تضع الخطة الاستراتیجیة، التي اعتمدھا المؤتمر العالمي الثامن عشر للأرصاد الجوية في حزيران/ يونیو 2019 ، توجهات وأولويات لكي تسترشد بها المنظمة العالمیة للأرصاد الجوية ( WMO ) في تنفیذ أنشطتها خلال الفترة 2023-2020 وما بعدھا حتى 2030 ، لتمكین جمیع الأعضاء من تحسین معلوماتهم ونواتجهم وخدماتهم.Published by: المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; 2020
تضع الخطة الاستراتیجیة، التي اعتمدھا المؤتمر العالمي الثامن عشر للأرصاد الجوية في حزيران/ يونیو 2019 ، توجهات وأولويات لكي تسترشد بها المنظمة العالمیة للأرصاد الجوية ( WMO ) في تنفیذ أنشطتها خلال الفترة 2023-2020 وما بعدھا حتى 2030 ، لتمكین جمیع الأعضاء من تحسین معلوماتهم ونواتجهم وخدماتهم.
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ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-61225-0Published by: BMO ; 2019 (Издание 2019 г.)
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Archives access: 1953-[...]المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2019 (طبعة 2019; مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 15)Published by: المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; 2019 (طبعة 2019)
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Archives access: 1987-[...]PermalinkThis publication contains: the texts of the WMO Convention; the General, Staff and Financial Regulations; the text of the Agreement between the UN and WMO; the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies; and the agreement, plan of execution and protocol concluded between the Swiss Federal Council and WMO governing the latter's status in Switzerland.Permalink2019年6月第十八次世界气象大会通过的战略计划确定了指导2020-2023和至2030年世界气象组织（WMO） 活动的方向和优先事项，使全体会员能够改进其信息、产品和服务。PermalinkСтратегический план Всемирной метеорологической организации, принятый Восемнадцатым Всемирным метеорологическим конгрессом в июне 2019 года, задает направления и определяет приоритеты для руководства деятельностью Всемирной метеоро¬логической организации (ВМО) в 2020−2023 гг. и на период до 2030 г., с тем чтобы создать возможности для всех Членов совершенствовать свою инфор¬мацию, продукцию и обслуживание.PermalinkEn el Plan Estratégico adoptado por el Decimoctavo Congreso Meteorológico Mundial en junio de 2019, se establecen las directrices y prioridades para orientar las actividades de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) durante 2020-2023 y hasta 2030 a fin de que todos los Miembros puedan mejorar la información, productos y servicios que facilitan.PermalinkContains lists of the Congress and Executive Council resolutions.PermalinkWhile solar radiation enables and sustains life on Earth, it also produces “space weather” that can profoundly impact different technologies, including telecommunications, satellite navigation, and the electric power grid. Solar flares can produce x-rays resulting in radio blackouts that block high-frequency radio waves. Solar Energetic Particles can penetrate satellite electronics and cause electrical failure. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) can cause geomagnetic storms that induce ground currents and degrade power grid operations, sometimes catastrophically. The Sun, The Earth, and Near-Earth ...PermalinkThis lesson provides an overview of Earth’s atmosphere, its vertical structure, the fundamental forces acting on air, and how the atmosphere's composition affects the colors we see in the sky. The lesson also includes information about how Earth receives energy from the Sun as solar and infrared radiation, and the mechanisms for transferring heat around the globe. Learners will be introduced to the components of Earth’s water cycle, and also briefly explore the main types of systems used to observe the atmosphere.PermalinkЭнергетические системы являются двигателем эконо- мического и социального развития. Их вклад образует значительную часть ВВП любой страны. Несомненно, энергетика жизненно необходима для всех аспектов благосостояния человека, включая доступ к воде, сельскохозяйственное производство, здравоохранение, образование, создание рабочих мест и устойчивость окружающей среды. Кроме того, на выбросы пред- приятий энергетического сектора, таких как выбросы CO2, приходится наибольшая доля глобальных антро- погенных выбросов парниковых газов (ПГ). Ожидается, что достижение целевых показателей по сокращению в ...PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 64(2). OMM, 2016Les systemes de production d’energie sont le moteur du developpement economique et social. Les investissements realises a ce titre representent une part importante du PIB d’un pays. De fait, l’energie est indispensable au bien-etre des populations dans pratiquement tous ses aspects, dont l’acces a l’eau, la productivite agricole, la sante, l’education, la creation d’emplois et la protection de l’environnement. Ce secteur est aussi responsable de la plus grande part des rejets de gaz a effet de serre (GES), tel le CO2, dans le monde. Les objectifs de reduction des emissions fixes par la Convent ...PermalinkClimate is changing at unprecedented rates in recorded history. A variety of lines of evidence demonstrate that climate change is likely to affect the hydrologic cycle and thus create new challenges in water management. This requires that climate change information be included in water and water-related resources planning, operations, and management. Climate and Water Resources Management, Part 1: Climate Variability and Change describes the terminology, global evidence, regional manifestations, and basic science of global climate variability and anthropogenic change, with a focus on water res ...PermalinkThis lesson is an abbreviated review of the scientific basis for using visible and infrared satellite imagery. The concepts and capabilities presented are common to most geostationary (GEO) and low-Earth orbiting (LEO) meteorological satellites. Basic remote sensing and radiative theory are reviewed using conceptual models to help organize scientific concepts. Some imagery is also included to illustrate concepts and relate them to sensor observations. This