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This booklet is a simple guide to the aeronautical meteorological codes, METAR, SPECI and TAF, applicable on 8 November 2018, updated as a result of the alignment of the Technical Regulations (WMO-No. 49), Volume II – Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation, Parts I and II, with Amendment 78 to Annex 3 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation. It is aimed at a wide range of users such as pilots, flight dispatchers, air traffic control staff and meteorological observers at smaller aerodromes where sophisticated automated instruments are not available. Although the reade ...English, French; Russian; SpanishPublished by: WMO ; 2019 (2019 Edition)
This booklet is a simple guide to the aeronautical meteorological codes, METAR, SPECI and TAF, applicable on 8 November 2018, updated as a result of the alignment of the Technical Regulations (WMO-No. 49), Volume II – Meteorological Service for International Air Navigation, Parts I and II, with Amendment 78 to Annex 3 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation. It is aimed at a wide range of users such as pilots, flight dispatchers, air traffic control staff and meteorological observers at smaller aerodromes where sophisticated automated instruments are not available. Although the readers of this handbook may not be professional meteorologists, it is assumed that they have some formal meteorological training.
Collection(s) and Series: WMO- No. 782
Language(s): English; Other Languages: French, Russian, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-10782-4
Archives access: 2008-[...]
No review, please log in to add yours !The AMP Competency Training Mapping Database contains useful links to relevant training resources mapped to the top and second level competencies of Aeronautical Meteorological Observers and Aeronautical Meteorological Forecasters with the availability of various types of search function.EnglishPublished by: Hong Kong Observatory ; 2019
The AMP Competency Training Mapping Database contains useful links to relevant training resources mapped to the top and second level competencies of Aeronautical Meteorological Observers and Aeronautical Meteorological Forecasters with the availability of various types of search function.
Notes: Please notify the Mapping Database administrator of any broken link or outdated content via email to pcheung "at" hko.gov.hk.
Disclaimer regarding 3rd party resources: WMO endeavours to ensure, but cannot and does not guarantee the accuracy, accessibility, integrity and timeliness of the information available on its website. WMO may make changes to the content of this website at any time without notice.
The responsibility for opinions expressed in articles, publications, studies and other contributions rests solely with their authors, and their posting on this website does not constitute an endorsement by WMO of the opinion expressed therein.
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Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Automated Weather Observing System (AWOS) ; Lesson/ Tutorial ; Presentation ; Global Space-based Inter-Calibration System (GSICS) ; Aeronautical Meteorological Forecaster ; Aeronautical Meteorological Observer Add tag
No review, please log in to add yours !International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) - International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI)This website makes available numerous resources from IRI training events.EnglishPublished by: International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) ; 2019
This website makes available numerous resources from IRI training events.
Disclaimer regarding 3rd party resources: WMO endeavours to ensure, but cannot and does not guarantee the accuracy, accessibility, integrity and timeliness of the information available on its website. WMO may make changes to the content of this website at any time without notice.
The responsibility for opinions expressed in articles, publications, studies and other contributions rests solely with their authors, and their posting on this website does not constitute an endorsement by WMO of the opinion expressed therein.
WMO shall not be liable for any damages incurred as a result of the use of its website. Please do not misuse our website.
Format: Digital (Free)
No review, please log in to add yours !Настоящая брошюра представляет собой простое руководство по использованию авиационных метеорологических кодов METAR, SPECI и TAF, обнов- ленных в результате приведения Технического регламента (ВМО-№ 49), том II — Метеорологическое обслуживание международной аэронавигации, части I и II, в соответствие с поправкой 78 к Приложению 3 к Конвенции о международной гражданской авиации, вступающей в силу 8 ноября 2018 г. Она предназначена для широкого круга пользователей, таких как пилоты, диспетчеры воздушно- го движения, персонал службы воздушного движения и метеорологические наблюдатели небольших аэ ...Russian, English; French; SpanishPublished by: BMO ; 2019 (Издание 2019 г.)
Настоящая брошюра представляет собой простое руководство по использованию авиационных метеорологических кодов METAR, SPECI и TAF, обнов- ленных в результате приведения Технического регламента (ВМО-№ 49), том II — Метеорологическое обслуживание международной аэронавигации, части I и II, в соответствие с поправкой 78 к Приложению 3 к Конвенции о международной гражданской авиации, вступающей в силу 8 ноября 2018 г. Она предназначена для широкого круга пользователей, таких как пилоты, диспетчеры воздушно- го движения, персонал службы воздушного движения и метеорологические наблюдатели небольших аэродромов, на которых отсутствуют сложные авто- матизированные приборы. Хотя читатели настоящего пособия могут и не быть специалистами-метеорологами, предполагается, что они имеют определенную профессиональную метеорологическую подготовку.
Collection(s) and Series: BMO- No. 782
Language(s): Russian; Other Languages: English, French, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-40782-5
No review, please log in to add yours !El presente Manual es una guía simplificada de las claves meteorológicas aeronáuticas METAR, SPECI y TAF, que entra en vigor el 8 de noviembre de 2018, y que ha sido actualizado como consecuencia de la armonización del Reglamento Técnico (OMM–Nº 49), Volumen II – Servicio meteorológico para la navegación aérea internacional, partes I y II, con la Enmienda 78 al Anexo 3 de la Organización Civil de Aviación Civil Internacional. Está destinado a diversos tipos de usuarios como, por ejemplo, pilotos, despachadores de vuelos, personal de control del tráfico aéreo y observadores meteorológicos situa ...Spanish, English; French; RussianPublished by: OMM ; 2019 (Edición de 2019)
El presente Manual es una guía simplificada de las claves meteorológicas aeronáuticas METAR, SPECI y TAF, que entra en vigor el 8 de noviembre de 2018, y que ha sido actualizado como consecuencia de la armonización del Reglamento Técnico (OMM–Nº 49), Volumen II – Servicio meteorológico para la navegación aérea internacional, partes I y II, con la Enmienda 78 al Anexo 3 de la Organización Civil de Aviación Civil Internacional. Está destinado a diversos tipos de usuarios como, por ejemplo, pilotos, despachadores de vuelos, personal de control del tráfico aéreo y observadores meteorológicos situados en pequeños aeródromos donde no se dispone de instrumentos automatizados sofisticados. Aunque no es necesario que el lector del presente Manual sea meteorólogo profesional, se supondrá que dispone, no obstante, de cierta forma de preparación en meteorología.
