CDKN, 2013This review of climate change legislation in 33 countries shows that developing countries are leading action on climate change. Overall, there has been significant progress in the climate and/or energy-related legislation of almost all major economies, but a great amount of the 2012 effort took place in emerging countries. In particular, among major economies Mexico and China are leading the action against climate change thanks to their recent steps to cut carbon emissions and raise energy efficiency. The study aims to support legislators advancing climate-related legislation by providing deta ...Published by: CDKN ; 2013 (3rd edition)
This review of climate change legislation in 33 countries shows that developing countries are leading action on climate change. Overall, there has been significant progress in the climate and/or energy-related legislation of almost all major economies, but a great amount of the 2012 effort took place in emerging countries. In particular, among major economies Mexico and China are leading the action against climate change thanks to their recent steps to cut carbon emissions and raise energy efficiency. The study aims to support legislators advancing climate-related legislation by providing detailed information on existing legislation to help identify gaps, best practice and encourage peer-to-peer learning. It also hopes to provide positive momentum to the international climate change negotiations. According to the review, legislative action at the national level is a fundamental prerequisite to achieving global climate change mitigation goals.
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Climate ; Climate change ; Climate change - Mitigation ; Climate policies ; Argentina ; Australia ; Bangladesh ; Brazil ; Canada ; Chile ; Colombia ; El Salvador ; Ethiopia ; European Union ; France ; Germany ; India ; Indonesia ; Italy ; Jamaica ; Japan ; Kenya ; Mexico ; Mozambique ; Nepal ; Pakistan ; Peru ; Philippines ; Poland ; Russian Federation ; Rwanda ; South Africa ; Republic of Korea ; United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland ; United States of America ; Viet Nam Add tagJones Lindsey; Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA); Overseas Development Institute (ODI); et al. - ODI, 2013This paper addresses the difficult decisions policy-makers are often tasked with in the face of an uncertain future outlook. It hopes to provide an introduction to many of the key concepts of climate change adaptation or ‘serious games’. More importantly it aims to highlight the synergies between the three disciplines and lay the foundations for further elaboration and insight. All this is while maintaining the overarching goal of empowering actors in enhancing their capabilities and level of agency to deal with climate change and uncertainty. It asks if the infrastructural investments will st ...Published by: ODI ; 2013
New approaches to promoting flexible and forward-looking decision making: insights from complexity science, climate change adaptation and ‘serious gaming’
This paper addresses the difficult decisions policy-makers are often tasked with in the face of an uncertain future outlook. It hopes to provide an introduction to many of the key concepts of climate change adaptation or ‘serious games’. More importantly it aims to highlight the synergies between the three disciplines and lay the foundations for further elaboration and insight. All this is while maintaining the overarching goal of empowering actors in enhancing their capabilities and level of agency to deal with climate change and uncertainty. It asks if the infrastructural investments will still be relevant in 25 years, what new markets are likely to emerge in the medium term, and how a gradual increase in average temperatures over the coming decades will affect livelihood security.
Format: Digital (Free)Jones Lindsey; Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA); Overseas Development Institute (ODI) - ODI, 2013This paper explores key institutional barriers in preventing effective Flexible and Forward-looking Decision Making (FFDM) within development policy and programming. More specifically, it explores the influence of various institutional and sociopolitical drivers on the ability of district governance processes to adapt to change and uncertainty. To do this, it synthesises research findings from two phases of research conducted by the Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance (ACCRA).Published by: ODI ; 2013
The political economy of local adaptation planning: exploring barriers to flexible and forward-looking decision making in three districts in Ethiopia, Uganda and Mozambique
Format: Digital (Free)This report focuses on the links between conditions of vulnerability and risks associated with the nexus of natural disasters, conflict and fragility. It also recognises that any given context will be mired by an even more complex array of intersecting risks. For example, in 2011, drought, and food and political insecurity in East Africa contributed to a full-scale humanitarian crisis. A combination of natural hazards, conflict and fragility provided a recipe for human suffering.Published by: ODI ; 2013
When disasters and conflicts collide: improving links between disaster resilience and conflict prevention
Format: Digital (Free)This report identifies positive and potentially replicable practice in the use of ICTs for climate change adaptation, drawing on case studies in three countries-Senegal, Uganda and Malawi. It explores the barriers, opportunities, implementation risks and challenges concerning the use of ICTs for adaptation to climate change, and assessed the stakeholders involved.Published by: AfDB ; 2013
Format: Digital (Free)World Bank, 2013This report provides Mayors and other policymakers with a policy framework and diagnostic tools to anticipate and implement strategies that can prevent their cities from locking into irreversible physical and social structures, including: improving living conditions, especially in slums and hazard-prone areas; bridging the divided cities (inclusion); expanding the coverage and quality of basic infrastructure services; and managing the city’s physical form.PermalinkCCNUCC, 2013Dès 2006, les parties au protocole deKyoto ont reconnu l'importance d'une répartition équilibrée des projets MDP auniveau régional et salué la création du Cadre deNairobi, qui rassemble les organisations régionales et celles desNationsUnies pour faciliter l'accès à ce mécanisme.Ala lumière des avantages que le mécanisme de développement propre (MDP) peut apporter aux régions moins développées, les partenaires du Cadre deNairobi, entre autres, ont commencé à financer des programmes d’assistance technique et de renforcement des capacités pour le MDP, particulièrement enAfrique. Les pages suivant ...PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 61(1). WMO, 2012People from Ethiopia, Nepal, Kiribati, Brazil, Nunavut and Bangladesh – their common link: they share the same planet and civilization.PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 61(1). WMO, 2012Hundreds of thousands of lives, and livelihoods, are threatened and lost every year in Africa due to the impacts of climate variability and severe weather conditions.PermalinkTodos los años, el 23 de marzo, la OMM conmemora la entrada en vigor, en 1950, del Convenio de la OMM en virtud del cual se creó la Organización.