lesson is a part of the NWS Satellite Foundation GOES-R Course. More in-depth information on radiation and radiative transfer can be found ...PermalinkClimate is changing at unprecedented rates in recorded history. A variety of lines of evidence demonstrate that climate change is likely to affect the hydrologic cycle and thus create new challenges in water management. This requires that climate change information be included in water and water-related resources planning, operations, and management. Climate Variability and Change for Water Resources Management - International Edition describes the terminology, global evidence, regional manifestations, and basic science of global climate variability and anthropogenic change, with a focus on wa ...PermalinkEnergy systems are the engine of economic and social development. Their investments represent a sizeable portion of a country’s GDP. Indeed, energy is essential to practically all aspects of human welfare, including access to water, agricultural productivity, health care, education, job creation and environmental sustainability. Furthermore, energy sector emissions, such as CO2, account for the largest share of global anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Emissions reduction targets under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) are expected to significantly increase dema ...PermalinkThis report provides a quantitative assessment of the health impacts of climate change and takes into account a subset of the possible health impacts, while assuming continued economic growth and health progress. Even under these conditions, it concludes that climate change is expected to cause approximately 250 000 additional deaths per year between 2030 and 2050; 38 000 due to heat exposure in elderly people, 48 000 due to diarrhoea, 60 000 due to malaria, and 95 000 due to childhood undernutrition. Results indicate that the burden of disease from climate change in the future will continue t ...PermalinkMarine Weather Services Incident Response and Decision Support provides guidance for forecasters tasked with supporting oil or chemical spills and other marine-focused incidents. The lesson follows an example spill event to help demonstrate marine forecasters' responsibilities for coordinating with emergency managers, other NOAA line offices, and governmental agencies and outlines best practices related to effective communication.PermalinkFlood events are known for their profound capacity to positively or negatively affect humans. Floods improve overall human well-being by providing services such as groundwater recharge, surface-water replenishment, soil-fertility enhancement and a general increase in the value of social–ecological systems. Equally, however, flood events pose a series of diverse health threats, ranging from contaminated water sources to decreased agricultural productivity, especially when communities are vulnerable and lack the capacity to effectively respond to, and recover from, the adverse effects of floods. ...PermalinkCommunication is the imparting or exchange of information between individuals or groups through a common system of symbols, signs or behaviour (Merriam-Webster, 2013a; Oxford Dictionaries, 2013). In recent decades, different conceptual models have been developed to explain the process of human communication. One of the best representations of the flow of information in flood communication is the Interactional Communication Model proposed by Schramm (Schramm, 1954).Permalink
This report reviews and discusses the agreed commitments and targets, as well as the negotiation leading to the Sendai Framework for DRR (SFDRR).
It discusses briefly its implication for the later UN-led negotiations on sustainable development goals and climate change, including the Conference of Parties taking place in Paris, France at the end of 2015.
SFDRR was adopted by UN Member States in March 2015 and was the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action: 1) Understanding disaste ...PermalinkThis paper argues that growth, technological, population-expansion and governance constraints as well as some key systemic issues cast doubt ‘green growth’ hopes.
It argues that such an evolutionary (and often reductionist) approach may well not be sufficient to cope with the complexities of climate change. It may rather give much false hope and excuses to do nothing really fundamental that should bring about a turn around on global GHG emissions.
The paper argues that climate change calls into question the global equality of opportunity for prosperity and is thus ...PermalinkThe major objectives of this systematic review are to: (i) identify which behavioral theories have been applied to disasters and emergency health preparedness and investigate why these theories were preferred over others; (ii) assess as to which theories have been applied with regard to specific natural and man-made disasters and emergencies preparedness; (iii) examine the most common theories and models applied in different regions of the world pertaining to various natural and man-made disasters and emergency preparedness; and (iv) investigate and analyze the methods of analysis used for eac ...PermalinkPermalinkThis report provides a snapshot of the implementation status of measures to protect health from climate change in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region by the end of 2012. It describes and summarizes the answers to a survey across the countries.PermalinkUnited Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); UN Water - United Nations, 2015The report elaborates upon the future of water towards 2050 by describing how water supports healthy and prosperous human communities, including through measures that reduce vulnerability and improve resilience to water-related disasters such as flood and drought management approaches, maintains well-functioning ecosystems and ecological services, and provides a cornerstone for short and long-term economic development.
It provides an overview of the challenges, issues and trends in terms of water resources, their use and water-related services like water supply and sanitation, a ...Permalink本2016-2019年战略计划反映了2015年5月25至6 月12日在日内瓦召开的第十七次世界气象大会 的决定及其确定的方向。它所设定的方向和优 先重点将指导世界气象组织（WMO）的活动，使 全体会员有能力提供更好的信息、产品和服务。 它所期许的是高品质的天气、水文和气候服务， 从而提升社区的抗灾能力、协助促进经济增长 并保护生命和财产免受极端天气、气候和水事 件的影响。PermalinkEl presente Plan Estratégico para 2016-2019 refleja las decisiones del Decimoséptimo Congreso Meteorológico Mundial, celebrado en Ginebra del 25 de mayo al 12 de junio de 2015 y las orientaciones que este ha marcado para la Organización. En él se definen las directrices y prioridades para orientar las actividades de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) a fin de ayudar a todos los Miembros a mejorar su información, productos y servicios. También se prevé una mayor demanda de servicios meteorológicos, hidrológicos y climáticos de gran calidad para aumentar la resistencia de las comunidade ...PermalinkPermalinkتعكس هذه الخطة الإستراتيجية للفترة 2016 - 2019 قرارات وتوجهات المؤتمر العالمي السابع عشر للأرصاد الجوية الذي عُقد في جنيف، 25 أيار/مايو- 12 حزيران/ يونيو 2015 . وتضع الخطة الإستراتيجية توجهات وأولويات لكي تسترشد بها المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية WMO في تنفيذ نشاطاتها، لتمكين جميع ( ) الأعضاء من تحسين معلوماتهم ونواتجهم وخدماتهم. وتحتسب الخطة الإستراتيجية أن يتزايد الطلب على الخدمات ذات الجودة العالية فيما يتعلق بالطقس والماء والمناخ، من أجل تعزيز قدرة المجتمعات المحلية على المقاومة، والاسهام في النمو الاقتصادي وحماية الأرواح والممتلكات من الظواهر المتطرفة المتصلة بالطقس والمناخ والماء.PermalinkНастоящий Стратегический план на 2016–2019 гг. отражает решения и директивы Семнадцатого Всемирного метеорологического конгресса, проводившегося в Женеве с 25 мая по 12 июня 2015 г. Он задает направления и определяет приоритеты для руководства деятельностью Всемирной Метеорологической Организации (ВМО), с тем чтобы позволить всем странам-членам повысить качество предоставляемой ими информации, продукции и обслуживания. Он составлен с учетом ожидаемого повышения спроса на высококачественное метеороло- гическое, гидрологическое и климатическое обслуживание для повышения устойчивости сообществ, с ...PermalinkБюллетень, Том 62. BMO, 2014В настоящее время глобальное изменение климата – это реальность. Температура на поверхности Земли повы- силась более чем на 0,8 °С за последнее столетие и примерно на 0,6 °С за последние 30 лет. Это глобаль- ное изменение привело к экстремальным метеорологи- ческим явлениям, таким как наводнения, засухи и более мощные и частые штормы, которые оказывают негатив- ное влияние на здоровье уязвимых групп населения. В Африке влияние глобального потепления на здоровье человека проявляется в более высокой степени уязви- мости к болезням, переносимым через возбудителей инфекции, воздух и воду, а также ...PermalinkUnited Nations, 2014This document provides some recommendations for addressing disaster risk in tourism in the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction. It presents: (i) status of mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in tourism; (ii) the drivers for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the tourism sector; (iii) recommendations for addressing disaster risk in tourism in the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction; (iv) measuring disaster risk in tourism; (v) a list of agencies contributing and a brief description of institutional commitment; and (vi) key documents/source of additional info.PermalinkThis report argues that investment in climate change adaptation can help ensure that the impacts of climate change do not reverse decades of development progress in Africa.
It presents practical examples of successful low-cost adaptation solutions from around sub-Saharan Africa. The report includes examples of successful adaptation projects that have provided the impetus for large-scale government investments and policy action. According to the report, by 2050 Africa's population will have doubled to 2 billion people, the majority of which will still largely depend on agriculture for th ...PermalinkEl cambio climático es tan duro con la economía como lo es con la sociedad. Los eventos meteorológicos y climatológicos extremos se han cobrado un alto precio en los últimos años, llevándose cientos de miles de vidas y causando pérdidas económicas por encima de 380 000 millones de dólares de Estados Unidos —una cifra que se espera se duplique cada 12 años—.PermalinkВ этой статье вкратце рассматривается вопрос о том, какую пользу может принести для смягчения изменения климата достижение целей Инициативы Организации Объединенных Наций Устойчивая энергетика для всех.PermalinkPermalinkWorld Bank, 2013This case study is part of World Bank Treasury's financial solutions in practice series. It introduces Mexico government's initiatives, which allowed the country to move from an ex-post response to natural disasters to an ex-ante preparedness approach, through: (i) the fund for natural disasters, to which it transfers budgetary funds for disaster relief and reconstruction efforts; and (ii) an institutional framework for disaster preparedness involving risk assessment, risk reduction, the promotion of a culture of prevention, and insurance.
The paper also features Mexican sub-na ...PermalinkKellett Jan; Caravani Alice; Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the ; et al. - ODI, 2013This report examines the record of the international community to date, investigating the priorities in financing of DRR, and asking questions of both the equity and adequacy of past efforts. Beyond this it points to the future of a more rational, targeted investment in risk reduction.PermalinkEEA, 2013In 2010, the EEA produced its first assessment of global megatrends as part of its five-yearly assessment of the European environment’s state, trend and prospects (SOER 2010). In preparation for SOER 2015, the EEA is updating each of the megatrends, providing a more detailed analysis based on the latest data. This publication is one of the 11 updates being published separately in the second half of 2013 and early-2014. In 2014 the chapters will be consolidated into a single EEA technical report, which will provide the basis for the analysis of megatrends included in SOER 2015.PermalinkWHO, 2013In 2010, the EEA produced its first assessment of global megatrends as part of its five-yearly assessment of the European environment’s state, trend and prospects (SOER 2010). In preparation for SOER 2015, the EEA is updating each of the megatrends, providing a more detailed analysis based on the latest data. This publication is one of the 11 updates being published separately in the second half of 2013 and early-2014. In 2014 the chapters will be consolidated into a single EEA technical report, which will provide the basis for the analysis of megatrends included in SOER 2015.PermalinkEEA, 2013In 2010, the EEA produced its first assessment of global megatrends as part of its five-yearly assessment of the European environment’s state, trend and prospects (SOER 2010). In preparation for SOER 2015, the EEA is updating each of the megatrends, providing a more detailed analysis based on the latest data. This publication is one of the 11 updates being published separately in the second half of 2013 and early-2014. In 2014 the chapters will be consolidated into a single EEA technical report, which will provide the basis for the analysis of megatrends included in SOER 2015.PermalinkUNFPA, 2013The document consolidates the knowledge, methods, and practices that emerged from the 2010 expert group meeting entitled "Population Dynamics and Climate Change II: Building for Adaptation" organized by UNFPA, IIED and the Colegio de México in Mexico City.
It intends to catalyze action in global, national and local communities around a more informed, data driven adaptation process, and to bring together disparate disciplines, from environment science to planning to social science and beyond. The use of spatial data is at the core of this agenda.
It is divided in ...PermalinkADB, 2013The Pacific region—a diverse array of 7,500 islands of varying topographies, cultures, and economies—is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, with significant economic costs. This study provides fine-scale climate–economic information that is critical for making development and adaptation planning decisions in Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) Pacific developing member countries (DMCs). Economic assessment associated with climate information helps identify priority sectors, estimate funding needs, and prepare for economy-wide climate change impacts. Projections of total econom ...PermalinkClimate change is now a global phenomenon with growth, poverty, food security, and stability implications. Because of significant dependence on the agricultural sector for production, employment, and export revenues, Ethiopia is seriously threatened by climate change, which contributes to frequent drought, flooding, and rising average temperatures. To examine the impact of climate change on agricultural production and to quantify the resulting lost output, this study conducts a time series analysis using country and regional level data. The econometric application on the appropriate production ...PermalinkWHO, 2013The WHO Regional Office for Europe prepared this economic analysis tool to support health adaptation planning in European Member States. It is based on a review of the science. It is expected to be applied in Member States mainly by line ministries responsible for climate change adaptation.PermalinkUNDP, 2013The 2013 Human Development Report, The Rise of the South: Human Progress in a Diverse World looks at the evolving geopolitics of our times, examining emerging issues and trends and also the new actors which are shaping the development landscape. The Report argues that the striking transformation of a large number of developing countries into dynamic major economies with growing political influence is having a significant impact on human development progress. The Report notes that, over the last decade, all countries accelerated their achievements in the education, health, and income d ...PermalinkHealth Impact Assessment (HIA) is a tool for analysing potential health issues during planning stages of proposals using established systematic mechanisms to demonstrate factors that could affect health and to consider potential response options. This study used the HIA framework to consider potential health impacts of climate change on the population of Vanuatu, to assess the risks and propose adaptive responses. The HIA process involved the participation of a broad range of stakeholders including expert sector representatives in the areas of biophysics, socioeconomics, infrastructure, enviro ...PermalinkADB, 2013South Asia is considered vulnerable to the impacts and consequences of climate change, including sea level rise, melting Himalayan glaciers, and increased frequency of typhoons. Notwithstanding these challenges, sustained and rapid economic growth is necessary for the region to achieve significant poverty reduction, uplift the economic well-being of its people, and increase its resilience to environmental shocks and natural disasters, including those associated with climate change.
Economics of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions in South Asia
Against a backdrop, co ...PermalinkIISD, 2013This report is a product of the Climate Risk Management – Technical Assistance Support Project, which is supported by UNDP’s Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery and Bureau for Development Policy. This is one in a series of reports that examines high-risk countries and focusses on a specific socio-economic sector in each country. The series illustrates how people in different communities and across a range of socio-economic sectors may have to make adaptations to the way they generate income and cultivate livelihoods in the face of a changing climate. These reports present an evidence ...PermalinkPermalinkمنظمة الصحة العالمية ; المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2013 (مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 1098)Permalink健康与气候图集是气象和公共卫生界之间开 展这种独特合作的产物。该图集提供了有关天气和 气候与主要健康挑战之间存在关联性的可靠科学信 息。这些挑战的范围从贫困引发的疾病到极端天气 事件和疾病爆发引起的突发事件。它们还包括环境 退化、非传染性疾病的进一步流行以及人口老龄化 的普遍趋势。PermalinkВсемирная организация здравоохранения (ВОЗ); Всемирная Метеорологическая Организация (BMO) - BMO, 2013 (BMO-No. 1098)Атлас здоровья и климата представляет собой продукт этого уникального сотрудничества между сообществами, занимающимися метеорологией и здравоохранением. В нем содержится достоверная научная информация о связях между погодой, климатом и основными пробле- мами, связанными со здоровьем — от болезней, порожда- емых нищетой, до чрезвычайных ситуаций, возникающих в результате экстремальных метеорологических явлений и эпидемических вспышек. К ним также относятся проблемы деградации окружающей среды, увеличивающееся распространение неинфекционных заболеваний и общая тенденция демографического старения ...PermalinkOrganización Mundial de la Salud (OMS); Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) - OMM, 2013 (OMM-No. 1098)El Atlas de la salud y del clima es el fruto de la colaboración única entre los sectores de la meteorología y la salud pública. Facilita información científica fidedigna sobre la relación entre el tiempo y el clima y los principales problemas de salud. Estos abarcan desde las enfermedades de la pobreza hasta las emergencias causadas por fenómenos meteorológicos extremos y brotes de enfermedades. Incluyen también la degradación del medio ambiente, la creciente prevalencia de enfermedades no transmisibles y la tendencia universal al envejecimiento de la población.PermalinkOrganisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS); Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) - OMM, 2013 (OMM-No. 1098)L’Atlas de la santé et du climat est le fruit de la collabo¬ration exceptionnelle instaurée entre les spécialistes de la météorologie et de la santé. Il renferme d’importantes informations scientifiques sur les rapports entre le temps, le climat et les grands problèmes sanitaires, des maladies liées à la pauvreté aux situations d’urgence créées par les phénomènes météorologiques extrêmes ou les flambées épidémiques, sans oublier la détérioration de l’environnement, la progression des maladies non transmissibles et le vieillissement général de la population.PermalinkClimate change is as hard on the economy as it is on society. Extreme weather and climate events have exacted a heavy toll in recent years, taking hundreds of thousands of lives and causing upward of US$ 380 billion in economic losses – a tally that is expected to double every 12 years.PermalinkThis paper briefly explores the climate change mitigation benefits from the goals of the United Nations Sustainable Energy for All Initiative. In doing so, it relies on the analytical work and scenarios of the forthcoming Global Energy Assessment.PermalinkБюллетень, Том 60(2). BMO, 2012Метеорология охватывает науку, касающуюся как погоды, так и климата. Энергетический сектор испытывает разнообразные потребности в метеорологическом обслуживании для принятия решений относительно повседневных действий и более долгосрочного стратегического планирования.PermalinkUNEP, 2012This study depicts environmental displacement with the premise of increased frequency of natural disasters and the adverse impacts of climate change. Bangladesh is already experiencing recurrent floods, severe cyclones, water logging, salinity intrusions, droughts and river bank erosion which induce mass population displacement. There is no generally agreed definition and scientifically developed methodology to estimate environmental displacement. Proper development