Collection(s) and Series: OMM- No. 782
Language(s): Spanish; Other Languages: English, French, Russian
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-30782-8
No review, please log in to add yours !Le présent fascicule est un petit guide pratique des codes de météorologie aéronautique METAR, SPECI et TAF. Mis à jour pour tenir compte de l’alignement du Règlement technique (OMM-N° 49), Volume II – Assistance météorologique à la navigation aérienne internationale, parties I et II, sur l’Amendement 78 a l’Annexe 3 de la Convention relative à l’aviation civile internationale, il est entré en vigueur le 8 novembre 2018. Il s’adresse à un grand nombre d’utilisateurs tels les pilotes, les agents techniques d’exploitation, le personnel du contrôle de la circulation aérienne et les observateurs m ...French, English; Russian; SpanishPermalinkThis lesson provides an introduction to the Middle East for Navy meteorologists. It focuses on the major aspects of synoptic and mesoscale weather patterns, hazards to aviation and maritime operations, geography, oceanography, and climatology. The “Geography” Unit covers major political boundaries, cities, ports, topographical features, rivers, and seismicity. The “Oceanography” Unit includes major bathymetric features, mean sea surface temperature, vertical temperature profiles, salinity and velocity, ocean currents, and tidal ranges. The “Climatology” Unit covers the seasonal climatology of ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson (available in Traditional Chinese) introduces the Mei-Yu Front characteristics and forecasting methodology used by the CWB to forecast precipitation over Taiwan. The lesson discusses the Mei-Yu Front's three-dimensional structure, lifting mechanisms, precipitation patterns and includes cases to help learners practice determining the possible area of heavy rainfall.EnglishPermalinkThis short lesson describes the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) on board the next-generation polar-orbiting satellite platforms. AMSR2’s primary mission is to improve scientists’ understanding of climate by providing estimates of precipitation, water vapor, cloud water, wind velocity, sea surface temperature, sea ice concentration, snow depth, and soil moisture. AMSR2 also advances weather forecasting through real-time imagery, value-added products, and input to numerical weather prediction. This lesson is part of the Satellite Foundational Course for JPSS (SatFC-J).EnglishPermalinkThis lesson introduces the VIIRS imager on board the Suomi NPP and JPSS satellites. The lesson briefly describes the capabilities, improvements, and benefits that VIIRS brings to operational meteorology. Numerous images are shown that demonstrate a variety of applications available in the AWIPS weather display system. This lesson is part of the Satellite Foundational Course for JPSS (SatFC-J).EnglishPermalinkThis lesson presents a brief overview of NOAA's operational low Earth orbiting satellites, focusing on how their orbits define observational coverage and how ground receiving capabilities impact data latency from the observation time to product availability. This lesson is part of the Satellite Foundational Course for JPSS (SatFC-J).EnglishPermalinkThis lesson introduces the capabilities and benefits of rapid scan imaging from geostationary meteorological satellites with a special focus on the current Meteosat Second Generation satellites. The lesson begins with an overview of current rapid scan imaging strategies and the products made from those observations. It then addresses nowcasting applications that benefit from these products with a focus on convection and its evolution. Other application areas that benefit from rapid scan observation are mentioned including the monitoring of fog and low stratus, wildfires, tropical cyclones, and ...EnglishPermalinkIn this lesson the learner will review and interpret data regarding the early performance of the National Water Model (versions 1.0 -1.2). Verification and evaluation of the National Water Model has been occurring since it went operational in August 2016. This lesson will review some of the main issues in model performance through early 2018, including some retrospective verification extending back to 2011. You will see how model performance has been improved as a result of verification. Among the topics addressed are peak flow timing errors, model bias and correlation, the impacts of basin ca ...EnglishPermalinkThis 45-minute lesson provides an opportunity to use ensemble prediction system products to evaluate uncertainty in the forecast and then communicate that information effectively to a public audience. The lesson places learners in the role of a Meteorological Service of Canada forecaster who must assess forecast uncertainty and then issue early warning notifications to decision-makers regarding the winter storm. In a subsequent work shift during the event, the learner must effectively deliver forecast information via social media and respond to questions from the general public. The lesson is ...EnglishPermalinkNOAA’s Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS) operates the National Water Level Observation Network (NWLON) a system of water level sensors, that form the backbone of our nation’s coastal observation infrastructure. This short video, intended for decision makers and the general public, describes the value of accurate NWLON water level data provided by CO-OPS.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson introduces the innovative Day/Night Band (DNB). Producing both daytime and nighttime visible images, the unique aspect of the DNB is its nocturnal low-light imaging capability. It views reflected moonlight from clouds and Earth's surface, surface light emissions from various natural sources (such as fires) and anthropogenic sources (such as city lights and gas flares), and even from certain atmospheric light emissions such as the aurora, airglow, and lightning flashes. The lesson describes the capabilities and benefits of the DNB, in particular using the Near-Constant Contrast (NCC ...EnglishPermalinkThis resource demonstrates the variety of satellite imagery and products accessible through the Community Satellite Processing Package (CSPP). Two videos, the first focused on imagery applications and the second on microwave applications, provide an overview of the types of weather and environmental information available through CSPP. Using CSPP, forecasters and others needing timely access to data can download and display imagery and products from Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) instruments. The resource provides some background information for obtaining and using the CSPP software, which ...EnglishPermalinkAimed at surveyors and GIS professionals, this video explains the difference between active and passive control methods in surveying, and the strengths and weaknesses of each. Passive control is the traditional method of referencing positions to physical benchmarks that have known locations. Active control references positions to one or more Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS). These stations use continuous contact with global navigation satellite systems (GNSS/GPS) to provide a highly accurate and updated position.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson provides information about current science and technologies for measuring atmosphere pressure. The lesson begins by reviewing the key physical laws governing atmospheric pressure, including Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures. Then, it explores typical requirements and uncertainty parameters related to atmospheric pressure sensors and provides details about the components of pressure sensors, including fluidic, mechanical, and electronic transducers. The lesson is part of the Instrumentation and Measurement of Atmospheric Parameters course series.EnglishPermalinkThis 45-minute lesson briefly introduces learners to the benefits of using probabilistic forecast information to assess the weather and communicate forecast uncertainties. Learners will explore a heat wave event in Spain and practice interpreting EPS forecast products effectively to determine various forecast parameters based on lead-time. Also, learners will decide how to best communicate the potential weather threats and impacts information to local end users.EnglishPermalinkMaintaining situational awareness is a crucial skill in every decision-support situation. Wildland fires that threaten populated areas have the potential to inflict devastating damage to communities and can also threaten the personnel working on the fire. This lesson introduces the Situational Awareness Cycle. Learners practice using it to continuously monitor and adapt their support strategies and decision-support information depending on the rapidly evolving wildfire conditions. The lesson also discusses a range of tools that can be used to build and maintain situational awareness.EnglishPermalinkIntended for U.S. National Weather Service forecasters, this short video describes changes to the NWS National Blend of Models when it was updated to v3.1. These changes include: More global, mesoscale, and ensemble components; Increased spatial resolution of some components; New and improved weather elements for aviation, QPF, winter, fire, and marine weather forecasting; Significant wave height for offshore waters and the Great Lakes; Improved bias correction; MOS-like text products; Shortened NBM forecast projections delivered at 19 UTC. For an illustrated transcript, see What’s New in NBM ...EnglishPermalinkThis short video explores some of the ways that location science improves everyday life. It follows two characters, Jane and John, through the course of a typical day. Jane has a smooth trouble-free day fishing with friends, thanks in part to accurate location surveys. John, on the other hand, has an awful day traced to inaccurate surveys and out-of-date maps.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson introduces the capabilities of NOAA’s next-generation infrared and microwave sounders, the Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) and the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS). Both fly on board the Suomi NPP satellite mission and constitute the foundation for NOAA’s operational space-based sounding capability on the next-generation JPSS polar-orbiting satellites. In addition to their complementary sounding duties, CrIS and ATMS provide capabilities and improvements for a variety of environmental products essential to weather forecasting and environmental monitoring. Some of th ...EnglishPermalinkThe National Weather Service National Blend of Models (NBM) was updated to version 3.0 on 27 July 2017. Changes include: Eight new components for the contiguous U.S. (CONUS) and Alaska, including four deterministic models, two ensemble systems, and two post-processed statistical components Five new components for Hawaii and Puerto Rico Expanded forecast domains for the CONUS and Alaska A “Time of Day” (ToD), rather than NWP model, initial time concept Hourly NBM forecasts, with short, day 2-4, and extended forecasts Updated NBM guidance available 50-60 minutes after hourly run time New weather ...EnglishPermalinkAs a society we have become dependent on satellite communications, but satellites fail with alarming frequency. Before the advent of satellites, long distance communications were carried out with high frequency (HF) radio transmissions. This lesson examines the factors that control long-distance radio communications, with an emphasis on refraction in the ionosphere, frequency selection, and the effects of solar radiation.EnglishPermalinkThis listing of multilingual training materials for the GOES-R series includes both foundational lessons and quick guides developed by various partners at the request of the U.S. National Weather Service and NESDIS. The selections included here represent materials translated to Spanish and Portuguese. Training contributors include COMET, RAMMB/CIRA, CIMSS, and SPoRT. Translation contributors/reviewers include the Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (SMN) in Argentina and the University of São Paulo in Brazil.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson discusses errors associated with the use of inconsistent terrain in the analyses in the Real-Time and the Un-Restricted Mesoscale Analyses (RTMA and URMA, respectively), and in downscaling numerical weather prediction model data to the resolution of the U.S. National Weather Service National Blend of Models (NBM). The sources of these inconsistencies are examined, and the errors that result are discussed. A solution is to use a unified, consistent terrain in the analyses and the NBM. This solution is only partial however, as resolution of small, meteorologically significant feature ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson provides an introduction to the benefits, important input (forcing data), and key products of the National Water Model. Both official and evolving products are presented. The lesson uses the flooding associated with Hurricane Harvey in August 2017 to demonstrate key products.EnglishPermalinkSatellite data are important tools for analyses and short-term forecasts of surface floodwater. This lesson will highlight the August 2017 flooding associated with Hurricane Harvey in southeastern Texas, one of the most costly weather disasters in U.S. history. Through the use of interactive exercises the learner will become familiar with use and interpretation of satellite imagery in regions with surface flooding. The lesson will use data from both the S-NPP Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) and the GOES-16 Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI). The satellite-derived flood map and th ...EnglishPermalinkAEMET, 2018Over 100 experts in weather and climate modeling, numerical and operational forecasting, and related areas have come together to write this compendium of knowledge that addresses a diversity of maters such as history and foundations of meteorology, ensemble prediction systems, probabilistic forecasting and its applications, climatic change and social aspects, cases of study of special meteorological events, etc.SpanishPermalinkLe Guide veut aider les organismes qui souhaitent élaborer, appliquer ou actualiser des programmes de formation et d’évaluation axées sur les compétences en s’appuyant sur les cadres de l’OMM qui figurent dans le Volume I du Règlement technique (OMM-No 49).
