OECD, 2013This report is the main outcome of the APEC Finance Ministers’ initiative on disaster risk financing, supporting the implementation of the G20/OECD Methodological Framework. Prepared by the OECD, in cooperation with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the UNISDR and the World Bank, it is directed to APEC Finance Ministers and aims to present examples of policies and practices in disaster risk financing with a view to promoting the exchange of knowledge and practices on financial strategies among APEC members and illustrating progress being made by economies in strengthening financial resilience ...
Published by: OECD ; 2013
This report is the main outcome of the APEC Finance Ministers’ initiative on disaster risk financing, supporting the implementation of the G20/OECD Methodological Framework. Prepared by the OECD, in cooperation with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the UNISDR and the World Bank, it is directed to APEC Finance Ministers and aims to present examples of policies and practices in disaster risk financing with a view to promoting the exchange of knowledge and practices on financial strategies among APEC members and illustrating progress being made by economies in strengthening financial resilience against disasters within APEC. It also aims to identify challenges that APEC economies have encountered in implementing disaster risk financing strategies.
The examples and case studies are based largely on the responses of participating APEC economies to an APEC/OECD questionnaire. They also build, however, on other OECD work and the work of other international organisations such as the ADB, the ASEAN, the UNISDR, and the World Bank. Examples from non-APEC economies are also presented when relevant to put APEC economy practices into a broader perspective and enrich the report with further inspiring experiences and good practices.
Format: Digital (Free)This document presents a tsunami scenario that depicts a hypothetical but plausible tsunami created by an earthquake offshore from the Alaska Peninsula and its impacts on the California coast. The scenario was developed to better understand tsunami impacts to California coastal communities. It includes evaluations of tsunami science such as tsunami source mechanics and tsunami deposits, as well as estimates of potential damage and the socio-economic and environmental impacts from such a scenario.
The document presents evidence for past tsunamis, the scientific basis for the sou ...
Published by: United States of America - gov ; 2013
The SAFRR (Science Application for Risk Reduction) tsunami scenario: executive summary and introduction
This document presents a tsunami scenario that depicts a hypothetical but plausible tsunami created by an earthquake offshore from the Alaska Peninsula and its impacts on the California coast. The scenario was developed to better understand tsunami impacts to California coastal communities. It includes evaluations of tsunami science such as tsunami source mechanics and tsunami deposits, as well as estimates of potential damage and the socio-economic and environmental impacts from such a scenario.
The document presents evidence for past tsunamis, the scientific basis for the source, likely inundation areas, current velocities in key ports and harbors, physical damage and repair costs, economic consequences, environmental and ecological impacts, social vulnerability, emergency management and evacuation challenges, and policy implications for California associated with this hypothetical tsunami. It also discusses ongoing mitigation efforts by the State of California and new communication products. The intended users are those who need to make mitigation decisions before future tsunamis, and those who will need to make rapid decisions during tsunami events. The results of the tsunami scenario will help managers understand the context and consequences of their decisions and how they may improve preparedness and response.
Format: Digital (Free)
Published by: WMO ; 2013
Format: Digital (Free)The aims and objectives for the workshop had been approved by ICT-IOS-7 in July 2012 and CBS-XV in September 2012. However the challenge was substantial as: the user community has varied and evolving requirements; the operating communities have a wide range of technological, political and financial challenges and there are already numerous successful bi-lateral and multi-lateral exchange agreements already in place. Understanding the current situation in terms of requirements, exchange agreements and constraints is an issue in itself. But this will be necessary in order for the next step actio ...
Published by: WMO ; 2013
The aims and objectives for the workshop had been approved by ICT-IOS-7 in July 2012 and CBS-XV in September 2012. However the challenge was substantial as: the user community has varied and evolving requirements; the operating communities have a wide range of technological, political and financial challenges and there are already numerous successful bi-lateral and multi-lateral exchange agreements already in place. Understanding the current situation in terms of requirements, exchange agreements and constraints is an issue in itself. But this will be necessary in order for the next step actions that will be developed to be appropriate.