guidelines are yet to be adopted to protect the lives and livelihoods of the displaced people who have the right to expect safe l ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; International Global Atmospheric Chemistry project (IGAC) - WMO, 2012The World Meteorological Organization and the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry (IGAC) project have released a study of how megacities affect the climate and pollute the atmosphere. The report concludes that rapid urbanization will pose serious health risks to city dwellers unless stronger efforts are made to reduce pollution.PermalinkIn 2009 the latest long-range climate projections for the UK were published in order to inform the UK’s first Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA), required by the Climate Change Act (2008), covering 11 sectors across society. This HPA report complements the Health Sector report of the CCRA by providing scientific evidence of the wider risks to public health from climate change in the UK.PermalinkThe aim of this book is to give special attention to the needs related to capacity development for water resources management, including water supply and sanitation, in the context of the green economy. This is done by showcasing theoretical and practical approaches which have proved to be successful.PermalinkEPA, 2012This report synthesizes and assesses available scientific information on the current and future impacts of black carbon, and evaluates the effectiveness of available black carbon mitigation approaches and technologies for protecting climate, public health, and the environment. US Environmental Protection Agency, 2012.PermalinkThe second edition of the popular "Remote Sensing Using Satellites" module updates imagery of recent hurricanes as well as other phenomena from more recent satellites. The suggested audience for this module is high school and undergraduate students. Learn about remote sensing in general and then more specifically about how it is done from satellites. We will focus on the visible and infrared channels, those commonly seen on television broadcasts. Come explore the view of Earth from space and see what we see. In the second chapter, we will focus even more on hurricanes and specifically Hurrican ...PermalinkThis lesson, Satellite Feature Identification: Cyclogenesis, uses water vapor satellite imagery to present a satellite perspective of basic features associated with the formation and development of extratropical cyclones. First, through an initial case study, the precursor elements leading to cyclogenesis are identified. Then three conceptual views of different ways cyclogenesis can evolve are presented along with additional examples to illustrate the concepts. Finally a series of exercises, again using real case studies, are used to emphasize the important points and provide realistic scenari ...PermalinkAnticipating Hazardous Weather and Community Risk, 2nd Edition provides emergency managers and other decision makers with background information about weather, natural hazards, and preparedness. Additional topics include risk communication, human behavior, and effective warning partnerships, as well as a desktop exercise allowing the learner to practice the types of decisions required as hazardous situations unfold. This module offers web-based content designed to address topics covered in the multi-day Hazardous Weather and Flood Preparedness course offered by the Federal Emergency Management ...PermalinkVorhies Francis; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) - UN/ISDR, 2012This working paper addresses the likely increase of the economic costs of disasters and the technical and political challenges faced by economic assessments. It makes three suggestions for improving the economic effectiveness of investment decision-making for disaster risk reduction (DRR). It (i) sets out the renewed mandate for investing in DRR which came out of the RIO+20 Conference in June 2012; (ii) highlights the high and rising economic costs of disasters; (iii) explores the challenges of estimating the economic costs of disasters; (iv) identifies the economic benefits of DRR; (v) specif ...PermalinkBy 2015, half of the world’s people living on less than USD 1.25 a day will be in fragile states. While poverty has decreased globally, progress on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 1 is slower in fragile states than in other developing countries. Fragile states are also off-track to meet the rest of the MDGs by 2015.
