Typically, climate change is described in terms of average changes in temperature or precipitation, but most of the social and economic costs associated with climate change will result from shifts in the frequency and severity of extreme events. This fact is illustrated by a large number of costly weather disasters in 2010, which tied 2005 as the warmest year globally since 1880. Incidentally, both years were noted for exceptionally damaging weather events, such as Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and the deadly Russian heat wave in 2010. Other remarkable events of 2010 include Pakistan’s biggest flood, Canada’s warmest year, and Southwest Australia’s driest year. The early months of 2011 continued in similar form, with “biblical” flooding in Australia, devastating drought and wildfires in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, and unprecedented flooding in North Dakota. ...
Collection(s) and Series: White Paper | Science and Impacts Program
Format: Digital (Free)