This interactive module is part of an online university-level tropical synoptic meteorology course, which helps international meteorologists meet basic instructional requirements. In the module, we discuss: Mesoscale, thermally-forced circulations (i.e. land-sea breeze and mountain-valley breeze), including How they are formed and their diurnal cycle Factors that modify thermally forced circulations The weather associated with thermally forced circulations, particularly convection and other significant weather Interactions of mesoscale, thermally forced circulations with other atmospheric phenomena, including Intersection of mesoscale circulations and of mesoscale circulations with convective outflow boundaries Thermally forced circulation interactions with monsoonal and trade wind flows The impact of thermally forced and interacting circulations at various scales on the diurnal cycle of precipitation in the tropics, and A case example from the Lake Victoria basin, showing complex thermally forced circulations, outflow boundaries, and synoptic scale flow.
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