Format: Digital (Free)The workshop was presented with examples of available global and regional climate data, monitoring, prediction and projection information from global, regional and national entities and mechanisms (introductory overview see Annex V), such as WMO Global Producing Centres for 1 Long-range Forecasts (GPCs), the WCRP Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP), WMO Regional Climate Centres (RCCs; status document see Annex VI), the WMO RCC Tokyo (Japan), the WCRP Co-ordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX), Regional Climate Outlook Forums (RCOFs), the WMO Climate Watch concept, ...
Published by: WMO ; 2013
The workshop was presented with examples of available global and regional climate data, monitoring, prediction and projection information from global, regional and national entities and mechanisms (introductory overview see Annex V), such as WMO Global Producing Centres for 1 Long-range Forecasts (GPCs), the WCRP Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP), WMO Regional Climate Centres (RCCs; status document see Annex VI), the WMO RCC Tokyo (Japan), the WCRP Co-ordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX), Regional Climate Outlook Forums (RCOFs), the WMO Climate Watch concept, the Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (CIMH), the Climate Prediction Centre (CPC) of the USA, the National Climatic Data Centre (NCDC) of the USA, the Global Drought Monitor Portal (hosted by the NCDC), and the Southeast European Virtual Climate Change Centre (SEEVCCC). Also, aspects of global climate data were addressed.
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Climate ; Information management ; Climate services ; Climate Services Information System (CSIS) ; World Climate Applications and Services Programme (WCASP) ; Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) Add tagEPA, 2013Based on aforementioned observations, the objective of this publication is to present a report on the management of natural hazards and major risks in Switzerland with a particular emphasis on the role of science in this context. This report starts by examining the national strategies created in Switzerland and relates them to the international context. It then presents an overview of the actors involved in the battle for the integrated prevention of disasters – be they natural or technological in nature – by way of background to the introduction of a practical tool which facilitates the iden ...
PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2013This document summarizes the conclusions of the joint UNOOSA/UNISDR open informal session of the United Nations Inter-Agency Meeting on outer space activities: "Space and disaster risk reduction: Planning for resilient human settlements" - Perspectives towards the Fourth Session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction.
PermalinkThis report identifies positive and potentially replicable practice in the use of ICTs for climate change adaptation, drawing on case studies in three countries-Senegal, Uganda and Malawi. It explores the barriers, opportunities, implementation risks and challenges concerning the use of ICTs for adaptation to climate change, and assessed the stakeholders involved.
PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013
PermalinkLa variabilidad del clima y el cambio climático representan un importante desafío para el desarrollo sostenible en África. La actual crisis de hambruna en el Cuerno de África es solo otro recordatorio de cómo las fluctuaciones en el clima pueden destruir vidas y sustentos. Etiopía, uno de los países afectados por la actual sequía, ha sufrido las fluctuaciones del clima durante décadas. La variabilidad climática es uno de los principales obstáculos para el desarrollo en Etiopía. Las sequías y las crecidas han reducido el potencial anual de crecimiento del país en más de un tercio (Grey y otros, ...
PermalinkLa necesidad de contar con información y productos climáticos basados en series históricas de larga duración es más importante que nunca. Los progresos en el terreno de la predicción climática estacional han creado un importante potencial para que esta ciencia contribuya a mejorar las prácticas en la gestión de recursos hídricos. El aumento de la colaboración entre los dos sectores solo puede dar lugar a beneficios.
PermalinkИзменчивость и изменение климата являются серьезным испытанием для устойчивого развития Африки. Текущий кризис, вызванный голодом в странах Африканского Рога, является лишним напоминанием того, как колебания климата могут оказать разрушительное воздействие на жизнь людей и источники их существования. Эфиопия – одна из стран, подвергшихся воздействию засухи, – в течение десятилетий страдает от колебаний климата.
PermalinkПотребность в долгосрочной исторической информации о климате актуальна как никогда. Достижения в области сезонного прогнозирования климата создали значительный потенциал для вклада в совершенствование технологий управления водными ресурсами. Укрепление сотрудничества между двумя секторами может принести только пользу.
