The effective communication of public information and warnings is a critical element of emergency management, with the power to save lives. This handbook provides insight and guidance to people who have responsibility for communication with the public in the event of an emergency. The handbook presents nationally agreed principles for warning policy and practice and explores the essential elements and discipline of effective public information and warning delivery.
This handbook is designed to be of value across a wide range of hazards. Whether it is a natural hazard or weather ...Published by: Australian Institute for Disaster Resilience ; 2018
The effective communication of public information and warnings is a critical element of emergency management, with the power to save lives. This handbook provides insight and guidance to people who have responsibility for communication with the public in the event of an emergency. The handbook presents nationally agreed principles for warning policy and practice and explores the essential elements and discipline of effective public information and warning delivery.
This handbook is designed to be of value across a wide range of hazards. Whether it is a natural hazard or weather event, a public health emergency, or a hostile attack in an urban setting, the principles, importance and discipline of effective communication are broadly applicable.
The handbook aligns national disaster resilience strategy and policy with practice, notably the National Strategy for Disaster Resilience and Strategic Directions for Fire and Emergency Services in Australia and New Zealand 2017-2021, by guiding and supporting jurisdictions, agencies and other organisations and individuals in their implementation and adoption. It also responds to Recommendation Two of the 2014 National Review of Warnings and Information (ANZEMC 2015), to advance a national approach through improved knowledge management.
The scope of the handbook spans public information and warnings and has a specific and intentional focus on the delivery of warnings. Future revisions of the handbook will expand discussion to include relevant good practice on the provision of public information.
The handbook is not intended to be operational in nature. Organisations with responsibilities for the provision of warnings have local arrangements in place, tailored to their role and responsibilities.
Collection(s) and Series: Handbook collection
Format: Digital (Free)The current publication presents, in an integrated manner, best practices for user-readiness projects performed by user organizations (for example, NMHSs) as well as for satellite development programmes in support of user readiness. Definitions of and a timeline for deliverables are presented that should be made available by the satellite development programmes to user-readiness projects. The best practices documented here therefore apply to both user organizations (section 3) and satellite operators (section 5). The primary audiences for this publication are Members of the Coordination Group ...Published by: WMO ; 2017 (2017 edition)
The current publication presents, in an integrated manner, best practices for user-readiness projects performed by user organizations (for example, NMHSs) as well as for satellite development programmes in support of user readiness. Definitions of and a timeline for deliverables are presented that should be made available by the satellite development programmes to user-readiness projects. The best practices documented here therefore apply to both user organizations (section 3) and satellite operators (section 5). The primary audiences for this publication are Members of the Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites (CGMS) and WMO, but the broader user community can equally benefit from the information.
Collection(s) and Series: WMO- No. 1187
Language(s): English; Other Languages: French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-11187-6La présente publication synthétise les bonnes pratiques pour les projets de préparation des utilisateurs mis en oeuvre par des organismes d’utilisateurs (par exemple, les SMHN) et pour les programmes de mise au point des satellites prévoyant la préparation des utilisateurs. Elle présente les résultats attendus de ces programmes pour les projets de préparation des utilisateurs ainsi que les délais impartis à cet effet.
Les bonnes pratiques ci-décrites s’appliquent donc à la fois aux organismes d’utilisateurs (section 3) et aux opérateurs de satellites (section 5).
La publication s ...Published by: OMM ; 2017 (Édition 2017)
Directives sur les bonnes pratiques pour préparer les utilisateurs aux nouveaux satellites météorologiques
La présente publication synthétise les bonnes pratiques pour les projets de préparation des utilisateurs mis en oeuvre par des organismes d’utilisateurs (par exemple, les SMHN) et pour les programmes de mise au point des satellites prévoyant la préparation des utilisateurs. Elle présente les résultats attendus de ces programmes pour les projets de préparation des utilisateurs ainsi que les délais impartis à cet effet.
Les bonnes pratiques ci-décrites s’appliquent donc à la fois aux organismes d’utilisateurs (section 3) et aux opérateurs de satellites (section 5).
La publication s’adresse principalement aux membres du Groupe de coordination pour les satellites météorologiques (CGMS) et de l’OMM, mais elle peut aussi intéresser un ensemble plus large d’utilisateurs
Collection(s) and Series: OMM- No. 1187
Language(s): French; Other Languages: Spanish, English, Russian, Chinese, Arabic
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-21187-3Published by: المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; 2017
Collection(s) and Series: مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة- No. 1187
Language(s): Arabic; Other Languages: French, English, Spanish, Chinese, Russian
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-61187-1В настоящей публикации комплексным образом представлены наилучшие практики для проектов по обеспечению готовности пользователей, выполняемых организациями-пользователями (например, НМГС), а также для программ по развертыванию спутников в поддержку готовности пользователей. В документе содержатся определения и сроки получения поставляемых результатов, которые должны быть переданы программами по развертыванию спутников проектам по обеспечению готовности пользователей.
Настоящая публикация преимущественно ориентирована на членов Координационной группы по метеорологическим спутникам (КГМС) ...Published by: 世界气象组织 (WMO) ; 2017 (2017 年版)
В настоящей публикации комплексным образом представлены наилучшие практики для проектов по обеспечению готовности пользователей, выполняемых организациями-пользователями (например, НМГС), а также для программ по развертыванию спутников в поддержку готовности пользователей. В документе содержатся определения и сроки получения поставляемых результатов, которые должны быть переданы программами по развертыванию спутников проектам по обеспечению готовности пользователей.
Настоящая публикация преимущественно ориентирована на членов Координационной группы по метеорологическим спутникам (КГМС) и ВМО, однако содержащаяся в ней информации может также оказаться полезной и для более широкого сообщества пользователей.
Collection(s) and Series: 世界气象组织 (WMO)- No. 1187
Language(s): Chinese; Other Languages: French, English, Spanish, Russian, Arabic
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-51187-4В настоящей публикации комплексным образом представлены наилучшие практики для проектов по обеспечению готовности пользователей, выполняемых организациями-пользователями (например, НМГС), а также для программ по развертыванию спутников в поддержку готовности пользователей. В документе содержатся определения и сроки получения поставляемых результатов, которые должны быть переданы программами по развертыванию спутников проектам по обеспечению готовности пользователей.
Настоящая публикация преимущественно ориентирована на членов Координационной группы по метеорологическим спутникам (КГМС) ...PermalinkEsta publicación presenta, de manera integrada, las mejores prácticas para los proyectos de preparación de usuarios ejecutados por las organizaciones de usuarios (por ejemplo, los SMHN), así como para los programas de desarrollo de satélites en apoyo de la preparación de usuarios. Se incluyen definiciones y un calendario de entregables que los programas de desarrollo de satélites deberían poner a disposición de los proyectos de preparación de usuarios.
Esta publicación está destinada principalmente a Miembros del Grupo de coordinación de los satélites meteorológicos (GCSM) y de la OMM, ...PermalinkPermalinkSPREP ; Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI); Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland ; et al. - SPREP, 2016PermalinkThis technical document is an update of WMO/TD-1210, WCDMP-55, Guidelines on Climate Data Rescue (2004). It builds on the original Guidelines, while taking into account both changes in technology that have occurred in the intervening 12 years and lessons learned in more recent climate data rescue activities around the world. An overview of data rescue is presented with chapters on its importance, archiving original media, imaging, digitization and archiving digital images and digital data. Twelve appendices provide supporting information.