On y trouvera quelques exemples de pratiques définies par les Membres, de sorte que la diffusion de ces connaissances et enseignements facilite le respect des exigences fixées par l’OMM de la meilleure façon qui soit.
Le Guide sera également utile aux commissions techniques et aux équipes d’experts chargées de définir et d’act ...French, EnglishPermalinkThis publication is designed to provide Members of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) with guidance and assistance in developing national activities linked to climate information and services.English, Arabic; Chinese; French; Russian; SpanishPermalink本文件介绍了可支持业务气象工作者使用卫星资料的WMO能力领域的基础技能。这些技能包括：Chinese, English; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; FrenchPermalinkArabic, English; Spanish; Russian; French; ChinesePermalinkВ настоящем документе описаны фундаментальные навыки, подкрепляющие компетенции ВМО, связанные с использованием спутниковых данных оперативными метеорологами.Russian, English; French; Spanish; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkEl presente documento describe las aptitudes fundamentales en apoyo de las competencias de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) relativas al uso de datos satelitales por meteorólogos de los servicios de operaciones.Spanish, English; French; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkLe présent document décrit le socle d’aptitudes qui sous‑tend les champs de compétence de l’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) relatifs à l’utilisation des données satellitaires par les météorologues des services d’exploitation.French, English; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkThis document describes the underpinning skills that support the WMO competencies that relate to the use of satellite data by operational meteorologists.English, French; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkСогласованные на международном уровне методы предоставления обслуживания морскому сообществу по всему миру описаны в Наставлении по морскому метеорологическому обслуживанию (ВМО-№ 558), том I. Целью настоящего Руководства является дополнить Наставление посредством:
a) описания требований к различным видам обслуживания;
b) разъяснения целесообразности согласованных методов предоставления обслуживания;
c) предоставления руководящих указаний в отношении того, каким образом следует организовывать и поддерживать морское метеорологическое обслуживание.
Руководство имеет т ...Russian, English; French; SpanishPermalinkEn el Manual de servicios meteorológicos marinos (OMM Nº 558), volumen I, se describen los métodos convenidos internacionalmente para la prestación de servicios a la comunidad marina en todo el mundo. Como complemento de dicho Manual, la presente Guía responde a los siguientes propósitos:
a) describir las necesidades requeridas para los distintos tipos de servicios;
b) explicar las razones a que responden los métodos convenidos para la prestación de servicios;
c) orientar sobre la manera de constituir y mantener servicios meteorológicos marinos.
Para ello, está estr ...Spanish, English; French; RussianPermalinkLa connaissance des conditions météorologiques tient depuis toujours une place essentielle en matière de sécurité et d’efficacité appliquées aux activités maritimes, notamment le transport et la pêche. Au début du XXe siècle, avec l'apparition de la télégraphie sans fil, il devient possible d'établir des communications régulières entre les navires et la côte; c’est le commencement des émissions météorologiques pour la navigation maritime. La première Convention internationale pour la sauvegarde de la vie humaine en mer (Convention SOLAS) préconisait que la radiodiffusion de renseignements mété ...French, English; Russian; SpanishPermalinkInternationally agreed methods of providing services to the marine community around the world are described in the Manual on Marine Meteorological Services (WMO-No. 558), Volume I. The purpose of this Guide is to complement the Manual by:
(a) Describing the requirements for the various types of service;
(b) Explaining the rationale for the agreed methods of providing services;
(c) Giving guidance on how to set up and maintain marine meteorological services.
It follows the same structure as the Manual on Marine Meteorological Services.English, French; Russian; SpanishPermalinkThe purpose of this Guide is to provide guidance to Members’ organizations that are developing, implementing and/or maintaining competency-based training and assessment programmes based upon the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) competency frameworks established in the Technical Regulations, Volume I (WMO-No.49).
Examples of selected Members’ best practices are included in this guidance material to facilitate transfer of knowledge and experience, and thus enable organizations to achieve compliance with the WMO requirements in the most efficient way.
This Guide will also be ...English, FrenchPermalinkPermalinkEnglish, French; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkThe Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) flies aboard the GOES-R series satellites and provides lightning detection data at a quality and resolution not previously available from space. The GLM's continuous lightning monitoring capability is a valuable asset to detecting and monitoring developing thunderstorms 24 hours a day. This 30 minute lesson introduces learners to the benefits of using Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) observations in assessing convection. Learners will explore a severe weather event near Buenos Aires, Argentina, and practice using GLM observations to determine initia ...EnglishPermalink
Launched in 2007, the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences' OER initiative enables departments and individual faculty to provide resources free-of-charge under a Creative Commons license. As long as they adhere to the license, teachers and learners around the world are free to download, remix, translate, localize, and make these materials their own.EnglishPermalinkServicio Meteorológico Nacional (SMN) de Argentina ; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) - Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (SMN) de ArgentinaAquí encontrará los materiales del taller de GOES-16. El objetivo del taller es reforzar los conceptos adquiridos en el curso virtual desarrollado entre agosto y octubre de 2017 en el marco del "Programa de Entrenamiento para la Nueva Generación de Satélites Geoestacionarios" llevado adelante por el Servicio Meteorológico Nacional, y aplicarlo al análisis de casos de estudio de interés en la región. Mayor información sobre este taller presencial en el documento informativo del taller.SpanishPermalinkThis is the report on the project to create the Seasonal Climate Forecast - Course Package T.O.P. The goal of this online course package is to allow the transfer of seasonal climate forecast knowledge to improve and increase the operational capabilities of the targeted users. The package provides both a theoretical and a practical set of knowledge on seasonal forecast and predictability models, climate and data analysis, forecast verification, and specific application of seasonal forecast for agriculture and water management.EnglishPermalinkThis publication summarizes the main conclusions and recommendations from SYMET-13 and includes the Statement agreed by the participants on the final day of the Symposium.EnglishPermalinkThis portal has been developed to support the WMO Competency Requirements for Education and Training Providers. The portal contains all the resources used in the WMO Online Course for Trainers, plus additional resources when available. In most cases, the resources are being offered as open educational resources (OER), and can be used and adapted for other initiatives or for training by any institution or individual. Most are offered under Creative Commons License that allows for reuse as long as World Meteorological Organization (or the stated owner) is attributed as the source, and that any a ...EnglishPermalinkChinese, English; French; Spanish; Russian; ArabicPermalinkالمنظمة العالمية للأرصاد - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2018 (طبعة 2017; مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 1213)Arabic, English; French; Spanish; Russian; ChinesePermalinkRussian, English; French; Spanish; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkSpanish, English; French; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkFrench, English; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkIn this webinar recording, Dr. Dan Lindsey presents GOES-16/GOES-R 30-second and 1-minute rapid scan imagery to demonstrate unprecedented views of convection, wildfire, storm intensification, and other quickly-evolving features. GOES-16 rapid scan also enables cloud and feature tracking in and around tropical cyclones. The webinar includes examples of how rapid scan sectors may be prioritized and selected by the National Weather Service. Instructions about how to obtain and use archived data are also provided. This is a recorded webinar presented by an instructor at his home institution. Audio ...EnglishPermalinkThe National Weather Service (NWS) has developed the INSITE tool (INtegrated Support for Impacted air-Traffic Environments) to improve NWS convective impact forecasts by providing functionality that enables forecasters to include more precise impact areas in aviation convective weather forecast products. The tool lets forecasters identify potential constraints to the National Airspace System by combining forecast weather and air-traffic data. Improved convective weather forecast products can