Published by: 世界气象组织 (WMO) ; 2018
Language(s): Chinese; Other Languages: English, French, Spanish, Russian, Arabic
Format: Digital (Free)Published by: BMO ; 2018
Системы заблаговременных предупреждений о многих опасных явлениях: контрольный перечень: Итог первой Конференции по заблаговременным предупреждениям
Language(s): Russian; Other Languages: English, French, Spanish, Chinese, Arabic
Format: Digital (Free)Published by: OMM ; 2018
Sistemas de Alerta Temprana Multirriesgos: Lista de verificación: Resultado de la primera Conferencia de Alerta Temprana Multirriesgos
Language(s): Spanish; Other Languages: English, French, Russian, Chinese, Arabic
Format: Digital (Free)Published by: OMM ; 2018
Les systèmes d’alerte précoce multidangers – liste de contrôle: Document issu de la première conférence sur les alertes précoces multidangers
Language(s): French; Other Languages: English, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic
Format: Digital (Free)Published by: WMO ; 2018
Multi-hazard Early Warning Systems: A Checklist: Outcome of the first Multi-hazard Early Warning Conference
Language(s): English; Other Languages: French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic
Format: Digital (Free)PermalinkThe Roadmap is first and foremost a document that can be used by both WMO Members, partners and users to understand how NMHSs in partnership with other agencies contribute to increasing the resilience of communities, nations, regions, and the world under the above-mentioned frameworks, through a coordinated WMO-wide plan of action on DRR. It is hoped that this Roadmap will guide the Organization, in particular the NMHSs as well as key partners, in the development of its strategic and operating plans that fully take into account the contributions of the WMO community to all components and phase ...PermalinkБюллетень, Том 64(2). BMO, 2016Сендайская рамочная программа действий по умень- шению опасности бедствий на 2015–2030 гг. (Сен- дайская рамочная программа), принятая 18 марта, является первым крупным соглашением в повестке дня на 2015 год. Ее семь глобальных целей и четыре прио- ритетных направления действий чрезвычайно актуальны для ВМО. Уменьшение опасности бедствий является одной из семи приоритетных областей деятельности Организации. Защита жизни, источников существования и собственности занимает центральное место в рамках ее миссии, и поэтому ВМО будет поддерживать Сендай- скую рамочную программу посредством осуществле ...PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 64(2). OMM, 2016Le Cadre de Sendai pour la reduction des risques de catastrophe (2015–2030) a ete adopte le 18 mars dernier; il s’agit du premier accord d’envergure signe au titre du programme d’action de 2015. Ses sept objectifs mondiaux et quatre priorites interessent particulierement l’OMM, qui a fait de la reduction des risques de catastrophe l’un de ses sept domaines d’action prioritaire. La protection des personnes, des moyens de subsistance et des biens est au coeur de la mission de l’Organisation – qui soutiendra donc le Cadre de Sendai par un large eventail d’activites scientifiques et techniques.PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 64(2). WMO, 2015The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (Sendai Framework) adopted on 18 March is the first major agreement of the 2015 agenda. Its seven global targets and four priorities for action are highly relevant to WMO. Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is one of the seven priority areas of the Organization. Protecting lives, livelihoods and property is at the core of its mission – thus, WMO will support the Sendai Framework through a wide range of scientific and technical activities.1PermalinkNew sources of atmospheric observations, faster supercomputers and advances in science together revolutionized weather forecasting in the latter part of the 20th century. On the global scale, we can today predict up to five days ahead as accurately as we could do for three days 20 years ago. This means society has much more advance warning of weather hazards than before, permitting people to prepare and, thereby, limit the loss of lives and property. Expectations are high for even greater advances in the years to come.PermalinkQing-Cun Zeng, a famous academic meteorologist, is a pioneer of numerical weather prediction, dynamic climate prediction and remote sensing theory for meteorological satellites. His semi-implicit (1961) and quadratic (1981) schemes as well as his inversion variation method (1974) are still widely applied to theoretical and practical studies in meteorology and geophysical fluid dynamics. Through his active involvement in the study of global climate and environmental change, he has contributed to advancements in the study of meteorological hazards and related disaster risk reduction. He has rece ...PermalinkNatural hazards involving weather, climate and water are a major source of death, injury and physical destruction. Over the past decade (2005-2014), 3 253 hydrometeorological hazards were reported around the world, resulting in 283 0351 deaths and economic losses amounting to US$ 983 million.PermalinkPermalink
PermalinkThis report argues that there is a gap for disaster risk reduction (DRR) financing, which could be filled by adaptation funds that have the capacity to invest directly in DRR activities and to integrate DRR into their other activities.
