing and least-developed countries (D & LDC) that have recently expressed their need for assistance with securing and managing their data. Most of these countries are in Regions I, V and the Indian Ocean Region. Preliminary indicative costings per country over five years to implement these remedial actions have been developed, informed by actual and estimated costs for similar work carried out in Regions I and V. In addition, a number of engagement, collaboration and capacity-building actions that complement the financial investment and lay the groundwork for longer-term sustainability are also described.
Format: Digital (Free)Published by: WMO ; 2017
Format: Digital (Standard Copyright)Mammatus clouds over his house in Germantown, MDPublished by: WMO ; 2017
Mammatus clouds over his house in Germantown, MD
Format: Digital (Free)PermalinkPermalinkThe aim of this publication is to provide a specification for the shortlist of NCMPs that can be produced consistently and easily by most countries. By having clearly defined NCMPs, it should be possible for countries with fewer resources to focus their efforts on a small number of products that have wide applicability and interest.PermalinkBureau of Meteorology ; World Meteorological Organization (WMO) - Australian Bureau of Meteorology, 2017These guidelines acknowledge that it is difficult to gather support for and then prosecute actions that are disruptive to the status quo and requiring considerable public investment. It is stressed that planning the water data reform journey is every bit as challenging as implementing the reforms themselves. Accordingly, these guidelines conclude with a recommended series of steps to get started in reforming water data management arrangements. Guidance is provided for (1) taking stock of current policy settings, (2) preparing the case for reform, (3) positioning for effective implementation an ...PermalinkThe current survey conducted from 2016 to 2017 focused on Human Resource Status of NMHSs, particularly as relates to staff situation by age bracket, gender, and professionals, together with training expectations in 2017, training priority areas, and status of the strategic plans of NMHSs. The report is presented in three chapters. The first chapter provides an introduction and some major findings of the survey. The second chapter provides the details of the results of the survey and the third chapter provides conclusions. The results of this survey provide insight into the state of human resou ...PermalinkA global survey of aeronautical meteorological service provision was conducted by the Commission for Aeronautical Meteorology (CAeM) between November 2016 and February 2017.
The primary objective of the survey was to establish a comprehensive, consolidated global view on the existing institutional arrangements for the provision of meteorological services to international air navigation, particularly at a national level, taking into account the supporting ICAO and WMO regulatory frameworks.PermalinkThe focus of this document is on observations at surface meteorological observing stations. However, many of the principles will also be valid for other forms of observations, including upper-air observations and datasets based on mobile or remotely sensed platforms (for example, satellites, radar or drifting buoys). In particular, as many key remotely sensed datasets begin in the 1970s, it is recommended that, where feasible, the current climatological standard normal period (1981–2010 at the time of writing) be used for these datasets to allow comparison among different data forms on a consi ...PermalinkOn Wednesday May 3 from 10am to 12.30 in the WMO Press Room, there will be a Marine Seminar by both WMO and visiting staff from UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC).
The Seminar will be chance for exchange of information and discussion between the two agencies, as outlined in the attached programme. From the UNESCO-IOC, Dr Albert Fischer, Dr Salvatore Arico and Dr Thorkild Aarup will share information about IOC programs relevant for WMO, and vice versa, WMO staff will share information on their marine work here.