reduce delays in air-traffic and increase efficiency in the National Airspace System (NAS). In this 45- ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson introduces the concepts needed to understand and use ensemble prediction system (EPS) products. It describes basic statistical quantities and methods used to develop EPS products, such as probability distribution functions (PDFs) and cumulative distribution functions (CDFs). From there, it discusses ways of using EPS products compared to deterministic products. The final section briefly introduces nine common EPS products. The lesson is a prerequisite for the EPS Products Reference Guide.EnglishPermalinkEnglish Description The COMET Translation Resource Center supports the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) community's efforts to expand the availability of training materials through translation. Here you'll find resources to guide and support your translation efforts and a forum to exchange ideas and resources. The site hosts the Guide to Translation Project Management which was developed as a collaborative WMO Global Campus project by The COMET Program and the Meteorological Service of Canada with funding by NOAA’s National Weather Service International Activities Office. The guide is a ...EnglishPermalinkThis updated one-hour lesson explores the types of atmospheric and surface features that can be observed at night. It describes recent technical improvements in nighttime visible imaging with the VIIRS Day/Night Band on board the Suomi NPP and JPSS satellites, and the lunar phases and other conditions necessary for effective nighttime visible imaging. This lays the foundation for the rest of the lesson, which explores operational uses of nighttime visible observations. These include the detection and monitoring of city lights, tropical cyclones, fog and stratus, polar nights, auroras, fires an ...EnglishPermalinkThis advanced lesson explores the performance characteristics of instrumentation used for meteorological measurements. Static performance characteristics are examined in the context of calibration, which offers a means to determine an instrument's response. Dynamic performance characteristics, including first and second order inputs, are discussed using three classic examples: step or impulse, ramp or time varying, and oscillatory inputs. The lesson provides information about the effects of representativeness and regional homogeneity on measurements, and also describes processes for obtaining ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson provides an introduction to the instrumentation used for meteorological measurements. Aimed at undergraduate and graduate students in meteorology and the atmospheric sciences, it examines the types of observing systems available to measure temperature, pressure, humidity, trace gases, clouds and aerosols, winds, precipitation, and radiation. Learners will explore the main components of an instrument and become acquainted with performance characteristics including types of errors. This introductory lesson provides a foundation for more detailed training focused on measurement of spe ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson offers users of climate information a demonstration of the utility of the Local Climate Analysis Tool (LCAT) for water resources applications. The training follows a NOAA Climate Resilience Toolkit case study in Tampa, Florida, and illustrates how LCAT analyses can be used to inform the steps to climate resilience outlined in the Toolkit. This text-based, interactive lesson will be accessible to anyone using LCAT for water resources decision-making, though will be most useful to those with some familiarity with drought/water resources questions and information needs. Some backgroun ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson consists of presentations by nine professionals from NOAA and NASA recorded at the GOES-R Workshop for Broadcast Meteorologists at Kennedy Space Center. The workshop was offered by StormCenter Communications, Inc. in partnership with the COMET Program in conjunction with the November 2016 GOES-R launch. These presentations introduce broadcast meteorologists to the new capabilities of this next-generation weather satellite and cover topics including new instrumentation and data available via the GOES-R series, and how the imagery will improve forecasting. After completing this lesso ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson introduces learners to the challenges in predicting precipitation associated with tropical cyclones (TCs). It also provides an overview of the deterministic and probabilistic rainfall guidance products issued by the Weather Prediction Center (WPC) to forecast TC-related precipitation. Learners work through a TC case to practice interpreting the guidance correctly and communicating the precipitation threat. The lesson also highlights the different interpretations of probabilistic products from the WPC and National Hurricane Center, and the need for collaboration between national cen ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson is a follow-on to COMET’s Communicating Forecast Uncertainty lesson, which introduces research findings on the effective communication of uncertainty information and enables learners to apply them to a North American case. This lesson focuses on a European winter weather case and provides an additional opportunity to evaluate end-user needs and formulate effective responses to their questions based on the research findings. Learners are strongly encouraged to take Communicating Forecast Uncertainty before starting this lesson. The lesson is aimed at experienced forecasters with kno ...EnglishPermalinkLong-term management of critical water resources infrastructure needs to incorporate projected changes to environmental conditions. Reservoirs form the heart of water resource assets. Long-range plans for the repair, replacement, maintenance and renovation of these facilities depend on accurate projections of reservoir pool elevations. Environmental conditions, in turn, dictate the magnitude and timing of inflows and outflows from reservoirs, and thus the resulting water surface elevation. This lesson explores the factors that affect reservoir pool elevation and the considerations and challeng ...EnglishPermalinkNCAR's Earth Observing Laboratory ; The COMET Program ; Millersville University - The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR), 2017This advanced lesson explores the performance characteristics of instrumentation used for meteorological measurements. Static performance characteristics are examined in the context of calibration, which offers a means to determine an instrument's response. Dynamic performance characteristics, including first and second order inputs, are discussed using three classic examples: step or impulse, ramp or time varying, and oscillatory inputs. The lesson provides information about the effects of representativeness and regional homogeneity on measurements, and also describes processes for obtaining ...EnglishPermalinkThe atlas is based on the climate datasets provided by the CM SAF. It consists of maps providing climatological information of different meteorological parameters. These include:
-general climatic characteristics of meteorological parameters over Europe and Latvia;
-information on satellite data suitable for climatological studies, particularly datasets provided by the CM SAF;
-an example of the strengths and weaknesses of satellite data for climate applications;
-instructions for creating a satellite climatology atlas and beginning to work with satellite da ...EnglishPermalinkInstitute of Biometeorology (IBIMET) ; World Meteorological Organization (WMO) - CNR-National Research Council"Seasonal Forecast Course Package T.O.P." is a set of online resources whose goal is to enhance knowledge in the theory of seasonal forecasting and operational use of seasonal climate forecasts. The course package has two audiences. The first is training institutions, to facilitate development of additional training courses. The materials and documentations here collected represent the building blocks of a course based on validated contents and user needs. It can also be used by national hydro-meteorological service staff members who wish to improve their climate services competencies or to sp ...EnglishPermalinkThe lesson is intended to help NOAA's National Weather Service facilitate forecasters' use of ensemble forecast information in hydrology. The lesson provides information about the benefits and limitations of the Hydrologic Ensemble Forecast Service (HEFS), explains the sources of uncertainty (meteorological inputs and hydrologic modeling), and demonstrates how to interpret a HEFS product for hydrologic analysis and forecasting.EnglishPermalinkThe EPS Products Reference Guide provides information about nine commonly used ensemble prediction system (EPS) products. Each has a description, tips for interpreting and using it effectively, a list of its strengths and weaknesses, and practice exercises. The Guide is meant to be used as reference material and does not have a quiz.EnglishPermalinkThis scenario-based lesson examines how the limitations of high-resolution NWP forecasts affect their analyses and forecasts of winter and severe weather, and how best to use the output in light of the limitations. The lesson is structured around a case that occurred in Texas in December 2015 when winter weather and severe weather hit Amarillo and Dallas-Ft. Worth, respectively. As users go through the case, they learn how spin-up time, errors in initial conditions, and deficiencies in the modeling of mesoscale phenomena can impact high-resolution forecasts in the NAM nest and HRRR models.