It suggests that water and coastal protection are the sectors where DRR is most integrated. DRR investments through adaptation funds appear to be more focused on the poorest countries in comparison to DRR finance from international aid.
This was particularly the case for Small Island Developing States (SIDS). DRR channelled through ...PermalinkThis paper focuses on the regional allocation of public spending for disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Bangladesh.
The objective is to identify all of the directly observable determinants’ of publicly allocated and realized spending at the local government (sub-district) level. The Heckman two stage selection model is used with detailed public finance and other data from 483 sub-districts (upazilas) across the country. It is found that government does not respond to the sub-district’s risk exposure as a factor affecting the DRR financing mechanism. The DRR regional allocations do ...Permalink
This report reviews and discusses the agreed commitments and targets, as well as the negotiation leading to the Sendai Framework for DRR (SFDRR).
It discusses briefly its implication for the later UN-led negotiations on sustainable development goals and climate change, including the Conference of Parties taking place in Paris, France at the end of 2015.
SFDRR was adopted by UN Member States in March 2015 and was the first major agreement of the post-2015 development agenda, with seven targets and four priorities for action: 1) Understanding disaste ...PermalinkThis brief gives an overview of the disaster trends and challenges across the Arab region.
There is a special emphasis on infrastructure, informal settlements, climate change, and cross-cutting issues such as governance, inclusiveness, decentralisation and legislation. The report also provides an analysis of proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Targets from an Arab Perspective.
As introduction is given to the issues around disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the Arab region. The main trends and challenges in DRR and reliance building are identified, spec ...PermalinkThese proceedings highlight the five days of deliberations, discussions and presentations held at the Third United Nations World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) held at Sendai City, Japan in March 2015. The proceedings include the Sendai Declaration and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, and a chart of the Framework. They also feature opening ceremony statements, brief summaries of ministerial tables, high level multi-stakeholder partnership dialogues, working sessions, special meetings and ceremonies, and study visits and excursions, and exhibitions and ...PermalinkThis guidebook describes the principles, tools and practice of developing and implementing urban disaster risk and resilience indicators.
It focuses on the application of three indicator systems of urban risk and resilience which have been developed as complementary tools to communicate risk and promote discussion around appropriate local level risk and resilience strategies at city level: the Urban Disaster Risk Index (UDRi), the Risk Management Index (RMI) and the Disaster Resilience Index (DRI).
The authors present their collective experience and findings in th ...PermalinkElsevier, 2015This study identifies and addresses key challenges concerning monitoring and evaluation (M&E) for climate change adaptation (CCA).
It documents good practices and good practice principles on the development, selection, and use of indicators used in the M&E of adaptation interventions. The study also looks at the steps and contexts M&E personnel should consider when formulating, selecting, adjusting, and/or using indicators. The study also identifies common themes in the literature and gaps in data – including the role of learning in an adaptation M&E system and the identificatio ...PermalinkThis discussion paper examines differences and similarities between ecosystem-based approaches to disaster risk reduction (Eco-DRR) and ecosystem-based approaches to adaptation (EBA).