El tema elegido para el Día Meteorológico Mundial de 2012 es El tiempo, el clima y el agua, motores de nuestro futuro, que trata esencialmente de la importante labor que desempeñan los servicios meteorológicos, climáticos e hidrológicos para potenciar un futuro sostenible para nuestra generación
y las venideras.PermalinkPermalinkIIED, 2012This paper explores the links between farmer organisations, Fairtrade and adaptation to climate change, and the extent to which such institutions and market arrangements can enhance the adaptive capacity of smallholder farmers. It looks in detail at two Fairtrade producer organisations in Uganda and Malawi and asserts that joining a producer organisation and Fairtrade certification can strengthen the capacity of smallholders to adapt to climate change on several fronts. It also introduces some key enabling factors such as higher income, access to newer technologies, better farmer training, and ...PermalinkPermalinkACMAD, 2012PermalinkThis in-depth study of the hydrological risks to hydropower dams on the Zambezi River gives an early warning about what Southern Africa could be facing as it contemplates plans for more large hydropower dams in a time of climate change.PermalinkWarner Koko; CARE France ; Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN); et al. - UNU, 2012This report explores the interrelationships among rainfall variability, food and livelihood security, and human mobility in a diverse set of research sites in eight countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. While climate change affects nearly all aspects of food security – from production and availability, to the stability of food supplies, access to food, and food utilization – the Rainfalls research focuses on linkages between shifting rainfall patterns and food production and the stability of food supplies.PermalinkThe rainy season in Sahelian West Africa extends from June to September and is tied to the position of the intertropical front. During this period, mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) often produce significant rainfall that can lead to flooding. This module examines an extreme flooding event that occurred in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso from 31 August to 1 September 2009. Learners assume the role of forecaster, assessing meteorological conditions to see if an MCS will develop that can lead to heavy rain and flooding. They follow a forecast process that emphasizes the use of satellite data, standa ...PermalinkThe module examines the 2009 drought in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA), focusing on conditions in Kenya. The module begins by reviewing drought conditions in the years leading up to 2009. From there, it examines the seasonal climate forecast for the beginning of 2009 and see what it portends. Satellite products are used to study rainfall performance throughout the year and its impact on the drought situation. Finally, the module describes the climate oscillations that can impact drought in the GHA and identifies patterns that were present in 2009 and contributed to its severity. By the end o ...Permalink
PermalinkThe purpose of this working paper is to review a set of Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) initiatives and pilot studies funded by the World Bank’s Water Partnership Program (WPP) in Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe, and Central Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
The report is structured into three chapters:
(1)Introduces the main concepts of IUWM;
(2)Reviews the findings of 10 case studies;
(3)Puts forward recommendations to sustain and enhance the scope of IUWM activities;PermalinkThis report, part of the Making Cities Resilient Campaign by UNISDR, provides an in-depth analysis showing how the city of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, is resilient to disasters. The information was generated by the city council using the HFA-LGSAT self-assessment tool, which uses a ‘ten essentials’ thematic framework focused on improving cities disaster resilience. The paper begins with the background and aims of the study, and an overall assessment of the city council. A literature review then explores the geographic, demographic, and socioeconomic profiles of the city, as well as the potential ...PermalinkFloods are a threat to many cities especially in the developing countries and cities found near the coastal areas where the population pressure, unplanned settlements and poor infrastructures are most evident. Climate change also poses a higher flood risks in these areas due to increased frequency and intensity of extreme rainfall events. In this study analysis of extreme rainfall over Dar es Salaam city in Tanzania was done. The analysis employed empirical as well as hydrological frequency modeling to annual maximum daily rainfall events for 5 of the meteorological stations found within the c ...PermalinkClimate-related risks adversely affect lives and livelihoods in Kenya and threaten the country’s short- and long-term development prospects. To analyse how Kenya’s capacity to prevent, manage and recover from disasters and adapt to the impacts of climate change could be strengthened, this review summarises: Kenya’s vulnerability to climate risks given current progress toward meeting its development goals; Kenya’s exposure to climate risks historically, and how these might change in the future given available climate change projections; the degree to which key sectors of the Kenyan economy and ...PermalinkThis second instalment in USAID's Pounds of Prevention series takes a closer look at how disaster risk reduction work helps keep people safe from harm. This particular example from Kenya presents USAID's work in helping communities in Kenya not only improve their quality of life today, but also bolster their ability to withstand severe drought conditions through water collection, conservation, and storage.PermalinkThis edition travels to Mozambique and presents a cyclone early warning system that combines technology with community organization and mobilization, which enables people in Mozambique to be better prepared to take the right action at the right time every year when the cyclone season arrives and flooding threatens the countryside. The paper asserts that countless lives have been saved and that the resources spent mounting a humanitarian response have decreased.Permalink