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson provides an overview of Earth’s atmosphere, its vertical structure, the fundamental forces acting on air, and how the atmosphere's composition affects the colors we see in the sky. The lesson also includes information about how Earth receives energy from the Sun as solar and infrared radiation, and the mechanisms for transferring heat around the globe. Learners will be introduced to the components of Earth’s water cycle, and also briefly explore the main types of systems used to observe the atmosphere.EnglishPermalinkGOES-16, the first satellite in the GOES-R series, launched in November 2016 and now provides 16 multispectral bands of satellite data, including CONUS scans every five minutes, with 0.5 kilometer visible imagery resolution and 2.0 km longwave infrared resolution. This lesson harnesses GOES-16’s increased temporal and spatial resolutions to identify convective development and intensity signatures on traditional longwave IR and visible band imagery, and compares the experience to using legacy GOES products. The lesson is geared toward early-career forecasters, those forecasters wanting more exp ...EnglishPermalinkIn this webinar recording, Amanda Terborg (with input from Dr. Chad Gravelle), will demonstrate the capabilities of GOES-R/16 in analyzing hazards affecting the aviation industry. The talk focuses specifically on four hazards (but there are others): 1) fog and low stratus, 2) in-flight turbulence, 3) dust, and 4) volcanic ash. Through the use of GOES-R/16 spectral bands, band differences, and RGB composites, satellite data users can detect the development and evolution of aviation threats better than with any previous geostationary satellites. This is a recorded webinar presented by an instruc ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson will introduce National Weather Service (NWS) forecasters to the benefits of pre-season coordination in understanding the critical needs of decision-makers, particularly the state and local Departments of Transportation (DOTs). The strategies used by DOTs to mitigate road impacts during the winter and how the NWS can best support their needs are also discussed. Learners will gain insight into the common methods of collaboration between the NWS and DOT, and the different types of winter weather events in which they work together. Learners will also practice communicating winter weat ...EnglishPermalinkThis series of videos, produced in collaboration with NOAA and the FAA, provides an introduction to the new Impacts TAF Board tactical decision aid. Introducing the Impacts TAF Board (3:00) The new Aviation Weather Center (AWC) Impacts TAF Board helps aviation professionals easily monitor when and where airport operations will be impacted by the weather. This video introduces the history, purpose and benefits of the board. Using the Impacts TAF Board (4:20) This video explores the Impacts TAF Board website and explains the key elements of the board and how to use them.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson provides an overview of basic weather processes, beginning with how the distribution of incoming solar energy helps to establish Earth’s atmospheric circulations. Learners will gain an understanding of the differences between weather and climate, and how Earth’s winds tend to have dominant patterns determined by region. An introduction to atmospheric stability, clouds, precipitation processes, and thunderstorm characteristics is also included, along with an introduction to weather impacts affecting aviation operations.EnglishPermalinkIn this webinar recording, Andrea Schumacher demonstrates the GOES-R series' new capabilities for real-time tropical cyclone analysis and monitoring, which will contribute significantly to improved hurricane track and intensity forecasts. The GOES-16 imager will provide dramatic new views of tropical cyclone phenomena, offering vastly improved time and spatial resolution as well as color composite images to enhance cloud bands and other features. This webinar will also explore the role of the Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) in helping identify areas of strong thunderstorms associated with ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson provides a technical introduction to Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), covering theory, procedures, and accuracy issues. Aimed at professionals in a “geospatial science” field, including engineers, surveyors, meteorologists, geographers and GIS professionals, it will also be useful for emergency managers, and technically-inclined members of the general public with appropriate math and/or science background. For those who may currently see GPS/GNSS as a “black box”, this 1.5 hour lesson provides an understanding of the underlying principles and concepts to support correctl ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson introduces learners to the challenges in predicting and communicating localized tropical cyclone (TC) rainfall threats. The lesson discusses the key ingredients conducive for heavy TC rainfall, and the tools used by the National Weather Service to forecast it. Learners work through a TC case to practice interpreting precipitation guidance correctly and communicating the threat and impacts. The lesson also highlights the issuance of flash flood emergencies and areal flood warnings during TC events, and how to best communicate TC rainfall impacts for a local area. The lesson will tak ...EnglishPermalinkIn this webinar recording Scott Rudlosky and Geoffrey Stano discuss and demonstrate the capabilities of the GOES-R/16 Geostationary Lightning Mapper (GLM) in both operational and research applications. You will learn how the GLM, the first lightning mapper in geostationary orbit, differs from land-based lightning detection. The presenters summarize important processes known as lightning events, group, flashes, and lightning jumps and show products that illustrate the location and areal extent of lightning, and its evolution in cloud systems. With this information you should be able to integrat ...EnglishPermalinkThis video provides an introduction to the Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC), including information about the COSMIC-2 mission. COSMIC uses a technique called radio occultation to profile temperature, water vapor, and ionospheric information within Earth's atmosphere. The high-quality, high-resolution data contribute to improvements in numerical weather prediction, hurricane forecasts, climate studies, and ionospheric analyses. This full video resource covering COSMIC data and science is hosted on COMET's YouTube Channel. A short video highlightin ...EnglishPermalinkIn this webinar recording, Michael Bowlan explains how GOES-R/16 can help improve forecasts of severe storms and provide forecasters with real-time information about lightning, flooding potential and other hazards. The high-resolution Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) data can indicate whether thunderstorm updrafts are gathering strength or weakening, helping aid forecasters in making warning decisions. The ABI can also aid in identifying storms and convective complexes that have stalled or are “training”, which can signal a flood risk and help forecasters issue flood or flash flood warnings soon ...EnglishPermalinkIn this recorded webinar from the Hydrologic Impacts Under Climate Change (HIUCC) course (June 2017), Dr. Julie Vano describes what the near future will likely bring in terms of hydrologic impacts studies. Her talk is parsed into four sections. Section 1 summarizes ongoing research. Section 2 discusses the sharing of hydro-climate information. Section 3 moves into the future and describes the process of planning, executing, and evaluation a climate impacts study. Section 4 provides concluding thoughts from Dr. Vano and includes three questions (and answers) from the HIUCC course attendees.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson introduces users to the statistics used in generating the various weather element forecasts included in version 2 and 3 of the U.S. National Weather Service (NWS) National Blend of Global Models (NBM). This Level 3 lesson is intended for forecasters and users of NWS forecast products; some prior knowledge of numerical weather prediction and statistics is useful. Learners will be introduced to the analysis of record used to calibrate the NBM’s bias and error estimates. Learners will also explore the bias correction, weighting, and post-processing procedures used to produce the forec ...EnglishPermalinkThese free training resources include video tutorials as well as case studies with accompanying data and imagery. The resources introduce the new generation of aerosol products available from the JPSS series of polar-orbiting satellites (SNPP/VIIRS) and the GOES-R series of geostationary satellites (GOES-16/ABI). Users will learn about the types of satellite aerosol products available, including aerosol optical depth/thickness (AOD/AOT) and aerosol detection (smoke/dust masks), as well as complimentary satellite products, such as fire radiative power (FRP) hotspots and visible color imagery (R ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson provides an in-depth case study to illustrate principles of dam failure modeling and examines some of the critical data inputs and outputs. Output is provided from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers HEC-RAS model for simulated failures of a large dam. Several simulations are presented that show the impact from varying the size of the breach and the time it takes the breach to fully develop. The lesson also summarizes several infamous large dam failures from around the world and the impacts from other factors are such as reservoir shape and size, the age of the dam, and the material u ...EnglishPermalinkThis short lesson provides an overview of the world's oceans, including information about geography, physical properties, major currents, and the effects of oceans on weather and climate. Brief information about wind waves, swell, and tides and the drivers of each of these phenomena are included along with an introduction to ocean measurements.EnglishPermalinkIn this webinar recording, Tim Schmit demonstrates the improved temporal, spatial, spectral and calibration attributes of the Advanced Baseline Imager (ABI) on the GOES-R series. The main uses for each of the sixteen spectral bands will be covered, using examples from the recently launched GOES-16 ABI. Imagery and data loops for various types of atmospheric phenomena will be presented to illustrate the improved spectral capabilities and higher temporal and spatial resolution of the ABI. This is a recorded webinar presented by an instructor at his home institution. Audio variations may exist.