The WMO Global Campus E-Library
The WMO Global Campus initiative is proud to offer this WMOLearn Library of resources. This library provides a searchable collection of educational resources, including WMO publications and education and training materials from various contributing organisations and individuals. Search by WMO competency framework, Main Topics, Region and Country, and/or Nature of Information to find materials useful for training or self-directed learning.
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Цель настоящего Руководства состоит в предоставлении руководящих указаний организациям Членов, которые разрабатывают, осуществляют и/или поддерживают программы в области обучения и оценки на основе рамочных основ компетенций Всемирной метеорологической организации (ВМО), как установлено в Техническом регламенте, том I (ВМО-№ 49).Published by: BMO ; 2019 (2018)
Цель настоящего Руководства состоит в предоставлении руководящих указаний организациям Членов, которые разрабатывают, осуществляют и/или поддерживают программы в области обучения и оценки на основе рамочных основ компетенций Всемирной метеорологической организации (ВМО), как установлено в Техническом регламенте, том I (ВМО-№ 49).
Collection(s) and Series: BMO- No. 1205
Language(s): Russian; Other Languages: English, French, Chinese, Arabic, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-41205-8The workshop presentations included research organizations and NMHS experts discussing the challenges and successes experienced using UAVs in field campaigns collecting data in support of environmental and meteorological applications. The challenges included airspace use regulations and technical capabilities of the UAVs. UAV industry representatives spoke to the workshop audience on the types and capabilities of UAVs and about their collaboration in field campaigns with research organizations and NMHS represented at the workshop. IATA and other experts informed the workshop audience of the va ...Published by: WMO ; 2019
Commission for Basic Systems and Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation: Workshop on Use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) for Operational Meteorology
The workshop presentations included research organizations and NMHS experts discussing the challenges and successes experienced using UAVs in field campaigns collecting data in support of environmental and meteorological applications. The challenges included airspace use regulations and technical capabilities of the UAVs. UAV industry representatives spoke to the workshop audience on the types and capabilities of UAVs and about their collaboration in field campaigns with research organizations and NMHS represented at the workshop. IATA and other experts informed the workshop audience of the various national and international airspace regulations.
The plenary sessions focused on the potential and requirements for operational use of UAVs and whether NMHS would operate UAVs or form partnerships with private/public companies and organizations to acquire the UAV data. The WICAP financial framework of cost sharing amongst multiple countries in one or more WMO regions was presented as a model for cost sharing if UAV data was purchased from private companies. The workshop closed after identifying key outcomes, recommendations, and future activities.
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Capacity development ; Observations ; Meteorological instrument ; Automated Weather Observing System (AWOS) ; Global Space-based Inter-Calibration System (GSICS) ; WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS) ; Weather service ; Training ; OBS - Personnel installing and maintaining instrumentation ; OBS - Personnel managing observing programmes and networks ; OBS - Personnel performing meteorological observations ; Commission for Basic Systems (CBS) ; Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation (CIMO) Add tagLa finalidad de la presente Guía es proporcionar orientación a las organizaciones de los Miembros que están elaborando, aplicando o manteniendo programas de formación y de evaluación basados en competencias a partir de los marcos de competencias de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) establecidos en el Reglamento Técnico, Volumen I (OMM-Nº 49).
Este material de orientación contiene ejemplos de algunas de las mejores prácticas de los Miembros para facilitar la transferencia tanto de conocimientos como de experiencia, y así permitir que las organizaciones cumplan con los requisito ...Published by: OMM ; 2019 (Edición de 2018)
La finalidad de la presente Guía es proporcionar orientación a las organizaciones de los Miembros que están elaborando, aplicando o manteniendo programas de formación y de evaluación basados en competencias a partir de los marcos de competencias de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) establecidos en el Reglamento Técnico, Volumen I (OMM-Nº 49).
Este material de orientación contiene ejemplos de algunas de las mejores prácticas de los Miembros para facilitar la transferencia tanto de conocimientos como de experiencia, y así permitir que las organizaciones cumplan con los requisitos de la OMM de la forma más eficiente.
La Guía también será útil para las comisiones técnicas de la OMM y para los equipos de expertos que se encargan de elaborar y actualizar requisitos en materia de competencias (parte II, sección 1), así como para los proveedores de formación, incluidos los Centros Regionales de Formación (CRF), que necesitarán las competencias para articular sus planes de formación y los programas de sus cursos (parte III, sección 3). Además, la Guía será útil para los Servicios Meteorológicos e Hidrológicos Nacionales (SMHN) y para otras organizaciones de los Miembros, que necesitarán las competencias para orientar su prestación de servicios y, en particular, para usarlas en sistemas de gestión de la calidad (parte I y parte III).