The Guidelines on Climate Data Rescue are intend ...PermalinkThe report describes case studies that demonstrate the direct or indirect value of Earth observation satellites for climate services.PermalinkThis report details the lessons learned during the implementation of the High Mountains Adaptation Partnership (HiMAP)(www.highmountains.org) project between March 2012 and June 2015. Located under the broader USAID Climate Change Resilient Development (CCRD) project, the goal of the HiMAP is to strengthen the climate change adaptation capacities of people who live in, or are dependent on, high mountain glacial watersheds and the ecosystem services which they provide. The document is intended to be a resource for USAID Missions, donors, practitioners, and NGOs interested in learning more about ...PermalinkThe Climate Resilient Infrastructure Services (CRIS) program was an initiative of USAID’s Climate Change Resilient Development (CCRD) project. CRIS worked to improve the ability of cities in developing countries to provide reliable and sustainable infrastructure services that support smart and lasting development, even in a changing climate. For two-and-a-half years the CRIS program worked with cities to develop, test, and implement approaches to improve the climate resilience of infrastructure services. These services—which include transportation, water, sanitation and waste management, energ ...PermalinkThe report documents the Disaster Risk Reduction Expert Forum 2015: which took place in February 2015 in Antalya, Turkey. The Forum was convened to discuss and share lessons learned about lessons learned about hydro-meteorological disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.PermalinkInternational Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ; Ministry of the Environment, Japan - gov - IUCN, 2015This handbook explains what protected areas can and cannot contribute to DRR strategies. In this handbook protected areas are explained as a buffer against coastal erosion and flood risks, which provide ecosystem goods and services on which people rely for their livelihood.
The handbook describes how protected areas can be integrated into national DRR strategies to the mutual advantage of both and it looks at how to combine natural and engineering solutions in DRR.
The main text is supplemented by case studies drawing on the experience of the Ministry of Environme ...PermalinkThe paper provides a review of natural disasters and their impacts in Asia and the Pacific by disaster type, sub region and level of development. The first section looks at the occurrence of natural disaster events. This is followed by an analysis of fatalities and economic loss in sections two and three respectively. The short-term consequences of natural disasters on the economy are also mentioned. The final section briefly discusses aspects regarding exposure and vulnerability of countries in Asia and the Pacific.PermalinkSwiss NGO DRR Platform, 2015The report presents the main findings from case studies about resilience assessments that were carried out in five countries through workshops: El Salvador, Bolivia, Haiti, Palestine, and Cambodia. It capitalizes on local knowledge and experience and provides important insights not only on how those most at risk build resilience, but also on how they struggle to overcome the barriers that are imposed on them by their natural, socio-political and economic environments. It highlights the range of expertise and commitment for promoting resilience through disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate ...PermalinkUnited Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE); International Network of Basin Organizations - United Nations, 2015The APFM has given its contribution to the new publication by UNECE on “Water and Climate Change Adaptation in Transboundary Basins: Lessons Learned and Good Practices”. Launched at the 7th World Water Forum 2015 in Daegu & Gyeongju, Republic of Korea, it follows-up and complements the Guidance on Water and Adaptation to Climate Change.PermalinkAbongnwi Ngwa Lumfuh - 2014Adverse weather is the main cause of the alterations to operations at Wilson airport. At Wilson airport, occurrence of fog and low ceiling, cross winds, thunderstorm and heavy rainfall are considered the main causes of adverse weather hampering the aircraft operations. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impacts of fog and thunderstorm on aircraft operations at Wilson airport. The impact is measured in terms of delay, diversion, cancelation and economic value of these actions. The data on fog and thunderstorm data was obtained from Kenya Meteorological Service (Climatological secti ...PermalinkAmong the most dramatic and far-reaching geopolitical developments of the post-Cold War era is the shift in the locus of global power away from the West with the simultaneous emergence as major powers of former colonies and other countries in the South, which were long on the periphery of international capitalism. As they clock rapid GDP growth, these “emerging economies” are trying to assert their new identities and interests in a variety of ways. These include a demand for reforming the structures of global governance and the United Nations system (especially the Security Council) and the fo ...PermalinkThis framework offers a simple yet robust five-stage approach to help decision-makers and development practitioners at all levels systematically assess climate-related risks and prioritize actions that promote climate-resilient development. Developed by USAID’s Global Climate Change Office, this “development-first” approach helps decision-makers and practitioners integrate climate considerations directly into development activities across multiple sectors, keeping the focus on achieving development goals despite a changing climate. Working with USAID missions, governments, and other stakeholde ...PermalinkThe Royal Society, 2014This document investigates how we can reduce the impact of extreme weather today while preparing ourselves for future changes, and what we can do to build our resilience. The authors explore these and other key questions to help inform important decisions about adaptation and risk reduction that are being made at global, national and local levels.PermalinkThis report distills the main findings of five case studies, with the goal of emphasizing key institutions and the interactions of non-climate and climate factors in each country or city. The case studies focused on four basic research questions: 1. Does (or could) climate change/variability contribute to the conditions for organized, political violence? 2. Does climate change/variability contribute to circumstances with high-conflict potential linked to the access and use of natural (or economic) resources by specific livelihood groups, identity groups, or urban dwellers? If so, how and why? ...PermalinkInternational Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) ; United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) - UNDP, 2014This report considers the extent to which disaster risk reduction (DRR) is mainstreamed into the disaster risk management laws and institutions in Madagascar. It identifies key laws and regulations in the area of disaster risk management (DRM), especially those applicable nationwide. It finds that these legal frameworks currently focus more on response and recovery than on prevention and DRR. Legislation also provides for DRM bodies at all levels of government administration, including at the community level, although the establishment and effective functioning of these bodies remains a challe ...PermalinkThis Topic Guide provides a synthesis of findings from eight international studies of Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEAs), primarily written over the past decade. These studies are based on reviews of over 100 SEAs. In addition, a small number of Strategic Environmental Assessment Terms of Reference (SEA ToR) and related SEA reports, as well as other SEA reports and synthesis studies, were provided by DFID and development partners working with the OECD-DAC task team on SEA. In response to the request to the OECD-DAC task team, follow-up interviews were undertaken with 3 specialists invo ...Permalink
PermalinkThe European Directive on the assessment and management of flood risks1 (the Floods Directive) represents a shift towards holistic and catchment-oriented management of flood risk and is likely to prompt changes to policy in many Member States. New research from Germany suggests that effective implementation of the Floods Directive is likely to be greatly aided by the participation of stakeholders and communication between groups.PermalinkThe importance of comprehensive flood emergency plans is becoming increasingly recognised. A new study has evaluated plans in England and Wales, France and the Netherlands. It was found that, although plans perform well in terms of organisation and communication, they are lacking in more technical aspects, such as the provision of flood hazard maps and evacuation plans.PermalinkModern flood risk management is placing more emphasis on improving the resilience of communities prone to flooding. By examining three case studies, a recent investigation has provided insight into how resilience is put into practice, suggesting that clearer identification between the roles of different actors and better communication to the public is needed for successful implementation.Permalink
PermalinkThe three main operational components of daily weather production systems are real-time observing and data collection, routine global exchange of data and information and the systematic operational processing of data to produce meteorological analyses, numerical weather predictions (NWP) and weather forecasts and warnings. Thus, these three components – the Global Observing System (GOS), the WMO Information System (WIS), and the Global Data-processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS) – have formed the backbone of the World Weather Watch (WWW) System.PermalinkTwo fundamental requirements for effective running of the World Weather Watch (WWW) are adequacy of human resources and of physical infrastructure. When the WWW was established in the 1960s, these two requirements formed the most important obstacles for WMO and its partners to deliver an efficient and effective cooperation framework for global weather monitoring. Since the inception of the WWW, WMO has cooperated with diverse partners in order to respond to the human resources needs of developing countries through its Education and Training Programme. Through strategic interventions considerab ...PermalinkDrawing upon several sources of information and types of analysis, including literature reviews, field visits and rapid participatory assessments, this paper provides a critical assessment of land-related development policies and projects over the past two decades in Central America. Reflections on past land-related development policies and projects in Central America are based on their contributions to growth and poverty reduction. The paper calls for future projects to better integrate poverty reduction and development goals, natural resource management, disaster risk management and climate ...PermalinkWorld Bank, 2013This case study is part of World Bank Treasury's financial solutions in practice series. It introduces Mexico government's initiatives, which allowed the country to move from an ex-post response to natural disasters to an ex-ante preparedness approach, through: (i) the fund for natural disasters, to which it transfers budgetary funds for disaster relief and reconstruction efforts; and (ii) an institutional framework for disaster preparedness involving risk assessment, risk reduction, the promotion of a culture of prevention, and insurance.
The paper also features Mexican sub-na ...PermalinkThis case study is designed to provide a practical example of how to use climate information to support adaptation planning and policy-making. The paper focuses on the Bagamoyo district in coastal Tanzania. Local livelihoods are mostly based on natural resources, including small-scale agriculture, seaweed farming, traditional fishing and small-scale eco-tourism. People living on the coast report that climate variability and climate change are affecting their lives due to factors such as unreliable timing and intensity of rainfall, major flooding and sea-level rise. These impacts have increased ...PermalinkDas Partha J.; Bhuyan Himadri K.; International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) - ICIMOD, 2013This publication is the result of research conducted as a part of the Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP). It explores the governance of flood mitigation infrastructure in parts of India and Nepal. It also covers the traditional coping and adaptation strategies of local communities to deal with floods, which are being increasingly challenged due to the changing nature of floods and other water hazards attributed largely to climate change. Floods are the most common water-induced hazard in the Hindu Kush. Government efforts to protect people from flood waters and mitigate the ...PermalinkThis report addresses the main policy relevant questions about climate change adaptation in the Mediterranean region and provides answers based on a theoretical framework applied to the case of three Mediterranean countries, namely Turkey, Egypt and Tunisia. The first sections deals with adaptation to climate change from a theoretical viewpoint, covering not only economic issues, but also fairness and international agreements on mitigation and adaptation.
The second part makes use of the conceptual framework developed in the theoretical discussion to analyse the adaptation-rela ...PermalinkThe key messages of this report are:
• Adaptation planning for climate change requires inputs from multiple levels of stakeholders and multiple layers of decision-making.
• One of the biggest challenges is to determine who ‘owns’ the adaptation planning process. Local and marginalised voices are likely to be limited as default control normally goes to the national government. External actors, such as international NGOs, can be helpful, but can also take power away from local actors and create dependency.
• Participatory processes need to include all voices to be ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM); Sayers and Partners - WMO, 2013This case study, which is a part of wider scope Tool “Effectiveness of Flood Management,” summarizes flood management approaches and policies adopted in England. The study introduces the national framework of flood management policies and the roles of flood related organizations. For better and efficient management, England has been taking a risk based approach to flood management for years, including systematic benefit cost analysis and project appraisal. Adaptive approach to cope with emerging climate change issues is also becoming a mainstream management strategy.PermalinkBuzzella Maria Mercedes; Institute of Water Resources Management, Hydrology and Agricultural Hydraulic Engineering - Leibniz Universität, 2013Precipitation data is the main input parameter in order to simulate rainfall-runoff processes, since it is strongly dependent on the accuracy of the spatial and temporal representation of the precipitation. In regions where rainfall stations are scarce, additional data sources may be considered necessary. In this manner, remote sensing from satellite platforms has provided a satisfactory alternative due to its global coverage. Although a wide range of satellite-based estimations of precipitation is available, not all the satellite products are suitable for all regions. Most of the studies perf ...PermalinkUNFPA, 2013The document consolidates the knowledge, methods, and practices that emerged from the 2010 expert group meeting entitled "Population Dynamics and Climate Change II: Building for Adaptation" organized by UNFPA, IIED and the Colegio de México in Mexico City.
It intends to catalyze action in global, national and local communities around a more informed, data driven adaptation process, and to bring together disparate disciplines, from environment science to planning to social science and beyond. The use of spatial data is at the core of this agenda.
It is divided in ...PermalinkThis report presents a brief and interactive summary of the Climate Change in Africa research and capacity program’s chief contributions. It provides a guided tour of the program’s efforts and legacy – its aims and means, the principal outcomes of the funding and mentoring it provided to African researchers, and the lessons it offers for future adaptation efforts in Africa and elsewhere. Throughout this report, there are links to programme and project resources, and directions for delving further into its scientific findings.PermalinkIOM, 2013Description: With an ever-increasing number of people on the move, migration and its effects will be defining features of societies and environment in the 21st century. Exposing the linkages between human mobility, the environment and disasters is especially relevant in the context of the post Hyogo Framework for Action and ongoing dialogues on the global post-2015 development agenda. Enabling and managing migrations will be key both for reducing one of the root causes of risk and for ensuring sufficient protection to especially vulnerable people in the wake of a crisis, allowing societies to ...PermalinkThis Africa Adaptation Programme (AAP) report details the achievements and lessons learned, as told by those who implemented it. It features interviews with representatives from almost every AAP country and seeks to chronicle the successes of the Programme by giving a voice to the people on the ground who made it happen. The AAP was launched by UNDP in 2008 as a four-year programme with US$ 92.1 million from the Government of Japan.PermalinkYCI, 2013This report summarizes lessons learnt from the Y Care International supported Sierra Leone YMCA project to carry out a disaster risk reduction (DRR) pilot project in two urban slum communities of Freetown in 2012. The project is a good example of youth participation in DRR, collaboration with other agencies, and learning through research on youth volunteerism. The aim of this pilot project was to learn the best ways of reducing the risk of disasters such as flooding and cholera in urban slum communities of Freetown through involving young people in preparing for, carrying out activities to red ...PermalinkADB, 2013Th is guide describes a practical approach to bridge the gap between theoretical analyses of climate change impacts and the planning decisions that need to be made by city authorities and utility managers to increase climate change resilience of the water sector in the city of Wuhan, Hubei Province in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). It focuses on answering the questions currently being asked by city planners and managers all over the world.PermalinkWhich cities have the highest risk of human and economic losses due to natural hazards? And how will urban exposure to major hazards change over the coming decades? This paper develops a global urban disaster risk index that evaluates the mortality and economic risks from disasters in 1,943 cities in developing countries. Concentrations of population, infrastructure, and economic activities in cities contribute to increased exposure and susceptibility to natural hazards. The three components of this risk measure are urban hazard characteristics, exposure, and vulnerability. For earthquakes, cy ...PermalinkIn recent years, there have been a number of important actions at the institutional level for promoting disaster risk management (DRM) in developing countries. Yet securing a city-level political commitment that ensures the required investment and specific action plans in big cities has remained a pending challenge. This Brief describes how the Municipality of Lima designed and implemented its Disaster Risk Management Strategy, in particular analysing how disaster risk management was successfully positioned through advocacy and communications efforts. This case highlights some particularly int ...PermalinkExtreme weather events have a direct impact on households' welfare, and in particular, the poorest, most socially excluded populations. Increasing frequency and intensity of disasters, such as earthquakes, hurricanes and flooding, is closely linked to the growing vulnerability of households and communities. Thus, the impacts of extreme events on poverty, income, consumption, health and education present a serious challenge to the well-being of these populations, and also produce negative long-term consequences for economic and social development across the region. In order to reduce the impact ...PermalinkUNDP, 2013This case study reviews the UNDP-WHO collaboration in Tajikistan on a pilot project to reduce disaster risk and to improve the safety of health care facilities in rural areas of the country. Identifying seismic risk reduction as an appropriate target area for the project, it reports on the numerous challenges and useful lessons on implementing risk reduction involving existing infrastructure. It also addresses the shift from a predominant focus on disaster warning and response to reducing the causes of disaster damage in risk management practice, which puts a priority on incorporating disaster ...PermalinkThis paper highlights evidence of disaster risk governance at national and local levels in Indonesia. Drawing upon the strength of social network approach, it specifically analyzes and presents the network of actors in disaster risk reduction policy reform in Indonesia where civil society plays vital roles. Two case studies are provided to exemplify the roles of civil society at local level. The paper concludes that disaster reduction policy reform at different levels in Indonesia have been equally coproduced by civil society, local governments, national government and international actors.