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson will introduce National Weather Service (NWS) forecasters to the communication strategies used for decision support services during wildland fire incidents. It also serves as a baseline for practices that leverage unique NWS capabilities to assist land management, firefighting, and emergency management entities in critical decision making. The learners will work through a simulation to see the effects of their communication choices on decisions made by fire personnel. The lesson replaces an earlier edition produced in 2008.EnglishPermalinkThe first of a two-part series, this 40-50 minute non-narrated interactive lesson is intended to help professionals with basic science background better understand the Earth’s gravity field and what causes its variations. Of particular interest to earth/physical scientists as well as surveying engineers, this lesson covers Newton’s laws with a focus on Earth’s gravity field as it applies to geodesy. After a review of the basics of Newtonian gravitation and gravity, it explores how density, altitude, and latitude affect gravity.EnglishPermalinkProduced in collaboration between NOAA’s National Ocean Service (NOS) US Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) Program Office and The COMET Program, this video explains how high-frequency radar (known as HF radar) is used to provide detailed information in real-time on coastal ocean surface currents. It describes the important role that HF radar products play in critical coastal operations such as hazardous spill response. Finally, it covers basic capabilities and strengths of HF radar as well as how to access coastal current data. Coastal decision-makers and managers across all levels of g ...EnglishPermalinkThis case-study lesson provides an opportunity to apply the information in the ASMET lesson “Satellite-Derived Climatology Products for Monitoring Convection Over West and Central Africa” to a case that occurred over West and Central Africa in June 2014. It demonstrates how to integrate climatology information with satellite, global instability indices (GII), and NWP data when convection is forecast to occur.EnglishPermalinkIn this webinar recording Dr. Emily Berndt and Dr. Michael Folmer discuss the capabilities of the GOES-R/16 Red-Green-Blue (RGB) composites. Multispectral or RGB composites are qualitative, false color images designed to enhance specific features in the atmosphere that are important to forecasters, aviators, mariners, and emergency response officials. RGB composites have been enthusiastically integrated into forecast operations because of their ability to highlight the presence and evolution of important forecast phenomena. This presentation details the development of RGB composites and provid ...EnglishPermalinkExtremely cold air comes every winter to at least part of the United States and affects millions of people. Arctic air and brisk winds can lead to dangerously cold wind chill values, resulting in frostbite and hypothermia. About 63% of weather-related deaths in the U.S. result from exposure to excessive cold and/or hypothermia. Extreme cold can also lead to significant damage to buildings and infrastructure, resulting in $500-million in average annual insured losses. This lesson describes the potential impacts of cold wind chill values and extremely cold temperatures, and explores ways forecas ...EnglishPermalinkThe National Weather Service (NWS) Western Region (WR) has developed a Ensemble Situational Awareness Table (ESAT), which uses probabilistic NWP to bring attention to the potential for extreme events, especially in middle-range forecasts. The lesson, which is the first of two on the ESAT, describes the ESAT and how its data can be used to support assessment of extreme weather event forecasts. Additionally, statistical methods, including employment of reanalysis and NWP model climatologies (R-Climate and M-Climate, respectively) are described in reference to the products available in the ESAT.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson offers a comprehensive overview of temperature measurement as related to the atmosphere, bodies of water, soils, and other parts of Earth’s surface. The lesson begins by defining temperature and why it is an important property to characterize. It provides details about the properties and characteristics of sensors used for temperature measurements and the advantages and disadvantages of different sensors depending on the application. Lastly, the lesson outlines the methods used for measuring different types of temperature, from soil to the free atmosphere.EnglishPermalinkGravity is an important part of geodesy, with implications for height measurements and many other applications. In this module, we explore the concept of equipotential surfaces and relate them to gravity. Then we discuss geodetic applications that rely on accurate gravity measurements, including leveling surveys and floodplain mapping. We introduce a special surface based on gravity, called the gravimetric geoid, and explain why we want to use it as a reference datum. We discuss how to measure Earth’s gravity and introduce you to the National Geodetic Survey’s GRAV-D project, including how and ...EnglishPermalinkThis Atlas describes the classification system for clouds and meteorological phenomena used by all WMO Members. The classifications also describe meteorological meteors other than clouds – hydrometeors, lithometeors, photometeors, and electrometeors.
The Atlas provides a common language to communicate cloud observations, and ensures consistency in reporting by observers around the world. It serves as a training tool for meteorologists, as well as for those working in aeronautical and maritime environments, and it has become popular with weather enthusiasts and cloud spotters.English, French; SpanishPermalinkThe purpose of the WMO nowcasting guidelines presented here is to help National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) by providing them with information and knowledge on how to implement a nowcasting system with the resources available to them and an understanding of the current state of science and technology.EnglishPermalinkEnglish, French; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkFrench, English; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkSpanish, English; French; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkRussian, English; French; Spanish; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkPermalinkArabic, English; French; Spanish; Chinese; RussianPermalink该手册提供了现有观测应用和系统以及气象系统所使用无线电频率方面的详尽记述和操作信
息，包括气象卫星、无线电探空仪、天气雷达、风廓线雷达和空基遥感仪器等。本书适用于气象 （即天气、水和气候）和无线电通信界人士（包括政府机构、业界和普通大众）。Chinese, English; Spanish; French; Russian; ArabicPermalinkEnglish, French; SpanishPermalinkВсемирная Метеорологическая Организация (BMO); Международный союз электросвязи (ITU) - BMO, 2017 (BMO-No. 1197)В справочнике содержится обширная техническая и оперативная информация о существующих приложениях и системах наблюдения и об использовании радиочастот метеорологическими системами, включающими метеорологические спутники, радиозонды, метеорологические радары, радары для профилирования ветра, а также приборы спутникового дистанционного зондирования. Он предназначен для метеорологического сообщества (т. e. погода, вода и климат) и сообщества электросвязи, включая государственные учреждения, отрасль и широкую общественность.Russian, English; Spanish; French; Chinese; ArabicPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; International Telecommunication Union (ITU) - WMO, 2017 (WMO-No. 1197)The Handbook provides comprehensive technical and operational information on current observation applications and systems and on the use of radio frequencies by meteorological systems, including meteorological satellites, radiosondes, weather radars, wind profiler radars and spaceborne remote sensing instruments. It is intended for the meteorological (i.e. weather, water and climate) and radiocommunication communities, including governmental institutions, industry as well as the general public.English, Russian; Spanish; French; Chinese; ArabicPermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) - OMM, 2017 (édition 2010, mise à jour en 2017; OMM-No. 488)Le présent guide a pour objet premier de fournir des renseignements pratiques sur l’élaboration, l’organisation, la mise en oeuvre et l’exploitation du Système mondial d’observation afin d’encourager la participation de tous les Membres