Collection(s) and Series: OMM- No. 1205
Language(s): Spanish; Other Languages: English, French, Russian, Arabic, Chinese
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-31205-1والرامیة (WMO) في عام 2009 ، اتُّخذت خطوة مهمة في إعداد أطر الكفاءة للمنظمة العالمیة للأرصاد الجوية إلى إرشاد الأعضاء في تقديم الخدمات وتطوير القدرات عندما أعادت فرقة العمل المعنیة بمؤھلات متنبئي الأرصاد الجوية للطیران تحديد المؤھلات المطلوبة من خبراء الأرصاد الجوية وفنیي الأرصاد الجوية. وقد بوضع مجموعة من معايیر الكفاءة للمتنبئین والمراقبین (WMO) أوصت الفرقة المجلسَ التنفیذي للمنظمة المعنیین بالأرصاد الجوية للطیران بغیة مواصلة تحديد المهارات والمعارف الوظیفیة المحورية المطلوبة في القرار ،(WMO) من الموظفین التشغیلیین العاملین في خدمات الطیران. ووافق المجلس التنفیذي للمنظمة وكلَّف بتنفیذھا (AMP ...Published by: المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; 2019 (2018年版)
والرامیة (WMO) في عام 2009 ، اتُّخذت خطوة مهمة في إعداد أطر الكفاءة للمنظمة العالمیة للأرصاد الجوية إلى إرشاد الأعضاء في تقديم الخدمات وتطوير القدرات عندما أعادت فرقة العمل المعنیة بمؤھلات متنبئي الأرصاد الجوية للطیران تحديد المؤھلات المطلوبة من خبراء الأرصاد الجوية وفنیي الأرصاد الجوية. وقد بوضع مجموعة من معايیر الكفاءة للمتنبئین والمراقبین (WMO) أوصت الفرقة المجلسَ التنفیذي للمنظمة المعنیین بالأرصاد الجوية للطیران بغیة مواصلة تحديد المهارات والمعارف الوظیفیة المحورية المطلوبة في القرار ،(WMO) من الموظفین التشغیلیین العاملین في خدمات الطیران. ووافق المجلس التنفیذي للمنظمة وكلَّف بتنفیذھا (AMP) على وضع معايیر كفاءة للعاملین في مجال الأرصاد الجوية للطیران ،(EC-LXI) 9 بحلول الأول من كانون الأول/ ديسمبر 2013 وإدراجها في المجلد الأول من اللائحة الفنیة (مطبوع المنظمة .(
Collection(s) and Series: مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة
Language(s): Arabic; Other Languages: English, French, Russian, Chinese, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free)This Guidance on Integrated Urban Hydrometeorological, Climate and Environment Services (Volume I: Concept and Methodology) serves to assist WMO Members in the development and implementation of the urban services that address the needs of the cities stakeholders in their countries.Published by: WMO ; 2019
Guidance on Integrated Urban Hydrometeorological, Climate and Environmental Services - Volume I: Concept and Methodology
This Guidance on Integrated Urban Hydrometeorological, Climate and Environment Services (Volume I: Concept and Methodology) serves to assist WMO Members in the development and implementation of the urban services that address the needs of the cities stakeholders in their countries.
Collection(s) and Series: WMO- No. 1234
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-11234-72009年，航空预报员资格任务组重新确定了气象工作者和气象技术人员的资格要求，这是迈向制定世界气象组织（WMO）胜任力框架，指导会员服务提供和能力开发的重要一步。任务组还建议WMO执行理事会制定一套航空气象预报员和观测员的胜任力标准，以进一步确定从事航空服务的业务人员所需的关键工作技能和知识。WMO执行理事会通过其决议9（EC-61）批准制定航空气象人员（AMP）胜任力标准，该标准已于2013年12月1日授权实施，并被纳入《技术规则》第一卷（WMO-No.49）。Permalink
PermalinkIn this lesson, learners will explore the alignment of meteorological and non-meteorological factors that create Critical Fire Weather Patterns. Several scenarios will step learners through the decision-making processes for identifying the presence of a Critical Fire Weather Pattern and communicating with partners using terminology familiar to them. The scenarios will also illustrate how coordination and consistency among meteorologists support the fire agencies and other partners. The focus of the lesson is on recognizing that the presence of a Critical Fire Weather Pattern is more important ...PermalinkC3S User Learning Services offers free training on how to use the Climate Data Store platform and its content. Our ambition is to provide high quality training to those who use climate data.
The C3S mission is to support adaptation and mitigation policies of the European Union by providing consistent and authoritative information about climate change. We offer free and open access to climate data and tools based on the best available science. We listen to our users and endeavour to help them meet their goals in dealing with the impacts of climate change.PermalinkThis lesson was developed by meteorologist, Dr. Mick Pope, with sponsorship from the Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BoM). The lesson is a somewhat broad-brush review of the overall forecast process, but with specific application of the forecast funnel approach as used by Australia's Bureau of Meteorology (BoM). The forecast process components include decision support and communication, use of numerical weather prediction, and applying the forecast funnel approach. The forecast funnel is described in detail, along with the forecaster time pyramid, and it is applied using a BoM forecast polic ...PermalinkThis online lesson introduces learners to the Impact-Based Forecast and Warning Services approach to managing risk from weather events. After reviewing the steps of the approach, learners will practice using them in two simulations. In the simulations, learners must determine the likelihood and potential severity of weather hazards associated with an approaching storm. Then they must create a message describing the potential risk and impacts from the storm's most prominent hazards.PermalinkThis 45-minute lesson provides an overview of the satellite-derived products generated by the Satellite Application Facility on Land Surface Analysis (LSA-SAF) that may provide beneficial information to the agriculture community. Learners will practice reading and interpreting the LSA-SAF products to better understand the characteristics of vegetation. The lesson also discusses the application of satellite-derived products in regression analysis to model agricultural production, and uses a wine production case in the Portuguese Douro Valley to show learners how seasonal crop productions may be ...PermalinkThe Community Earth System Model (CESM) is a fully-coupled, community, global climate model that provides state-of-the-art computer simulations of the Earth's past, present, and future climate states. The CESM Distance Learning Course is based on the CESM Tutorial held annually at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado. This course consists of 12 lectures and 4 practical sessions on simulating the climate system and practical sessions on running Community Earth System Model (CESM), modifying components, and analyzing data. The course is targeted at the graduat ...PermalinkWhile solar radiation enables and sustains life on Earth, it also produces “space weather” that can profoundly impact different technologies, including telecommunications, satellite navigation, and the electric power grid. Solar flares can produce x-rays resulting in radio blackouts that block high-frequency radio waves. Solar Energetic Particles can penetrate satellite electronics and cause electrical failure. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) can cause geomagnetic storms that induce ground currents and degrade power grid operations, sometimes catastrophically. The Sun, The Earth, and Near-Earth ...PermalinkIn this lesson, forecasters will practice using guidance from different convection-allowing models (CAMs) over the short term. As they review and analyze the model guidance they will encounter some of the advantages and limitations of using CAMs for winter weather.PermalinkWant to know about COSMIC, and how satellite signals can provide information about Earth's atmosphere? This video provides anyone interested in the topic with a brief overview of the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate, called COSMIC. Targeted to students and teachers in Grades 5-9 but accessible to anyone, the video introduces the latest COSMIC mission (COSMIC-2), which uses satellites orbiting near Earth to measure how the atmosphere affects signals from global positioning system (GPS) satellites high above the surface. This technique is called radio occul ...PermalinkThe current GOES-R and JPSS meteorological satellites have improved capabilities for enhanced fire detection that include more effective monitoring of fire starts, evolution, and smoke. This lesson provides forecasters and others with the opportunity to become more familiar with both GOES-R and JPSS satellite products (including the longwave-shortwave IR difference, Fire Temperature RGB, GeoColor, GOES-R Fire Mask, JPSS Active Fire, and others) during the onset of a large grassland fire event, known as the Rhea Fire, that affected western Oklahoma from April 12-18, 2018. Interactions and quest ...PermalinkThe latest-generation Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2) provides high-resolution observations of Earth's atmosphere, including the ionosphere. In this video, scientists and mission planners introduce the instrumentation used and describe the collaborations that made the COSMIC-2 mission possible. These experts describe how COSMIC uses a technique called radio occultation—making use of existing navigation satellite signals passing through the atmosphere to provide detailed measurements of temperature, pressure, and water vapor. They ex ...PermalinkThe U.S. National Weather Service (NWS) National Blend of Models (NBM) is scheduled to be upgraded to version 3.2 in November 2019. It includes the first probabilistic blended guidance for temperature, precipitation, snow, and