تضع الخطة الاستراتیجیة، التي اعتمدھا المؤتمر العالمي الثامن عشر للأرصاد الجوية في حزيران/ يونیو 2019 ، توجهات وأولويات لكي تسترشد بها المنظمة العالمیة للأرصاد الجوية ( WMO ) في تنفیذ أنشطتها خلال الفترة 2023-2020 وما بعدھا حتى 2030 ، لتمكین جمیع الأعضاء من تحسین معلوماتهم ونواتجهم وخدماتهم.Published by: المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; 2020
تضع الخطة الاستراتیجیة، التي اعتمدھا المؤتمر العالمي الثامن عشر للأرصاد الجوية في حزيران/ يونیو 2019 ، توجهات وأولويات لكي تسترشد بها المنظمة العالمیة للأرصاد الجوية ( WMO ) في تنفیذ أنشطتها خلال الفترة 2023-2020 وما بعدھا حتى 2030 ، لتمكین جمیع الأعضاء من تحسین معلوماتهم ونواتجهم وخدماتهم.
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ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-61225-0Published by: BMO ; 2019 (Издание 2019 г.)
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Archives access: 1953-[...]المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2019 (طبعة 2019; مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 15)Published by: المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; 2019 (طبعة 2019)
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Archives access: 1987-[...]PermalinkThis publication contains: the texts of the WMO Convention; the General, Staff and Financial Regulations; the text of the Agreement between the UN and WMO; the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies; and the agreement, plan of execution and protocol concluded between the Swiss Federal Council and WMO governing the latter's status in Switzerland.Permalink2019年6月第十八次世界气象大会通过的战略计划确定了指导2020-2023和至2030年世界气象组织（WMO） 活动的方向和优先事项，使全体会员能够改进其信息、产品和服务。PermalinkСтратегический план Всемирной метеорологической организации, принятый Восемнадцатым Всемирным метеорологическим конгрессом в июне 2019 года, задает направления и определяет приоритеты для руководства деятельностью Всемирной метеоро¬логической организации (ВМО) в 2020−2023 гг. и на период до 2030 г., с тем чтобы создать возможности для всех Членов совершенствовать свою инфор¬мацию, продукцию и обслуживание.PermalinkEn el Plan Estratégico adoptado por el Decimoctavo Congreso Meteorológico Mundial en junio de 2019, se establecen las directrices y prioridades para orientar las actividades de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) durante 2020-2023 y hasta 2030 a fin de que todos los Miembros puedan mejorar la información, productos y servicios que facilitan.PermalinkContains lists of the Congress and Executive Council resolutions.PermalinkWhile solar radiation enables and sustains life on Earth, it also produces “space weather” that can profoundly impact different technologies, including telecommunications, satellite navigation, and the electric power grid. Solar flares can produce x-rays resulting in radio blackouts that block high-frequency radio waves. Solar Energetic Particles can penetrate satellite electronics and cause electrical failure. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) can cause geomagnetic storms that induce ground currents and degrade power grid operations, sometimes catastrophically. The Sun, The Earth, and Near-Earth ...PermalinkThis lesson provides an overview of Earth’s atmosphere, its vertical structure, the fundamental forces acting on air, and how the atmosphere's composition affects the colors we see in the sky. The lesson also includes information about how Earth receives energy from the Sun as solar and infrared radiation, and the mechanisms for transferring heat around the globe. Learners will be introduced to the components of Earth’s water cycle, and also briefly explore the main types of systems used to observe the atmosphere.PermalinkЭнергетические системы являются двигателем эконо- мического и социального развития. Их вклад образует значительную часть ВВП любой страны. Несомненно, энергетика жизненно необходима для всех аспектов благосостояния человека, включая доступ к воде, сельскохозяйственное производство, здравоохранение, образование, создание рабочих мест и устойчивость окружающей среды. Кроме того, на выбросы пред- приятий энергетического сектора, таких как выбросы CO2, приходится наибольшая доля глобальных антро- погенных выбросов парниковых газов (ПГ). Ожидается, что достижение целевых показателей по сокращению в ...PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 64(2). OMM, 2016Les systemes de production d’energie sont le moteur du developpement economique et social. Les investissements realises a ce titre representent une part importante du PIB d’un pays. De fait, l’energie est indispensable au bien-etre des populations dans pratiquement tous ses aspects, dont l’acces a l’eau, la productivite agricole, la sante, l’education, la creation d’emplois et la protection de l’environnement. Ce secteur est aussi responsable de la plus grande part des rejets de gaz a effet de serre (GES), tel le CO2, dans le monde. Les objectifs de reduction des emissions fixes par la Convent ...PermalinkClimate is changing at unprecedented rates in recorded history. A variety of lines of evidence demonstrate that climate change is likely to affect the hydrologic cycle and thus create new challenges in water management. This requires that climate change information be included in water and water-related resources planning, operations, and management. Climate and Water Resources Management, Part 1: Climate Variability and Change describes the terminology, global evidence, regional manifestations, and basic science of global climate variability and anthropogenic change, with a focus on water res ...PermalinkThis lesson is an abbreviated review of the scientific basis for using visible and infrared satellite imagery. The concepts and capabilities presented are common to most geostationary (GEO) and low-Earth orbiting (LEO) meteorological satellites. Basic remote sensing and radiative theory are reviewed using conceptual models to help organize scientific concepts. Some imagery is also included to illustrate concepts and relate them to sensor observations. This lesson is a part of the NWS Satellite Foundation GOES-R Course. More in-depth information on radiation and radiative transfer can be found ...PermalinkClimate is changing at unprecedented rates in recorded history. A variety of lines of evidence demonstrate that climate change is likely to affect the hydrologic cycle and thus create new challenges in water management. This requires that climate change information be included in water and water-related resources planning, operations, and management. Climate Variability and Change for Water Resources Management - International Edition describes the terminology, global evidence, regional manifestations, and basic science of global climate variability and anthropogenic change, with a focus on wa ...PermalinkEnergy systems are the engine of economic and social development. Their investments represent a sizeable portion of a country’s GDP. Indeed, energy is essential to practically all aspects of human welfare, including access to water, agricultural productivity, health care, education, job creation and environmental sustainability. Furthermore, energy sector emissions, such as CO2, account for the largest share of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Emissions reduction targets under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are expected to significantly increase dema ...PermalinkThis report provides a quantitative assessment of the health impacts of climate change and takes into account a subset of the possible health impacts, while assuming continued economic growth and health progress. Even under these conditions, it concludes that climate change is expected to cause approximately 250 000 additional deaths per year between 2030 and 2050; 38 000 due to heat exposure in elderly people, 48 000 due to diarrhoea, 60 000 due to malaria, and 95 000 due to childhood undernutrition. Results indicate that the burden of disease from climate change in the future will continue t ...PermalinkMarine Weather Services Incident Response and Decision Support provides guidance for forecasters tasked with supporting oil or chemical spills and other marine-focused incidents. The lesson follows an example spill event to help demonstrate marine forecasters' responsibilities for coordinating with emergency managers, other NOAA line offices, and governmental agencies and outlines best practices related to effective communication.PermalinkFlood events are known for their profound capacity to positively or negatively affect humans. Floods improve overall human well-being by providing services such as groundwater recharge, surface-water replenishment, soil-fertility enhancement and a general increase in the value of social–ecological systems. Equally, however, flood events pose a series of diverse health threats, ranging from contaminated water sources to decreased agricultural productivity, especially when communities are vulnerable and lack the capacity to effectively respond to, and recover from, the adverse effects of floods. ...PermalinkCommunication is the imparting or exchange of information between individuals or groups through a common system of symbols, signs or behaviour (Merriam-Webster, 2013a; Oxford Dictionaries, 2013). In recent decades, different conceptual models have been developed to explain the process of human communication. One of the best representations of the flow of information in flood communication is the Interactional Communication Model proposed by Schramm (Schramm, 1954).Permalink
This report reviews and discusses the agreed commitments and targets, as well as the negotiation leading to the Sendai Framework for DRR (SFDRR).
