At its nineteenth special session in 1997, the General Assembly called for the initiation of a strategic approach for the implementation of all aspects of the sustainable use of fresh water for social and economic purposes, including safe drinking water and sanitation, water for irrigation, recycling, and wastewater management, and the important role fresh water plays in natural ecosystems. Since then, the promotion and development of strategic planning and management methodologies of water resources have become a major focus of regional cooperation in the programme of work of ESCAP. In that context, with funding from the United Nations Development Account, a project entitled Capacity-building in strategic planning and management of natural resources in Asia and the Pacific was launched in 2000 aimed at assisting planners and decision makers in developing strategies to address the trade-offs and complimentarities between policies on economic growth, social equity and environmental objectives in three phases. The Guidelines were subsequently used in some 17 case studies in phase III in 2003 and 2004 for the development of strategic plans in the following countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan of Central Asia; China and Mongolia of North-East Asia; Fiji and Papua New Guinea of the Pacific; Pakistan and Sri Lanka of South Asia; and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand and Viet Nam of South-East Asia.
Format: Digital (Free) (ill., charts)