Synergy between ecosystem change and biodiversity studies in the Western Pacific and Asia: establishing case studies for carbon management and biodiversity conservation
The Kyoto Protocol incorporates the vital role of forests and wetlands in its mechanisms to reduce green house gases, favouring fast growing plantations. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) emphasizes the conservation and sustainable use of forest and wetlands that harbour biological diversity. These two international frameworks need to be synergized to jointly achieve carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation. Guidelines need to be developed without sacrificing these mutually exclusive requirements. This project aimed at increasing the awareness and at disseminating the synergy concept through organizing two workshops and the existing DIWPA network. We also established a pilot case-study site to synergize carbon storage and biodiversity conservation in Deramakot Forest Reserve, Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. In the pilot site established in Deramakot, we developed an algorithm to evaluate the amount of carbon sequestered in tropical rain forests and the diversity of canopy-tree species on a landscape level using satellite data. We then proposed a new scheme to economically weight carbon with the weight value of biodiversity so that the unit carbon price became greater if the biodiversity found in the forest was greater. We report the algorithm in the following technical report.
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