PermalinkUNDP, 2013This publication highlights the results that UNDP has achieved since 2005, in supporting disaster risk reduction (DRR) and recovery in countries prone to disasters. As a first comprehensive report outlining UNDP’s contribution to the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action, the report illustrates the reforms that countries and communities are undertaking, with UNDP support, to become more disaster resilient.PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2013This publication contains 14 good practices and case studies that have been compiled by the Private Sector Advisory Group of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). Each of the 14 examples applies one or more of the five essentials for business in their pursuit of disaster risk reduction. It presents the various types of collaboration and cooperation, core to the all five essentials, that are positioned as critical in minimizing or potentially eliminating disasters as well as disasters’ effects on people, property and ultimately, the health, economy and resilience of wo ...PermalinkIFRC, 2013This short pamphlet sets out some preliminary findings from a 2-year comparative study of legislation for disaster risk reduction in 26 countries.PermalinkThrough two participatory case studies, this paper examines the impact of climate change on the indigenous peoples of Namibia. The objectives of the case studies are three-fold: to document how the indigenous peoples are affected by climate change; to analyse how they perceive, adapt to and leverage opportunities from climate change; and provide recommendations for strengthening the indigenous peoples’ engagement in national and international public climate change policy.PermalinkThis report offers an overview of climate change policy issues across the world. It focuses on: 1) Brazil, China, India, Europe and the United States, which represent the majority of global greenhouse gas emissions but vary widely in terms of economic development, natural resource endowment, political system and climate policy; 2) The economic sectors that represent the greatest potential for greenhouse gas mitigation; and 3) A defined set of policy issues within these regions and key sectors that most affect climate change. For each of the sectors covered, the report provides facts and data a ...PermalinkOver five years from 2008 to 2012, around 144 million people were forced from their homes in 125 countries. In 2012, an estimated 32.4 million people in 82 countries were newly displaced by disasters associated with natural hazards triggered by climate- and weather-related events (98 per cent of all displacement in 2012; 83 per cent over five years), with flood disasters in India and Nigeria accounting for 41 per cent of global displacement in 2012. In India, monsoon floods displaced 6.9 million and in Nigeria 6.1 million people were newly displaced. The Global Estimates report determines that ...PermalinkVOICE, 2013This paper explores how disaster risk reduction (DRR) fits with other development concerns including climate change adaption, poverty reduction, and resilience. It is the third of a series of six working towards the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in May 2013 providing an introduction to key discussions around DRR.PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2013This report presents the first peer review undertaken to assess progress in the implementation at national level of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA), under which Member States of the United Nations have committed to policy action. It aims to: 1) establish state-of-the-art approaches to each of the HFA Priorities for Action; 2) identify good practices and shortcomings/areas needing improvement; and 3) develop recommendations to achieve further progress.PermalinkNOAA, 2013For the first time in decades, the top U.S. weather model should finally have "greater capacity" than the gold-standard European model.PermalinkThis report aims rather to contribute to a better understanding of the issues and challenges involved in drawing up baseline scenarios, by documenting and drawing lessons from the breadth of existing practices in a range of countries. This existing diversity is both a key asset for gradually increasing the robustness of baseline scenarios, but also the reason for a lack of comparability.PermalinkThis paper addresses the fiscal gaps in resource experienced by local governments in developing countries to address overall stock of disaster risks and vulnerabilities because there are many other competing priorities. It looks at Indonesia, who developed a new form of risk governance by inviting non-state actors such as civil society and private entities to collaborate in risk reduction. This collaboration emerges as form of disaster risk governance namely public-private partnership under the coordination of civil society.PermalinkThis study assesses the flood vulnerability of Pakistan's Sindh Province using Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The study is organized into five sections: (i) the first section introduces the region and the natural hazards present; (ii) section two defines the study's objectives and explains the methodology; (iii) section three presents the findings; (iv) and section four concludes the paper by asserting the utility of mapping in flood risk assessments.PermalinkVOICE, 2013This paper explores the concept of risk and why a better assessment of risk is fundamental for protecting lives and livelihoods from disaster. It is the second of a series of six working towards the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in May 2013 providing an introduction to key discussions around disaster risk reduction (DRR).PermalinkThis study examines farmer's perception of the causes, constraints and strategies towards effective climate change adaptation in northern Nigeria. Data were collected from 500 respondents using both qualitative and quantitative approaches through a multistage random sampling technique. The study results show that the respondents were informed of the incidence of climate change as regards uncertainties in terms of higher temperatures, unpredictability of rainfall patterns, extreme weather events and increased farming problems such as loss of soil fertility. Respondents perceived the causes of c ...PermalinkUsing Bangladesh and Vietnam as ‘adaptation project-dense’ contexts, this study explores how adaptation is understood, mainly by practitioners in development projects, but also by government staff, donors, researchers and others who are involved in implementing projects. The study outlines the following three key messages. 1) Differentiating between adaptation and development may be an artificial exercise, because in project implementation this difference is mostly considered insignificant; 2) Development is considered a ‘safer’ objective than adaptation, due to the lack of tools to assess suc ...PermalinkThis brief presents results from projects supported by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) to assess vulnerability and mainstream climate resilience into development planning. Case studies from India, Ghana and Colombia illustrate the importance of involving diverse social groups in defining and monitoring vulnerability and delivering adaptation solutions. The paper highlights the use of innovative techniques such as role-playing games to raise people’s awareness of the tough challenges posed by decision-making in a changing climate. Examples include: an initiative to protect ...PermalinkIndigenous knowledge plays an important role in the way communities interact with their climate. However, according to this ‘Inside story on climate compatible development’ by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), the increase of extreme weather events and disasters calls for new partnerships between indigenous people and the scientific community – an area where Bolivia could lead the way. The brief finds that indigenous people have reported that traditional climatic indicators are no longer as reliable as in the past and provide little protection against the impacts of severe ...Permalink
Adaptation inspiration book: 22 implemented cases of local climate change adaptation to inspire European citizensThis report draws on the experiences of six countries (India, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa, Thailand and Tunisia) to examine how public climate finance can help meet the significant investment needs of developing countries by creating attractive conditions for scaled-up investment in low carbon energy. Building on lessons from the case studies, it provides a set of key lessons and insights for readiness. The report develops a framework to identify and prioritise readiness activities that will require public financial support to create the conditions necessary to scale-up investments in rene ...PermalinkThis ‘Inside story on climate compatible development’ by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network summarises guidelines for climate change adaption in the coastal city of Cartagena de Indias in Colombia. It outlines the process leading to creation of the guidelines and highlights how they lay the foundation for a full municipal adaptation plan. According to the brief, the government of Colombia is also closely following the progress of this municipal process, which will influence the implementation of the National Adaptation Plan and similar approaches in other coastal cities and towns in ...PermalinkICIMOD, 2013This publication contains a summary of each of eight case studies in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region, as well as an overview of the status of flash flood risk management in the region and a list of regional recommendations to be brought to the attention of policy makers.PermalinkUNFCCC, 2013This publication was prepared by the Least Developed Countries Expert Group with support from the UNFCCC secretariat Adaptation Programme. In carrying out this task, valuable assistance and advice was received from members of the teams working on national adaptation programmes of action in least developed countries, and representatives of the Global Environment Facility and its agencies.PermalinkEEA, 2013This second volume presents case studies covering a diverse range of chemical and technological innovations, and highlighting a number of systemic problems. It contains five parts: (i) lessons from health hazards and the value of independent scientific research and risk assessments; (ii) emerging lessons from ecosystems and their wider impacts such as climate change, floods and ecosystem resilience more broadly; (iii) emerging issues and potentially harming technology, including the Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear accidents cases; (iv) costs, justice and innovation; and (v) implications for sc ...PermalinkThis document presents the disaster risk reduction (DRR) processes developed in several Latin American cities. It shows the benefits of making risk reduction an integral part of local development. It also highlights the importance of good information for risk assessment, government-civil society collaboration, and links between local, national and regional levels of government. It is intended to offer a wealth of lessons for African and South Asian counterparts embarking on their own urban risk reduction processes.PermalinkNuestra capacidad de reducir el riesgo de desastres depende del compromiso total de los gobiernos locales.PermalinkНаши возможности уменьшить опасность бедствий зависят от полноценного участия местных органов власти. Когда центральные и местные органы власти работают сообща, они могут представлять собой внушительный альянс в деятельности по уменьшению опасности.PermalinkScience for Environment Policy, Issue 286. EEA, 2012Adapting to climate change is essential to protecting populations against extreme weather events, but is it adequately integrated into civil protection policy? A new study has analysed the level of integration in Norway, Sweden and the Netherlands and provided broad recommendations for improvement.PermalinkScience for Environment Policy, Issue 282. EEA, 2012Planting trees in urban areas has been recognised as a cost-effective means of reducing air pollution for several major cities worldwide. In a new study, the impact of tree species diversity on levels of ozone pollution in Rome was assessed. The results suggest that different species of tree complement each other in providing this important ecosystem service.PermalinkIn December 2007, dry lightning ignited numerous bush fires on Kangaroo Island. Four of the fires continued to burn for two weeks, consuming over 20% of the islands' vegetation. The unique environment of Kangaroo Island is strongly influenced by the surrounding cold ocean waters, and the local meteorology, topography and vegetation were factors that influenced the evolution of the bushfires. This case study investigates the fire weather and fire behaviour by examination of meteorological observations, archived high-resolution numerical weather prediction models and documented and anecdotal obs ...PermalinkThe purpose of this working paper is to review a set of Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) initiatives and pilot studies funded by the World Bank’s Water Partnership Program (WPP) in Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe, and Central Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