It discusses briefly its implication for the later UN-led negotiations on sustainable development goals and climate change, including the Conference of Parties taking place in Paris, France at the end of 2015.
SFDRR was adopted by UN Member States in March 2015 and was the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action: 1) Understanding disaste ...PermalinkThis paper argues that growth, technological, population-expansion and governance constraints as well as some key systemic issues cast doubt ‘green growth’ hopes.
It argues that such an evolutionary (and often reductionist) approach may well not be sufficient to cope with the complexities of climate change. It may rather give much false hope and excuses to do nothing really fundamental that should bring about a turn around on global GHG emissions.
The paper argues that climate change calls into question the global equality of opportunity for prosperity and is thus ...PermalinkThe major objectives of this systematic review are to: (i) identify which behavioral theories have been applied to disasters and emergency health preparedness and investigate why these theories were preferred over others; (ii) assess as to which theories have been applied with regard to specific natural and man-made disasters and emergencies preparedness; (iii) examine the most common theories and models applied in different regions of the world pertaining to various natural and man-made disasters and emergency preparedness; and (iv) investigate and analyze the methods of analysis used for eac ...PermalinkPermalinkThis report provides a snapshot of the implementation status of measures to protect health from climate change in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region by the end of 2012. It describes and summarizes the answers to a survey across the countries.PermalinkUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); UN Water - United Nations, 2015The report elaborates upon the future of water towards 2050 by describing how water supports healthy and prosperous human communities, including through measures that reduce vulnerability and improve resilience to water-related disasters such as flood and drought management approaches, maintains well-functioning ecosystems and ecological services, and provides a cornerstone for short and long-term economic development.
It provides an overview of the challenges, issues and trends in terms of water resources, their use and water-related services like water supply and sanitation, a ...Permalink本2016-2019年战略计划反映了2015年5月25至6 月12日在日内瓦召开的第十七次世界气象大会 的决定及其确定的方向。它所设定的方向和优 先重点将指导世界气象组织（WMO）的活动，使 全体会员有能力提供更好的信息、产品和服务。 它所期许的是高品质的天气、水文和气候服务， 从而提升社区的抗灾能力、协助促进经济增长 并保护生命和财产免受极端天气、气候和水事 件的影响。PermalinkEl presente Plan Estratégico para 2016-2019 refleja las decisiones del Decimoséptimo Congreso Meteorológico Mundial, celebrado en Ginebra del 25 de mayo al 12 de junio de 2015 y las orientaciones que este ha marcado para la Organización. En él se definen las directrices y prioridades para orientar las actividades de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) a fin de ayudar a todos los Miembros a mejorar su información, productos y servicios. También se prevé una mayor demanda de servicios meteorológicos, hidrológicos y climáticos de gran calidad para aumentar la resistencia de las comunidade ...PermalinkPermalinkتعكس هذه الخطة الإستراتيجية للفترة 2016 - 2019 قرارات وتوجهات المؤتمر العالمي السابع عشر للأرصاد الجوية الذي عُقد في جنيف، 25 أيار/مايو- 12 حزيران/ يونيو 2015 . وتضع الخطة الإستراتيجية توجهات وأولويات لكي تسترشد بها المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية WMO في تنفيذ نشاطاتها، لتمكين جميع ( ) الأعضاء من تحسين معلوماتهم ونواتجهم وخدماتهم. وتحتسب الخطة الإستراتيجية أن يتزايد الطلب على الخدمات ذات الجودة العالية فيما يتعلق بالطقس والماء والمناخ، من أجل تعزيز قدرة المجتمعات المحلية على المقاومة، والاسهام في النمو الاقتصادي وحماية الأرواح والممتلكات من الظواهر المتطرفة المتصلة بالطقس والمناخ والماء.PermalinkНастоящий Стратегический план на 2016–2019 гг. отражает решения и директивы Семнадцатого Всемирного метеорологического конгресса, проводившегося в Женеве с 25 мая по 12 июня 2015 г. Он задает направления и определяет приоритеты для руководства деятельностью Всемирной Метеорологической Организации (ВМО), с тем чтобы позволить всем странам-членам повысить качество предоставляемой ими информации, продукции и обслуживания. Он составлен с учетом ожидаемого повышения спроса на высококачественное метеороло- гическое, гидрологическое и климатическое обслуживание для повышения устойчивости сообществ, с ...PermalinkБюллетень, Том 62. BMO, 2014В настоящее время глобальное изменение климата – это реальность. Температура на поверхности Земли повы- силась более чем на 0,8 °С за последнее столетие и примерно на 0,6 °С за последние 30 лет. Это глобаль- ное изменение привело к экстремальным метеорологи- ческим явлениям, таким как наводнения, засухи и более мощные и частые штормы, которые оказывают негатив- ное влияние на здоровье уязвимых групп населения. В Африке влияние глобального потепления на здоровье человека проявляется в более высокой степени уязви- мости к болезням, переносимым через возбудителей инфекции, воздух и воду, а также ...PermalinkUnited Nations, 2014This document provides some recommendations for addressing disaster risk in tourism in the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction. It presents: (i) status of mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in tourism; (ii) the drivers for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the tourism sector; (iii) recommendations for addressing disaster risk in tourism in the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction; (iv) measuring disaster risk in tourism; (v) a list of agencies contributing and a brief description of institutional commitment; and (vi) key documents/source of additional info.PermalinkThis report argues that investment in climate change adaptation can help ensure that the impacts of climate change do not reverse decades of development progress in Africa.
It presents practical examples of successful low-cost adaptation solutions from around sub-Saharan Africa. The report includes examples of successful adaptation projects that have provided the impetus for large-scale government investments and policy action. According to the report, by 2050 Africa's population will have doubled to 2 billion people, the majority of which will still largely depend on agriculture for th ...PermalinkEl cambio climático es tan duro con la economía como lo es con la sociedad. Los eventos meteorológicos y climatológicos extremos se han cobrado un alto precio en los últimos años, llevándose cientos de miles de vidas y causando pérdidas económicas por encima de 380 000 millones de dólares de Estados Unidos —una cifra que se espera se duplique cada 12 años—.PermalinkВ этой статье вкратце рассматривается вопрос о том, какую пользу может принести для смягчения изменения климата достижение целей Инициативы Организации Объединенных Наций Устойчивая энергетика для всех.PermalinkPermalinkWorld Bank, 2013This case study is part of World Bank Treasury's financial solutions in practice series. It introduces Mexico government's initiatives, which allowed the country to move from an ex-post response to natural disasters to an ex-ante preparedness approach, through: (i) the fund for natural disasters, to which it transfers budgetary funds for disaster relief and reconstruction efforts; and (ii) an institutional framework for disaster preparedness involving risk assessment, risk reduction, the promotion of a culture of prevention, and insurance.
