This report analyses evidence linking community forest rights with healthier forests and lower carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
It makes the case for strengthening the rights of indigenous and local communities over their forests as a policy tool for mitigating climate change. The report argues that when Indigenous Peoples and local communities have no or weak legal rights, their forests tend to be vulnerable to deforestation and thus become the source of carbon dioxide emissions. Legal forest rights for communities and government protection of t ...Published by: WRI ; 2014
Securing rights, combating climate change: how strengthening community forest rights mitigates climate change
This report analyses evidence linking community forest rights with healthier forests and lower carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
It makes the case for strengthening the rights of indigenous and local communities over their forests as a policy tool for mitigating climate change. The report argues that when Indigenous Peoples and local communities have no or weak legal rights, their forests tend to be vulnerable to deforestation and thus become the source of carbon dioxide emissions. Legal forest rights for communities and government protection of their rights tend to lower carbon dioxide emissions and deforestation. Indigenous Peoples and local communities with legal forest rights maintain or improve their forests’ carbon storage. Even when communities have legal rights to their forest, government actions that weaken those rights can lead to high carbon dioxide emissions and deforestation. It argues that communities can partially overcome government actions that weaken their forest rights.
Format: Digital (Free)FAO, 2013In 2010, FAO prepared guidelines to support policy-makers in integrating climate change concerns into new or existing forest policies and national forest programmes. This document serves as a companion to those 2010 guidelines in order to aid sustainable forest management.
This document provides guidance on what forest managers should consider in assessing vulnerability, risk, mitigation options, and actions for adaptation, mitigation and monitoring in response to climate change.Published by: FAO ; 2013
In 2010, FAO prepared guidelines to support policy-makers in integrating climate change concerns into new or existing forest policies and national forest programmes. This document serves as a companion to those 2010 guidelines in order to aid sustainable forest management.
This document provides guidance on what forest managers should consider in assessing vulnerability, risk, mitigation options, and actions for adaptation, mitigation and monitoring in response to climate change.
Format: Digital (Free)This booklet provides an overview of major research activities and achievements of MOTIVE. It represents the state of the art in science-based information on adaptation of European forests to climate change. Topics covered include: Information on climate change projections for Europe with emphasis on implications for forest management; shifts in potential tree species ranges based on climate projections; genetic adaptation of tree species to climate change; mapping of disturbance risks to European forests with focus on wind, fire and bark beetles; decision support tools for adaptive fore ...Published by: MOTIVE ; 2013
This booklet provides an overview of major research activities and achievements of MOTIVE. It represents the state of the art in science-based information on adaptation of European forests to climate change. Topics covered include: Information on climate change projections for Europe with emphasis on implications for forest management; shifts in potential tree species ranges based on climate projections; genetic adaptation of tree species to climate change; mapping of disturbance risks to European forests with focus on wind, fire and bark beetles; decision support tools for adaptive forest management; and the MOTIVE toolbox which aims to allow users to select adaptive management actions and optimize management plans. We also look at the types of decision making approaches and their implications for adapting forest management to climate change. A special section describing the ten case study forests is included. Each of the case studies have contrasting environments for forest management, ranging from Finland and Sweden in the North to Spain and Portugal in the South, from Wales in the West to Bulgaria and Romania in the East. A wide range of forest types, management regimes and climates are covered. It is hoped that this will give insight into the challenges which climate change presents, and inform the reader as to the various potential responses around Europe.
