HIGHWAY delivers improved early warnings to local communities by using innovative products and leveraging existing scientific expertise of the national meteorological services in the East African Region.Published by: OMM ; 2019
HIGHWAY delivers improved early warnings to local communities by using innovative products and leveraging existing scientific expertise of the national meteorological services in the East African Region.
Language(s): French; Other Languages: English
Format: Digital (Free)HIGHWAY delivers improved early warnings to local communities by using innovative products and leveraging existing scientific expertise of the national meteorological services in the East African Region.Published by: WMO ; 2019
Language(s): English; Other Languages: French
Format: Digital (Free)This article assesses the current state of disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA), and focuses on interventions and policies to mitigate hydrometeorological risks. The research analyzes, as main case study, the program “Regional Climate Prediction and Risk Reduction in the Greater Horn of Africa” funded by the Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID OFDA) in the early 2000 that targeted risk preparedness.
Disaster risk reduction efforts in the Greater Horn of Africa: In International Journal of Disaster Risk Science, March 2015, volume 6, issue 1, pp. 49-61
This article assesses the current state of disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA), and focuses on interventions and policies to mitigate hydrometeorological risks. The research analyzes, as main case study, the program “Regional Climate Prediction and Risk Reduction in the Greater Horn of Africa” funded by the Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID OFDA) in the early 2000 that targeted risk preparedness.
Format: Digital (Free)This framework offers a simple yet robust five-stage approach to help decision-makers and development practitioners at all levels systematically assess climate-related risks and prioritize actions that promote climate-resilient development. Developed by USAID’s Global Climate Change Office, this “development-first” approach helps decision-makers and practitioners integrate climate considerations directly into development activities across multiple sectors, keeping the focus on achieving development goals despite a changing climate. Working with USAID missions, governments, and other stakeholde ...Published by: U.S. Government printing office ; 2014
This framework offers a simple yet robust five-stage approach to help decision-makers and development practitioners at all levels systematically assess climate-related risks and prioritize actions that promote climate-resilient development. Developed by USAID’s Global Climate Change Office, this “development-first” approach helps decision-makers and practitioners integrate climate considerations directly into development activities across multiple sectors, keeping the focus on achieving development goals despite a changing climate. Working with USAID missions, governments, and other stakeholders, the framework has been used in Barbados, Jamaica, Nepal, Peru, the Philippines, St. Lucia, Tanzania, and West Africa.
Format: Digital (Free)Mafuru Kantamla Biseke - College of Atmospheric Science, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, 2013Tanzania is one among the most other sub-Sahara African countries where Agriculture production is strongly depending on rainfall, a key factor which determine the livelihood of 70% of the total population. An adequate amount of rainfall per season reasonably help the farmer to accomplish his/her goal in a positive way, while an excessive amount of rainfall impacts on both people’s livelihood and agricultural production leading into reduction in manpower and nation’s GDP. In recent years, Tanzania suffered a successive scenario of heavy rainfall over different areas of the country, the majority ...Published by: College of Atmospheric Science, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology ; 2013
Assessment of prone areas to heavy rainfall in Tanzania and its associate circulation anomalies during march-may rainfall season
Tanzania is one among the most other sub-Sahara African countries where Agriculture production is strongly depending on rainfall, a key factor which determine the livelihood of 70% of the total population. An adequate amount of rainfall per season reasonably help the farmer to accomplish his/her goal in a positive way, while an excessive amount of rainfall impacts on both people’s livelihood and agricultural production leading into reduction in manpower and nation’s GDP. In recent years, Tanzania suffered a successive scenario of heavy rainfall over different areas of the country, the majority were left homeless while their properties being destructed as well. Although a considerable amount of work has been done on climate variability in the broader East African region, relatively less attention has been directed towards analyzing the source of anomalously heavy rainfall and their associate circulation anomalies over specific regions of Tanzania. It is therefore this study aim at analyzing the historical climatological data to asses areas that were mostly affected by heavy rainfall together with their associate circulation weather anomalies during MAM season from 1980 to 2010 climatology.
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Format: DigitalThe main objective of this strategic intervention is to reduce the impacts of climate change and land degradation on rural farm lands by intensifying the production of fruit trees. This will generate income and help farmers adapt to climate change.
Most farmland areas are devoid of plantations and natural vegetation forests making them susceptible to the impacts of climate change. These areas could experience more soil erosion because of the reduced rainfall and the increase in temperature. The introduction of fruit trees on the farmland or near the households could create a greener env ...PermalinkThis case study is designed to provide a practical example of how to use climate information to support adaptation planning and policy-making. The paper focuses on the Bagamoyo district in coastal Tanzania. Local livelihoods are mostly based on natural resources, including small-scale agriculture, seaweed farming, traditional fishing and small-scale eco-tourism. People living on the coast report that climate variability and climate change are affecting their lives due to factors such as unreliable timing and intensity of rainfall, major flooding and sea-level rise. These impacts have increased ...PermalinkThe University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania through the Institute of Resource Assessment (IRA) implemented a three years research program to study the implications of climate change on natural and social systems in three agro-ecolocilal zones in Tanzania. The paper presents findings obtained from one of the zones studied.
