ICRAF, 2013Decline in agricultural productivity due to severe land degradation is a common issue in many farming systems in Ethiopia. Several places, including the high potential agricultural areas, are dealing with highly degraded landscapes and severe soil loss.Published by: ICRAF ; 2013
Recognizing local agro-ecological knowledge in sustainable intensification of tree-crop-livestock farming systems
Decline in agricultural productivity due to severe land degradation is a common issue in many farming systems in Ethiopia. Several places, including the high potential agricultural areas, are dealing with highly degraded landscapes and severe soil loss.
Format: Digital (Free)UNEP, 2013The change to a green and better fed world depends on the development of low carbon agriculture. Improving food and nutrition security while protecting the earth’s natural resource base will require a smarter, more innovative, better focused and cost-effective approach.Published by: UNEP ; 2013
The change to a green and better fed world depends on the development of low carbon agriculture. Improving food and nutrition security while protecting the earth’s natural resource base will require a smarter, more innovative, better focused and cost-effective approach.
Format: Digital (Free)The rapid expansion of commodity agriculture in tropical forest landscapes is a key driver of deforestation. To meet the growing demand from a more prosperous and expanding global population, it is imperative to develop sustainable commodity supply chains that support higher agricultural productivity, and that enable improved environmental, economic, and social outcomes. Interventions by community, market, and state actors can enhance the sustainability of supply chains by affecting where and how agricultural production occurs. These interventions—in the form of novel or moderated instit ...Published by: CGIAR ; 2013
The rapid expansion of commodity agriculture in tropical forest landscapes is a key driver of deforestation. To meet the growing demand from a more prosperous and expanding global population, it is imperative to develop sustainable commodity supply chains that support higher agricultural productivity, and that enable improved environmental, economic, and social outcomes. Interventions by community, market, and state actors can enhance the sustainability of supply chains by affecting where and how agricultural production occurs. These interventions—in the form of novel or moderated institutions and policies, incentives, or information—can influence producers directly or achieve their impacts indirectly by influencing consumer, retailer, and processor decisions.
This study used global datasets to document the trends in deforestation and commodity agriculture production to compare and explain the impacts of different types of supply chain interventions.
Format: Digital (Free)UNDP, 2013This policy has been developed with a dual objective in mind. The first was to strengthen Jordan’s capacity to respond to the detrimental impacts of Climate Change expected to add a multiplying effect to current challenges in sectors like water and agriculture. The second was to strengthen Jordan’s global stewardship in addressing options to reduce emissions while achieving sound and sustainable developmental objectives especially in the various sectors of energy.Published by: UNDP ; 2013
This policy has been developed with a dual objective in mind. The first was to strengthen Jordan’s capacity to respond to the detrimental impacts of Climate Change expected to add a multiplying effect to current challenges in sectors like water and agriculture. The second was to strengthen Jordan’s global stewardship in addressing options to reduce emissions while achieving sound and sustainable developmental objectives especially in the various sectors of energy.
Format: Digital (Free)Science for Environment Policy, Issue 34. EEA, 2012A new study has revealed the diversity in terminology and choice of indicators across eight major frameworks used to assess the environmental impacts of agriculture. The researchers call for further work to quantify and express uncertainty surrounding chosen reference values.[article]
in Science for Environment Policy > Issue 34 (2 October 2012) . - 1 p.
A new study has revealed the diversity in terminology and choice of indicators across eight major frameworks used to assess the environmental impacts of agriculture. The researchers call for further work to quantify and express uncertainty surrounding chosen reference values.