UNESCO IOC is an important part ...PermalinkThe latest analysis of observations from the WMO GAW Programme shows that globally averaged surface mole fractions(2) calculated from this in situ network for CO2, methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) reached new highs in 2016, with CO2 at 403.3 ± 0.1 ppm, CH4 at 1 853 ± 2 ppb(3) and N2O at 328.9 ± 0.1 ppb. These values constitute, respectively, 145%, 257% and 122% of pre-industrial (before 1750) levels. The record increase of 3.3 ppm in CO2 from 2015 to 2016 was larger than the previous record increase, observed from 2012 to 2013, and the average growth rate over the last decade. The El Niño ...PermalinkThe objective of the AeroMetSci conference is to provide a forum where representatives of the research community, service providers, users of aeronautical and meteorological information and services will have the opportunity to discuss the needs for science and research in support of the current and future aviation transport.PermalinkPermalinkThe purpose of the WMO nowcasting guidelines presented here is to help National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) by providing them with information and knowledge on how to implement a nowcasting system with the resources available to them and an understanding of the current state of science and technology.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; International Telecommunication Union (ITU) - WMO, 2017 (WMO-No. 1197)The Handbook provides comprehensive technical and operational information on current observation applications and systems and on the use of radio frequencies by meteorological systems, including meteorological satellites, radiosondes, weather radars, wind profiler radars and spaceborne remote sensing instruments. It is intended for the meteorological (i.e. weather, water and climate) and radiocommunication communities, including governmental institutions, industry as well as the general public.PermalinkThis meeting was a particularly important one for the expert team, being the first opportunity to openly and formally discuss the possible future collaboration between WMO and the International Air Transport Association (IATA) on the operation of the AMDAR programme. While the discussion raised a number of issues to be subsequently addressed, the team welcomed and fully endorsed the establishment of the IATA-WMO Working Arrangement that had been approved by the 69th session of the WMO Executive Council and agreed to undertake to work with IATA on the development of the proposed Concept of Oper ...PermalinkPermalinkThe First Session of the Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observations (CIMO), Inter-Programme Expert Team on Operational Weather Radars (IPET-OWR) was held over 13 to 16 March, 2017, at the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) headquarters in Tokyo, Japan. The session was kindly hosted by JMA and generously supported by Japan. The meeting was opened by the Director-General of the Japan Meteorological Agency, Dr Toshihiko Hashida, who highlighted Japan’s ongoing engagement in international operational weather radar activities, collaboration and capacity development. The session was chair ...PermalinkTransforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Agenda 2030) is a plan of action for people, the planet and prosperity, which seeks to strengthen universal peace in greater freedom. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) identified under Agenda 2030 provide a universal, transformative and integrated ambition that will provide an aligned pathway for the activities of UN Members, international organizations within and beyond the UN system, as well as the entire sphere of entities and individuals having a stake in sustainable development.Permalink
PermalinkThe goal of this Exemplar is to illustrate how the development and application of targeted climate products and services through the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) can advance efforts to better integrate climate information into the planning and operations of the energy sector. This will enable improved sustainability, resilience and efficiency of energy systems under ever-changing weather and climate conditions.PermalinkThe global community is rapidly putting in place measures to protect societies from adverse socioeconomic and environmental impacts caused by extreme weather-, climate- and water-related events, and also to take maximum advantage of any positive benefits of these changes that may exist. However, many projects are being undertaken in isolation, in the absence of mechanisms for alignment of the diverse efforts being made at project level, and without conforming to relevant international standards. This can result in duplication of efforts, which may prove unsustainable or ineffective in the long ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThe current publication presents, in an integrated manner, best practices for user-readiness projects performed by user organizations (for example, NMHSs) as well as for satellite development programmes in support of user readiness. Definitions of and a timeline for deliverables are presented that should be made available by the satellite development programmes to user-readiness projects. The best practices documented here therefore apply to both user organizations (section 3) and satellite operators (section 5). The primary audiences for this publication are Members of the Coordination Group ...PermalinkPermalinkThe Roadmap is first and foremost a document that can be used by both WMO Members, partners and users to understand how NMHSs in partnership with other agencies contribute to increasing the resilience of communities, nations, regions, and the world under the above-mentioned frameworks, through a coordinated WMO-wide plan of action on DRR. It is hoped that this Roadmap will guide the Organization, in particular the NMHSs as well as key partners, in the development of its strategic and operating plans that fully take into account the contributions of the WMO community to all components and phase ...Permalink
PermalinkWeather-related disasters pose a major threat to society, the environment and the economy. As the vulnerability to weather related hazards increases due to climate change, growing population, urbanization and other factors it is imperative to coordinate weather research targeted towards improving forecasts and warnings at international level. The impacts resulting from the underpinning hydro-meteorological events such as heat waves, droughts, floods, landslides, wind storms, landfalling tropical cyclones or severe convective storms are regional or local in nature. Many of these disasters, howe ...PermalinkIn view of the increasing pressure on water resources, National Hydrological Services (NHSs) worldwide are faced with the challenge to deliver hydrological services of high quality, timeliness and proven credibility, to assist the decision making process of water and natural resources managers. Nowadays, it is commonly expected that these services must be based on information that includes an accurate assessment of its uncertainty. Stream discharge, the basic hydrological variable, is no exception, yet most measurements are still reported as a value without any information on its associated un ...PermalinkPermalinkThis latest report confirms that 2016 was the warmest year on record: a remarkable 1.1 °C above the pre-industrial period, which is 0.06 °C above the previous record set in 2015. This increase in global temperature is consistent with other changes in the climate system. Globally averaged sea-surface temperatures were also the warmest on record; global sea levels continued to rise; and Arctic sea-ice extent was well below average for most of the year.PermalinkThis publication responds to the recommendations made in the review of the future roles and operation of RTCs, which was carried out by the Executive Council Panel of Experts on Education and Training from 2012 to 2014. The review and recommendations were approved by the WMO Executive Council at its sixty-sixth session in 2014. The review underlined the importance and usefulness of the RTCs to WMO Members. However, it also noted that, for Members to get even more value from such centres, the criteria for designation and reconfirmation of RTCs needed to be improved and that Directors of RTCs wo ...PermalinkIn view of the increasing pressure on water resources, National Hydrological Services (NHSs) worldwide are faced with the challenge to deliver hydrological services of high quality, timeliness and proven credibility, to assist the decision making process of water and natural resources managers. Nowadays, it is commonly expected that these services must be based on information that includes an accurate assessment of its uncertainty. Stream discharge, the basic hydrological variable, is no exception, yet most measurements are still reported as a value without any information on its associated un ...PermalinkThis review of available literature on the benefits of action and costs of inaction of drought mitigation and preparedness shows that significant progress has been made over the past decade in improving understanding of droughts and their impacts. However, significant gaps in research, policy and practice remain. This paper reviews several methodologies for making economic drought impact assessments and describes the main obstacles and opportunities facing the transition from crisis management to risk management. It identifies drivers of ex ante and ex post action against drought and highlight ...PermalinkThis Implementation Plan (IP) builds upon the growing importance of atmospheric composition observations and predictions, and focuses on research that enables a wide variety of Products and Services related to atmospheric composition. New GAW-lead thematic application areas will help reduce societal risks from climate change, high-impact weather and events, and urban air pollution, and support conventions and treaties focused on sustainable development. This IP is designed to help World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Members meet their needs and to support plans of national, regional, and i ...PermalinkPermalinkThis book is a brief introduction to a career in meteorology. For more information about qualifications, training and opportunities, you are invited to consult your career adviser or your local or national weather service.PermalinkThe regional activities under the WMO Tropical Cyclone Programme consist mainly of the programmes pursued by groups of countries acting in concert to improve their warning systems. In Region IV (North America, Central America and the Caribbean) there is a long history of collective action specifically designed to protect people and property from the severe tropical cyclones which are called hurricanes in the Region. A working group, known as the RA IV Hurricane Committee, was established by the seventh session of Regional Association IV (Mexico City, April May 1977) to promote such activities ...PermalinkThis Atlas describes the classification system for clouds and meteorological phenomena used by all WMO Members. The classifications also describe meteorological meteors other than clouds – hydrometeors, lithometeors, photometeors, and electrometeors.
The Atlas provides a common language to communicate cloud observations, and ensures consistency in reporting by observers around the world. It serves as a training tool for meteorologists, as well as for those working in aeronautical and maritime environments, and it has become popular with weather enthusiasts and cloud spotters.PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Day 2017 highlightsPermalinkPermalink
PermalinkThe purpose of this publication is to provide the reader with a broad overview of the main information technology security (ITS) components and procedures. It is not meant to be an extensive security course, as such information is widely available in the information technology (IT) industry. It is aimed at high-level managers, system managers and technicians who wish to have an introduction to ITS. It should act as an aid to understanding the basic concepts and principles of ITS, and help the reader to direct further study in this ever-widening field of computer science.PermalinkThis report describes and documents the benefits that the Air Transport Industry (ATI) gains from increased forecast accuracy achieved through the daily collection of atmospheric data gathered by approximately 4,000 inflight commercial aircraft. The report also outlines the Aircraft Meteorological DAta Relay (AMDAR) observing system, the forecast process and describes the importance that AMDAR data plays in numerical weather prediction (NWP).
Measuring the benefits to the ATI requires first to describe and to quantify the improved weather forecast accuracies due solely to the assimilat ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC); et al. - WMO, 2016This publication provides background in terms of requirements and recommendations for a functional and robust Global Climate Observing System (GCOS). Global climate monitoring, including water and greenhouse-gas fluxes, supports and serves the programmes of WMO and its Member States, especially with a view towards the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and implementation of the Paris Agreement. While observations are the focus of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs), aspects of climate-related policy are covered by many different government departments. Al ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2016PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkA large focus of the meeting was completing the GCOS Implementation Plan, in addition to progressing activities in the OOPC Work Plan. The first day of the meeting was held jointly with the JCOMM Observations Coordination Group, and hence was focused on discussing the structure and focus of the ocean section of the GCOS IP, and refining the network based actions for the plan. The Second day was focused on further refining the package of Essential Ocean Variable Specification Sheets, particularly ensuring consistent articulation of applications areas, and phenomena to capture. The 3rd Day focus ...PermalinkThis document has been prepared in the frame of WMO study SSA-2604-14/REM/PEX, for which the objective is to assess currently developing and future communications and technology impacts on AMDAR.PermalinkPermalinkThis publication provides a summary of a capacity building workshop on Data Rescue (DARE), Quality Control (QC), Homogenisation and Climate Change Indices held in Arusha, Tanzania from 9-14 November 2015 as part of the implementation of the Indian Ocean Data Rescue (INDARE) initiative. The National Meteorological and Hydrological Services of Comoros, Kenya, Madagascar, Maldives, Mozambique, Seychelles, Sri Lanka and Tanzania participated in the workshop and received the necessary knowledge and software to undertake QC and homogenisation of their climate time series and use them for analysing c ...Permalink"- Location name, latitude and longitude (map entry tool available) Teide National Park Tenerife Spain
latitude 28°16'51.83"N longitude 16°34'27.76"w
- Climate Classification (Koppen scheme ; map entry available) BSh
- Type of location (land/sea or air): land/sea
- Camera pointing direction.west
- Meteor type (e.g. clouds, lithometers, etc.) atmospheric optic : fogbows
- Cloud Genera (e.g. Cirrocumulus, unknown, etc.) fogbows
metadata : nikon d5300 with nikkor fish eye (ultra wide )"Permalink"This is my first time-lapse film I decided to put together. All scenes are shot in Florida from April - September 2016. This film is meant to showcase Florida's weather pattern from a stray shower to a fierce severe warned thunderstorm.
Through that time period, I had taken over 149,000 photos between the two cameras for this project. Less than half were used for the final production. Overall editing took about 2 months and was really because of the music choice as I had switched songs half way through the project.
***Technical*** - Equipment used was a Canon 6D ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThe corporate visual identity guidelines are aimed at strengthening the Organization’s identity through branding.PermalinkPermalinkThe 18th WMO/IAEA Meeting on Carbon Dioxide, Other Greenhouse Gases, and Related Measurement Techniques (GGMT - 2015) took place from 13 to 17 September 2015 at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla (CA), USA. It was the 40 th anniversary of the first GGMT meeting (then called "CO 2 Experts Meeting") which was also held at Scripps in 1974. WMO has provided the framework for all carbon dioxide experts meetings since 1975. IAEA in Vienna joined WMO as a co - organizer in 1997 due to the increased use of carbon isotopes in studying the carbon cycle. The meeting reviewed current WMO ...PermalinkThis technical document is an update of WMO/TD-1210, WCDMP-55, Guidelines on Climate Data Rescue (2004). It builds on the original Guidelines, while taking into account both changes in technology that have occurred in the intervening 12 years and lessons learned in more recent climate data rescue activities around the world. An overview of data rescue is presented with chapters on its importance, archiving original media, imaging, digitization and archiving digital images and digital data. Twelve appendices provide supporting information.