It suggests key integration points at the project level through examining a number of Eco-DRR, EBA and hybrid (Eco-DRR/CCA) projects. A total of 38 (Eco-DRR, EBA and hybrid Eco-DRR/CCA) projects are examined in terms of their aims, assessments, implementation, monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and policy and institutional contexts to understand how in practice these approaches differ and overlap and ...PermalinkThe report documents the Disaster Risk Reduction Expert Forum 2015: which took place in February 2015 in Antalya, Turkey. The Forum was convened to discuss and share lessons learned about lessons learned about hydro-meteorological disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation.PermalinkRed Cross, 2015This paper presents the Minimum Standards for local climate-smart disaster risk reduction and details how they can help trigger action on climate change under the post-2015 HFA framework.PermalinkInternational Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ; Ministry of the Environment, Japan - gov - IUCN, 2015This handbook explains what protected areas can and cannot contribute to DRR strategies. In this handbook protected areas are explained as a buffer against coastal erosion and flood risks, which provide ecosystem goods and services on which people rely for their livelihood.
The handbook describes how protected areas can be integrated into national DRR strategies to the mutual advantage of both and it looks at how to combine natural and engineering solutions in DRR.
The main text is supplemented by case studies drawing on the experience of the Ministry of Environme ...Permalink
PermalinkContributing to the global dialogue on disaster risk reduction (DRR), the purpose of this paper is to address a key priority for the Post-2015 Framework for DRR (HFA2) by analyzing initiatives used by one local government to increase local-level engagement in DRR.
A review of literature from the multidisciplinary areas of communication, social and political theory examines the role that communication theory and practice can play in facilitating public participation to build community resilience. Building on these insights, the authors introduce a research methodology to examine ...Permalink
PermalinkБюллетень, Том 62. BMO, 2014Уменьшение опасности бедствий (УОБ) является одним из основных направлений деятельности ВМО и одной из четырех приоритетных областей в рамках Глобальной рамочной основы для климатического обслуживания. Согласно анализу данных EM-DAT1 за 1970–2009 гг., в этот период зарегистрировано 7 870 стихийных бедствий, вызванных климатическими, гидрологическими и мете- орологическими опасными явлениями, в результате которых погибло 1 860 000 человек и причинен эконо- мический ущерб на сумму 1,954 триллиона долларов США (в ценах 2011 г.). Стихийные бедствия задержи- вают социально-экономическое развитие на ...Permalink
PermalinkThis paper presents the Overseas Development Institute and CDKN experts' analysis and suggestions for improvement of the latest draft of the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction (DRR), which governments will look over in Geneva on the 17th and 18th November. This meeting represents the last major gathering before the World Conference on DRR in Sendai, Japan in March 2015.PermalinkUnited Nations, 2014This document provides some recommendations for addressing disaster risk in tourism in the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction. It presents: (i) status of mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in tourism; (ii) the drivers for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the tourism sector; (iii) recommendations for addressing disaster risk in tourism in the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction; (iv) measuring disaster risk in tourism; (v) a list of agencies contributing and a brief description of institutional commitment; and (vi) key documents/source of additional info.PermalinkUnited Nations, 2014This document provides recommendations for addressing disaster risk in infrastructure in the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction. It presents: (i) the status of mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in the infrastructure sector, reporting on the progress and highlighting some emerging trends; (ii) the drivers for mainstreaming disaster risk reduction into the infrastructure sector; (iii) recommendations for addressing hazard risks in the infrastructure sector in the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction; (iv) measuring disaster risk in the infrastructure sector; (v) a lis ...PermalinkThis summary provides the Chair’s assessment of the main points of the key issues discussed during the Pacific Platform for Disaster Risk Management, held in Suva, Fiji on 2–4 June 2014.
It presents (i) the findings of a ten-year review of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) in the region; (ii) a summary of a High-level dialogue between prominent representatives of Fiji, French Polynesia, New Zealand and Thailand, addressing community resilience building and the role of leaders in this agenda; (iii) the perspectives of the Pacific region on the consultation process around the ...PermalinkThis report documents an assessment of disaster risk reduction for flooding in the Ba and Penang River catchments in Viti Levu, Fiji to identify the most cost-effective management options for communities and households. The analysis accounted for the biophysical and socioeconomic impacts of flooding, the costs, benefits, and feasibility of management, and the potential impacts of climate change. The report highlights that natural disasters such as hurricanes, cyclones, and tropical depressions cause average annual direct losses of US$284 million in the Pacific region – the highest in the world ...PermalinkThis report puts participatory scenario planning (PSP - a multi-stakeholder platform for making seasonal climate forecasts useful) into the broader context of climate communication, with a focus on Africa.