Format: Digital[article]Since the Global Conference on Climate Change, Food Security and Agriculture held at the Hague in 2010, the concept of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) has gained increasing attention at international and national levels, with several countries initiating related activities. The objective of this paper is to highlight recent experiences with country-level implementation of CSA to identify some key lessons to incorporate in ongoing efforts to expand the use of the approach in developing countries. Section 1 describes the evolution of the concept of CSA since the Hague conference. Section 2 i ...PermalinkAgriculture has to address simultaneously three intertwined challenges: ensuring food security through increased productivity and income, adapting to climate change and contributing to climate change mitigation. To accomplish this, food systems have to become, at the same time, more efficient and resilient, at every scale from the farm level to the global level. Radical changes are needed in agricultural and food systems. These changes can play an essential role in greening the economy and contributing to sustainable development. This paper considers the intertwined challenges of food sec ...PermalinkWe explore the relationship between farming practice changes made by households coping with the huge demographic, economic, and ecological changes they have seen in the last 10 years and household food security. We examine whether households that have been introducing new practices, such as improved management of crops, soil, land, water, and livestock (e.g. cover crops, micro-catchments, ridges, rotations, improved pastures, and trees) and new technologies (e.g. improved seeds, shorter-cycle and drought-tolerant varieties) are more likely to be food secure than less innovative farming househo ...PermalinkThis document illustrates the relationship between climate change and agriculture; reviews and demonstrates how current climate change policy responses fall short of addressing the realities of poor rural farmers who are the most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change; and paints an alternative way forward by defining Climate Resilient Sustainable Agriculture (CRSA) and suggesting recommendations to national governments. CRSA prioritises the right to food, environmental conservation, and long-term community resilience in order to reduce food insecurity at the local level, and contribute t ...PermalinkThe Management for Adaptation to Climate Change (MACC) project in Malawi is implemented by Total Land Care (TLC) with funding from the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Malawi and a 5 years time frame from 2008 to mid 2013. The key objectives of the project are to reduce deforestation, to improve household food security and incomes, and to develop rural-based enterprises. The review team found the project in line with Malawian as well as Norwegian development policy. TLC also has an extensive and good cooperation with Malawian NGOs as well as with international organisations, both in Malawi and abroa ...PermalinkUNEP, 2012This report – Avoiding Future Famines: Strengthening the Ecological Basis of Food Security through
Sustainable Food Systems - has been a unique collaboration of 12 leading scientists and
experts involved in world food systems including marine and inland fisheries.
The institutions involved include the UN Environment Programme, the International Fund
for Agricultural Development, the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations,
the World Bank, the World Food Programme and the World Resources Institute. The report provides
detai ...PermalinkUNCTAD, 2012"The report, titled "Development-led Globalization: Towards Sustainable and Inclusive Development Paths," suggests that FDG has led to uneven, unstable and unfair outcomes. It outlines an agenda for DLG based on three pillars: enabling developing countries to mobilize domestic resources, strengthen productive capacities and share the gains in an equitable manner; creating more robust multilateral structures for collective responses to upcoming challenges, such as taming finance and promoting investment-led responses to climate change; and strengthening regional ties, including through South–So ...PermalinkUNEP, 2011This chapter has three broad aims. First, it highlights the need for providing all households with sufficient and affordable access to clean water supplies as well as adequate sanitation. Second, it makes a case for early investment in water management and infrastructure, including ecological infrastructure. The potential to make greater use of biodiversity and ecosystem services in reducing water treatment costs and increasing productivity is emphasised. Third, the chapter provides guidance on the suite of governance arrangements and policy reforms, which, if implemented, can sustain and incr ...PermalinkThe global food security and sustainable agriculture are the key challenges before the scientific community in the present era of enhanced climate variability, rapidly rising population and dwindling resources. No part of the world is immune from meteorological extremes of one sort or another posing threat to the food security. Agrometeorology has to make most efficient use of the opportunities available in achieving the objectives of enhancing productivity and maintenance of sustainability. Increased awareness and technological advancement have provided opportunities to develop efficient agro ...PermalinkEmpirical evidence has shown that farmers can adapt to climate change by using sustainable land and water management (SLWM) practices that provide local mitigation benefits, reducing or offsetting the negative effects of climate change at the level of the plot, farm, or even landscape. However, adaptation to climate change using SLWM practices in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains low. This study was conducted to examine the impact of government policies on adaptation to climate change.PermalinkMany experts believe that low-cost mitigation opportunities in agriculture are abundant and comparable in scale to those found in the energy sector. They are mostly located in developing countries and have to do with how land is used. By investing in projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), countries can tap these opportunities to meet their own Kyoto Protocol obligations. The CDM has been successful in financing some types of agricultural projects, including projects that capture methane or use agricultural by-products as an energy source. But agricultural land-use projects are s ...PermalinkSciences au sud, 56. Institut de recherche pour le développement (IRD), 2010PermalinkAgrisud International, 2010L’agroécologie consiste pour le paysan à chercher à imiter la nature dans son champ. Elle mise sur les complémentarités entre différentes plantes et animaux. Elle conçoit l’agriculture non comme un processus qui transforme des intrants en productions agricoles, mais comme un cycle, où le déchet sert d’intrant, où les animaux et les légumineuses fertilisent les sols et où les mauvaises herbes sont considérées comme remplissant des fonctions utiles.Permalink
Report of the Regional Workshop on the 1995 FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries in the Central Asian Region: a Call to Action = Региональная конференция «Кодекс ведения ответственного рыбного хозяйства ФАО 1995 года в Центрально-азиатском регионе: Призыв к действию», Ташкент, Узбекистан, 8-10 апреля 2008 г.The Regional Workshop on the 1995 FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries in the Central Asian region: a call to action was organized by the Center for Development of Fishery of the Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources of Uzbekistan, in close technical collaboration with FAO and with organizational support from the State Committee for Nature Protection of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Institute of Water Problems of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Региональная ...PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Kanemasu E.T.; Lablans W.N.; et al. - Test Publisher, 1997 (WMO/TD-No. 838)Contains:
- Mills, P.F. Agrometeorological Aspects And Application Of Available Technologies To Help Promote The Development Of Sustainable Farming Systems.