The Guidelines on Climate Data Rescue are intend ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) - WMO, 2016 (WMO-No. 1174)PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) - WMO, 2016 (WMO-No. 1175)PermalinkPermalinkA Regional Climate Outlook Forum is a platform that brings together climate experts and sector representatives from countries in a climatologically homogenous region to provide consensus based climate prediction and information, with input from global and regional producing centres and National Meteorological and Hydrological Services, with the aim of gaining substantial socio-economic benefits in climate sensitive sectors.PermalinkPermalinkWhen it comes to the weather, most of us think only about what is happening in the atmosphere. If we ignore the ocean, however, we miss a big piece of the picture: covering some 70 per cent of the Earth’s surface, the ocean is a major driver of the world’s weather and climate. The ocean is also a major driver of the global economy, carrying more than 90 per cent of world trade and sustaining the 40 per cent of humanity that lives within 100 km of the coast. Recognizing this, national weather agencies and researchers regularly monitor the ocean, model how it affects the atmosphere and deliver m ...PermalinkThis report describes the evolution of the climate system during the period 2011–2015. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has assessed this five-year period in order to contribute to a better understanding of multiyear warming trends and extreme events that can help governments to implement the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change more effectively.PermalinkThe latest analysis of observations from the WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) Programme shows that globally averaged surface mole fractions(3) calculated from this in situ network for carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) reached new highs in 2015, with CO2 at 400.0±0.1 ppm, CH4 at 1845±2 ppb(4) and N2O at 328.0±0.1 ppb. These values constitute, respectively, 144%, 256% and 121% of pre-industrial (before 1750) levels. It is predicted that 2016 will be the first year in which CO2 at the Mauna Loa Observatory remains above 400 ppm all year, and hence for many generations [ ...Permalink
PermalinkThe 18th WMO/IAEA Meeting on Carbon Dioxide, Other Greenhouse Gases, and Related Measurement Techniques (GGMT - 2015) took place from 13 to 17 September 2015 at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla (CA), USA. It was the 40 th anniversary of the first GGMT meeting (then called "CO 2 Experts Meeting") which was also held at Scripps in 1974. WMO has provided the framework for all carbon dioxide experts meetings since 1975. IAEA in Vienna joined WMO as a co - organizer in 1997 due to the increased use of carbon isotopes in studying the carbon cycle. The meeting reviewed current WMO ...PermalinkIt is the goal of the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) programme to ensure long - term measurements in order to detect trends in global distributions of chemical constituents in air and the reasons for them (WMO, 2001a). With respect to aerosols, the objective of GAW is to determine the spatio - temporal distribution of aerosol properties related to climate forcing and air quality on multi - decadal time scales and on regional, hemispheric and global spatial scales. The objective of GAW Report No. 153, published in 2003, was to provide a synthesis of methodologies and procedures for measuring the ...PermalinkWeather, climate and water can either disrupt sustainable development or advance it. The providers of weather, climate, hydrological, marine and related environmental services therefore have a critical role to play in assisting countries to implement the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). High-quality meteorological services empower decision-makers to better manage agriculture, public health, water resources, energy production, transportation and other sectors that are critical for national development.PermalinkThe Guidelines represent WMO’s approach to project management and outline key stages of the project life cycle that WMO staff should follow. The Handbook aims to help WMO to improve concrete processes and procedures related to project management and provides detailed guidance on how to go about each stage of the project life cycle.PermalinkThe Ninth Session of the CBS, Open Programme Area Group on Integrated Observing Systems (OPAG-IOS), Implementation-Coordination Team on Integrated Observing System (ICT-IOS) was held in Geneva, Switzerland at the headquarters of WMO over 18-21 April 2016. The primary focus of this team meeting was for the various expert teams and rapporteurs to provide their reports of progress on their work plans and activities over the inter-sessional period to the session and for the ICT-IOS to formulate its reporting to CBS at its 16th Session (November 2016), including its proposed working structure and E ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) - WMO, 2016PermalinkThe 3rd international IBTrACS workshop was held in Honolulu, Hawaii, on 16-February-2016. This workshop was held in conjunction with the 2nd International Workshop on the Satellite Analysis of Tropical Cyclones, and so was an opportunity to have a good cross-section of the international tropical cyclone community in order to advance the work of IBTrACS in serving the needs and requirements of IBTrACS users. NCEI’s Kenneth Knapp conducted the workshop in person and was supported by members of NCEI’s IBTrACS team (Howard Diamond, James Kossin, Michael Kruk, and Carl Schreck) on the phone in help ...Permalink