ice. There are more blended forecast products for aviation, marine, water resources, fire weather, winter weather, and tropical weather. Version 3.2 uses more model components to improve guidance, and introduces a new Guam domain. For a transcript, see What’s New in NBM v3.2. (https://www.meted.ucar.edu/nwp/blend_v32_video/NBM_v32_script.pdf)PermalinkNWP is one of the most important forecasting tools in our toolbox. Yet identifying when/where it isn’t capturing reality is difficult. In the short-term forecasting range, it is important as a forecaster to identify when/where NWP output isn’t matching reality. Then you can make appropriate changes to the forecast output. To find those mismatches anywhere in the world, one of the best tools is satellite imagery. In this lesson, we will focus on a few cases using satellite imagery to help identify mismatched features/processes between the satellite imagery and the NWP. Anyone trying to add valu ...PermalinkYou know what PV is, yet aren't quite sure how to modify it to make a better forecast. In this short lesson, we will discuss how to modify the PV surface to match water vapour imagery and how those adjustments affect the surface sensible weather. This is the fifth in a series of video lessons that introduces three different methods for modifying NWP output to add human value to forecasts. Pre-requisite Knowledge: Satellite Water Vapour Interpretation -- Short CoursePermalinkAnother way to try to find mismatches between observed weather and NWP output is by using total-column variables. There are a few of them to choose from, and they make for a relatively simple comparison method for finding correctable mismatches. In this lesson, we'll address appropriate methods for making these comparisons and build to a point where we will focus on bigger picture atmospheric processes. This is the second in a series of video lessons that introduces three different methods for modifying NWP output to add human value to forecasts.PermalinkNWS forecasts are only one of many sources of forecast guidance that both expert users and the public have access to. Decision support for a spectrum of end users requires that the NWS will use social science findings and practices as a guide for making its products more accessible and effective.This lesson will focus on effective messaging when communicating weather hazards. In the process the learner will become familiar with some messaging best practices that are based on social science findings.PermalinkThis 45-minute lesson briefly introduces learners to the benefits of using probabilistic forecast information to assess weather and communicate forecast uncertainties. Learners will explore a winter weather event in Germany and practice synthesizing deterministic and probabilistic forecast guidance to better understand forecast uncertainties based on lead-time. Also, learners will decide how to best communicate the potential weather threats and impacts to local end users. The lesson is another component of the Forecast Uncertainty: EPS Products, Interpretation, and Communication distance learn ...PermalinkThe Satellite Foundational Course for JPSS (SatFC-J) is a series of short lessons focused on topics related to microwave remote sensing and Joint Polar Satellite System instruments and capabilities. Hosted by the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA), this resource provides access to the full set of course lessons, which were developed specifically for National Weather Service (NWS) forecasters. The lessons provide foundational training to help forecasters and decision makers maximize the utility of the U.S.’ new-generation polar-orbiting environmental satellites. The cou ...PermalinkThe Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) aboard the GOES-R series satellites provides continuous lightning detection from space, giving forecasters a unique tool to monitor developing thunderstorms. This 45 minute lesson introduces learners to the benefits of using GLM gridded products, primarily Flash Extent Density (FED). Learners will explore several North American convective events and use Flash Extent Density, in combination with other satellite and radar data, to diagnose convective initiation, storm intensification, and areal extent of lightning activity. Helpful hints to keep in mind w ...PermalinkThis lesson summarizes the science and techniques used to measure atmospheric wind. It presents an overview of the main sensor types for wind, including mechanical, electronic, and drifting-position sensors as well as sensors relying on impact pressure and sensors utilizing timing or Doppler shifts. The advantages and limitations of the sensor types and information about uncertainty and errors are reviewed with a focus on understanding which sensors might be best for particular applications. The lesson concludes with wind measurement applications including turbulence profiles, turbulence flux ...PermalinkIn this lesson, we start by investigating the different types of fronts that are commonly analyzed. Next, we address two different types of cold fronts: classic (stacked), and katabatic. Then, we identify the main characteristics of these frontal types and what sets them apart from each other in conceptual models and in water vapour imagery. This is the first lesson in a two part series that addresses three different types of cold fronts and how to diagnose them.PermalinkYou've been introduced to Potential Vorticity (PV) as a concept or as a useful tool for NWP assessment, but what is PV really? We'll dive into PV in this lesson and attempt to answer some of the more common questions about PV as a product. This is the fourth in a series of video lessons that introduces three different methods for modifying NWP output to add human value to forecasts. Pre-requisite Knowledge: Satellite Water Vapour Interpretation -- Short CoursePermalinkIn this lesson, we address the characteristics of anabatic cold fronts, then move into analysis of those characteristics. In the analysis activity, you are asked to diagnose the different types of fronts that appear and identify the main characteristics of anabatic and katabatic fronts. The lesson concludes with identification and analysis of dry conveyor belt pulses. This is the second lesson in a two part series that addresses three different types of cold fronts and how to diagnose them using satellite imagery.PermalinkSurface observations are usually the first place we go when trying to find mismatches between observed weather and NWP output. We'll talk in this lesson about appropriate methods for making those comparisons and build to a point where we will focus on bigger picture atmospheric processes. This is the first in a series of video lessons that introduces three different methods for modifying NWP output to add human value to forecasts.PermalinkThis lesson provides an overview of the science and techniques related to measuring humidity, or the amount of water vapor, in Earth's atmosphere. After beginning with a review of the units used for humidity, the learner will examine the three main types of hygrometers (material, thermodynamic, and optical) and explore instruments within each of these categories. The lesson provides information about the advantages and limitations of various humidity instruments. The effects of siting, sheltering, and ventilation on humidity measurements are also addressed. The lesson is part of the Instrument ...PermalinkUsing a heavy rain situation in Barbados, this video will demonstrate the use of Multi-hazard, Impacts-based Forecast and Warning Services. The demonstration will show an evolution of the forecast in the 3-, 2-, and 1-day lead time periods. The rainfall case is based loosely on 2018's Tropical Storm Kirk, although the name and specific details of the storm are not used.PermalinkThis lesson introduces tools and concepts that are essential for scenario-based planning for sea level change. The lesson guides the learner through the use of the USACE Sea Level Change Calculator to produce site-specific water-level projections. The lesson also introduces the NOAA Sea Level Rise Viewer and NOAA's Sea Level Trends website.PermalinkIf there were a way to make direct comparisons between satellite imagery and NWP output, that would appear to be the best possible way to find mismatches between the observed weather and NWP output. In this lesson, we'll address possible methods for making direct comparisons, starting with pseudo or synthetic satellite imagery and building to a point where we focus on a relatively unused NWP output. This is the third in a series of video lessons that introduces three different methods for modifying NWP output to add human value to forecasts. Pre-requisite Knowledge: Satellite Water Vapour Inte ...Permalink
PermalinkThis module explores the science of snowpack and snowpack assessment. It begins by describing the factors involved in snowpack development and then focuses on snowpack evolution. Using two scenarios (one set in mountainous terrain, the other in a relatively flat area), the module explores how basic processes, such as conduction and radiation, and various precipitation events impact snowpack, particularly its density, structure, and stability, throughout the cold season. Woven throughout the module are video clips of avalanche forecasters discussing snowpack and demonstrating various assessment ...PermalinkThis lesson teaches the basics of satellite image interpretation to forecasters, meteorology students, and other interested learners, with an emphasis on the African region. It begins by briefly describing visible, infrared, and water vapour channels, as well as RGBs and derived products. From there, it teaches learners how to interpret clouds and surface features using various channels and products. This sets the stage for the final section, where learners practice identifying features using assorted imagery and products. The lesson uses Meteosat Second Generation imagery over Africa and, to ...PermalinkThis module presents an overview of space-based microwave remote sensing for environmental applications with a focus on meteorological applications. It delivers basic information on polar-orbiting satellite characteristics, current microwave instruments, and the products they provide. Special attention is given to the newer capabilities of the U.S.’s Suomi NPP (National Polar-orbiting Partnership) and future JPSS (Joint Polar Satellite System) satellites with additional information included for those missions being operated by international partners. This module also serves as an introduction ...PermalinkThis module is an update to the previous Satellite Meteorology: GOES Channel Selection module. It reviews the five GOES imager channels and their use, incorporating conceptual visualizations and numerous imagery examples. The module also includes updated information on improvements for the GOES-13, -14 and -15 satellites. Highlights include a higher resolution 13.3 micrometer CO2 channel (GOES-14 & -15), modified spectral response of the visible channel, improved radiometric performance and pixel geolocation, and shortened data outages during the fall and