The paper also features Mexican sub-na ...PermalinkKellett Jan; Caravani Alice; Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the ; et al. - ODI, 2013This report examines the record of the international community to date, investigating the priorities in financing of DRR, and asking questions of both the equity and adequacy of past efforts. Beyond this it points to the future of a more rational, targeted investment in risk reduction.PermalinkEEA, 2013In 2010, the EEA produced its first assessment of global megatrends as part of its five-yearly assessment of the European environment’s state, trend and prospects (SOER 2010). In preparation for SOER 2015, the EEA is updating each of the megatrends, providing a more detailed analysis based on the latest data. This publication is one of the 11 updates being published separately in the second half of 2013 and early-2014. In 2014 the chapters will be consolidated into a single EEA technical report, which will provide the basis for the analysis of megatrends included in SOER 2015.PermalinkWHO, 2013In 2010, the EEA produced its first assessment of global megatrends as part of its five-yearly assessment of the European environment’s state, trend and prospects (SOER 2010). In preparation for SOER 2015, the EEA is updating each of the megatrends, providing a more detailed analysis based on the latest data. This publication is one of the 11 updates being published separately in the second half of 2013 and early-2014. In 2014 the chapters will be consolidated into a single EEA technical report, which will provide the basis for the analysis of megatrends included in SOER 2015.PermalinkEEA, 2013In 2010, the EEA produced its first assessment of global megatrends as part of its five-yearly assessment of the European environment’s state, trend and prospects (SOER 2010). In preparation for SOER 2015, the EEA is updating each of the megatrends, providing a more detailed analysis based on the latest data. This publication is one of the 11 updates being published separately in the second half of 2013 and early-2014. In 2014 the chapters will be consolidated into a single EEA technical report, which will provide the basis for the analysis of megatrends included in SOER 2015.PermalinkUNFPA, 2013The document consolidates the knowledge, methods, and practices that emerged from the 2010 expert group meeting entitled "Population Dynamics and Climate Change II: Building for Adaptation" organized by UNFPA, IIED and the Colegio de México in Mexico City.
It intends to catalyze action in global, national and local communities around a more informed, data driven adaptation process, and to bring together disparate disciplines, from environment science to planning to social science and beyond. The use of spatial data is at the core of this agenda.
It is divided in ...PermalinkADB, 2013The Pacific region—a diverse array of 7,500 islands of varying topographies, cultures, and economies—is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, with significant economic costs. This study provides fine-scale climate–economic information that is critical for making development and adaptation planning decisions in Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Pacific developing member countries (DMCs). Economic assessment associated with climate information helps identify priority sectors, estimate funding needs, and prepare for economy-wide climate change impacts. Projections of total econom ...PermalinkClimate change is now a global phenomenon with growth, poverty, food security, and stability implications. Because of significant dependence on the agricultural sector for production, employment, and export revenues, Ethiopia is seriously threatened by climate change, which contributes to frequent drought, flooding, and rising average temperatures. To examine the impact of climate change on agricultural production and to quantify the resulting lost output, this study conducts a time series analysis using country and regional level data. The econometric application on the appropriate production ...PermalinkWHO, 2013The WHO Regional Office for Europe prepared this economic analysis tool to support health adaptation planning in European Member States. It is based on a review of the science. It is expected to be applied in Member States mainly by line ministries responsible for climate change adaptation.PermalinkUNDP, 2013The 2013 Human Development Report, The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World looks at the evolving geopolitics of our times, examining emerging issues and trends and also the new actors which are shaping the development landscape. The Report argues that the striking transformation of a large number of developing countries into dynamic major economies with growing political influence is having a significant impact on human development progress. The Report notes that, over the last decade, all countries accelerated their achievements in the education, health, and income d ...PermalinkHealth Impact Assessment (HIA) is a tool for analysing potential health issues during planning stages of proposals using established systematic mechanisms to demonstrate factors that could affect health and to consider potential response options. This study used the HIA framework to consider potential health impacts of climate change on the population of Vanuatu, to assess the risks and propose adaptive responses. The HIA process involved the participation of a broad range of stakeholders including expert sector representatives in the areas of biophysics, socioeconomics, infrastructure, enviro ...PermalinkADB, 2013South Asia is considered vulnerable to the impacts and consequences of climate change, including sea level rise, melting Himalayan glaciers, and increased frequency of typhoons. Notwithstanding these challenges, sustained and rapid economic growth is necessary for the region to achieve significant poverty reduction, uplift the economic well-being of its people, and increase its resilience to environmental shocks and natural disasters, including those associated with climate change.