The study was conducted in two villages: Upungwe and Mbogwe located in Nzega District, Tabora region. Interviews with a sample size of 99 people – 10 per cent of the total number of households – were used. A total of 40 people were involved in focus group discussions – ...PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2013This publication contains 14 good practices and case studies that have been compiled by the Private Sector Advisory Group of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). Each of the 14 examples applies one or more of the five essentials for business in their pursuit of disaster risk reduction. It presents the various types of collaboration and cooperation, core to the all five essentials, that are positioned as critical in minimizing or potentially eliminating disasters as well as disasters’ effects on people, property and ultimately, the health, economy and resilience of wo ...PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2013A statement in which the participants of the 4th Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), including governments, intergovernmental regional organizations, bilateral and multilateral donors, United Nations, academic and technical institutions, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Government Organizations, mayors and local governments, community leaders, parliamentarians, youth, media and the private sector, committed to build the resilience of African communities and nations to disaster risk and adapt to a changing climate, in agreement with the prior ...PermalinkWarner Koko; CARE France ; Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN); et al. - UNU, 2012This report explores the interrelationships among rainfall variability, food and livelihood security, and human mobility in a diverse set of research sites in eight countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. While climate change affects nearly all aspects of food security – from production and availability, to the stability of food supplies, access to food, and food utilization – the Rainfalls research focuses on linkages between shifting rainfall patterns and food production and the stability of food supplies.PermalinkThis report, part of the Making Cities Resilient Campaign by UNISDR, provides an in-depth analysis showing how the city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, is resilient to disasters. The information was generated by the city council using the HFA-LGSAT self-assessment tool, which uses a ‘ten essentials’ thematic framework focused on improving cities disaster resilience. The paper begins with the background and aims of the study, and an overall assessment of the city council. A literature review then explores the geographic, demographic, and socioeconomic profiles of the city, as well as the potential ...PermalinkFloods are a threat to many cities especially in the developing countries and cities found near the coastal areas where the population pressure, unplanned settlements and poor infrastructures are most evident. Climate change also poses a higher flood risks in these areas due to increased frequency and intensity of extreme rainfall events. In this study analysis of extreme rainfall over Dar es Salaam city in Tanzania was done. The analysis employed empirical as well as hydrological frequency modeling to annual maximum daily rainfall events for 5 of the meteorological stations found within the c ...PermalinkAlthough climate change affects men and women differently, there are few studies on specific adaptation practices disaggregated by gender. This study aims to fill this gap by analysing adaptation practices to the effects of climate change in the Bahi and Kondoa districts of the Dodoma region, Tanzania. It examines perceptions of climate change and identifies elements influencing adaptation practices. A sample of 360 respondents, 12 focus groups and 78 key informants were consulted; the analysis involved descriptive statistics for quantitative data and content analysis for qualitative data. The ...PermalinkThis research examines the feasibility of creating a global early warning system for climate change, the CLIM-WARN system, which purpose is to provide timely and actionable warnings to institutions, businesses, governments and the general public about the imminence of climate related extreme events. CLIM-WARN focuses on hydrometeorological hazards such as heat waves, droughts, floods and wildfires.PermalinkPermezel Melissa; Ebalu Oscar; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) - UN/ISDR, 2012This publication reports on the outcomes of a pilot project to ‘operationalize’ the Making Cities Resilient Campaign in three cities in Africa – Narok and Kisumu in Kenya and Moshi in Tanzania, commenced in 2012 by the UNISDR regional office for Africa in Nairobi, Kenya. It also describes disaster prevention activities undertaken by pilot cities, and provides assessment and analysis of city resilience according to the Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient: 1. Institutional and administrative frameworks; 2. Financing and Resources; 3. Multi-Hazard Risk Assessment – Know Your Risk; 4. Infr ...PermalinkClimate ExChange is a fully illustrated 250-page book with over 100 authors relating their work in weather, climate and water services at international, regional, national and local levels. The commentaries draw upon experiences around the world reflecting how people are using climate information to improve their lives. Climate ExChange reflects the progress and challenges in these fields, highlighting good practices in a wide variety of societies and disciplines.PermalinkDARA, 2012The Climate Vulnerability Monitor 2nd Edition reveals that climate change has already held back global development and inaction is a leading global cause of death. Harm is most acute for poor and vulnerable groups but no country is spared either the costs of inaction or the benefits of an alternative path.
Commissioned by the world’s most vulnerable countries and backed by high-level and technical panels, the new Monitor estimates human and economic impacts of climate change and the carbon economy for 184 countries in 2010 and 2030, across 34 indicators.PermalinkWe explore the relationship between farming practice changes made by households coping with the huge demographic, economic, and ecological changes they have seen in the last 10 years and household food security. We examine whether households that have been introducing new practices, such as improved management of crops, soil, land, water, and livestock (e.g. cover crops, micro-catchments, ridges, rotations, improved pastures, and trees) and new technologies (e.g. improved seeds, shorter-cycle and drought-tolerant varieties) are more likely to be food secure than less innovative farming househo ...PermalinkThe consequences of climate change for agriculture and food security in developing countries are of serious concern. Due to their reliance on rain-fed agriculture, both as a source of income and consumption, many low-income countries are considered to be the most vulnerable to climate change. This paper estimates the impact of climate change on food security in Tanzania. Representative climate projections are used in calibrated crop models to predict crop yield changes for 110 districts in the country. The results are in turn imposed on a highly-disaggregated, recursive dynamic economy-wide mo ...PermalinkPermalinkHoy en día, la gente tiene la posibilidad de saber con mayor antelación si debe llevarse un paraguas para afrontar un día lluvioso, gracias a una revolución en la predicción meteorológica y climática.PermalinkSpore: the magazine for agricultural and rural development in ACP countries, N° 151. CTA, 2011The cost of soil erosion and forest degradation in Tanzania is now more than one-third of the country’s gross domestic product, says the government.PermalinkSpore: le magazine du développement agricole et rural des pays ACP, N°151. CTA, 2011Selon une déclaration du gouvernement tanzanien, le coût de l’érosion des sols et de la dégradation forestière en Tanzanie dépasse à présent le tiers du PIB du pays.PermalinkEsporo, N° 151. CTA, 2011Os custos decorrentes da erosão do solo e da degradação florestal na Tanzânia ascendem actualmente a mais de um terço do produto interno bruto do país, segundo fontes governamentais.PermalinkIn April 2008, Norway and Tanzania signed a letter of intent on a climate change partnership focused on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD). The current paper reviews Norwegian-supported programmes on adaptation and mitigation of climate change in Tanzania, trying to find out how fruitful this partnership has been.Permalinkis an issue of Tiempo. IEED, 2010Contains:
- Assessing vulnerability: identifying vulnerable communities
- Adaptation: key concepts and terms
- Pacific Islands: Lessons for community-based adaptationPermalinkThis report presents an overview about Tanzania’s efforts to address the challenges of adaptation to climate change so far. It provides information on existing policies and maps institutions and main actors in a rapidly emerging policy area influenced by a wide array of actors and interests. The report also states that it should be of interest to everybody working in the area of climate change in East Africa to those who seeks general information and orientation in the field, as well as to experts already working towards a sound response to climate change in the region.PermalinkThe practices and technology related to irrigation in Tanzania are of relevance to debates about indigenous intensive agricultural systems, concerning their sustainability and prospects for development. This study analyses water system of Kilimanjaro region in Tanzania, focusing on its material, institutional and ideational aspects. The paper notes that the water management reform process in the region is influenced by development ideologies in the global water management discourse as well as a national tradition that can be described as technocratic.PermalinkThe Lake Victoria Fisheries Organization (LVFO) and FAO National Stakeholders’ Workshops on Fishing Effort and Capacity on Lake Victoria (2006) were held to: (i) develop a shared understanding amongst participants regarding the LVFO Regional Plan of Action for the Management of Fishing Capacity in Lake Victoria and its Basin (LVFO RPOA-Capacity) and the use of rights-based management approaches as a vehicle for ensuring the (...)PermalinkOrganização Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) ; Departamento de Recursos Hídricos e Florestais (DWAF) ; Ministério dos Negócios Estrangeiros ; et al. - Organização Meteorológica Mundial (OMM), 2003FASE II DA SADC-HYCOS
Um projecto sob o Plano de Acção Estratégico Regional da SADC para o Desenvolvimento e Gestão de Recursos Hídricos Integrados na Sub-Região da SADC
Consolidação e expansão do sistema de o documento de implementação aprovado outubro de 2008
Observação do ciclo hidrológico na subregião da SADC (SADC-HYCOS)PermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Département des eaux et des forêts (DWAF) ; Ministère des affaires étrangères ; et al. - OMM, 2003CDAA-HYCOS - PHASE II, Un plan d’action stratégique régional pour le développement et la gestion intégrée des ressources hydrologiques dans la sous-région de la communauté de Développement de l’Afrique Australe.
Renforcement et expansion du système d’observation du cycle hydraulique dans la sous-région de l’Afrique Australe (CDAAHYCOS)PermalinkPermalinkKairu Kuria; Nyandwi Ntahondi; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC); et al. - UNESCO, 2000 (Manuals and guides-No. 40)This manual sets out an approach to the identification and monitoring of shoreline change and its causative processes at local and regional scales that is appropriate to the coastal management problems of the region as reported by the regional contributors. The approach aims to promote the targeting of sparse resources on the acquisition and provision of information that is most relevant to the management of the problem. The procedures for monitoring shoreline change and its contributory processes are described, including the use of accessible relevant regional information and data or meta-dat ...PermalinkCDAA-HYCOS - PHASE IPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalink