Verification of operational global and regional wave forecasting systems against measurements from moored buoys
Regional or basin-scale wave forecast model systems have been developed and run at various forecast modelling centres since the late 1970s, and as computer power grew during the 1980s, with the availability of global numerical weather prediction (NWP) models, global wave forecast models were established, often with nested regional wave models. Since that time, with increasing supercomputer capacity, the resolution of both global and regional wave models has increased, so that in 2004 a global wave model will typically have a grid spacing of ~50 km, close to or matching the resolution of the global NWP model providing the forcing winds. The models are typically run twice daily for a five-day forecast, in line with the available numerical weather prediction models.
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