Economics of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in South Asia
Against a backdrop, co ...PermalinkIISD, 2013This report is a product of the Climate Risk Management – Technical Assistance Support Project, which is supported by UNDP’s Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery and Bureau for Development Policy. This is one in a series of reports that examines high-risk countries and focusses on a specific socio-economic sector in each country. The series illustrates how people in different communities and across a range of socio-economic sectors may have to make adaptations to the way they generate income and cultivate livelihoods in the face of a changing climate. These reports present an evidence ...PermalinkPermalinkمنظمة الصحة العالمية ; المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2013 (مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 1098)Permalink健康与气候图集是气象和公共卫生界之间开 展这种独特合作的产物。该图集提供了有关天气和 气候与主要健康挑战之间存在关联性的可靠科学信 息。这些挑战的范围从贫困引发的疾病到极端天气 事件和疾病爆发引起的突发事件。它们还包括环境 退化、非传染性疾病的进一步流行以及人口老龄化 的普遍趋势。PermalinkВсемирная организация здравоохранения (ВОЗ); Всемирная Метеорологическая Организация (BMO) - BMO, 2013 (BMO-No. 1098)Атлас здоровья и климата представляет собой продукт этого уникального сотрудничества между сообществами, занимающимися метеорологией и здравоохранением. В нем содержится достоверная научная информация о связях между погодой, климатом и основными пробле- мами, связанными со здоровьем — от болезней, порожда- емых нищетой, до чрезвычайных ситуаций, возникающих в результате экстремальных метеорологических явлений и эпидемических вспышек. К ним также относятся проблемы деградации окружающей среды, увеличивающееся распространение неинфекционных заболеваний и общая тенденция демографического старения ...PermalinkOrganización Mundial de la Salud (OMS); Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) - OMM, 2013 (OMM-No. 1098)El Atlas de la salud y del clima es el fruto de la colaboración única entre los sectores de la meteorología y la salud pública. Facilita información científica fidedigna sobre la relación entre el tiempo y el clima y los principales problemas de salud. Estos abarcan desde las enfermedades de la pobreza hasta las emergencias causadas por fenómenos meteorológicos extremos y brotes de enfermedades. Incluyen también la degradación del medio ambiente, la creciente prevalencia de enfermedades no transmisibles y la tendencia universal al envejecimiento de la población.PermalinkOrganisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS); Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) - OMM, 2013 (OMM-No. 1098)L’Atlas de la santé et du climat est le fruit de la collabo¬ration exceptionnelle instaurée entre les spécialistes de la météorologie et de la santé. Il renferme d’importantes informations scientifiques sur les rapports entre le temps, le climat et les grands problèmes sanitaires, des maladies liées à la pauvreté aux situations d’urgence créées par les phénomènes météorologiques extrêmes ou les flambées épidémiques, sans oublier la détérioration de l’environnement, la progression des maladies non transmissibles et le vieillissement général de la population.PermalinkClimate change is as hard on the economy as it is on society. Extreme weather and climate events have exacted a heavy toll in recent years, taking hundreds of thousands of lives and causing upward of US$ 380 billion in economic losses – a tally that is expected to double every 12 years.PermalinkThis paper briefly explores the climate change mitigation benefits from the goals of the United Nations Sustainable Energy for All Initiative. In doing so, it relies on the analytical work and scenarios of the forthcoming Global Energy Assessment.PermalinkБюллетень, Том 60(2). BMO, 2012Метеорология охватывает науку, касающуюся как погоды, так и климата. Энергетический сектор испытывает разнообразные потребности в метеорологическом обслуживании для принятия решений относительно повседневных действий и более долгосрочного стратегического планирования.PermalinkUNEP, 2012This study depicts environmental displacement with the premise of increased frequency of natural disasters and the adverse impacts of climate change. Bangladesh is already experiencing recurrent floods, severe cyclones, water logging, salinity intrusions, droughts and river bank erosion which induce mass population displacement. There is no generally agreed definition and scientifically developed methodology to estimate environmental displacement. Proper development guidelines are yet to be adopted to protect the lives and livelihoods of the displaced people who have the right to expect safe l ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; International Global Atmospheric Chemistry project (IGAC) - WMO, 2012The World Meteorological Organization and the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) project have released a study of how megacities affect the climate and pollute the atmosphere. The report concludes that rapid urbanization will pose serious health risks to city dwellers unless stronger efforts are made to reduce pollution.PermalinkIn 2009 the latest long-range climate projections for the UK were published in order to inform the UK’s first Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA), required by the Climate Change Act (2008), covering 11 sectors across society. This HPA report complements the Health Sector report of the CCRA by providing scientific evidence of the wider risks to public health from climate change in the UK.PermalinkThe aim of this book is to give special attention to the needs related to capacity development for water resources management, including water supply and sanitation, in the context of the green economy. This is done by showcasing theoretical and practical approaches which have proved to be successful.PermalinkEPA, 2012This report synthesizes and assesses available scientific information on the current and future impacts of black carbon, and evaluates the effectiveness of available black carbon mitigation approaches and technologies for protecting climate, public health, and the environment. US Environmental Protection Agency, 2012.PermalinkThe second edition of the popular "Remote Sensing Using Satellites" module updates imagery of recent hurricanes as well as other phenomena from more recent satellites. The suggested audience for this module is high school and undergraduate students. Learn about remote sensing in general and then more specifically about how it is done from satellites. We will focus on the visible and infrared channels, those commonly seen on television broadcasts. Come explore the view of Earth from space and see what we see. In the second chapter, we will focus even more on hurricanes and specifically Hurrican ...PermalinkThis lesson, Satellite Feature Identification: Cyclogenesis, uses water vapor satellite imagery to present a satellite perspective of basic features associated with the formation and development of extratropical cyclones. First, through an initial case study, the precursor elements leading to cyclogenesis are identified. Then three conceptual views of different ways cyclogenesis can evolve are presented along with additional examples to illustrate the concepts. Finally a series of exercises, again using real case studies, are used to emphasize the important points and provide realistic scenari ...PermalinkAnticipating Hazardous Weather and Community Risk, 2nd Edition provides emergency managers and other decision makers with background information about weather, natural hazards, and preparedness. Additional topics include risk communication, human behavior, and effective warning partnerships, as well as a desktop exercise allowing the learner to practice the types of decisions required as hazardous situations unfold. This module offers web-based content designed to address topics covered in the multi-day Hazardous Weather and Flood Preparedness course offered by the Federal Emergency Management ...PermalinkVorhies Francis; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) - UN/ISDR, 2012This working paper addresses the likely increase of the economic costs of disasters and the technical and political challenges faced by economic assessments. It makes three suggestions for improving the economic effectiveness of investment decision-making for disaster risk reduction (DRR). It (i) sets out the renewed mandate for investing in DRR which came out of the RIO+20 Conference in June 2012; (ii) highlights the high and rising economic costs of disasters; (iii) explores the challenges of estimating the economic costs of disasters; (iv) identifies the economic benefits of DRR; (v) specif ...PermalinkBy 2015, half of the world’s people living on less than USD 1.25 a day will be in fragile states. While poverty has decreased globally, progress on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 is slower in fragile states than in other developing countries. Fragile states are also off-track to meet the rest of the MDGs by 2015.
