Is disaster risk reduction spending driven by the occurrence of natural disasters? Evidence from Peru
This paper studies the allocation of total disaster risk reduction public spending among regions in Peru. This work aims to identify the main determinants of the distribution of these resources, and for this purpose an index of historical physical impacts of natural disasters, social vulnerability, and institutional capacity was created.
The emphasis of this paper is to evaluate, through a case study in Peru, which determinants are driving the distribution among regions of public spending on prevention and recovery from natural disasters. Previous studies have used different frameworks by constructing indexes for vulnerability across countries for the purpose of using them as criteria for the distribution of international aid for adaptation. This analysis, however, will focus on the internal distribution of public expenditure dedicated to prevention of and recovery from natural disasters. Given the subnational focus of this work, the availability of regular and comparable information allows a more accurate picture of the actual vulnerability of regions within a country.
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