Operational Hydrology Reports
The Manual's objective is to publish state-of-the-art analytical procedures for estimating and predicting low river flows at all sites, regardless of the availability of observational data. The Manual wil be useful for many applications, including water resources planning, effluent dilution estimates and water resources management during low-flow conditions.Published by: WMO ; 2008
The Manual's objective is to publish state-of-the-art analytical procedures for estimating and predicting low river flows at all sites, regardless of the availability of observational data. The Manual wil be useful for many applications, including water resources planning, effluent dilution estimates and water resources management during low-flow conditions.
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy (ill.)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-11029-9Providing guidance to the senior managers of Hydrological Services, on the key issues they might face, as they lead, manage and administer their services. All aspects of management are reviewed: strategic planning, human resources management, financial management, marketing, asset management, process and quality management, relationships with other institutions. This publication is especially important at a time when NHSs worldwide are typically having their mandate expanded from basic hydrology to hydrology in the broader context of sustainable water resources management.Published by: WMO ; 2006
Providing guidance to the senior managers of Hydrological Services, on the key issues they might face, as they lead, manage and administer their services. All aspects of management are reviewed: strategic planning, human resources management, financial management, marketing, asset management, process and quality management, relationships with other institutions. This publication is especially important at a time when NHSs worldwide are typically having their mandate expanded from basic hydrology to hydrology in the broader context of sustainable water resources management.
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy (ill., charts)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-11003-9This report details the present state and trends in constructing data-bases for hydrological data, the real-time utilization of the data and the application of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to operational hydrology in various countries.Published by: WMO ; 2003
This report details the present state and trends in constructing data-bases for hydrological data, the real-time utilization of the data and the application of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to operational hydrology in various countries.
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-10964-4This report covers a wide range of issues related to sedimentation. Its objectives are to present to readers a basic understanding of operational methods of sediment transport measurement, and serve as a practical reference in dealing with sedimentation engineering.Published by: WMO ; 2003
This report covers a wide range of issues related to sedimentation. Its objectives are to present to readers a basic understanding of operational methods of sediment transport measurement, and serve as a practical reference in dealing with sedimentation engineering.
Format: Digital (Available online for logged-in users), Hard copy (ill., charts)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-10948-4This publication discusses a wide range of techniques which have been developed worldwide for measuring and forecasting precipitation. These range from point gauge measurements to methods based upon interpretation of indirect data obtained from space-based instrumentation.Published by: WMO ; 2000
This publication discusses a wide range of techniques which have been developed worldwide for measuring and forecasting precipitation. These range from point gauge measurements to methods based upon interpretation of indirect data obtained from space-based instrumentation.
Format: Digital (Available online for logged-in users), Hard copy (ill.)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-10887-6This publication discusses the theory of movement and dispersion of dissolved pollutants and introduces the unit-peak concentration concept. A summary of the methods used to collect time-of-travel information is given, along with a summary of the data used in the report. Methods are recommended for estimating the rate of movement and attenuation of conservative pollutants based on an analysis of the data.PermalinkThis publication discusses directions taken with regard to hydrological modelling, capitalizing on the higher resolutions in time and space of data from automated surface sensors, remote sensing and geographical information systems.PermalinkThis publication discusses technical and economic aspects of applications of remote sensing in hydrology.PermalinkThis report consists of seven chapters covering a wide range of issues on the relationship between meteorological systems and their applications for hydrological purposes. The objective of this report is to present the need for meteorological systems for hydrological purposes.PermalinkThis report brings together under one cover a review of a number of techniques currently employed in evaluating and designing stream gauging networks and illustrates their use with examples.PermalinkThis report addresses the major interactions between climate and land surface processes on a large scale. Particular emphasis is given to surface hydrology and the role of vegetation in the context of global change (i.e. changes in the physical, chemical and biological processes of the Earth's surface and atmosphere).PermalinkThis report provides information on the advances in applications of remote sensing to hydrology and water resources management.PermalinkThis report presents essential elements of the history, design, implementation and results of the WMO project on the simulated real-time intercomparison of hydrological models. The aims of the project included a study to compare the abilities of both rainfall-runoff and snowmelt-runoff models to forecast stream flow under simulated real-time conditions and to report on case studies, thus offering guidance through demonstrations of the models' abilities in various situations. Fourteen models were used in the intercomparison which took place during a workshop held in Vancouver, Canada, in 1987.PermalinkThis publication contains guidance material on methods, techniques and procedures for use in monitoring, forecasting and warning of the accidental pollution of water bodies. The material incorporates nine case studies, including a description of the radioactive contamination of water bodies following the Chernobyl nuclear accident.PermalinkRemote sensing of spectral radiation and the derivation of basic physical parameters hold much promise to aid the hydrologists in their endeavours. This technology is advancing at a rapid pace and so also are its potential applications to the science of hydrology. The report discusses the observational data requirements in operational hydrology and the ability of remote sensing methods, both satellite and aircraft based, to meet these requirements either at present or in the future.PermalinkThe report summarizes and reviews recent developments in the field of areal estimation of precipitation, snow cover, and soil moisture characteristics, including application of remote sensing. The report also provides guidance in assessing the accuracy of areal estimates and contains information on estimation of snowfall using radar data and on statistical estimates of snow cover fields.PermalinkMost hydrological models are used only for research studies, but in the last two decades many have been introduced into operational practice. This report presents a comprehensive international survey of such operational models, with particular attention being paid to models for real-time forecasting. The conclusions indicate a number of well-developed, operational models, while at the same time noting the serious gaps that require further research and model development.PermalinkThe Commission for Hydrology at its sixth session in 1980 decided that a report containing detailed guidance on the merits and selection of distribution types for flood frequency analysis should be prepared. Accordingly the World Meteorological Organization Secretariat arranged the preparation of this report by Dr C. Cunnane, Department of Engineering Hydrology, University College, Galway, Ireland.PermalinkIn 1980 the Commission for Hydrology established a Working Group on Users' Requirements for Hydrological Information to study the determination of the economic value of hydrological data for water-resource projects and the use of cost-benefit criteria in the optimization of hydrological networks. The reports prepared by members of the group are presented in this publication together with the findings of an international Workshop on the Application of Cost-Benefit Assessment of Hydrological Data for Water-resource Projects held in Geneva in November 1982.PermalinkThis report, prepared by the Commission for Hydrology Rapporteur on Groundwater, by Dr Y. Bachmat, discusses the groundwater observation programme as part of a management- oriented information system and emphasizes the importance of such a programme for the rational management of groundwater resources.PermalinkThis report is concerned with the flood hydrology of the lower reaches of rivers where sea level can influence flood levels. It is the outcome of two reports, one on hydrological aspects of the combined effects of storm surge and heavy rainfall on river flow, and the other on the frequency of flooding in rivers subject to sea-storm surges and rainfall-induced floods. At the instigation of the Commission for Hydrology the reports were combined and further expanded to include guidance material on flood modelling in tidal areas and material on forecasting centres.PermalinkThis manual describes the methods and equipment used for the measurement and estimation of sediment load in rivers and reservoirs and discusses the merits of some of the methods and equipment for various river-flow conditions. Recommendations are made for enhancing data acquisition and research on the improvement of operational methods of measurement.PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThis manual, the culmination of a Commission for Hydrology project, is intended as a practical handbook for those who plan water-quality sampling programmes, those who carry out the field work and for the training of personnel in the subject of water-quality data collection.PermalinkA review of methods for the measurement and estimation of discharges at hydraulic structures and pressure conduits with the aim of using such facilities, where they already exist, as an alternative to the construction of discharge measurement stations. Focus is on methods of flow estimation at structures commonly installed in reservoirs, dams and canals as well as standard methods for the measurement of open-channel and pipe flow. Mention is also made of the use of pumping stations and navigation locks.PermalinkPart I of the report reviews the similarities and differences between the methods and technology in operational hydrology applicable in tropical regions and in other areas. Recommendations are made on the adaptation of certain techniques to the particular meteorological and hydrological conditions found in the humid tropics and requirements for further research. Part II examines the requirements for meteorological data on tropical cyclones needed for hydrological forecasts in areas subject to cyclones.PermalinkThe report, approved by Commission for Hydrology at its seventh session in 1984, constitutes valuable guidance for hydrologists on measuring river flow under difficult conditions and supplements the Guide to hydrological practices (WMO-No. 168) and the Manual on stream gauging (WMO-No. 519).PermalinkThis report contains the full results of the WMO project on intercomparison of models of snowmelt runoff which was initiated in 1976 and completed in 1983.PermalinkThe loss of fresh water through evaporation and evapotranspiration directly affects the availability of water resources and their development and management for human requirements. In view of the difficulties inherent in measuring areal evaporation with acceptable accuracy, it was decided to collect case studies of various methods of approach to provide practical guidance. Fifteen case studies were selected and are presented here.PermalinkThis publication, in the form of an operational manual, describes methods of correcting errors with diagrams, formulae, a detailed chronology and over 100 references. The long-term aim is the wider acceptance and use of internationally recognized methods of correcting precipitation data.PermalinkRegression methods, conceptual models and time series are reviewed and compared, and the feasibility of combining conceptual deterministic models and data simulation is discussed.PermalinkThe concept of an optimum network is adapted to achieve a realistic network design based on surrogate measures, objectives and criteria. Supportive decision theory is then developed, based on the various design components involved, such as socio-economic analysis, probability theory, Bayesian analysis, etc.PermalinkThis report reviews the problem of flash floods and summarizes the basic forecasting techniques and warning systems as well as non-real-time solutions.PermalinkFourteen countries contributed information on the planning, development and organization of their national hydrological data banks, according to an annotated guideline provided to them.PermalinkThis report is a review of equipment and techniques for measuring sediment discharge in alluvial rivers. After an introductory discussion on classifying river sediments, there is an examination of the measurement of suspended sediment, bed load and total load and the sampling of bed material.PermalinkReviewed are methods of selecting distribution types for the analysis of extremes of precipitation and results obtained, bearing in mind the effects of climate, seasonal and geo-graphical patterns and the duration of precipitation. A practical example is included.PermalinkDeals with current hydrological data transmission systems in connection with flood forecasting and warning dissemination, data collection and processing and describes ways of meeting the requirements of National Hydrological Services, with particular emphasis on satellites.PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Konovalov V.G.; Solomon S.I.; et al. - WMO, 1979 (WMO-No. 513)This report, prepared by WMO and UNESCO, describes briefly the principles and techniques of remote sensing for the collection of data on surface waters and related water-balance elements. It discusses the nature of the results obtained as well as their application.PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalink
Operational hydrology report (OHR), 08. Hydrological network design and information transfer : proceedings of the international seminar organized by the University of Newcastle upon Tyne (U.K.) and sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization and the Internation Association of Hydrological SciencesPermalinkThis report contains the results of the WMO project on intercomparison of conceptual models used in operational hydrological forecasting that was initiated in 1968 and completed in 1974.PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThis report reviews progress in evaluating the benefits and costs of hydrological forecasts and thus provides valuable guidance in the decision-making process in water-resources management.Permalink