Fragile situations became a central concern of the international development and security agenda in the 1990s. Since then, powerful forces have been influencing the causes and manifestations of fragility, including the combination of democratic aspirations, new te ...PermalinkThis User’s Guide builds on the WHO training manual Gender mainstreaming for health managers: a practical approach, which was developed by the WHO Department of Gender, Women and Health (GWH), and on the discussion paper Gender, climate change and health, jointly developed by the WHO Climate Change and Health Unit and GWH. This publication constitutes the adaptation of those two resources to the needs of climate change and health programme managersPermalinkScientific evidence indicates that global warming could well lead to a sea-level rise of 1 meter or more in the 21st century. This paper seeks to quantify how a 1-meter sea-level rise that would affect coastal wetlands in 76 developing countries and territories, taking into account how much of wetlands would be submerged and how likely the wetlands would move inland as the coastline recedes. It is estimated that approximately 64 percent of the freshwater marsh, 66 percent of Global Lakes and Wetlands Database coastal wetlands, and 61 percent of brackish/saline wetlands are at risk. A large per ...PermalinkClimate ExChange is a fully illustrated 250-page book with over 100 authors relating their work in weather, climate and water services at international, regional, national and local levels. The commentaries draw upon experiences around the world reflecting how people are using climate information to improve their lives. Climate ExChange reflects the progress and challenges in these fields, highlighting good practices in a wide variety of societies and disciplines.PermalinkThe Atlas of Health and Climate is a product of this unique collaboration between the meteorological and public health communities. It provides sound scientific information on the connections between weather and climate and major health challenges. These range from diseases of poverty to emergencies arising from extreme weather events and disease outbreaks. They also include environmental degradation, the increasing prevalence of noncommunicable diseases and the universal trend of demographic ageing.PermalinkThe World’s Worst Pollution Problems: Assessing Health Risks at Hazardous Waste Sites report reveals that close to 125 million people are at risk from toxic pollution across 49 low to middle-income countries. Also, the report, for the first time estimates the total global burden of disease attributed to toxic pollution from industrial sites in these countries. It establishes the global burden of disease from toxic pollution as on par with better-known public health problems such as malaria and tuberculosis.PermalinkThis report uses the latest available data, to analyse aid investments in disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the period immediately following the United Nations’ (UN) 2005 Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA), and looks in detail at the policies and investment profiles of 24 of the leading aid donors.PermalinkThis paper investigates the link between development, economic growth, and the economic losses from natural disasters in a general analytical framework, with an application to hurricane flood risks in New Orleans. It concludes that where capital accumulates through increased density of capital at risk in a given area, and the costs of protection therefore increase more slowly than capital at risk, (i) protection improves over time and the probability of disaster occurrence decreases; (ii) capital at risk -- and thus economic losses in case of disaster -- increases faster than economic growth; ...PermalinkUnited Nations, 2012This report presents the results of a study conducted for Grenada under the UNDESA project. The pilot study focuses on three priority areas: water resources, coastal ecosystems and renewable energy systems. The priorities were selected following a systematic approach using analytical tools to help Grenada in the comprehensive assessment of potential impacts from climate change. It identifies the best potential courses of action to hedge for and adapt to these critical impact areas. The analytical work contributes to the knowledge base to support implementation of climate change adaptation/miti ...PermalinkBhattacharya Amar; Romani Mattia; Stern Nicholas - Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, 2012PermalinkHenley Media Group, 2012This book considers building financial resilience against 'natural' disasters and climate change through an article from Francis Ghesquiere and Olivier Mahul, from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). The article discusses the challenges created by 'natural' disasters and climate change to fiscal account management and outline steps that governments should take to overcome them. The article is featured on page 185.
The overall publication includes over 40 articles aimed to foster debate and collaboration in the weeks preceding the Commonwealth Financ ...PermalinkThis study attempts to encourage practical implementation of climate change adaptation programmes and their integration into national plans for sustainable development. It argues that the assessment process must evolve over time to fit continuously changing climate change impacts, conditions, priorities and national sustainable development criteria. The publication summarises initial analysis, findings and proposals of three critical areas for Grenada: water resources, costal ecosystems and renewable energy systems. The study concludes with a number of recommendations. For example, in terms of ...PermalinkOECD, 2012A lack of finance for water resources management is a primary concern for most OECD countries. This is exacerbated in the current fiscal environment of tight budgets and strong fiscal consolidation, as public funding provides the lion’s share of financial resources for water management.
The report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels. The report goes beyond the traditional focus on financing water supply and sanitation to examine the full range of water man ...PermalinkBigas Harriet; Axworthy Thomas S.; UN University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH); et al. - UNU, 2012In March 2011, high-level experts from around the world were invited to Toronto, Canada, to meet with members of the InterAction Council about the status of the world’s freshwater supply as it relates to global security issues (see List of Participants in this volume). These experts reported that that the global water crisis is real and that there is urgency in addressing the growing number of security risks associated with threatened water supply and quality. They also, however, expressed hope and identified opportunities that can be realized by the timely triggering of change in policies, in ...PermalinkWHO, 2012This report presents the results of a systematic review of evidence of the health effects of black carbon (BC). The Task Force on Health agreed that a reduction in exposure to PM2.5 containing BC and other combustion-related PM material for which BC is an indirect indicator should lead to a reduction in the health effects associated with PM. The Task Force recommended that PM2.5 should continue to be used as the primary metric in quantifying human exposure to PM and the health effects of such exposure, and for predicting the benefits of exposure reduction measures. The use of BC as an addition ...PermalinkRahman Mizanur; Islamic Relief Worldwide ; National Alliance for Risk Reduction and Response Initiatives (NARRI) - NARRI, 2012This document reports on a project titled 'A Disaster Resilient Future: Mobilising Communities and Institutions for Effective Risk Reduction', which aims to support and complement strategies that enable local communities to better prepare for, mitigate and respond adequately to natural hazards by enhancing their capacities to cope and respond, thereby increasing their resilience and reducing vulnerability. It describes the processes and learning in mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction and adaptation adopted by the three Union Disaster Management Committees supported under the project. It a ...PermalinkUnited Nations, 2012Three important targets on poverty, slums and water have been met three years ahead of 2015, says this year’s Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Meeting the remaining targets, while challenging, is possible ─ but only if Governments do not waiver from their commitments made over a decade ago.PermalinkGFDRR, 2012This report – Avoiding Future Famines: Strengthening the Ecological Basis of Food Security through
Sustainable Food Systems - has been a unique collaboration of 12 leading scientists and
experts involved in world food systems including marine and inland fisheries.
The institutions involved include the UN Environment Programme, the International Fund
for Agricultural Development, the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations,
the World Bank, the World Food Programme and the World Resources Institute. The report provides
detai ...PermalinkICAO, 2012PermalinkWHO, 2012The report, Our Planet, Our Health, Our Future
Human health and the Rio Conventions: biological diversity, climate change and desertification, reviews the scientific evidence for the linkages between health and biodiversity, climate change and desertification, the representation of health in the corresponding Rio Conventions, and the opportunities for more integrated and effective policy.PermalinkAs a follow-up to a first paper A preliminary analysis of flood and storm disaster data in Viet Nam, this Quang Binh case study provides a more in-depth disaster profile of one particular province in Viet Nam, including specific temporal and spatial distribution patterns while using district aggregated data. It also looks deeper into the relationship between disasters and poverty through analysis of various indicators: number of deaths, impact on housing and agricultural produce, poverty rate and the percentage of poor households.
The first part of this paper examines the disas ...PermalinkBased on an IO structure, the ARIO-inventory model simulates the economic consequences and responses to a natural disaster. It represents explicitly production bottlenecks, models a flexibility in production capacity in case of scarcity, and introduces inventories as an additional flexibility in the production system. Moreover, it takes into account the heterogeneity in goods and services within sectors, and the consequences on production bottlenecks and substitution possibilities. The model is applied to the landfall of hurricane Katrina in Louisiana. Sensitivity analyses show that results ar ...PermalinkUNDP, 2012This report is one of the main outputs from UNDP DDC's activities of the Africa-Asia Drought Risk Management Peer Assistance Network (AADP), funded by the Government of Japan, in 2011. It reviews the current drought risk management (DRM) institutional and programmatic landscape in Africa and Asia and mapped out some of the main DRM capacity gaps and gap-filling opportunities, such as the value of indigenous knowledge, the economic impacts of drought and related political decision-making, risk assessment, early warning systems and awareness raising. It highlights important similarities in DRM i ...PermalinkSwiss Re, 2012This study reports on the worldwide economic losses from over 300 natural catastrophes and man-made disasters recorded in 2011 and the cost to the global insurance industry. It specifically analyses the catastrophes cost to society, the insured losses and the gap between insured and non-insured economic losses, which points to a widespread lack of insurance.