Fragile situations became a central concern of the international development and security agenda in the 1990s. Since then, powerful forces have been influencing the causes and manifestations of fragility, including the combination of democratic aspirations, new te ...PermalinkThis User’s Guide builds on the WHO training manual Gender mainstreaming for health managers: a practical approach, which was developed by the WHO Department of Gender, Women and Health (GWH), and on the discussion paper Gender, climate change and health, jointly developed by the WHO Climate Change and Health Unit and GWH. This publication constitutes the adaptation of those two resources to the needs of climate change and health programme managersPermalinkScientific evidence indicates that global warming could well lead to a sea-level rise of 1 meter or more in the 21st century. This paper seeks to quantify how a 1-meter sea-level rise that would affect coastal wetlands in 76 developing countries and territories, taking into account how much of wetlands would be submerged and how likely the wetlands would move inland as the coastline recedes. It is estimated that approximately 64 percent of the freshwater marsh, 66 percent of Global Lakes and Wetlands Database coastal wetlands, and 61 percent of brackish/saline wetlands are at risk. A large per ...PermalinkClimate ExChange is a fully illustrated 250-page book with over 100 authors relating their work in weather, climate and water services at international, regional, national and local levels. The commentaries draw upon experiences around the world reflecting how people are using climate information to improve their lives. Climate ExChange reflects the progress and challenges in these fields, highlighting good practices in a wide variety of societies and disciplines.PermalinkThe Atlas of Health and Climate is a product of this unique collaboration between the meteorological and public health communities. It provides sound scientific information on the connections between weather and climate and major health challenges. These range from diseases of poverty to emergencies arising from extreme weather events and disease outbreaks. They also include environmental degradation, the increasing prevalence of noncommunicable diseases and the universal trend of demographic ageing.PermalinkThe World’s Worst Pollution Problems: Assessing Health Risks at Hazardous Waste Sites report reveals that close to 125 million people are at risk from toxic pollution across 49 low to middle-income countries. Also, the report, for the first time estimates the total global burden of disease attributed to toxic pollution from industrial sites in these countries. It establishes the global burden of disease from toxic pollution as on par with better-known public health problems such as malaria and tuberculosis.PermalinkThis report uses the latest available data, to analyse aid investments in disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the period immediately following the United Nations’ (UN) 2005 Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA), and looks in detail at the policies and investment profiles of 24 of the leading aid donors.PermalinkThis paper investigates the link between development, economic growth, and the economic losses from natural disasters in a general analytical framework, with an application to hurricane flood risks in New Orleans. It concludes that where capital accumulates through increased density of capital at risk in a given area, and the costs of protection therefore increase more slowly than capital at risk, (i) protection improves over time and the probability of disaster occurrence decreases; (ii) capital at risk -- and thus economic losses in case of disaster -- increases faster than economic growth; ...PermalinkUnited Nations, 2012This report presents the results of a study conducted for Grenada under the UNDESA project. The pilot study focuses on three priority areas: water resources, coastal ecosystems and renewable energy systems. The priorities were selected following a systematic approach using analytical tools to help Grenada in the comprehensive assessment of potential impacts from climate change. It identifies the best potential courses of action to hedge for and adapt to these critical impact areas. The analytical work contributes to the knowledge base to support implementation of climate change adaptation/miti ...PermalinkBhattacharya Amar; Romani Mattia; Stern Nicholas - Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, 2012PermalinkHenley Media Group, 2012This book considers building financial resilience against 'natural' disasters and climate change through an article from Francis Ghesquiere and Olivier Mahul, from the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). The article discusses the challenges created by 'natural' disasters and climate change to fiscal account management and outline steps that governments should take to overcome them. The article is featured on page 185.
The overall publication includes over 40 articles aimed to foster debate and collaboration in the weeks preceding the Commonwealth Financ ...PermalinkThis study attempts to encourage practical implementation of climate change adaptation programmes and their integration into national plans for sustainable development. It argues that the assessment process must evolve over time to fit continuously changing climate change impacts, conditions, priorities and national sustainable development criteria. The publication summarises initial analysis, findings and proposals of three critical areas for Grenada: water resources, costal ecosystems and renewable energy systems. The study concludes with a number of recommendations. For example, in terms of ...PermalinkOECD, 2012A lack of finance for water resources management is a primary concern for most OECD countries. This is exacerbated in the current fiscal environment of tight budgets and strong fiscal consolidation, as public funding provides the lion’s share of financial resources for water management.
The report provides a framework for policy discussions around financing water resources management that are taking place at local, basin, national, or transboundary levels. The report goes beyond the traditional focus on financing water supply and sanitation to examine the full range of water man ...PermalinkBigas Harriet; Axworthy Thomas S.; UN University Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH); et al. - UNU, 2012In March 2011, high-level experts from around the world were invited to Toronto, Canada, to meet with members of the InterAction Council about the status of the world’s freshwater supply as it relates to global security issues (see List of Participants in this volume). These experts reported that that the global water crisis is real and that there is urgency in addressing the growing number of security risks associated with threatened water supply and quality. They also, however, expressed hope and identified opportunities that can be realized by the timely triggering of change in policies, in ...PermalinkWHO, 2012This report presents the results of a systematic review of evidence of the health effects of black carbon (BC). The Task Force on Health agreed that a reduction in exposure to PM2.5 containing BC and other combustion-related PM material for which BC is an indirect indicator should lead to a reduction in the health effects associated with PM. The Task Force recommended that PM2.5 should continue to be used as the primary metric in quantifying human exposure to PM and the health effects of such exposure, and for predicting the benefits of exposure reduction measures. The use of BC as an addition ...PermalinkRahman Mizanur; Islamic Relief Worldwide ; National Alliance for Risk Reduction and Response Initiatives (NARRI) - NARRI, 2012This document reports on a project titled 'A Disaster Resilient Future: Mobilising Communities and Institutions for Effective Risk Reduction', which aims to support and complement strategies that enable local communities to better prepare for, mitigate and respond adequately to natural hazards by enhancing their capacities to cope and respond, thereby increasing their resilience and reducing vulnerability. It describes the processes and learning in mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction and adaptation adopted by the three Union Disaster Management Committees supported under the project. It a ...PermalinkUnited Nations, 2012Three important targets on poverty, slums and water have been met three years ahead of 2015, says this year’s Report on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Meeting the remaining targets, while challenging, is possible ─ but only if Governments do not waiver from their commitments made over a decade ago.PermalinkGFDRR, 2012This report – Avoiding Future Famines: Strengthening the Ecological Basis of Food Security through
Sustainable Food Systems - has been a unique collaboration of 12 leading scientists and
experts involved in world food systems including marine and inland fisheries.
The institutions involved include the UN Environment Programme, the International Fund
for Agricultural Development, the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations,
the World Bank, the World Food Programme and the World Resources Institute. The report provides
detai ...PermalinkICAO, 2012PermalinkWHO, 2012The report, Our Planet, Our Health, Our Future
Human health and the Rio Conventions: biological diversity, climate change and desertification, reviews the scientific evidence for the linkages between health and biodiversity, climate change and desertification, the representation of health in the corresponding Rio Conventions, and the opportunities for more integrated and effective policy.PermalinkAs a follow-up to a first paper A preliminary analysis of flood and storm disaster data in Viet Nam, this Quang Binh case study provides a more in-depth disaster profile of one particular province in Viet Nam, including specific temporal and spatial distribution patterns while using district aggregated data. It also looks deeper into the relationship between disasters and poverty through analysis of various indicators: number of deaths, impact on housing and agricultural produce, poverty rate and the percentage of poor households.
The first part of this paper examines the disas ...PermalinkBased on an IO structure, the ARIO-inventory model simulates the economic consequences and responses to a natural disaster. It represents explicitly production bottlenecks, models a flexibility in production capacity in case of scarcity, and introduces inventories as an additional flexibility in the production system. Moreover, it takes into account the heterogeneity in goods and services within sectors, and the consequences on production bottlenecks and substitution possibilities. The model is applied to the landfall of hurricane Katrina in Louisiana. Sensitivity analyses show that results ar ...PermalinkUNDP, 2012This report is one of the main outputs from UNDP DDC's activities of the Africa-Asia Drought Risk Management Peer Assistance Network (AADP), funded by the Government of Japan, in 2011. It reviews the current drought risk management (DRM) institutional and programmatic landscape in Africa and Asia and mapped out some of the main DRM capacity gaps and gap-filling opportunities, such as the value of indigenous knowledge, the economic impacts of drought and related political decision-making, risk assessment, early warning systems and awareness raising. It highlights important similarities in DRM i ...PermalinkSwiss Re, 2012This study reports on the worldwide economic losses from over 300 natural catastrophes and man-made disasters recorded in 2011 and the cost to the global insurance industry. It specifically analyses the catastrophes cost to society, the insured losses and the gap between insured and non-insured economic losses, which points to a widespread lack of insurance.
A special chapter on flooding in this edition of sigma reveals that flood loss potential can be just as high as that of earthquakes and storms. Analysing the floods in Thailand and their impact on the global manufacturing s ...Permalink'Green' growth, 'green' jobs and labor markets (English)
The term 'green jobs' can refer to employment in a narrowly defined set of industries providing environmental services. But it is more useful for the policy-maker to focus on the broader issue of the employment consequences of policies to correct environmental externalities such as anthropogenic climate change. Most of the literature focuses on direct employment created, with more cursory treatment of indirect and induced job creation, especially that arising from macroeconomic effects of policies. The potential ad ...PermalinkUNEP FI, 2012This report explores how the opening up of energy markets to private sector investment through the introduction of smart government policies will be the key to unlocking Africa's massive renewable energy potential.PermalinkIRENA, 2012The IRENA Renewable Energy Country Profiles take stock of the latest development of renewable energy in two regions where renewable energy can make a significant contribution to combat climate change and bring modern energy services to everyone: Africa and the Pacific.
The country profiles combine elements of IRENA analysis with the latest information available from a vast array of sources in order to give a brief yet comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the situation of renewable energy that includes energy supply, electrical capacity, energy access, policies, targets, investment cl ...PermalinkNations Unies, 2012Le rapport de 2011 souligne des avancées réelles dans la réalisation des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement notamment un déclin de la pauvreté dans le monde, reflété par un accès à l’éducation plus poussé et un recul de la mortalité infantile. Qui plus est, l’accès à l’eau potable s’est généralisé malgré l’isolement de certaines régions comme en Afrique subsaharienne, où les populations les plus pauvres en milieu rural – les plus vulnérables - sont souvent les plus dures à atteindre.
Face aux disparités demeurantes, ce rapport n’est pas sans rappeler l’engagement réitéré en s ...Permalink2012Permalink