Format: Digital (Free)The rapid expansion of commodity agriculture in tropical forest landscapes is a key driver of deforestation. To meet the growing demand from a more prosperous and expanding global population, it is imperative to develop sustainable commodity supply chains that support higher agricultural productivity, and that enable improved environmental, economic, and social outcomes. Interventions by community, market, and state actors can enhance the sustainability of supply chains by affecting where and how agricultural production occurs. These interventions—in the form of novel or moderated instit ...Published by: CGIAR ; 2013
The rapid expansion of commodity agriculture in tropical forest landscapes is a key driver of deforestation. To meet the growing demand from a more prosperous and expanding global population, it is imperative to develop sustainable commodity supply chains that support higher agricultural productivity, and that enable improved environmental, economic, and social outcomes. Interventions by community, market, and state actors can enhance the sustainability of supply chains by affecting where and how agricultural production occurs. These interventions—in the form of novel or moderated institutions and policies, incentives, or information—can influence producers directly or achieve their impacts indirectly by influencing consumer, retailer, and processor decisions.
This study used global datasets to document the trends in deforestation and commodity agriculture production to compare and explain the impacts of different types of supply chain interventions.
Format: Digital (Free)2013A regional-scale sensitivity study has been carried out to investigate the climatic effects of forest cover change in Europe. Applying REMO (regional climate model of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology), the projected temperature and precipitation tendencies have been analysed for summer, based on the results of the A2 IPCC-SRES emission scenario simulation. For the end of the 21st century it has been studied, whether the assumed forest cover increase could reduce the effects of the greenhouse gas concentration change.
Case study for the assessment of the biogeophysical effects of a potential afforestation in Europe: In Carbon Balance and Management 2013, 8:3
A regional-scale sensitivity study has been carried out to investigate the climatic effects of forest cover change in Europe. Applying REMO (regional climate model of the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology), the projected temperature and precipitation tendencies have been analysed for summer, based on the results of the A2 IPCC-SRES emission scenario simulation. For the end of the 21st century it has been studied, whether the assumed forest cover increase could reduce the effects of the greenhouse gas concentration change.
Format: Digital (Free)The second edition of the popular "Remote Sensing Using Satellites" module updates imagery of recent hurricanes as well as other phenomena from more recent satellites. The suggested audience for this module is high school and undergraduate students. Learn about remote sensing in general and then more specifically about how it is done from satellites. We will focus on the visible and infrared channels, those commonly seen on television broadcasts. Come explore the view of Earth from space and see what we see. In the second chapter, we will focus even more on hurricanes and specifically Hurrican ...PermalinkWRI, 2012The Interactive Forest Atlas of Cameroon is a living forest information system hosted in the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife (MINFOF) and supported by a joint team including members from MINFOF and the World Resources Institute (WRI). Built on a geographic information system (GIS) platform, the Atlas provides unbiased and up-to-date information on the Cameroonian forest sector. One of its main objectives is to strengthen forest management and land use planning by bringing all major land use categories onto the same standardized platform.PermalinkWorld Bank, 2012This publication presents some of the outcomes of GEF-funded work managed by UNDP in Europe and the CIS that aims to conserve biodiversityPermalinkThe Management for Adaptation to Climate Change (MACC) project in Malawi is implemented by Total Land Care (TLC) with funding from the Royal Norwegian Embassy in Malawi and a 5 years time frame from 2008 to mid 2013. The key objectives of the project are to reduce deforestation, to improve household food security and incomes, and to develop rural-based enterprises. The review team found the project in line with Malawian as well as Norwegian development policy. TLC also has an extensive and good cooperation with Malawian NGOs as well as with international organisations, both in Malawi and abroa ...PermalinkFAO, 2012This policy brief examines the role of forests for climate change adaptation in the region of Asia. It is organized into several sections. Firstly, anticipated changes to precipitation and temperature in Asia under a low and a high emissions scenario, between 2010 and 2039, are outlined. Following on from this, the key elements of Forest-Based Adaptation (FBA) are discussed and the current status of FBA in Asia is highlighted. Finally, recommendations aimed at moving forest-based adaptation forward are made. The following suggestions are made: FBA should be integrated into wider sustainable fo ...PermalinkWorld Bank, 2012The purpose of this report is to improve the knowledge base for facilitating investments in land management technologies that sequester soil organic carbon. While there are many studies on