- Sirotenko, O.D. Adaptation Of Farming Systems And Agricultural Production To Climate Variability And Change, Including Modelling Of Crops, Pasture And Animal Production.
- Brunetti, A. Methods And Techniques For Microscale Modification To Avoid Or Reduce Losses In Agricultural Production.
- Ford, F.B. and E.T. Kanemasu. Methods To Transform Basic Knowledge Into Operational Techniques And To Adapt Operational ...PermalinkPermalinkCaddy J.F.; Griffiths R.C.; Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) - FAO, 1995 (FAO Fisheries technical paper-No. 353)This document provides a broad perspective on issues related to living marine resources, their environment and management in the post-UNCED context provided by Agenda 21 and the Cancun Conference. The document begins with a sectorial discussion of sustainable development of living resources of nearshore and estuarine, semi-enclosed seas, coastal and shelf waters, the high seas and Antarctic waters. Constraints on harvesting, impacts of marine pollution, and potentials for further development of resources are addressed. Each section concludes with a discussion of elements that can be included i ...PermalinkCaddy J.F.; Griffiths R.C.; Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'Alimentation et l'Agriculture (FAO) - FAO, 1995 (FAO Document technique sur les pêches-No. 353)Ce document offre une perspective ouverte sur les questions ayant trait aux ressources marines vivantes, à leur environnement et à leur gestion dans le contexte de l'après-CNUED tel que défini par l'Agenda 21 et la Conférence de Cancún. Le document commence par une discussion sectorielle sur les ressources vivantes des zones côtiéres et estuariennes, des mers semi-fermées, le plateau continental, des eaux océaniques et antarctiques. Les contraintes s'exercent sur l'exploitation, l'impact des pollutions marines et le potentiel des ressources en termes de développement futur sont abordés. Chaque ...PermalinkCaddy J.F.; Griffiths R.C.; Organización de las Naciones Unidas para la Agricultura y la Alimentación (FAO) - FAO, 1995 (FAO Documento tecnico de pesca-No. 353)En este documento se traza una amplia perspectiva sobre temas relacionados con los recursos marinos vivos, su medio ambiente y su ordenación en el marco post-CNUMAD delineado por el Programa 21 y la Conferencia de Cancún. El documento comienza con un análisis sectorial del desarrollo sostenible de los recursos vivos de las aguas ribereñas y de estuarios, de mares semicerrados, de aguas costeras y de la plataforma continental, de aguas marinas de altura y del Antártico. Se abordan cuestiones sobre limitaciones en materia de capturas, efecto de la contaminación marina y potencial de desarrollo d ...PermalinkThe SEED Initiative is a global partnership for action on sustainable development and the green economy.
The goal of SEED is to support the ability of such entrepreneurs to scale up or replicate their activities. This furthers their contribution to their local economies and communities while promoting sustainable management of natural resources and ecosystems and reducing poverty, marginalisation and exclusion.PermalinkPermalinkLa Iniciativa SEED es una asociación global de acción para el desarrollo sostenible y la economía ecológica.
SEED tiene por objeto respaldar la capacidad de dichos empresarios para ampliar o reproducir sus actividades y posibilitar que contribuyan a sus economías y comunidades locales, favoreciendo la gestión sostenible de los recursos naturales y los ecosistemas y combatiendo la pobreza, la marginación y la exclusión social.PermalinkL’initiative SEED est un partenariat mondial d’action sur le développement durable et l’économie verte.
L’objectif de SEED est de soutenir la capacité de croissance ou de réplication des activités de ces entrepreneurs, et leur permettre d’apporter leur contribution aux économies locales et aux communautés, tout en encourageant une gestion durable des
ressources naturelles et des écosystèmes, et en diminuant la pauvreté, la marginalisation et l’exclusion.PermalinkPermalink