A special chapter on flooding in this edition of sigma reveals that flood loss potential can be just as high as that of earthquakes and storms. Analysing the floods in Thailand and their impact on the global manufacturing s ...Permalink'Green' growth, 'green' jobs and labor markets (English)
The term 'green jobs' can refer to employment in a narrowly defined set of industries providing environmental services. But it is more useful for the policy-maker to focus on the broader issue of the employment consequences of policies to correct environmental externalities such as anthropogenic climate change. Most of the literature focuses on direct employment created, with more cursory treatment of indirect and induced job creation, especially that arising from macroeconomic effects of policies. The potential ad ...PermalinkUNEP FI, 2012This report explores how the opening up of energy markets to private sector investment through the introduction of smart government policies will be the key to unlocking Africa's massive renewable energy potential.PermalinkIRENA, 2012The IRENA Renewable Energy Country Profiles take stock of the latest development of renewable energy in two regions where renewable energy can make a significant contribution to combat climate change and bring modern energy services to everyone: Africa and the Pacific.
The country profiles combine elements of IRENA analysis with the latest information available from a vast array of sources in order to give a brief yet comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the situation of renewable energy that includes energy supply, electrical capacity, energy access, policies, targets, investment cl ...PermalinkNations Unies, 2012Le rapport de 2011 souligne des avancées réelles dans la réalisation des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement notamment un déclin de la pauvreté dans le monde, reflété par un accès à l’éducation plus poussé et un recul de la mortalité infantile. Qui plus est, l’accès à l’eau potable s’est généralisé malgré l’isolement de certaines régions comme en Afrique subsaharienne, où les populations les plus pauvres en milieu rural – les plus vulnérables - sont souvent les plus dures à atteindre.
Face aux disparités demeurantes, ce rapport n’est pas sans rappeler l’engagement réitéré en s ...Permalink2012Permalink2012PermalinkLos planificadores nacionales están buscando inversores privados que contribuyan a financiar los planes de desarrollo basados en unas bajas emisiones de carbono.PermalinkAEMA, 2011PermalinkAEE, 2011Permalinkis an issue of Options. IIASA, 2011One of the three global problem areas IIASA will focus on this decade.PermalinkLos servicios climáticos son fundamentales para respaldar el esfuerzo de Haití de reconstruir el país, tras las devastadoras consecuencias del terremoto que tuvo lugar a principios de este año.PermalinkPermalinkBulletin, Vol. 60 (1). WMO, 2011PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 60 (1). WMO, 2011Permalink
PermalinkAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), Vol. 11. N° 7. Ten Hoeve J.E.; Remer L.A.; Jacobson M.Z. - Copernicus GmbH, 2011Aerosol, cloud, water vapor, and temperature profile data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) are utilized to examine the impact of aerosols on clouds during the Amazonian biomass burning season in Rondônia, Brazil. It is found that increasing background column water vapor (CWV) throughout this transition season between the Amazon dry and wet seasons likely exerts a strong effect on cloud properties. As a result, proper analysis of aerosol-cloud relationships requires that data be stratified by CWV to account better for the influence of background meteorological vari ...PermalinkAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), Vol. 11. N° 7. Fiedler V.; Arnold F.; Ludmann S.; et al. - Copernicus GmbH, 2011Airborne measurements of trace gases and aerosol particles have been made in two aged biomass burning (BB) plumes over the East Atlantic (Gulf of Guinea). The plumes originated from BB in the Southern-Hemisphere African savanna belt. On the day of our measurements (13 August 2006), the plumes had ages of about 10 days and were respectively located in the middle troposphere (MT) at 3900–5500 m altitude and in the upper troposphere (UT) at 10 800–11 200 m. Probably, the MT plume was lifted by dry convection and the UT plume was lifted by wet convection. In the more polluted MT-plume, numerous me ...PermalinkAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), Vol. 11. N° 3. Rose D.; Gunthe S.S.; Su H.; et al. - Copernicus GmbH, 2011Size-resolved chemical composition, mixing state, and cloud condensation nucleus (CCN) activity of aerosol particles in polluted mega-city air and biomass burning smoke were measured during the PRIDE-PRD2006 campaign near Guangzhou, China, using an aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS), a volatility tandem differential mobility analyzer (VTDMA), and a continuous-flow CCN counter (DMT-CCNC).PermalinkPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 369. N° 1934. Bowerman Niel H.A.; Frame David J.; Huntingford Chris; et al. - The Royal Society, 2011A number of recent studies have found a strong link between peak human-induced global warming and cumulative carbon emissions from the start of the industrial revolution, while the link to emissions over shorter periods or in the years 2020 or 2050 is generally weaker. However, cumulative targets appear to conflict with the concept of a ‘floor’ in emissions caused by sectors such as food production. Here, we show that the introduction of emissions floors does not reduce the importance of cumulative emissions, but may make some warming targets unachievable. For pathways that give a most likely ...Permalinkالمنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; الهيئة الحكومية الدولية المعنية بتغير المناخ ; برنامج الأمم المتحدة للبيئة - الهيئة الحكومية الدولية المعنية بتغير المناخ, 2011PermalinkPermalinkIPCC, 2011PermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Panel Intergubernamental sobre Cambio Climático (IPCC); Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA) - IPCC, 2011PermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Groupe d'Experts Intergouvernemental sur l'Evolution du Climat (GIEC); Programme des Nations Unies pour l'environnement (PNUE) - GIEC, 2011PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC); United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - IPCC, 2011PermalinkAssuming that capital productivity is higher in areas at risk from natural hazards (such as coastal zones or flood plains), this paper shows that rapid development in these areas—and the resulting increase in disaster losses—may be the consequence of a rational and well-informed trade-off between lower disaster losses and higher productivity. With disasters possibly becoming less frequent but increasingly destructive in the future, average disaster losses may grow faster than wealth. Myopic expectations, lack of information, moral hazard, and externalities reinforce the likelihood of this scen ...PermalinkGiven the likely pace of change in the electric vehicle market, it is important that the environmental externalities are identified and quantified. In this report we present the results of a modelling study which investigated how ozone pollution in the Greater Metropolitan Region of Sydney NSW, Australia would respond to the replacement of Sydney’s internal combustion engine (ICE) passenger vehicle fleet with a fleet of electric vehicles. A brief description of the modelling methodology is provided in the next section, and a summary of the modelling outcomes is provided in the following sectio ...PermalinkUNEP, 2011Bioenergy and water are inextricably linked. For the first time, this report examines in depth these interlinkages, highlights the risks and opportunities, and offers an outlook on ways to address them. It provides policymakers with scientific information to support informed strategies and policies. The report also points to the need for further research, filling data gaps, and the development of regionalized tools. Water quantity and quality are factors that determine the extent to which bioenergy can contribute to the overall energy mix. For example, in a world already facing water stress, l ...PermalinkUNEP, 2011UNEP’s Green Economy Report, entitled Towards a Green Economy, aims to debunk several myths and misconceptions about the economics of “greening” the global economy, and provides timely and practical guidance to policy makers on what reforms they need to unlock the productive and employment potential of a green economy.PermalinkThe aim of this study is to examine the gaps in our understanding of how tourism development affects natural World Heritage Sites in order to support the development of sustainable tourism these sites. Through an increased understanding of the risks and opportunities associated to tourism development and growth in World Heritage, this study hopes to encourage tourism development that while protecting the integrity of the site, also brings income generation opportunities for local communities associated with World Heritage Sites, offers financial and other support for the conservation of the si ...PermalinkIPCC, 2011The Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation (SRREN), agreed and released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) on May 9th in Abu Dhabi, assesses existing literature on the future potential of renewable energy for the mitigation of climate change. It covers the six most important renewable energy technologies, as well as their integration into present and future energy systems. It also takes into consideration the environmental and social consequences associated with these technologies, the cost and strategies to overcome technical as well as n ...PermalinkIIED, 2011Nearly one quarter of the global disease burden can be attributed to the environment. Indoor air pollution, vector-borne disease, limited access to clean water and sanitation and poor land management are among the biggest killers, costing more than 100 million disability-adjusted life years every year. Changing climates are set to worsen the problem — by 2030, an estimated 310 million people are expected to have suffered ill health from climate change. Nine out of ten of these people will be in developing countries. Improving environmental health — raising its profile at national, state and lo ...PermalinkAssuming that capital productivity is higher in areas at risk from natural hazards (such as coastal zones or flood plains), this paper shows that rapid development in these areas -- and the resulting increase in disaster losses -- may be the consequence of a rational and well-informed trade-off between lower disaster losses and higher productivity. With disasters possibly becoming less frequent but increasingly destructive in the future, average disaster losses may grow faster than wealth. Myopic expectations, lack of information, moral hazard, and externalities reinforce the likelihood of thi ...PermalinkThis book presents lessons to be learned from Haiti with the aim of improving the health sector’s response in major, sudden-onset disasters in the future. It also identifies opportunities provided by the disaster for making significant changes in health services in Haiti. One of the key lessons of the Haiti tragedy is that coordination can only be effective where national authorities are equipped to assume leadership and establish relief and recovery priorities.Permalink"The latest issue of the Poverty in Focus magazine, published by the International Policy Centre (IPC) of the UN Development Programme (UNDP), looks at the inter-related dimensions of growth, gender, poverty and environment, including climate change mitigation and adaptation related issues."
Source: http://climate-l.iisd.orgPermalinkUNCTAD, 2011"The 2011 Review of Maritime Transport, published by the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) highlights challenges of adapting maritime transport to the impacts of climate change, primarily sea-level rise, and provides an update on the development of measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from maritime transport."
Source: http://climate-l.iisd.orgPermalinkThis European Environment Agency (EEA) report assesses the damage costs to health and the environment resulting from pollutants emitted from industrial facilities. It is based on the latest information, namely for 2009, publicly available through the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR, 2011) in line with the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Aarhus Convention regarding access to environmental information.PermalinkThe guide is part of a series of publications for decision makers in developing countries on how to design, finance and implement effective actions to address climate change. It is based on the outcome of the Conference on Strategies for Adapting Public and Private Infrastructure to Climate Change held in El Salvador in 2010, as a response to the impacts caused by extreme weather events in Central America.
The guide emphasizes the development benefits of climate-proofing infrastructure. It notes that adapting infrastructure to the risks of climate change reduces the loss of live ...PermalinkThis Report explores the integral links between environmental sustainability and equity and shows that these are critical to expanding human freedoms for people today and in generations to come. The point of departure is that the remarkable progress in human development over recent decades that the Human Development Report has documented cannot continue without bold global steps to reduce environmental risks and inequality. We identify pathways for people, communities, countries and the international community to promote environmental sustainability and equity in mutually reinforcing ways.PermalinkThe increased pressures on the world’s natural resources and ecological systems in the past century, has been accompanied by rapid urban population growth. Urban centres themselves have ecological reputations since they drive unsustainable environmental change, rapidly increasing the use of fossil fuels and carbon dioxide emissions due to increasing per capita consumption levels. They also lead to high levels of resource use and waste generation, causing serious ecological consequences locally, regionally and globally, especially in terms of climate change. However, addressing the issue of urb ...PermalinkWater is fundamental to all aspects of human and economic development, encompassing agriculture, fi sheries, forestry, health and disasters. The central importance of water for meeting social and economic development objectives and the anticipated impacts of climate change are such that across the globe, many of the eff ects of climate change will be felt through water (World Bank 2010). This is especially true for Cambodia.PermalinkThis report summarises existing knowledge of climate change impacts on water services and health; the nature and effectiveness of the policy response; and the coverage and gaps in existing assessments of these themes.PermalinkThis report documents the most recent emissions and projections information provided by the Member States of the European Union under the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) (1) at the end of 2010.
The directive requires all 27 Member States to report information annually concerning emissions and projections for four main air pollutants: nitrogen oxides (NOX), non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs), sulphur dioxide (SO2), and ammonia (NH3). These pollutants harm both human health and the environment by contributing to the formation of ozone and particulate matter and by ...PermalinkWBGU, 2011In this report, the WBGU explains the reasons for the desperate need for a post-fossil economic strategy, yet it also concludes that the transition to sustainability is achievable, and presents ten concrete packages of measures to accelerate the imperative restructuring. If the transformation really is to succeed, we have to enter into a social contract for innovation, in the form of a new kind of discourse between governments and citizens, both within and beyond the boundaries of the nation state.PermalinkThis guidebook is offered as a primer to countries to enable them to better assess the level and nature of assistance they will require to catalyze climate capital based on their unique set of national, regional and local circumstances.PermalinkClimate change is believed to represent a serious challenge to poverty reduction efforts around the globe. This paper conducts an up-to-date review of three main strands of the literature analyzing the poverty impacts of climate change : (i) economy-wide growth models incorporating climate change impacts to work out consistent scenarios for how climate change might affect the path of poverty over the next decades; (ii) studies focusing on the poverty impacts of climate change in the agricultural sector; and (iii) studies exploring how past climate variability impacts poverty. The analysis find ...Permalink
PermalinkEight ILO Member States are located in the Pacific region. Due to their geographic isolation, small populations and domestic markets, and vulnerability to external shocks,these countries face a number of socio-economic challenges. Against this context, as well as the Global Financial and Economic Crisis (GFEC) and climate change, this report examines possible labour market scenarios and discusses relevant policy responses.PermalinkThis study analyzes LDCs’ tourism development aspirations as provided in the Diagnostic Trade Integration Studies (DTIS) that were carried out under the Integrated Framework.PermalinkThis briefing stems from a project that focused on electricity supply and the extent to which it’s traded within Southern Africa and South America. Within this the current and projected regional energy production mixes were established and since concerns over climate change are finding their way into many aspects of economic growth and development the project also explored the role that the regional ‘anchor states’ (South Africa and Brazil respectively) are likely to play in securing the future balance in light of climate change and related mitigation imperatives.PermalinkThe focus of this report is the nearshore zone, the vital ecological link between watersheds, tributaries, wetlands, groundwater, and offshore waters of the Great Lakes. Most people live in the nearshore and get their drinking water from this zone. The nearshore also supports critical habitat for fish, invertebrate and wildlife populations. Beach losings, nuisance algal growth, the establishment of alien invasive species, and habitat loss are just some of the troublesome developments in the nearshore that act as harbingers of future changes in offshore waters. A revised Agreement should be ...PermalinkIn response to the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO), the National Research Council appointed a committee operating under the auspices of the Naval Studies Board to study the national security implications of climate change for U.S. naval forces. In conducting his study, the committee found that even the most moderate current trends in climate, if continued, will present new national security challenges for the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. While the timing, degree, and consequences of future climate change impacts remain uncertain, many changes are already underway in regions around ...PermalinkThis report presents an overview of all data that have been published in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPs). In this version of the document (dated 1 February 2011) all 27 European Union Member States have been covered. The countries considered are: Austria,
Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.PermalinkWWF, 20112 years in preparation, The Energy Report is a provocative vision of a world run entirely on renewable energy by 2050.