soil carbon sequestration, there is no single unifying volume that synthesizes knowledge on the impact of different land management practices on soil carbon sequestration rates across the world. A meta-analysis was carried out to provide soil carbon sequestration rates in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. This is one important element in decision-making for sustainable agricultural intensification, agro-ecosy ...PermalinkFAO, 2012Between 1950 and 2009 landslides claimed the lives of almost 18 000 people in Asia and affected approximately 5.5 million people (EM-DAT 2010). If statistics were available for landslide impacts caused by earthquakes, these numbers would be many times greater. Landslides cause social, economic and environmental damage. Forest and agricultural resources are lost; infrastructure and heritage sites are damaged or destroyed. Landslide material can block rivers and increase downstream sedimentation, increasing the risk of floods. With predicted changes in rainfall and climate in the coming decades ...PermalinkWRI, 2012L’Atlas forestier interactif du Cameroun est un système d’information forestière opérant en continu hébergé par le Ministère des Forêts et de la Faune (MINFOF) et géré par une équipe conjointe composée de représentants du MINFOF et du World Resources Institute (WRI). Basé sur le Système d’Information Géographique (SIG), l’Atlas fournit des informations objectives et actualisées sur le secteur forestier camerounais. L’un des objectifs principaux de l’Atlas est celui de renforcer la gestion forestière et la planification de l’affectation des terres en réunissant sur une plate-forme unique les pr ...PermalinkPermalinkAEMA, 2011PermalinkAEE, 2011PermalinkSpore: the magazine for agricultural and rural development in ACP countries, N° 151. CTA, 2011The cost of soil erosion and forest degradation in Tanzania is now more than one-third of the country’s gross domestic product, says the government.PermalinkSpore: le magazine du développement agricole et rural des pays ACP, N°151. CTA, 2011Selon une déclaration du gouvernement tanzanien, le coût de l’érosion des sols et de la dégradation forestière en Tanzanie dépasse à présent le tiers du PIB du pays.PermalinkEsporo, N° 151. CTA, 2011Os custos decorrentes da erosão do solo e da degradação florestal na Tanzânia ascendem actualmente a mais de um terço do produto interno bruto do país, segundo fontes governamentais.PermalinkPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 369. N° 1934. Zelazowski Przemyslaw; Malhi Yadvinder; Huntingford Chris; et al. - The Royal Society, 2011The future of tropical forests has become one of the iconic issues in climate-change science. A number of studies that have explored this subject have tended to focus on the output from one or a few climate models, which work at low spatial resolution, whereas society and conservation-relevant assessment of potential impacts requires a finer scale. This study focuses on the role of climate on the current and future distribution of humid tropical forests (HTFs). We first characterize their contemporary climatological niche using annual rainfall and maximum climatological water stress, which als ...PermalinkSpore: le magazine du développement agricole et rural des pays ACP, N°150. CTA, 2011Depuis des générations, les agriculteurs africains cultivent sous les arbres. Cette forme d’agroforesterie appelée agriculture persistante procure de meilleurs rendements, des revenus issus des produits forestiers et, potentiellement, des marchés du carbone.Permalinkis an issue of iLEAPS Newsletter. iLEAPS, 2011The latest iLEAPS Newsletter No. 10 deals with "Terrestrial feedbacks and Earth system models".PermalinkThe report is an effort to inform project developers and policy-makers about the main lessons learned by the BioCarbon Fund while accompanying the development of more than 20 A/R CDM forest projects in 16 countries since it started operations in 2004. It sheds light on opportunities the CDM offers to the forestry sector and also on the challenges encountered by project developers when complying with the regulatory requirements. The report concludes with recommendations for policy-makers on how current rules could be made more pragmatic to better match the realities of this type of projects on ...PermalinkIn April 2008, Norway and Tanzania signed a letter of intent on a climate change partnership focused on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). The current paper reviews Norwegian-supported programmes on adaptation and mitigation of climate change in Tanzania, trying to find out how fruitful this partnership has been.PermalinkThe rationale behind Norway’s support for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) is to make a substantial contribution in the struggle against global warming. This report presents the findings of an evaluation of the support provided by Norway to the formulation and implementation of national REDD strategies and other REDD readiness efforts in Indonesia up until the end of August 2010.PermalinkAs a high forest cover / low deforestation rate country, Guyana has been keen to engage in a pilot of reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) to utilise payments for the environmental services. This paper aims to determine the relevance, effectiveness and efficiency of Norway’s support to Guyana in terms of REDD aspects, and draw preliminary lessons and recommendations.PermalinkDemocratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a high forest cover – low deforestation rate country emerging from a long period of political and civil instability that eroded public and social