à ce dernier et d’optimiser son utilité pour chacun d’eux. Ce guide, qui explique et décrit les pratiques, les procédures et les spécifications du SMO, vise à aider le personnel technique et administratif responsable, dans les Services météorologiques nationaux, des réseaux de stations d’observation, à élaborer les instructions pour l’observation au plan nation ...French, Chinese; English; Russian; SpanishPermalinkEnglishPermalinkSpanish, English; French; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkThis publication responds to the recommendations made in the review of the future roles and operation of RTCs, which was carried out by the Executive Council Panel of Experts on Education and Training from 2012 to 2014. The review and recommendations were approved by the WMO Executive Council at its sixty-sixth session in 2014. The review underlined the importance and usefulness of the RTCs to WMO Members. However, it also noted that, for Members to get even more value from such centres, the criteria for designation and reconfirmation of RTCs needed to be improved and that Directors of RTCs wo ...EnglishPermalinkEnglish, French; Spanish; Russian; ArabicPermalinkFrench, English; Spanish; Russian; ArabicPermalinkSpanish, English; French; Russian; ArabicPermalinkRussian, English; French; Spanish; ArabicPermalinkArabic, English; French; Spanish; RussianPermalinkFrench, Spanish; EnglishPermalinkSpanish, French; EnglishPermalinkLe présent document traite avant tout des observations réalisées dans les stations météorologiques en surface. Toutefois, bon nombre des principes exposés ici s’appliquent également à d’autres formes de relevés, comme les observations aérologiques et les jeux de données obtenus à partir de plateformes mobiles ou de télédétection (satellites, radars ou bouées dérivantes par exemple). Comme les jeux de données obtenus par télédétection remontent le plus souvent jusqu'aux années 70, il est recommandé de leur appliquer, dans la mesure du possible, la période climatologique standard actuelle (1981- ...French, Spanish; English; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkEnglishPermalinkThe focus of this document is on observations at surface meteorological observing stations. However, many of the principles will also be valid for other forms of observations, including upper-air observations and datasets based on mobile or remotely sensed platforms (for example, satellites, radar or drifting buoys). In particular, as many key remotely sensed datasets begin in the 1970s, it is recommended that, where feasible, the current climatological standard normal period (1981–2010 at the time of writing) be used for these datasets to allow comparison among different data forms on a consi ...English, French; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkEl presente documento se centra en las observaciones realizadas en estaciones meteorológicas de observación en superficie. Sin embargo, muchos de los principios expuestos también serán válidos para otras modalidades de observación, incluidas las observaciones en altitud y los conjuntos de datos basados en plataformas móviles o de teledetección (por ejemplo, satélites, sistemas de radar o boyas a la deriva). En particular, dado que numerosos conjuntos de datos de teledetección claves empezaron a elaborarse en el decenio de 1970, se recomienda, cuando ello sea viable, el uso del actual período d ...Spanish, French; English; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkВ настоящем документе основное внимание уделяется наблюдениям со станций приземных метеорологических наблюдений. Вместе с тем многие принципы также будут действительны для других форм наблюдений, включая аэрологические наблюдения и комплекты данных с мобильных платформ и платформ дистанционного зондирования (например, спутников, радиолокаторов или дрейфующих буев). В частности, в связи с тем, что многие основные комплекты данных дистанционного зондирования берут свое начало в 1970 х гг., рекомендуется по возможности использовать в отношении этих комплектов данных текущий период климатологическ ...Russian, French; English; Spanish; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkالمنظمة العالمية للأرصاد - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2017 (طبعة 2017; مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 1203)تركز ھذه الوثیقة على الرصدات في محطات رصد الأحوال الجویة السطحیة. ومع ذلك، فإن العدید من المبادئ سوف یكون صالحاً أیضاً لأشكال أخرى من الرصدات، بما في ذلك رصدات الھواء العلوي ومجموعة البیانات القائمة على أساس منصات متنقلة أو مُستشعَرة عن بعد (على سبیل المثال، السواتل أو المحطات العائمة الراداریة أو المنساقة). وعلى وجھ الخصوص، بما أن العدید من مجموعات البیانات المُستشعَرة عن بعد یبدأ في السبعینات من القرن الماضي، فمن المستحسن أن تُستخدَم، حیثما أمكن، الفترة 2010 وقت كتابة ھذه الوثیقة) في مجموعات البیانات ھذه بما یسمح - المعدلات المناخیة القیاسیة الحالیة ( 1981 بإجراء مقارنة بین أشكال البیانات ال ...Arabic, French; English; Spanish; Russian; ChinesePermalink本文件侧重于地面气象观测站的观测资料。然而，许多原理同样适用于其它形式的观测资 料，包括基于移动或遥感平台（如卫星、雷达或漂流浮标）的高空观测资料和数据集。特 别是，鉴于许多关键遥感数据集始于20世纪70年代，因此，建议尽可能将目前的标准气候 平均期（1981–撰稿时的2010年）用于这些数据集，以使不同资料形式之间能够一致地进 行比较。许多原理还可用于包含位置或地区而不是地面气象观测站的不同数据集，例如面 积平均值或网格数据集中的点。Chinese, French; English; Spanish; Russian; ArabicPermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Union internationale des télécommunications (ITU) - OMM, 2017 (OMM-No. 1197)Ce Manuel donne des informations techniques et opérationnelles complètes sur les systèmes et applications actuels d'observation et sur l'utilisation des fréquences radioélectriques par les systèmes météorologiques: satellites météorologiques, radiosondes, radars météorologiques, radars profileurs de vent, instruments de télédétection spatiale, etc. Il s'adresse à tous les membres intéressés des communautés de la météorologie (temps, eau et climat) et des radiocommunications, y compris les institutions publiques et le secteur privé, et au grand public.French, English; Spanish; Russian; Chinese; ArabicPermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Unión Internacional de Telecomunicaciones (ITU) - OMM, 2017 (OMM-No. 1197)El Manual contiene información técnica y operacional completa sobre las actuales aplicaciones y sistemas de observación y sobre la utilización de frecuencias radioeléctricas por sistemas meteorológicos, incluidos satélites meteorológicos, radiosondas, radares meteorológicos, radares de perfil del viento y sistemas de teledetección a bordo de vehículos espaciales. Está destinado a las comunidades meteorológica (es decir, la que estudia los fenómenos meteorológicos, los recursos hídricos y el clima) y de radiocomunicaciones, incluidas las instituciones gubernamentales, la industria y el público ...Spanish, English; French; Russian; Chinese; ArabicPermalinkالمنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; International Telecommunication Union (ITU) - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2017 (مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 1197)ويقدم هذا الدليل معلومات تقنية وتشغيلية شاملة بشأن تطبيقات الرصد الحالية ونظمها، واستعمال نظم الأرصاد الجوية للترددات الراديوية، بما فيها سواتل الأرصاد الج وية والمسابير الراديوية ورادارات الطقس ورادارات تصوير الريح وأجهزة الاستشعار عن ب عد المحمولة في الفضاء. وهو موجه للمتخصصين في الأرصاد الجوية )الطقس والماء والمناخ، على سبيل المثال( وفي هيئات الاتصالات الراديوية، بما فيها المؤسسات الحكومية، وقطاع الصناعة وعامة الجمهورArabic, English; French; Russian; Chinese; SpanishPermalinkArabic, English; French; Spanish; Russian; ChinesePermalinkArabic, English; French; Spanish; Russian; ChinesePermalinkEnglish, French; SpanishPermalinkEnglish, French; SpanishPermalinkSpanish, French; EnglishPermalinkEnglish, French; SpanishPermalinkEnglish, French; SpanishPermalinkSpanish, French; EnglishPermalinkEnglish, French; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkFrench, English; Spanish; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkSpanish, English; French; Russian; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkRussian, English; French; Spanish; Arabic; ChinesePermalinkClimate outlooks provide probability-based information about expected rainfall and temperatures at timescales of months or longer. This lesson demonstrates how monthly and seasonal outlooks issued by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology can be combined with other information for use in decision-making by persons in climate-sensitive sectors. The lesson explains the main drivers affecting Australia's climate—ENSO, Indian Ocean Dipole, Southern Annular Mode, and the subtropical ridge—and explores how the status of the climate drivers can affect the outlook maps as well as confidence in the outlo ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson describes the physical processes, both natural and human-induced, that lead to changes in sea level. The processes described include climate induced changes in ocean heat content and volume, natural oceanic cycles, and both natural and human-induced changes in coastal land elevation. The learning is enhanced with rich graphics and periodic questions.