The report is structured into three chapters:
(1)Introduces the main concepts of IUWM;
(2)Reviews the findings of 10 case studies;
(3)Puts forward recommendations to sustain and enhance the scope of IUWM activities;PermalinkFAO, 2012PermalinkWarner Koko; United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) - UNU, 2012The Loss and Damage in Vulnerable Countries Initiative carried out research to find out how the impact of climate change on society leads to loss and damage among vulnerable HHs. This question is answered here with findings from five countries across three major regions (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Gambia, Kenya and Micronesia). This report is based on that research and serves as a resource for future research.PermalinkAsia-Pacific Water Forum, 2012This document is intended to provide a framework for managing the water-related risks associated with climate change to leaders and policy-makers in the Asia-Pacific region. Building on existing documents addressing the global challenges of climate change and development, including the Nairobi Guiding Principles, we propose a framework within which priorities for action within Asia and the Pacific can be identified and implemented in a manner that acknowledges the region’s uniqueness and diversity. Action is vital, as there is a high cost to inaction in the face of climate change.PermalinkThis report contains a compilation of case studies on national adaptation planning processes, including tools and approaches used for the prioritization and implementation of adaptation actions. The report focuses on existing strategies and plans that some countries have developed to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change, including on elements of the prioritization and implementation of adaptation activities. It also provides a synthesis of relevant additional examples of adaptation planning and practices undertaken in other countries, which were reported under the Nairobi work progra ...PermalinkWaite Marilyn - 2012This essay looks at climate change impacts on small island developing states (SIDS). It argues that climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies must be developed to cope with changes such as shifting precipitation patterns, increasing evapotranspiration and expanding saline intrusion into coastal aquifers and wells. Using Jamaica as a case study, the paper examines the utility of rainwater harvesting (RWH) in SIDS and answers questions regarding: 1) how much rainwater can be harvested on the island given present and future precipitation patterns; and 2) how much can RWH realistically c ...PermalinkThis study will assess advances in management practices, institutional and technological innovations for managing water scarcity sustainably under a changing climate. The impetus for this analysis comes from the World Bank’s concept note ‘Towards Green Water Defense (GWD) in East Asia’ study, specifi cally one of the building blocks of the GWD concept: Managing water scarcity by “producing more with less” or increasing water productivity and reducing undesirable externalities.PermalinkClimate ExChange is a fully illustrated 250-page book with over 100 authors relating their work in weather, climate and water services at international, regional, national and local levels. The commentaries draw upon experiences around the world reflecting how people are using climate information to improve their lives. Climate ExChange reflects the progress and challenges in these fields, highlighting good practices in a wide variety of societies and disciplines.PermalinkAlthough poverty remains widespread in south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, substantial progress has been made especially in the past three decades. Nevertheless, this report stresses that climate change is likely to reduce agricultural productivity, which will directly affect poor people's livelihood assets including health, access to water and other natural resources, homes and infrastructure. Increasing climatic variability will make poor households even more vulnerable to extreme weather conditions, which could in turn exacerbate the incidence, severity and persistence of poverty in developi ...PermalinkThis special section of the annual white paper on gender equality 2012 provides an analysis and proposal under the theme of disaster prevention and reconstruction from a gender equal society perspective. It addresses the need to improve and strengthen disaster prevention and mitigation measures in anticipation of large-scale events similar to the Great East Japan Earthquake and subsequent tsunami in the future. It examines the Great East Japan Earthquake as it happened as well as the government’s response to the event from the perspective of a gender equal society. It also clarifies any lesson ...PermalinkUNESCO, 2012This collection of papers, presented at the symposium ‘Climate change, water stress, conflict and migration’ held on 21 September 2011 in the Netherlands, highlight how climate change, water stress and other environmental problems threaten human security. For example, the paper by Muniruzzaman ilustrates how water ignores political and community boundaries, and how decisions in one place can significantly affect water use elsewhere. India’s plans to build more dams could, for instance, have devastating affects for Pakistan’s agricultural productivity which is highly dependent on water supply f ...PermalinkWorld Bank, 2012This publication presents some of the outcomes of GEF-funded work managed by UNDP in Europe and the CIS that aims to conserve biodiversityPermalinkADB, 2012Natural disasters triggered by extreme hazards have increased sharply worldwide since the 1980s, as measured in lives lost, displaced people, and financial cost. Asia and the Pacific have borne the brunt of the physical and economic damage. This brief highlights lessons and recommendations from an independent evaluation report that assessed ADB support for disaster prevention and recovery programs during 1995–2011. The evaluation finds that disaster recovery projects have been much more successful than ADB-supported projects overall. Nonetheless, it also finds that most ADB country programs ha ...PermalinkIslamic Relief Worldwide, 2012This report shows the positive difference Islamic Relief Worldwide is beginning to make in the area of disaster risk reduction (DRR) by highlighting how village disaster committees and earthworks to raise people’s houses have reduced the impact of seasonal flooding in north-western Bangladesh. It shows how irrigated vegetable growing and microfinance loans for small businesses are helping former pastoralists to build new livelihoods in north-eastern Kenya that are less vulnerable to drought. It provides evidence that being better prepared can save money as well as lives and shows that it can b ...PermalinkSince the Global Conference on Climate Change, Food Security and Agriculture held at the Hague in 2010, the concept of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) has gained increasing attention at international and national levels, with several countries initiating related activities. The objective of this paper is to highlight recent experiences with country-level implementation of CSA to identify some key lessons to incorporate in ongoing efforts to expand the use of the approach in developing countries. Section 1 describes the evolution of the concept of CSA since the Hague conference. Section 2 i ...PermalinkA bibliographic review of the state of art of flood estimation techniques shows the importance of studying floods as multivariate events. The aim of this work is to discuss whether a multivariate analysis is necessary for designing dams or for assessing the adequacy of spillways belonging to existing dams. A multivariate approach offers a range of possible events associated to a joint return period, which can be used in a design stage. The multivariate criterion includes information related with the dependence structure linking the flood variables. This dependence is involved in the generation ...PermalinkThis research aims to understand the inter-organizational network typology of large scale disaster intervention in developing countries and to understand complexity of post disaster intervention through the use of network theory based on empirical data from post tsunami reconstruction in Aceh, Indonesia, during 2005-2007. It addresses the ‘poly-centric’ features of emergency and reconstruction management, which promotes the notion that there are many overlapping centers of authority and responsibility for disaster risk reduction and post disaster intervention.PermalinkThis report aims to share Mexico’s considerable achievements on financial management of natural disasters with other governments. The report outlines the evolution of FONDEN to date and highlights aspects of particular bearing and applicability to other disaster-prone countries. The report is of particular relevance to middle-income countries but also contains important messages for both high- and low-income countries. It is hoped that this report will contribute to the dialogue on financial disaster risk management and inspire innovation elsewhere, leading to the improved financial management ...PermalinkCabot Venton Courtenay; Fitzgibbon Catherine; Shitarek Tenna; et al. - Government of the United Kingdom, 2012This study uses Kenya and Ethiopia as case studies, comparing the relative costs of late humanitarian response, early response, and building resilience to disasters. The purpose of this work is to provide the first step towards: (I) A solid evidence base on the cost effectiveness of building resilience to disasters as compared with the cost of relief and early response. (II) Identify the types of interventions that can provide the highest 'Value for Money'; (III) Incentivise donors, partner governments, multilaterals and implementing agencies to invest in and work more on resilience to disast ...PermalinkWe explore the relationship between farming practice changes made by households coping with the huge demographic, economic, and ecological changes they have seen in the last 10 years and household food security. We examine whether households that have been introducing new practices, such as improved management of crops, soil, land, water, and livestock (e.g. cover crops, micro-catchments, ridges, rotations, improved pastures, and trees) and new technologies (e.g. improved seeds, shorter-cycle and drought-tolerant varieties) are more likely to be food secure than less innovative farming househo ...Permalink
This Knowledge Centre on Cities and Climate Change (in short: K4C) helps you to keep track of what is happening in the field of cities and climate change, by serving as a platform for sharing experiences and best practices, as well as facilitating exchange of innovative initiatives.
K4C provides you with access to hundreds of publications and reports and a world map provides you with an overview of cities, countries and regions for which good practice examples and documents are available. Moreover, through K4C you can get in touch directly with institutions and communities that are prom ...PermalinkPermalinkThis wokring paper aims to identify barriers to information use for climate adaptation in South Asia. It serves as background for a South Asian regional workshop that will bring together adaptation information users and producers to inform likely new investments in the information base for climate adaptation. This paper aims to support progress toward the regional workshop's objectives by: (i) identifying barriers to effective information production, access, and application in the South Asian region; (ii) posing a practical vocabulary for characterizing relevant information types; (iii) articu ...PermalinkUNEP, 2012In March 2011, a massive earthquale off the north-east coast of Japan triggered a tsunami rhat created an unprecedented volume of debris. The debris management operation which is currently ongoing along the Tohoku coast is the largest of its kind in the world. In order to share international experiences in disaster debris management and to document the lessons from the Japanese experience, a UNEP international expert team visited the Tohoku area in early 2012.PermalinkThis research report is concerned with the purpose of disseminating experience and lessons learned from the East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (EJET) to help strengthen disaster resilience of disaster prone regions in Japan and the world. It focuses on different aspects of disaster risk reduction (DRR) and environmental management. Some issues addressed: (i) developing record of school experiences from the EJET; (ii) study on building school centered disaster resilient community, which includes a review of past DRR activities; (iii) building disaster resilient community through healthcare netwo ...PermalinkUNDP, 2012This brochure illustrates lessons and challenges learned from UNDP activities in disaster risk reduction (DRR), recovery and reconstruction. Its goal is to further the understanding of the role of UN agencies, including the UNDP, and the role of the international community in DRR. It also discusses the government of Japan's role as a strong partner with UNDP in DRR and provides other country examples. Issues addressed: (i) reducing the impact of disaster through prevention measures; (ii) emergency response and recovery from disasters; (iii) gender equality and the empowerment of women in disas ...PermalinkWorld Bank, 2012PermalinkThe issue of climate change is set to increase the frequency of extreme weather events. Countries, therefore, are required to undertake adaptive measures to ameliorate the impact of such events; Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is an important element of such measures. This report, published by the United Nations Development Program and the Government of Indonesia, presents findings from the final evaluation of the Safer Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction (SC-DRR) project. The project aimed to improve safety in Indonesia by considering the ways in which DRR can be integrated into the cou ...PermalinkThis study presents global estimates for the number of people newly displaced in 2011 by disasters induced by both weather-related and geophysical hazards, and makes comparisons with findings from 2008, 2009 and 2010. It provides evidence of the scale and location of displacement associated with natural hazard-induced disasters, and is aimed to serve as a contribution to the knowledge required to inform policy and practice, as well as to prevent and prepare for future events.
The study observes that a relatively small number of large and mega-disasters have been responsible for ...PermalinkCCAP, 2012This document is the final report of the of the Climate Change Adaptation Project (CCAP), which was designed to identify and operationalize practical, meaningful and cost-effective adaptation solutions to the most challenging impacts of climate change facing Canada. It outlines a "Priorities Plan for Canada" based on the CCAP’s work to date.
The document identifies eight priority areas (city infrastructure, biodiversity, freshwater resources, aboriginal communities, agriculture, insurance and building codes adaptation for climate change, insurance and tools for the promotion of ...PermalinkGFDRR, 2012This report – Avoiding Future Famines: Strengthening the Ecological Basis of Food Security through
Sustainable Food Systems - has been a unique collaboration of 12 leading scientists and
experts involved in world food systems including marine and inland fisheries.
The institutions involved include the UN Environment Programme, the International Fund
for Agricultural Development, the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations,
the World Bank, the World Food Programme and the World Resources Institute. The report provides
detai ...PermalinkThis comprehensive work book provides tips on urban adaptation drawn from efforts to boost climate resilience in cities in Vietnam. It has been produced by the World Bank Group and is intended to assist policymakers in developing countries plan for anticipated impacts of climate change. The work book is designed to provide a user-friendly, step-by-step approach to national, provincial and local planning. It is argued that the potential impacts of natural disasters and climate change should be considered in nearly every aspect of urban planning and development.PermalinkShaw Rajib; Takeuchi Yukiko; Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University ; et al. - UNESCO, 2012This publication provides a compilation of lessons learned for the education sector from the 2011 East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster. It explores the benefits of education sector preparedness measures on disaster risk during and following the East Japan Earthquake. The study analyses the role that hard and soft components of disaster risk reduction (DRR) in education, or lack thereof, played during the disaster, including policy and planning, teaching and learning, and facilities and infrastructure. It was undertaken in order to build an evidence base for the importance of DRR in educa ...PermalinkSouthern Africa and Mozambique are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. The region is frequently exposed to droughts, floods, variable rainfall and heat, which are expected to worsen, and sensitivity to such exposure of the natural resource-based livelihood system is very high. The project area is remote and highly underdeveloped and the population is poor, food insecure, and not resilient to the impact of climate shocks. Due to water scarcity, not sufficient for humans and livestock except in a few communities along the Limpopo River, livelihood options are limited. Livelihoods ...PermalinkDrawing on existing relevant work and documents, this technical paper aims to provide an overview of existing methodologies and tools for assessing the risk of loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change. In particular, the paper assesses 18 selected approaches, methods and tools in terms of their data and information requirements, strengths, weaknesses, lessons learned, gaps at different levels and relevance for social and environmental impacts, as well as discussing capacity needs for applying risk assessment methods in developing countries. It also considers risk a ...PermalinkADB, 2012This synthesis addresses the global increase in frequency of intense floods and storms in Asia and the Pacific amid the spectre of climate change, and points to the need for better mitigation and adaptation to natural disasters. It presents the lessons drawn from evaluations of information sourced from publicly available databasesPermalinkUN/ISDR, 2012This handbook provides mayors, governors, councillors and other local government leaders with a generic framework for risk reduction and points to good practices and tools that are already being applied in different cities for that purpose. It discusses why building disaster resilience is beneficial; what kind of strategies and actions are required; and how to go about the task. It offers practical guidance to understand and take action on the "Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient" as set out in the global campaign "Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready!".PermalinkHeritage Foundation, the, 2012This document presents the key lessons learned from a team of experts reassembled to evaluate Japan’s long-term efforts to recover from the Great Eastern Japan Earthquake and to prepare for future catastrophes. Based on extensive literature and interviews with Japanese officials and experts, it identifies four critical areas that affect response to a catastrophe: (i) recovery and resiliency of critical infrastructure, (ii) environmental remediation, (iii) compensation and disaster assistance, and (iv) population resiliency. In each area, it makes key observations, determines findings, and deve ...PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2012This special issue looks at drought risk reduction through the lens of the Hyogo Framework of Action (HFA), the global framework for disaster risk reduction. It features the excellent work being done throughout the African region and underscores the necessary holistic approach to achieve better resilience to drought in the future. This issue has been made possible by the financial contribution of ECHO.PermalinkAt the sixteenth session of the Conference of the Parties in Cancun, Mexico, in December 2010, governments further recognized that adaptation must be addressed with the same priority as mitigation, and adopted the Cancun Adaptation Framework (CAF) to enhance action on adaptation. The CAF includes a process to enable LDC Parties, building upon their experience with the NAPAs, to formulate and implement national adaptation plans and an invitation to other developing country Parties to employ the modalities formulated to support those plans. It is in this context that other Parties have shown inc ...PermalinkPermalinkCCNUCC, 2012Lors de la seizième session de la Conférence des Parties à Cancْn, Mexique, en décembre 2010, les gouvernements ont reconnu en outre qu’il faut accorder la même priorité à l’adaptation qu’à l’atténuation, et adopté à cet effet le Cadre de Cancْn pour l’adaptation en vue de renforcer les actions dans ce domaine. Ce cadre comprend un mécanisme permettant d’aider les PMA parties, grâce à l’expérience acquise avec les PANA, à élaborer et mettre en oeuvre des plans d’adaptation nationaux, et invite d’autres pays en développement parties à appliquer les modalités proposées pour appuyer ces plans. C’ ...Permalinkis an issue of Tiempo. IEED, 2011Contains:
- Community-based adaptation, a participatory research approach
- Natural disasters, linking climate adaptation
- Responding to climate change, remembering minoritiesPermalinkPermalinkThe Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), the Dutch Rijkswaterstaat, the United Kingdom Environment Agency, and the United States Army Corps of Engineers agreed in 2009 to develop a document to explore risk-informed approaches as being practiced and developed primarily in those four countries. This document, the result of that collaboration, reflects contributions from agencies within the four participating nations but is not an official position of any government or international organization. It is organized around a conceptual framework developed to encomp ...PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2011This abstract book of the Second World Landslide Forum reviews 29 sessions addressing: landslides and land-use systems, food security, wild fires, extreme weather, GIS applications developments, socio-economic impact, transportation network and lifelines, policies, urban risk reduction, early warnings and emergency plans, training and capacity development, tsunami, cultural heritage, and seismic landslide hazard analysis. It asserts that incoming climatic changes urge appropriate policies to face the new challenges posed by hydrometeorological hazards. The Forum was held in Rome on 3-9 October ...PermalinkThis Tool introduces strategies for climate change adaption and implementation of the strategies in the context of flood management. Nine case studies are extracted from the following countries and a regional organization, namely US, UK, France, Germany, Netherlands, Japan, China, South Korea, and EU. The adaptation strategies are described especially from the point of flood risk assessment. Based on the projected impacts of climate change, each country formulates their own adaption measures and designates responsible agencies for their implementation.PermalinkThis report explores practical approaches to building urban resilience, focusing on tools and methodologies that can facilitate the use of risk information in public infrastructure investment and urban management decisions as integral elements of reducing disaster and climate risks. It demonstrates that risk-based methodology focused on building urban resilience can be implemented within a range of contexts, with risk assessments as crucial tools for decision-makers. It encourages national, local and city level governments to invest in geospatial risk information, as well as making risk inform ...PermalinkWorld Bank, 2011This adaptation coalition toolkit was developed to promote the strategic empowerment of people by creating more inclusive, cohesive, and accountable societies in the face of climate change. Its purpose is to guide facilitating groups or teams of development practitioners in pursuing participatory collaboration with communities to research and implement adaptation coalitions to assist the locality in adapting to the local manifestations of climate change and facilitate the adaptation of vulnerable communities.
The framework for this toolkit was developed from testing its implementation ...PermalinkAlam M.; Asian Institute of Technology ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - Adaptation Knowledge Platform, 2011This report presents the findings of desktop research that examined the extent to which Southeast Asian countries are prepared for anticipated climate change impacts. It is divided into separate country profiles and includes analysis of the following countries: Lao PDR, Viet Nam, the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Union of Myanmar and Malaysia. Each profile describes an individual country’s attributes, anticipated climate change impacts, vulnerability, necessary adaptation measures and cross-sectoral institutional settings. Each profile concludes with a summary of key gaps, constr ...PermalinkThis book presents lessons to be learned from Haiti with the aim of improving the health sector’s response in major, sudden-onset disasters in the future. It also identifies opportunities provided by the disaster for making significant changes in health services in Haiti. One of the key lessons of the Haiti tragedy is that coordination can only be effective where national authorities are equipped to assume leadership and establish relief and recovery priorities.PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2011This report addresses drought, which is considered the major disaster occurring in the Arab region, where the total people affected between the years 1970-2009 by drought is of about 38.09 million. The report focuses on Syria, considered one of the most economically affected countries by drought in the region. The case study provides information on historical droughts in the country between 2000-2010, including data on frequency, vulnerabilities and lessons learned with drought impacts.PermalinkIn the context of scaled up funding for climate change adaptation, it is more important than ever to ensure the effectiveness, equity and efficiency of adaptation interventions. Robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) is an essential part of this, both to ensure that the prospective benefits of interventions are being realised and to help improve the design of future interventions. This paper is the first empirical assessment of M&E frameworks used by development co-operation agencies for projects and programmes with adaptation-specific or adaptation-related components. It has analysed 106 proj ...PermalinkUNDP, 2011This guidebook is part of a series of manuals, guidebooks and toolkits that draws upon the experience and information generated by the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) support for climate change adaptation and mitigation projects in some 140 countries over the past decade. These
resources are intended to enable project managers, UNDP Country Offices and developing country government decision-makers to acquaint themselves with a variety of methodologies most appropriate to their development contexts in support of their transition to green, low-emission and climate resilient ...PermalinkA key aim of the Norwegian Development Fund is to increase the adaptive capacity of marginalised rural poor farmers and pastoralists in the South. The focus country of this project study, Ethiopia, has a legacy of variable and unpredictable rainfall, causing frequent droughts and heavy floods, undermining local as well as national food and water security. The analysis in this paper is based mainly on interview data collected in two sites in Afar as well as insights from past studies in the region as documented in published literature. Some of the key issues identified for Afar are followed u ...PermalinkPermalinkUnited Nations, 2010This publication reports on the proceedings of three water and media capacity development workshops which focused on the regions of Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America and the Caribbean, and were held in the following countries: Tehran, Iran, in 2007; Cairo, Egypt, in 2009; and Montevideo, Uruguay, in 2009. The participants were members of media organizations, working in various forms of media, including, among others, print media, radio, television and the Internet.PermalinkBiodiversity underpins the agriculture productivity. Agricultural biodiversity includes all components of biodiversity – at genetic, species and ecosystem levels – that are relevant to food and agriculture and that support the ecosystems in which agriculture occurs. Therefore, its maintenance is essential for the production of food and other agricultural goods and the benefits these provide to humanity, including food security, nutrition and livelihoods. Recent worldwide food crisis has raised the issue of food security to an urgent basis. Many are arguing that worldwide economic meltdown migh ...PermalinkUNDP, 2010In order to remove barriers to the development of wind energy, the design of the projects integrates some of the lessons learned from existing successful wind policies. These include the necessity of reviewing the regulatory environment
to offer developers clear and expeditious procedures, the importance of giving developers access to data on wind resources.
and the need to increase awareness of
public authorities, companies and the
public through education and training
programmes.PermalinkFocusing on the climate problem, it is now clear that developing countries, especially fast-growing regions such as those in the so-called BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China), will have a major impact on future emission dynamics and will play a major role in climate negotiations.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP); United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); et al. - GESAMP, 2009PermalinkMuch like developing countries, indigenous peoples the world over are among the least responsible for climate change, yet they are expected to be some of those most blighted by its effects. This case study from Guyana focuses on Amerindian women in agriculture and examines the impact of natural disasters and climate change on their cassava production.The case study also illustrates how local populations have learnt to adjust to climatic changes which have been accepted as normal, natural processes.PermalinkUNFCCC, 2009In response to the mandates by the SBSTA for the Nairobi work programme during its second phase,1 this publication aims to provide a succinct and user-friendly synthesis of the major outputs and their practical impacts of those actions pledged and implemented by Nairobi work programme partner organizations to date, as well as key emerging good practices, lessons learned, challenges and opportunities.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Gill Jon; Cacic Ivan; et al. - WMO, 2007 (WMO/TD-No. 1409)This document presents some examples of how to effectively communicate weather information, across a range of services delivery methods and information types. Examples include graphical presentations on the internet and television, good use of icons and other weather symbols, and a case of effective verbal communication on radio. The examples are real. They have been chosen because they encompass one or more elements of effective communication, such as clear language, or simple but effective use of graphics. Users of this document are invited to examine the examples and use them as guidance ...PermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Gill Jon; Cacic Ivan; et al. - OMM, 2007 (OMM/DT (ES)-No. 1409)En este documento se presentan algunos ejemplos de cómo transmitir de forma efectiva la información sobre el tiempo, a través de una serie de métodos de prestación de servicios y elementos informativos. Entre los ejemplos se incluyen presentaciones gráficas de Internet y de televisión, el uso adecuado de íconos y otros símbolos meteorológicos y un ejemplo de comunicación verbal efectiva en la radio. Los ejemplos son reales y han sido elegidos porque contienen uno o más elementos característicos de la comunicación efectiva, como un lenguaje claro o un uso sencillo, pero efectivo, de gráficos. ...PermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Gill Jon; Cacic Ivan; et al. - OMM, 2007 (OMM/DT (FR)-No. 1409)Le présent document donne quelques exemples de la procédure à suivre pour communiquer avec efficacité des informations sur le temps, moyennant le recours à toute une gamme de méthodes de diffusion et de types d’informations. Il s’agit notamment de représentations graphiques sur Internet et à la télévision, du bon usage des icônes et d’autres symboles météorologiques, ainsi que d’un cas de présentation orale à la radio. Les exemples présentés sont réels. Ils ont été choisis parce qu’ils englobent un ou plusieurs éléments qui doivent entrer en ligne de compte dans la communication tels qu’une la ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM); Global Water Partnership (GWP) - WMO, 2006 (WMO-No. 1004)Floods and Law. Two topics that at first glance do not seem to have many obvious connections. Yet the way we deal with floods is partly expressed and governed through laws at various levels of society reaching from the local to the international level. The publication contains four case studies from India, Japan, Serbia and Switzerland to provide policy and law-makers as well as flood managers insight into how the issue of floods has been addressed in different legal systems around the world. The case studies have been compiled by leading experts from the respective countries and are published ...Permalink2005Groundwater: Development and evaluation of groundwater resources, Groundwater assessmentPermalinkUnited Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR); World Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations (UN) - United Nations, 2004This book provides guidance, policy orientation and inspiration, as well as serving as a reference for lessons on how to reduce risk and vulnerability to hazards and to meet the challenges of tomorrow. It is intended for people who have an interest in and practice disaster risk management and sustainable development.
Natural hazards can affect anyone, anywhere. People are threatened by hazards because of their social, economic and environmental vulnerability, which must be taken into account if sustainable development is not to be achieved. Disaster risk reduction therefore con ...PermalinkPermalinkEquipo de Tareas Interinstitucional para la Reducción de Desastres (ETI/RD); Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Naciones Unidas - Naciones Unidas, 2004El presente informe, coordinado por la secretaría de la Estrategia Internacional para la Reducción deDesastres (EIRD), representa un amplio esfuerzo de parte del sistema de las Naciones Unidas por revisarlas iniciativas para reducción de desastres que se llevan a cabo en todo el mundo. Espero que contribuya aque las decisiones se adopten en forma más meditada y que ellas conduzcan a mejorar la planificación,aplicar mecanismos de regulación perfeccionados y, más que nada, a introducir innovaciones en lasactividades de desarrollo y de protección del medio ambiente. Una de las recomendaciones fu ...PermalinkContains:
- The Bulletin Interviews: Sulochana Gadgil
- Participation of women in the activities of WMO: results of the 2001 survey
- Women working in meteorology and hydrology: a survey
- Women, disaster reduction and sustainable development
- The role of women in water management- global trends and lessons learnt
- Women and the future of meteorology
- Working in aid programmes in Sudan and the Caribbean- a woman's perspective
- Bringing climate information to rural women in Africa
- The role of Filipino women in natural disaste ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Yakoub Nagy G.R.; Tarekegn Deksyos; et al. - WMO, 2003 (WMO/TD-No. 1204)- Case study 1: Importance des données hydrologiques dans la conception et l'exploitation des stations de traitement d'eau: cas de l'usine de Djiri à Brazzaville.
- Case study 2: Intergarted water conservation and utilization: the case of the Beheira pilot study area in Egypt.
- Case study 3: Potential role of seasonal climate outlook in addressing hydropower reservoir management challenges.
- The Piemonte region meteo-hydrological alert procedure and the real time physically based flood forecasting system.
- Environmental impact of the Gezira irrigation scheme.PermalinkMunthali G.; Department of Meteorological Services, Malawi - Chancellor College, University of Malawi, 2003Extreme climate events such as droughts are very common in Malawi and yet their impacts are generally not well factored into the long term National Development Plan. Good examples of the potential hazards of extreme climatic events have been demonstrated by the impacts of the 1948/49 and 1991/92 droughts.
The overall objective of this study is therefore to assess historical droughts that had detrimental effects on the economy. Specifically it aims at developing thematic mapping of areas affected by droughts so as to identify vulnerable zones and to identify profiles of notable d ...PermalinkPermalinkContains another 34 TV presentation video clips (no more radio presentations). System requirements and start-up procedure are identical to Part 1.
Examples of TV weather broadcasting from: Algeria, Australia, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, China, Estonia, Finland, France, Great Britain, Germany, Netherlands, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Lithuania, Morocco, Norway, Poland, Romania, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United States of America, Wales.PermalinkContains 3 radio and 36 TV presentation video clips. These require a suitable Media Player which is included on the CD-ROM. These media clips have no associated activities. They are available for you to use where and when you think they are useful in your training.
Examples of TV weather broadcasting from: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Côte d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, France, Holland, India, Kenya, Latvia, Luxembourg, Mali, Portugal, Senegal, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, United States of America.PermalinkExamples of warnings, forecasts, dissemination methods, public education etc. in addition to those that are contained in the printed version of the Guide.
Examples of Television Weather services from Australia, Canada, China, Cuba, Czech Republic, France, Japan, Romania, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Uruguay and United States of America.PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkInstituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (IDEAM) - Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (IDEAM)PermalinkVulnerability assessments (VAs) are central to shaping climate change adaptation decisions, providing a basis for devising measures that will minimise or avoid harm to humans and ecological systems. Yet the wide variety of VA approaches can be confusing for practitioners, creating uncertainty about the ‘right’ approach. This paper reviews and compares VAs undertaken in Indonesia and Tunisia to distil key approaches, components and lessons. It begins with a general overview of definitions, approaches and challenges with conducting VAs, and then proposes a framework for analysing and comparing t ...Permalink
The goal of Many Strong Voices is to promote the well-being, security, and sustainability of coastal communities in the Arctic and Small Island Developing States (SIDS) by bringing these regions together to take action on climate change mitigation and adaptation, and to tell their stories to the world.
The Arctic and SIDS are barometers of global environmental change. As they are on the frontlines of climate change, they are also critical testing grounds for the ideas and programmes that will strengthen the adaptive capacities of human societies confronting climate change.