institutions. The purpose of this evaluation is to assess the Norwegian support to the formulation and implementation of a national strategy for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) in DRC.PermalinkThis report presents the first national assessment of peatlands in Malaysia. It identifies remaining peatlands of high conservation value, and presents preliminary recommendations toward the development of a national strategy for Malaysia’s peatlands. The report comes at a critical time for the management of Malaysia’s forests and wetlands, and is a first step toward developing a national strategy for Malaysia’s peatlands.PermalinkFlash floods can occur in nearly any area of the world. A rainfall-induced flash flood is a truly hydrometeorological event: one that depends on both hydrologic and meteorological conditions. Forecasting flash floods involves a detailed understanding of the local hydrologic features and continual monitoring of the current meteorological situation. This module examines both the hydrologic and meteorological processes that often contribute to the development of flash flooding. Common tools and technologies that are used in flash flood monitoring and forecasting, from manual gauging systems to co ...PermalinkForests and woodlands cover approximately 23 per cent of Africa and they are an important foundation of many livelihoods and economies. It is estimated that around 70 per cent of Africa’s population depend on forest resources for their survival. Despite this, forestry planning on a national level is often given low priority, which poses a significant danger as the risks of climate change become evident. The aim of this book is to systematically highlight climate change issues and opportunities to encourage greater stakeholder engagement in finding new solutions.PermalinkThis document is published as a key part of the effort by the Forestry Department of FAO and the National Forest Programme Facility to assist countries address emerging policy issues related to forests and climate change through integrating climate change considerations into national forest programmes. It is the outcome of a thorough consultative process with active engagement of countries and experts. It seeks to provide a practical approach to the process of integrating climate change into national forest programmes. The aim is to assist senior officials in government administrations and the ...PermalinkThe Norwegian Government launched its International Climate and Forest Initiative in December 2007, aiming at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries (REDD). In order to assess the results of the Initiative with regard to its objectives, Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) organised a real-time evaluation starting in early 2010. This fact sheet demonstrates the objectives, scope, process and principles of that evaluation.PermalinkForest Europe, 2011The Summary for policy makers presents a compact and comprehensive overview of status and trends, as well as challenges and opportunities for forests, forest policy and forest management in Europe.PermalinkForest Europe, 2011The State of Europe’s Forests 2011 report provides a comprehensive, up-to-date description of the status and trends of forests and forest management in Europe. The report aims to stimulate sound policy decisions on forests and forest-related issues in Europe by providing objective and harmonized data for FOREST EUROPE’s SignatoriesPermalinkLa presente publicación es el resultado de un proceso iniciado en 2009 con una serie de talleres de grupos nacionales interesados, con el objeto de apoyar a los países en el proceso de integración de aspectos relativos al cambio climático en sus programas forestales nacionales (PFN). Este estudio se publica como parte del esfuerzo del Departamento Forestal de la FAO y del Mecanismo para los programas forestales nacionales para ayudar a los países a abordar las nuevas cuestiones de política relacionadas con los bosques y el cambio climático mediante la integración de las consideraciones sobre ...PermalinkLe présent document est publié à l'initiative du Département des forêts de la FAO et du Mécanisme pour les programmes forestiers nationaux, pour aider les pays à traiter les questions émergentes intéressant les forêts et le changement climatique en intégrant des considérations relatives au changement climatique dans leurs programmes forestiers nationaux. Il est le fruit d'un processus consultatif approfondi prévoyant un engagement actif de pays et d'experts. Il a pour objet de présenter une approche pratique du processus d'intégration du changement climatique dans les programmes forestiers nat ...Permalinkis an issue of Options. IIASA, 2010Contains:
- Cutting emissions by 2020 Pages 16-17
- Energy and climate change Pages 14-15
- Insurance for extreme climatic events Pages 12-13
- Stopping deforestation Pages 9, 21Permalinkis an issue of Forum du Commerce international. 2010Permalinkis an issue of International Trade Forum. International Trade Centre, 2010PermalinkThis document reports on a workshop, hosted by Sokoine University in Tanzania and commissioned by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad). The workshop tackled the issue of developing ecosystem service payments in Africa in the context of Norway’s support of REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) initiatives.PermalinkBrussels, January 25, 2011 – Growing demand for meat, animal feeds and agrofuels in Europe is contributing to the continued destruction of the Amazon and Cerrado habitats in Brazil, reveals a new report launched today by Friends of the Earth Europe.
The research comes at a time when Europe is debating the future of farming.  Friends of the Earth Europe is calling for the reform of the Common Agricultural Policy to reduce the EU’s dependence on imported soy animal feeds and meat.PermalinkPermalinkThis module discusses global climate change that is occurring largely because of greenhouse gases emitted by human activities, and in particular the impact that tropical deforestation plays in the climate system. It also covers signs of climate change, the current thinking on future changes, and international agreements that are attempting to minimize the effects of climate change. The United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD Programme) is also discussed.PermalinkIPCC, 2006With
- Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (English (Vol.1, Vol.2, Vol.3), French, Russian, Spanish (Vol.2 only))
- Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management
in National Greenhouse Gas Inventories (English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish)
- Good Practice Guidance for Land Use, Land-Use Change and Forestry (English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian, Spanish)PermalinkAccording to NOAA’s National Weather Service, a flash flood is a life-threatening flood that begins within 6 hours--and often within 3 hours--of a causative event. That causative event can be intense rainfall, the failure of a dam, levee, or other structure that is impounding water, or the sudden rise of water level associated with river ice jams. The “Flash Flood Processes” module offers an introduction to the distinguishing features of flash floods, the underlying hydrologic influences and the use of flash flood guidance (FFG) products. Through use of rich illustrations, animations, and inte ...PermalinkThe report gives an overview of the data needs for fire advisories such as fire danger and fire behavior meteorology, fire weather forecasting, and fire and air quality/smoke management. The report summarizes the use of observation networks in fire meteorology and mesoscale meteorological modeling for fire meteorology and air quality and it reviews the World Health Organization Health Guidelines for Episodic Vegetation Fire Events. The report concludes by discussing the future challenges and needs in the field such as automated weather stations, mesoscale meteorological models and fire ...PermalinkPermalinkThis report presents examples of the impacts of adaptation strategies required for reducing vulnerability of agriculture and forestry to climate variability and climate change. It also presents information on the impacts of the conversion of forests into crop and rangelands and also examples of the impact of management strategies to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions from agroecosystems.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Penman Jim; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); et al. - IGES, 2003The report discusses:
- Alternative definitions and provides possible framework definitions for countries to consider;
- Methodological options to inventory emissions from degradation and devegetation activities;
- Approaches to reporting and documentation; and
- Implications of methodological and definitional options for accounting under the provisions of Article 3.4 of the Kyoto Protocol (including issues of scale, costs and accuracy).
- Guidance on possible methodologies for estimation of greenhouse gas emissions or ...PermalinkThe meeting started a process which aims to achieve more consistency in the use of forest-related definitions, thus contributing to reducing reporting requirements and respective costs for countries, as well as facilitating communication and negotiation between international conventions, processes and instruments. The meeting recommended, inter alia, establishing a Task Group; preparing a comprehensive analytical framework; and organizing another expert meeting to review the framework and decide on further action.PermalinkKarki Sameer; European Commission ; International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN - IUCN, 2002This review is guided by the aim of Project FireFight South East Asia (PFFSEA) to document successful community experiences with forest fires and analyse the political, institutional, cultural and economic elements that enable local communities to actively engage in preventing uncontrolled burning. The case studies in this review show that successful community involvement in forest fire management depends on many factors including a community’s attachment or ownership of and dependence on forest resources; traditional knowledge of the local biophysical environment and fire usage; and absence o ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) - IPCC, 2000PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Dambe J.; Darnhofer T.; et al. - WMO, 1997 (WMO/TD-No. 836)Contains:
- Gommes, R. An Overview of Extreme Agrometeorological Events.
Perarnaud, V. Measures to Monitor and Predict the effects of Agricultural Drought.
- Dambe, D.D. Agrometeorological Inputs in Measures to Alleviate the Effects of Drought and to Combat Desertification.
- Darnhofer, T. Interactions of Desertification and Climate : An Overview.
- Pedgley, D.E. Agrometeorological Information for Locust Control.
- Mwongela, G.N. Agrometeorological Information for Monitoring the Spread of Animal Diseases.
- Bedson, G. Specific Aspects of Nat ...Permalink
CAgM Report, 64. Part I - Definition of agrometeorological information required for forest management and exploitation in humid tropical regions, followed by: Part II - Meteorological needs for temperate and boreal forest management -and by: Part III - Meteorological Information Required for Managing forests in Arid and Semi-arid RegionsWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Abreu Sá T.Deane de; Fosberg Michael A.; et al. - WMO, 1995 (WMO/TD-No. 728)- Part I: Definition of Agrometeorogical Information Required for Forest Management and Exploitation in Humid Tropical Regions (Retnowati, E. Part 1-A. A Case Study from Indonesia. 23 pp.; Deanna de Abreu Sá, T. Part I-B. Specific Management Decisions that Require Agrometeorological Data. 21 pp.
- Part II: Meteorological Needs for Temperate and Boreal Forest Management. Fosberg, M.A. 1995. 13 pp.
- Part III. Meteorological Information Required for Managing forests in Arid and Semi-arid Regions. Clayton, J.L. and Elosmani, M. 1997. 7 pp.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Furuuchi S.; Izadi M.; et al. - WMO, 1993 (WMO/TD-No. 524)Contains:
- Muminov, F.A. Part I - Report of the Chairman of the working Group on Agricultural Meteorology.
- Furuuchi, S. Part II - Weather and Animal Diseases
- Izadi, M. Part III -The Effect of Climatic Factors on Irrigated Potatoes in the RA II Region.
- Noohi, K. Part IV - Drought and Desertification.
- Vaidya, B.K. Part V - Application of Meteorology to Forestry and Pasture Lands.
- Zixi, Z. Part VI - Cotton Climatology.PermalinkReport of the Joint Rapporteurs on the Impact of Agrometeorological Advisories and Information on Operational Aspects of Forestry Planning, with Emphasis on Wildland Fire Ecology, Including the Use of Prescribed Fire in Rangelands and Forests Preventing and Combating Wildfires in Forests and Rangelands.PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkLanly Jean-Paul; Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'Alimentation et l'Agriculture (FAO); Programme des Nations Unies pour l'environnement (PNUE) - FAO, 1982 (FAO irrigation and drainage paper-No. 30)PermalinkPermalink
CAgM. Climatic aspects of the possible establishment of the japanese beetle in Europe : (report prepared by Mr. P. Austin Bourke, president of the Commission for Agricultural Meteorology); followed by: Technical Note n° 42, Forecasting for forest fire services (report of a working group of the Commission for Agricultural Meteorology)PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Ashton H.T.; Huberman M.A.; et al. - WMO, 1960 (WMO-No. 96)Permalink