It is aimed at new users and intermediaries interested in integrating climate information into adaptation, resilience, disaster risk reduction (DRR), early warning, agriculture and other sector-based development programmes and related work. It explains why and how climate information is a valuable resource for informing responses to climate variability and change. Based on lessons fro ...PermalinkThis document provides some recommendations for addressing disaster risk in agriculture in the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction. It presents: (i) the status of mainstreaming disaster risk in agriculture, reporting on the progresses and highlighting some emerging trends; (ii) the drivers for mainstreaming disaster risk into agriculture; (iii) the regional/international policy frameworks and initiatives within agriculture to be targeted; (iv) measuring disaster risk in agriculture; (v) a list of agencies contributing and description of institutional commitment; and (vi) key docume ...PermalinkThis document presents the recommendations and proposals developed by the ESC community for the post-2015 Framework on Disaster Risk Reduction (the HFA2 initiative). It includes: (i) proposals on the structure of the new policy; (ii) proposals on fostering scientific investigations on hazards, especially earthquakes; (iii) integration of science with policy making; and (iv) regional and international collaboration and cooperation.PermalinkThe Sustainable Environment and Ecological Development Society (SEEDS) conducted research in the disaster-prone arid zones of India, Leh and Barmer to determine how best to overcome the challenges of integrating effective disaster risk reduction and climate adaptation into development planning. This brief describes the team’s research and observations, and suggests how other communities can address similar challenges by using windows of opportunity in post-disaster situations. The paper argues that special planning and response mechanisms need to be developed at the national level to meet the ...PermalinkThis Sigma report gives a global and regional overview of catastrophes in 2013 when almost 26,000 people died in disasters. It also takes a special look at fostering climate change resilience. Typhoon Haiyan was the biggest humanitarian catastrophe of the year and Asia had the highest economic losses. Worldwide economic losses from catastrophes worldwide were US$ 140 billion in 2013. The report predicts that climate change could contribute to rising losses in the future as the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events increase. It is argued that dealing with climate change requires a r ...PermalinkThis working paper explains how to increase the scale and impact of community-based adaptation (CBA). It argues that CBA is a viable way to build communities’ resilience to climate change, particularly those most vulnerable to its impacts. CBA puts them in the driving seat when it comes to designing and delivering adaptation options. However, until recently, analysis of the impacts beyond the immediate beneficiaries was not possible because not enough CBA projects had been implemented. As a result, most of the lessons about best practice have yet to be scaled out or included in wider developm ...PermalinkThe dramatic impact of climate variability and climate change continued to be felt all over the world throughout 2013.The WMO Statement on the Status of the Global Climate in 2013 pro¬vides a snapshot of global and regional trends in weather and climate over the past year and highlights some of the year’s most significant extreme events.Permalinkطفق العالم يشعر طوال عام 2013 بالآثار الكبيرة المترتبة على تقلبية المناخ وتغيره. ويقدم بيان المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية عن حالة المناخ العالمي في 2013 صورة للاتجاهات العالمية والإقليمية للطقس والمناخ طوال العام الماضي، ويبرز بعضاً من أهم الظواهر المتطرفة التي شهدها العام الماضي.Permalink
PermalinkТрадиционная концепция детерминистических ограничений подвергается сомнению путем рассмотрения возможности определенной успешности прогнозирования во всех временных масштабах от часов доPermalinkDARA, 2013Permalink2013This report explores the links between disaster risk reduction and conflict prevention, with a specific focus on Kenya. The overall objective is to develop a livelihoods approach to understanding and reducing the risk of households and communities who have been, or are likely to be, affected by disasters. Conflict is linked to livelihoods through both cause and effect pathways, but the linkages between conflict mitigation and disaster risk reduction at the level of policy and program are limited. This study seeks to understand those linkages at the community level, and strengthen the policy co ...Permalink