spring satellite eclipse periods.PermalinkThis lesson describes the role of forecasters in supporting emergency managers during tropical cyclones with a focus on the wind hazards. It provides an overview of the wind speed products produced by the National Weather Service, including how they are used to create local wind forecasts. Learners will practice interpreting probabilistic wind speed guidance and conveying appropriate wind speed information to decision-makers using projected scenarios of hazardous wind events. Developing messages for emergency managers and the public that include the potential wind speed, threat, and impact inf ...PermalinkUnderstanding Marine Customers, 2nd edition, introduces the different marine forecast customers and discusses what forecast information they need to know and why they need to know it. A better understanding of the needs of the marine forecast customer will lead to better daily forecasts. The 2nd edition expands upon marine customer base to include more nearshore users, such as beachgoers, surfers, and sea kayakers.PermalinkIn this 1-hour lecture, presented in three parts, research hydrologist Dr. Holly Hartmann discusses issues and approaches for communicating with decision-makers regarding climate change topics in water management and planning. Dr. Hartmann is a national leader in research related to the development of decision support tools for climate, water, and other resource management applications, especially linking research with the needs of decision-makers and moving research into agency operations. Dr. Hartmann is Carpe Diem West’s Director of Climate Science Applications. Previously she was Director ...PermalinkThis lesson describes current and future satellites sensors and products used for monitoring the fire cycle, with an emphasis on polar-orbiting satellites. Product information is presented in the context of the fire lifecycle: from assessing the pre- and post-fire environment to detecting and monitoring active fires, smoke, and aerosols. Product information is also consolidated in the Fire Product Suite. The lesson concludes with an interactive fire case study, supplemented with observations from a National Weather Service trainer/forecaster who experienced the fire. The lesson is intended for ...PermalinkThe Product Access Guide is a web-based resource maintained by the World Meteorological Organization to (i) facilitate online search for quality-controlled, documented satellite-based data products from providers worldwide, related expert groups, and training material, (ii) enhance the visibility of satellite data products and related material; (iii) address insufficient awareness of users, especially in developing countries. The Product Access Guide complements the WMO Information System and allows a more targeted search experience than Google or the GEO portal. This resource is made availabl ...PermalinkGravity is an important part of geodesy, with implications for height measurements and many other applications. In this module, we explore the concept of equipotential surfaces and relate them to gravity. Then we discuss geodetic applications that rely on accurate gravity measurements, including leveling surveys and floodplain mapping. We introduce a special surface based on gravity, called the gravimetric geoid, and explain why we want to use it as a reference datum. We discuss how to measure Earth’s gravity and introduce you to the National Geodetic Survey’s GRAV-D project, including how and ...PermalinkThis 45-minute lesson briefly introduces learners to the benefits of using probabilistic forecast information to assess the weather and communicate forecast uncertainties. Learners will explore a heat wave event in Spain and practice interpreting EPS forecast products effectively to determine various forecast parameters based on lead-time. Also, learners will decide how to best communicate the potential weather threats and impacts information to local end users.PermalinkThe hazards associated with convective systems present some of the most dangerous conditions encountered by aircraft and pose many challenges to aviation operations. When convection is forecast to develop, aviation forecasters are required to issue a series of warning messages and other meteorological aeronautical products to various members of the aviation community. This lesson teaches these forecasters how to produce the products, doing so in the context of a case study in which learners assume the role of aeronautical forecaster on duty at the airport in Niamey, Niger on a night when conve ...PermalinkThis module discusses how to apply various observational data and remote sensing tools such as satellite, METARS, soundings, profilers, radar, and model analyses to diagnose the potential for fog and/or low stratus. Various forecast tools (such as model forecast fields, forecast soundings, and BUFKIT) used to assess fog and/or low stratus potential onset, intensity, and duration are also examined. This module is part of the Distance Learning Course 1: Forecasting Fog and Low Stratus.PermalinkThe purpose of this module is to train operational meteorologists at NWS WFOs and elsewhere how to maximize opportunities to add value to NWP forecasts. The training includes use of the methods and tools from earlier modules in Course 2 of Effective Use of NWP in the Forecast Process. Included in the module are two case examples for the short- and medium-range. Additionally, a WES "caselet" is available from the NWS Warning Decision Training Branch that further illustrates how to add value to NWP guidance.Permalink