Published by: WMO ; 2006
Language(s): English; Other Languages: French
Format: CD, DVD, Digital (Free)
Tags: Observations ; Meteorological instrument ; Hydrometeorological instrument ; Automated Weather Observing System (AWOS) ; Global Space-based Inter-Calibration System (GSICS) ; WMO Integrated Global Observing System (WIGOS) ; Data assimilation ; Meteorology ; Urban zone ; OBS - Personnel performing instrument calibrations ; Instruments and Methods of Observation Programme (IMOP) ; IOM 86 Add tagPublished by: WMO ; 2006
Format: CD, DVD, Digital (Free)Published by: OMM ; 2006
Language(s): French; Other Languages: English
Format: CD, DVD, Digital (Free)There has been a steady change in the nature of food production over the last few years. In all regions of the world there has been a shift towards organic production methods by limited numbers of producers with a view to a more earth-friendly form of production. There has also been a world-wide development of urban agriculture, particularly in regions with rapidly increasing urban populations, and difficulty in deriving maximum benefit from rural resources to feed the urban population. Likewise, the increase in indoor production has been marked over the last decade. Indoor production allows g ...Published by: WMO ; 2003
Agrometeorological Aspects of Organic Agriculture, Urban Agriculture, Indoor Agriculture and Precision Agriculture
There has been a steady change in the nature of food production over the last few years. In all regions of the world there has been a shift towards organic production methods by limited numbers of producers with a view to a more earth-friendly form of production. There has also been a world-wide development of urban agriculture, particularly in regions with rapidly increasing urban populations, and difficulty in deriving maximum benefit from rural resources to feed the urban population. Likewise, the increase in indoor production has been marked over the last decade. Indoor production allows greater control over external influences, and an ability to time the harvest for maximum economic return. For those areas with large scale arable production, the introduction of precision agriculture has lead to a new way of farming, where the farmer worries about detail and variability, and tries to work more closely with the environment to achieve the best gross margin. Each of these forms of agriculture present a new challenge to the agrometeorological community. The challenge includes understanding what the farming system is, how it works, and what interactions are influential between the farmer and the weather in determining the success of the operation.
Format: Digital (Free)Published by: WMO ; 2003
Agrometeorological aspects of organic agriculture, urban agriculture, indoor agriculture, precision agriculture
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy (ill.)Obasi G.O.P; World Meteorological Organization (WMO) - WMO, 2001 (SG's lectures, speeches, statements-No. 115)PermalinkDear Richard J.de; World Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - WMO, 2000 (WMO/TD-No. 1026)PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations (UN); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); et al. - WMO, 1997Few would dispute that urban water systems should be both healthy and sustainable. Ideally, along with efficiency, these are central pillars in every urban water strategy. Unfortunately, the narrow pursuit of health can undermine the sustainability of water systems, and vice versa. Such trade-offs must not be rationalised away, but recognised in order to develop diversified and better aimed water strategies. It is crude policies, such as promoting health by providing free water for all, or promoting sustainability by charging everyone high prices, that create the steepest trade-offs. Trade-off ...PermalinkPermalinkBy the turn of the millennium, about half the world's population will be urban dwellers. So, cities will occupy an increasingly important place in human affairs. Profound questions arise regarding climate, weather and water, that all affect cities directly and are at the same time affected by them. This booklet, a contribution to World Meteorological Day 1997, discusses the role of the World Meteorological Organization in sustainable urban development.PermalinkPermalink
PermalinkPermalinkThis booklet, a contribution to the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (HABITAT II) in Istanbul, reviews the relationship between climate and human settlement. Focus is on how urbanization may influence both the local climate and global climate change. It is suggested that any negative influence can be mitigated through planning, building and operating urban areas in harmony with climate.PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) - WMO, 1994 (WMO/TD-No. 647)PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalink
PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThis publication reviews developments in the fields of urban climatology and meteorology in the period 1973-1976 inclusive. It therefore forms an addendum to WMO Technical Note No. 134 "Review of Urban Climatology 1968-1973" produced earlier by the author. The organization of the report follows that of the earlier one and the combined bibliographies along with that produced by Chandler (WMO Publication No. 276, 1970) provide a reasonably comprehensive coverage of literature in urban climatology.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - WMO, 1976 (WMO-No. 441)This report attempts to discuss the systematics of building climatology in relation to building design. Chapter 1 attempts to outline the general scope of building climatology. Chapter 2 provides a detailed analysis of the meteorologist's contribution to the improvement of the safety of buildings exposed to weather extremes of one kind or another. Chapter 3 describes systematic processes for harnessing meteorological data into the actual building design and construction process. It assumes, as a fundamental requirement, that it is important to work out how best to achieve an appropriate balanc ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) - WMO, 1976 (WMO-No. 438)As a guide to planners, Chapter 1 of this Technical Note considers the various mass, moisture, heat and momentum exchanges within the urban boundary layer; Chapter 2 describes the conséquences of thèse as they affect the distribution patterns of each of the meteorological éléments; and Chapter 3 considers the implications of urban climates to successful urban design, together with the logistics of the climatic input into the planning process.PermalinkThis report offers some practical guidelines on the processing and use of regular surface and upper-air observations in terms of their climatological influence on transport and diffusion of air pollutants. The concept of a meteorological potential for air pollution is discussed. An attempt was made to include examples of pertinent climatological data for various parts of the world but in fact the data are limited to temperate and northern latitudes of the northern hemisphere. There is a paucity of available meteorological studies relative to air pollution in the tropics, which, unfortunately, ...PermalinkThis publication reviews developments in the field of urban climatology since the Symposium on Urban Climates and Building Climatology held at Brussels in 1968 under the joint sponsorship of the World Health Organization and WMO. During this relatively short period of time the importance of understanding the atmospheric environment of human settlements has become increasingly apparent and the amount of research has greatly expanded. The review is in two parts. The first part deals mainly with observational studies. This begins with a look at work aimed at elucidating the nature of the fundamen ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThe world continues to urbanise. In 2008, for the first time in history more than half of the world's population lived in cities. By 2030, it is estimated that five billion people—80 per cent of humanity—will be urbanised.
For highly urbanised countries, a wrong step in urban policy can have national implications, especially when around 40 per cent of the national population live in just two cities (as is the case for Australia). Aside from city states like Singapore and Monaco, Australia is the most urbanised nation on earth. More than three in four of Australians live in the 18 cities ...Permalink18 April 2012: As part of its Making Cities Resilient Campaign, the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) has launched the Local Government Self Assessment Tool, to support cities in managing disaster risk. UNISDR reports that 2011 was the worst year on record for economic losses from disasters.
The tool aims to increase understanding of disaster risk reduction (DRR), allowing cities to establish baselines and identify planning and investment gaps for risk reduction and climate change adaptation. According to UNISDR, the new tool has been piloted in over 20 c ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalink