Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) provides a framework for assessing and managing a broad range of environmental risks which need to be addressed in the development and appraisal of policies, plans and programmes (PPPs). This Advisory Note aims to show how SEA approaches can help mainstream adaptation to climate change into strategic planning, in order to reduce the hazards, risks and vulnerabilities posed by climate change to systems and populations. It aims to show how SEA can be used to assess how PPPs might mediate climate change risks, for example by facilitating or constraining adaptive choices and behaviour. This Advisory Note aims to help development professionals working with SEA in the context of national and sectoral planning, to factor in climate change adaptation issues where warranted. At a national level, an SEA may help to identify elements of national PPPs that are sensitive to or at risk from climate change, or whose viability in the context of projected future climatic conditions is in question. At a sectoral level, climate change considerations within an SEA might be used to assess strategies for sectoral reform with a view to identifying which strategies are, and which are not, resilient under different climate change scenarios, or to identify where adaptation interventions will be required to enhance the resilience of the sector in the face of climate change.
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