PermalinkClimate variability and change are serious challenges to sustainable development in Africa. The current famine crisis in the Horn of Africa is yet another reminder of how fluctuations in the climate can destroy lives and livelihoods. Ethiopia, one of the countries impacted by the current drought, has been suffering from climate fluctuations for decades.
PermalinkAn important component of the submission of the ACCESS coupled model data to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) is publishing a comprehensive set of the CMIP5 requested data and ensuring the data meets the stringent CMIP5 format and quality requirements. CMIP5 specifies a standard for model output where each parameter is stored in a single NetCDF file and includes additional meta-data. These requirements are designed to make analysis of the data as straight forward as possible. This document describes the ACCESS Post-Processor (APP), and how it is used. The APP has been ...
PermalinkSuspended particulate matter in the atmosphere, commonly known as aerosol by the technical and scientific community, plays a role in climate change, air quality/human health, ozone depletion and the long-range transport and deposition of toxics and nutrients. Aerosols have many sources ranging from sea spray and mineral dust that are mechanically generated by wind at the Earth’s surface to sulphates, nitrates and organics produced primarily by chemical reaction of gases in the atmosphere producing non-volatile products that condense to form particles. In addition, semi-volatile substances such ...
PermalinkA survey on the “Impacts of Achieved Results on Members” was undertaken in February-October 2012. The Members were requested to respond to a questionnaire developed by the EC WG/SOP, which comprised of 129 questions. As of October 2012, a total of 109 NMHSs (58%) had responded. Of these, six started the survey but only responded to a few questions. The response rate per Regional Association (RA) is as follows: RA I (Africa) – 42%; RA II (Asia) – 65%; RA III (South America) – 58%; RA IV (North America, Central America and the Caribbean) – 68%; RA V (South-West Pacific) – 50%; and RA VI ( ...
PermalinkThe World Weather Records (WWR) database contains historical monthly climatic data from land surface stations worldwide. First released in 1927, the WWR database has been widely employed in operational climate monitoring, international climate assessments, and numerous other applications. To date, there have been nine editions of WWR, the first containing data up through 1920, with each successive release containing data for another decade (i.e., 1921-1930, 1931- 1940, 1941-1950, 1951-1960, 1961-1970, 1971-1980, 1981-1990, 1991- 2000). Since its inception, WWR has been produced by three ...
PermalinkGNDR, 2012As a contribution to the development of a successor to the Hyogo Framework for Action on Disaster Reduction, this discussion paper informs a number of regional and online discussions and distills down the key themes which emerged with a particular focus on recommendations for a post HFA framework, accompanied by fuller notes of the discussions which appear in annexes.
PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2012The focus of the GIP 2012 remains the GCN and the datasets that result from this network. The new plan calls for two significant upgrades to the GCN motivated by scientific and operational requirements.
PermalinkThis document reports on a research aiming at a more gender-sensitive approach to disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands. It gives insight on the situations in which women and men, girls and boys live in three selected communities in both countries. It provides information about their local behaviour patterns, belief and value systems, their daily life routines etc. - all necessary information to adapt ongoing and plan future DRR measures in this specific context.
PermalinkWorld Bank, 2012This report is a preliminary effort to present a body of knowledge on the state of disaster risk financing and insurance in Sub-Saharan Africa. It aims to contribute to a strengthened understanding and collective knowledge within Sub-Saharan Africa on disaster risk financing and insurance, and to encourage open dialogue between stakeholders on how strategies can best be developed to increase financial resilience against natural disasters. It is targeted at policy-makers and actors in the international community with an interest in this agenda. In the context of this report, disaster risk finan ...
PermalinkThe report analyses the effects of climate change on U.S. agriculture on the basis of research needs categorized within a vulnerability framework addressing specific actions that would improve understanding of the exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity to: (i) improve projections of future climate conditions, including extreme temperatures, precipitation, and related variables; (ii) evaluate and develop process-level understanding of the sensitivity of plant and animal production systems; and (iii) develop and extend the knowledge, management strategies and tools needed by U.S. agricultur ...