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson introduces you to the two visible and one of the near-infrared imager bands on the GOES R-U ABI (Advanced Baseline Imager), focusing on their spectral characteristics and how they affect what each band observes. Also included is a brief discussion of the customization of visible enhancements as an important consideration for improving the depiction of various features of interest. This lesson is a part of the NWS Satellite Foundation GOES-R Course.EnglishPermalinkThis scenario-based lesson introduces the topic of communicating forecast uncertainty to decision-makers, such as emergency managers, related industry professionals, the public, and other end-users. In a case that spans the lesson, learners begin by developing a forecast discussion using deterministic data, refine it with probabilistic ensemble data, and evaluate how well it conveys uncertainty information. Then they assume several end-user roles, assessing how well the forecast discussion addresses their needs. From there, important research findings on communicating uncertainty are discussed ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson describes a common approach used by the United States Bureau of Reclamation to scope a study on integrating climate change information into water resources management and planning. Learners will become familiar with the types of questions that must be addressed for considering climate change impacts when scoping their study. Examples are given for several different water resources mission areas. Note that this is the second of a two lesson series, the first one is titled, "Climate and Water Resources Management, Part 1: Climate Variability and Change."EnglishPermalinkThis lesson describes a common approach used by the United States Bureau of Reclamation to scope a study on integrating climate change information into water resources management and planning. Learners will become familiar with the types of questions that must be addressed for considering climate change impacts when scoping their study. Examples are given for several different water resources mission areas. Note that this is the second of a two lesson series, the first one is titled, "Climate and Water Resources Management, Part 1: Climate Variability and Change."EnglishPermalinkThe lesson provides an overview of radio occultation and its contributions to our understanding of Earth's atmosphere as demonstrated by the COSMIC mission launched in 2006. The lesson is divided into three chapters: Chapter 1 describes the science of radio occultation and how atmospheric profiles are obtained. Chapter 2 focuses on the benefits of radio occultation and COSMIC observations for numerous applications related to meteorology, climate, and space weather. Chapter 3 describes the COSMIC-2/FORMOSAT-7 mission and its expected improvements to further inform meteorology, climate, and iono ...EnglishPermalinkThis lesson addresses how sea level is determined and applied. It starts with a general discussion of the surfaces that form the basis of measurement, called datums, then looks more closely at the vertical datums that form the basis of height measurements. We cover tidal datums in more depth, including the different datums, their extent, period of record (called a tidal epoch), and common applications. We conclude with a look at some data resources for tidal datums and sea level trends.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson introduces seven of the ten infrared imager bands on the GOES R-U ABI (Advanced Baseline Imager). It examines the spectral characteristics of each band to facilitate a better understanding of band selection and what each band observes, and to shed light on some of the many potential applications. This lesson is a part of the NWS Satellite Foundation GOES-R Course.EnglishPermalinkThis lesson describes a common approach used by the United States Bureau of Reclamation to scope a study on integrating climate change information into water resources management and planning. Learners will become familiar with the types of questions that must be addressed for considering climate change impacts when scoping their study. Examples are given for several different water resources mission areas. Note that this is the second of a two lesson series, the first one is titled, "Climate and Water Resources Management, Part 1: Climate Variability and Change."EnglishPermalinkThis case-based, interactive lesson teaches a process for forecasting clear air turbulence (CAT) and applies it to a case that occurred over the U.S. Information about the synoptic patterns that generate CAT and the products and indices used to identify it are woven into the case. Some of this information is presented in optional sections intended for those who are unfamiliar with the material or want a refresher. The lesson is aimed at national and international forecasters who make aviation forecasts.EnglishPermalinkThis report describes and documents the benefits that the Air Transport Industry (ATI) gains from increased forecast accuracy achieved through the daily collection of atmospheric data gathered by approximately 4,000 inflight commercial aircraft. The report also outlines the Aircraft Meteorological DAta Relay (AMDAR) observing system, the forecast process and describes the importance that AMDAR data plays in numerical weather prediction (NWP).
Measuring the benefits to the ATI requires first to describe and to quantify the improved weather forecast accuracies due solely to the assimilat ...EnglishPermalinkThis technical document is an update of WMO/TD-1210, WCDMP-55, Guidelines on Climate Data Rescue (2004). It builds on the original Guidelines, while taking into account both changes in technology that have occurred in the intervening 12 years and lessons learned in more recent climate data rescue activities around the world. An overview of data rescue is presented with chapters on its importance, archiving original media, imaging, digitization and archiving digital images and digital data. Twelve appendices provide supporting information.
The Guidelines on Climate Data Rescue are intend ...English, Spanish; FrenchPermalinkLe présent document technique résulte de la mise à jour de la publication intitulée Guidelines on Climate Data Rescue (2004) (WMO/TD-1210, WCDMP-55). Il prend en compte l’évolution de la technologie depuis douze ans et tire les enseignements des opérations de sauvetage des données les plus récentes menées dans le monde. On y trouvera une présentation générale du concept de sauvetage des données, suivie de chapitres consacrés à l’importance de cette activité, à l’archivage des supports d’origine, à leur numérisation en mode image, à la numérisation des données et à l’archivage des images et des ...French, Spanish; EnglishPermalinkEl presente documento técnico es una actualización de la publicación WMO/TD-No. 1210, WCDMP-55, Guidelines on Climate Data Rescue (2004) (Directrices sobre el rescate de datos climáticos). Se basa en las directrices originales, pero, al mismo tiempo, en él se tienen en cuenta tanto los cambios tecnológicos surgidos a lo largo de los 12 años transcurridos como las enseñanzas extraídas de actividades de rescate de datos climáticos más recientes llevadas a cabo en todo el mundo. Se presenta un panorama general del rescate de datos, y en los diversos capítulos se abordan cuestiones como su importa ...Spanish, French; EnglishPermalinkProduced in collaboration between NOAA’s National Geodetic Survey (NGS) and The COMET Program, this video explains the role of topo-bathy lidar products in NOAA’s mapping and charting program, and how these products provide a critical dataset for coastal resilience, coastal intelligence, and place-based conservation. Federal, state and local decision-makers, coastal zone managers, community planners as well as general and scientific users of mapping products will find this 4-minute video helpful for understanding the benefits of coastal elevation data produced by NGS. This resource is hosted o ...EnglishPermalinkThe chemistry of the world’s oceans is changing. Ocean acidity is creeping upward, a result of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide. The added carbon dioxide depletes seawater of carbonate, a chemical constituent of minerals that form the shells and structures of animals including corals, molluscs, plankton, and others. The accelerating impacts are expected to reverberate through the marine food web. Most people are unaware of ocean acidification and its expected impacts. This lesson will educate policy makers and university students about its causes and consequences. The lesson explains the chem ...EnglishPermalinkAimed at surveyors and GIS professionals who use geodetic-quality GNSS equipment to determine positions for land planning, coastal monitoring and other purposes, this video covers best practices for reducing errors in the areas of: 1. location and environment, 2. equipment setup and 3. observation times and accuracy checks. This resource is hosted on COMET's YouTube Channel.EnglishPermalinkCrafting clear, concise and effective messages focused on customer needs is a crucial skill in every decision-support situation. Tropical cyclones that threaten a coastline have the potential to inflict devastating damage to communities and communicating relevant weather information will assist decision-makers in their plans and preparation work. This lesson examines how to effectively prepare for the hurricane season and then focuses on how best to support NWS partners through meteorological briefings during tropical cyclone events. Basic familiarity with probabilistic forecast guidance is re ...EnglishPermalinkThis module introduces aviation forecasters to a conceptual framework for analyzing, diagnosing and predicting convective cessation and resulting conditions near airports. Users will first learn about five main environments with respect to convection, and three patterns in which these environments are commonly arranged. Next, users are immersed into an adjustable-time case simulator to practice applying the convective environment frameworks to their forecast process, while periodically amending TAFs and responding to warning, storm report and caller interruptions. Finally, a case summary ties ...EnglishPermalink