It comes in 2 parts.
The first part seeks to generate a discussion around the comprehensively researched scenario that is presented in the 2nd part, conducted by project partner consultancy Ecofys.PermalinkEnergy, food, water, urbanisation and finance are areas significantly affected by the effects of population growth. How can the engineering profession respond to key challenges in order to ensure the provision of food, water, shelter and energy in the context of an increasing population?PermalinkECLAC, 2005-[...], 2011The Yearbook covers demographic, social, economic issues; it also provides data on natural resources and environment.PermalinkWorld Economic Forum, 2011There are three “clusters” of risks that will create significant liabilities during the coming decade, according to the report, which was compiled after a survey of about 580 respondents and will form a starting point for risk-based discussions at the upcoming WEF meeting of global business and political leaders at Davos and Klosters, Switzerland, later this month.
Those clusters are macroeconomic risks, including unfunded social liabilities and weak financial markets; the illegal economy, including organized crime and corruption; and limits to growth caused by lack of resources ...Permalink
PermalinkNaciones Unidas, 2011Desde que fueron aprobados, los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio (ODM) han promovido la concienciación y han generado una visión más amplia, que sigue siendo el marco de referencia global de las actividades de desarrollo de las Naciones Unidas.
El presente informe se basa en una serie de datos originales reunidos por el Grupo Interinstitucional y de Expertos sobre los indicadores de los ODM, bajo la coordinación del Departamento de Asuntos Económicos y Sociales de la Secretaría de las Naciones Unidas, en respuesta a la petición de la Asamblea General de que se realicen evalu ...PermalinkPNUD, 2011Este Informe analiza de forma integral los vínculos entre sostenibilidad ambiental y equidad, y demuestra que ambos elementos son cruciales para ampliar las libertades humanas, tanto en esta generación como en las venideras. El argumento parte de la base de que es imposible mantener los extraordinarios avances conseguidos en desarrollo humano en las últimas décadas —que han sido documentados por el Informe sobre Desarrollo Humano— si no se toman medidas audaces a nivel mundial para reducir los riesgos ambientales y la desigualdad. Con ese _n, se identi_can vías de acción para que las personas, ...PermalinkCommission Européenne, 2011Le plan européen pour une utilisation plus efficace des ressources naturelles de la planète soutiendra les objectifs européens de l'Union en matière de changement climatique, d'énergie, de transports, de matières premières, de pêche, de biodiversité et de développement régional.
Ce plan s'inscrit dans le cadre d'Europe 2020 English , la stratégie de l'Union pour l'emploi et la croissance durable. L'Union européenne entend non seulement préserver les ressources de base comme l'air, l'eau, les terres arables, les forêts et l'alimentation, mais également renforcer la réutilisation ...PermalinkPermalink
PermalinkDans son 15e Rapport biennal sur la qualité de l'eau dans les Grands Lacs, la Commission formule 32 recommandations d'actions à mettre en ouvre par les autorités fédérales, étatiques, provinciales et locales. Les recommandations soulignent, en particulier, le besoin pour les États-Unis et le Canada d'approuver une version réviséé de l'Accord relatif à la qualité de l'eau dans les Grands Lacs qui traite des menaces pouvant peser sur la qualité de l'eau, afin d'en prévenir ou d'en réduire l'impact sur la santé humaine et la santé écologique.Permalinkis an issue of Options. IIASA, 2010Contains:
- Cutting emissions by 2020 Pages 16-17
- Energy and climate change Pages 14-15
- Insurance for extreme climatic events Pages 12-13
- Stopping deforestation Pages 9, 21Permalinkis an issue of Forum du Commerce international. 2010Permalinkis an issue of International Trade Forum. International Trade Centre, 2010PermalinkUNEP, 2010Climate change represents one of the greatest challenges but also an inordinate opportunity to catalyze a transition to a low-carbon, resource efficient Green Economy.
This report informs governments and the wider community on how far a response to climate change has progressed over the past 12 months, and thus how far the world is on track to meet wider goals,.
The pledges associated with the Copenhagen Accord of 2009 are the point of departure for this report. What might be achieved in terms of limiting a global temperature rise to 2ºC or less in the 21st centur ...PermalinkFollowing recent power shortages in Southern Africa, energy security, particularly the need to ensure reliable, widespread and affordable power supplies, has become a major policy priority for governments in the region. This paper looks at the main drivers of electricity generation in the region and evaluates the challenges that the region is likely to face as it seeks to expand its power-generating capacity.PermalinkElectricity consumption in Argentina has grown at a rate well above the net GDP in the last years, whereas capacity increase has been slower than consumption increase. This report deals with the problem of energy security in Argentina, which implies many challenges for the country. The author illustrates that the problem emerged first in 2004 as a consequence of the particular modalities adopted by the macroeconomic structural and energy sector reforms of the 1990s, which are still in place today.PermalinkPermalinkThis summary guide is for National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) staff who work with the media. It provides advice on how to approach media interviews, how to handle questions and what to do when faced with difficult situations.Permalink^Este informe se ha preparado para consolidar el Plan de Acción de Madrid (PAM) resultante de la Conferencia Internacional de la OMM sobre condiciones de vida seguras y sostenibles: beneficios sociales y económicos de los servicios meteorológicos, climáticos e hidrológicos, celebrada en Madrid (España), del 19 al 22 de marzo de 2007, conocida también como Conferencia de Madrid. El informe se presenta en tres partes y cuatro apéndices. La primera sección, parte I del informe, se refiere a la Conferencia de Madrid y al PAM. Se analizan las acciones del PAM y se formulan propuestas sobre las form ...PermalinkLe présent rapport a été rédigé pour faire suite au Plan d’action de Madrid issu de la Conférence internationale organisée par l’OMM à Madrid (Espagne), du 19 au 22 mars 2007, sous le titre: «Sécurité et avenir de l’humanité: avantages socio-économiques des services météorologiques, climatologiques et hydrologiques», également connue sous le nom de Conférence de Madrid. Il est articulé en trois parties et quatre appendices. La première partie du rapport se réfère à la Conférence et au Plan d’action de Madrid. Elle propose une analyse des actions énoncées dans le plan ainsi que des propositions ...Permalink