PermalinkUNDP, 2012This issue provides a summary of the disaster risk management activities activities, progress, achievements and efforts carried out by UNDP in Uzbekistan. I covers: (i) youth motivation for disaster risk reduction (DRR); (ii) the help provided to Uzbekistan by a new Disaster Preparedness and Response Group (UN DPRG) in case of a disaster; (iii) the development of practical guidelines for community preparedness for earthquake safety; (iv) the mainstreaming of DRR in schools and the involvement of kids; (v) the establishment of lessons learnt and knowledge exchange platform with the Russian Fede ...
PermalinkOn 27 May 2008, the China Meteorological Administration (CMA) successfully launched the FY-3 polar orbiting meteorological satellite through its partners. While making the Earth observations, FY-3 continuously broadcasts within its coverage the raw MPT data (from MERSI instrument), which is packed in CCSDS format and raw HRPT data from all its payload instruments (with only exception of MERSI instrument) via both X and L transmission bands. To extensively share the FY-3 data, the National Satellite Meteorological Center/CMA has released 2 software packages oriented to Linux users: (1) FY3L0pp ...
PermalinkAll 42 Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties) submitted their greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory common reporting format (CRF) tables and national inventory reports (NIRs) in 2012. By the deadline of 15 April, 41 sets of CRF tables and 36 NIRs had been received. From 1990 to 2010, total aggregate GHG emissions excluding emissions/removals from land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) for all Annex I Parties decreased by 8.9 per cent, and total GHG emissions/removals including LULUCF decreased by 14.6 per cent. For Annex I Parties with economies in transition ( ...
PermalinkGlobal Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the ; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR); World Bank the - GFDRR, 2012This report provides a five year retrospective on the experiences and successes of the Track I of the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), which 'provides the financial and technical support to the ISDR system through the ISDR secretariat,' and identifies some pointers for 2013 and beyond. This report focuses only on the period 2007-2011 and reviews in detail the programmatic activities of Track I, including: (i) strengthening the regional architecture for implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 through regional platforms, ministerial meetings, regional st ...
PermalinkWinpenny James; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - UNESCO, 2012 (UNESCO Side publications series-No. 02)Water makes a critical contribution to all aspects of personal welfare and economic life. However, global water resources are coming under increasing pressure. It is widely recognized that over the next few decades global drivers such as climate change, population growth and improving living standards will increase pressure on the availability, quality and distribution of water resources. Managing the impacts of these drivers to maximize social and economic welfare will require intelligent policy and management responses at all levels of collection, production and distribution of water. The go ...
PermalinkThis wokring paper aims to identify barriers to information use for climate adaptation in South Asia. It serves as background for a South Asian regional workshop that will bring together adaptation information users and producers to inform likely new investments in the information base for climate adaptation. This paper aims to support progress toward the regional workshop's objectives by: (i) identifying barriers to effective information production, access, and application in the South Asian region; (ii) posing a practical vocabulary for characterizing relevant information types; (iii) articu ...
PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2012This paper discusses a project in the Arab region aimed at enabling national and regional institutions to develop system wide capacities to monitor, archive and disseminate data on key hazards and vulnerabilities, and periodically assess emerging risk such as national poverty trends. It shows that systematically recording data on disaster loss represents a low cost, high impact strategy for visualizing risk patterns and trends over space and time. This paper focuses on the findings of national disaster loss databases in three of the project's pilot countries: Jordan, Syria, and Yemen.
PermalinkRedR, 2012This report attempts to map existing disaster risk reduction (DRR) resources and tools and to establish the essential components of a 5-day training workshop for humanitarian workers. It uses a learning needs assessment to map exercises in order to identify the existing DRR resources and an Internet survey which was completed by 146 respondents, and 20 semi-structured interviews, including donors, national NGOs, governments, and UN agencies.
PermalinkIn 2011, 332 natural disasters1 were registered, less than the average annual disaster frequency observed from 2001 to 2010 (384). However, the human and economic impacts of the disasters in 2011 were massive. Natural disasters killed a total of 30 773 people and caused 244.7 million victims worldwide (see Figure 1). Economic damages from natural disasters were the highest ever registered, with an estimated US$ 366.1 billion [...]
PermalinkThis report presents the findings on the effectiveness and impact of PreventionWeb (PW) and other UNISDR information services, and their ability to meet current and evolving information needs of existing and new disaster risk reduction (DRR) stakeholders, of the external evaluation undertaken by ITAD.
The evaluation and corresponding report aim to answer the following key questions: Is PW reaching the right people? Is PW meeting their needs? Is PW providing the optimum user experience? What impact is PW having? How effective and efficient is the management of PW?
PermalinkThe Workshop on Aircraft Observing System Data Management was hosted by the WMO Secretariat, over 5-8 June, 2012, in Geneva, Switzerland. The Workshop was a joint initiative of the WMO AMDAR Panel and the CBS Expert Team on Aircraft-based Observations (ET-AIR). The aims and objectives, which are provided in full within Appendix II, were chiefly concerned with furthering two tasks within the WIGOS Pilot Project for AMDAR, namely the “Development of a standardised Quality Management Framework for AMDAR data”, and, the “Application of WMO Metadata relevant to AMDAR”. The Workshop also covered a n ...
PermalinkIncreasingly, Social Media meet the information needs of individuals and communities. Social Media provide enormous opportunities for National Meteorololgical and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) to enhance the delivery of information and services and to interact with users to better understand their needs and interests. The purpose of these Guidelines is to assist NMHSs who may be considering the use of Social Media. The Guidelines address the challenges and highlight the benefits of Social Media, suggest some principles for an effective strategy, and encourage NMHSs to consider Social Media as ...
PermalinkAs a follow-up to a first paper A preliminary analysis of flood and storm disaster data in Viet Nam, this Quang Binh case study provides a more in-depth disaster profile of one particular province in Viet Nam, including specific temporal and spatial distribution patterns while using district aggregated data. It also looks deeper into the relationship between disasters and poverty through analysis of various indicators: number of deaths, impact on housing and agricultural produce, poverty rate and the percentage of poor households.
The first part of this paper examines the disas ...
PermalinkThe first meeting of the CBS Inter-Programme Expert Team on Metadata and Data Interoperability (IPET-MDI) was held in Geneva, Switzerland, from 27 to 29 April 2010 under the chairmanship of Mr J. Tandy (UK).
The meeting focused its activities on the WMO core profile of the ISO metadata standard, in particular on the clarification required for the implementation of the WMO core profile by WIS centres and the tool to support the development of WMO Core Profile standard.
PermalinkIn support of the programmes coordinated or co-sponsored by WMO for weather and climate, CGMS Members plan to maintain the operational capabilities and services described below, that constitute the “CGMS baseline for the operational contribution to the GOS”. While this particular document focuses on missions that are decided and managed in an
operational or sustained framework, with a perspective of long-term follow-on, this in no way precludes the importance of other missions undertaken e.g. on a research or demonstration basis. First of all, because today’s research and development a ...
PermalinkОперативное прогнозирование климата завоевывает позиции в качестве самой современной, активно развивающейся области климатического обслуживания для финансового сектора.
PermalinkLos planificadores nacionales están buscando inversores privados que contribuyan a financiar los planes de desarrollo basados en unas bajas emisiones de carbono.
PermalinkPermalinkBulletin, Vol. 60 (1). WMO, 2011
Permalinkis an issue of Rivista di Meteorologia. Organo del Servizio Meteorologico dell'Aeronautica, 2011Contiene tali:
- Il caldo anomalo del 2003 in Italia: anomalie climatiche ed
inquinamento da ozono
- HSAF - Hydrology Satellite Application Facilities: un progetto
europeo con finalità di servizio e impiego operativo
- Nuovo approccio alle previsioni stagionali: analisi
- Simulazione del Meteosat Third Generation Lightning Imager
attraverso dati reali rilevati dal satellite NASA TRMM - LIS
- Intensità delle precipitazioni: campagna internazionale di
misura a Vigna di Valle organizzata dal Ser ...
PermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) - OMM, 2011 (Edición de 2011, actualización de 2019; OMM-No. 306)