Data repositories and archives play a critical role as the source for the observational data used in the study of weather and climate. After over two centuries of recording observations on paper, observations in the last 20 years have mostly been collected digitally. Repositories around the world now have a mix of data on physical media, such as paper and microfilm, and digital media such as computer disks, magnetic tapes and DVDs. There is risk of data loss regardless of storage media. Repositories must identify, appraise, acquire, archive and migrate data to new technologies to make it avail ...
in Bulletin > Vol. 64(1) (2015) . - p.28-30
Data repositories and archives play a critical role as the source for the observational data used in the study of weather and climate. After over two centuries of recording observations on paper, observations in the last 20 years have mostly been collected digitally. Repositories around the world now have a mix of data on physical media, such as paper and microfilm, and digital media such as computer disks, magnetic tapes and DVDs. There is risk of data loss regardless of storage media. Repositories must identify, appraise, acquire, archive and migrate data to new technologies to make it available for research. These acts of stewardship and conversion to common electronic formats are vital to preserving and enhancing the global climate record.
Language(s): English; Other Languages: French, Russian, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy[article]The 8th Homogenization Seminar and the 3rd Conference on Spatial Interpolation were organized together considering certain theoretical and practical respects. Theoretically there is a strong connection between these topics since the homogenization and quality control procedures need spatial statistics and interpolation techniques for spatial comparison of data. On the other hand the spatial interpolation procedures (e.g. gridding) need homogeneous data series with high quality. Practically the CARPATCLIM project that was launched in 2010 and ended in 2013 is a good example for this problem. Th ...
Eighth Seminar for Homogenization and Quality Control in Climatological Databases and Third Conference on Spatial Interpolation Techniques in Climatology and Meteorology
Event: Event: Seminar for Homogenization and Quality Control in Climatological Databases and Third Conference on Spatial Interpolation Techniques in Climatology and Meteorology 8th session (12-16 May 2014; Budapest, Hungary)Published by: WMO ; 2015
The 8th Homogenization Seminar and the 3rd Conference on Spatial Interpolation were organized together considering certain theoretical and practical respects. Theoretically there is a strong connection between these topics since the homogenization and quality control procedures need spatial statistics and interpolation techniques for spatial comparison of data. On the other hand the spatial interpolation procedures (e.g. gridding) need homogeneous data series with high quality. Practically the CARPATCLIM project that was launched in 2010 and ended in 2013 is a good example for this problem. The main purpose of the project was to produce a gridded database for the Carpathian region based on homogenized data series. The experiences of this project may be useful for the implementation of gridded databases.
Collection(s) and Series: WCDMP- No. 84
Format: Digital (Free)This synthesis report explores the opportunities, challenges and required steps for leveraging the new ecosystem of Big Data to monitor and detect hazards, mitigate their effects, and assist in relief efforts. Ultimately the goal is to build resilience so that vulnerable communities and countries as complex human ecosystems not only ‘bounce back’ but also learn to adapt to maintain equilibrium in the face of natural hazards.
Published by: United Kingdom Government ; 2015
Big data for climate change and disaster resilience: realising the benefits for developing countries
This synthesis report explores the opportunities, challenges and required steps for leveraging the new ecosystem of Big Data to monitor and detect hazards, mitigate their effects, and assist in relief efforts. Ultimately the goal is to build resilience so that vulnerable communities and countries as complex human ecosystems not only ‘bounce back’ but also learn to adapt to maintain equilibrium in the face of natural hazards.
Format: Digital (Free)This report aims to contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the implications of social media analysis tools for disaster preparedness, focusing on the Asia Pacific region. The research it is based on follows a technology-in-practice approach, that is, it examines users’ practices enacted in their interaction with technological features and functions (e.g., message broadcasting on Twitter, visual analytical tools on ThinkUp) in different situations. Specifically, this research aims to solicit data from humanitarian organizations’ self-reported opinions and usage of social media and relat ...
Published by: Nanyang Technological University (NTU) ; 2015
This report aims to contribute to a comprehensive understanding of the implications of social media analysis tools for disaster preparedness, focusing on the Asia Pacific region. The research it is based on follows a technology-in-practice approach, that is, it examines users’ practices enacted in their interaction with technological features and functions (e.g., message broadcasting on Twitter, visual analytical tools on ThinkUp) in different situations. Specifically, this research aims to solicit data from humanitarian organizations’ self-reported opinions and usage of social media and related analysis tools, which helps answer the practical question of whether and in what ways organizations’ information behaviour (i.e., communicating on social media, monitoring and assessing information via analysis tools) leads to disaster preparedness and resilience building.
As a result, findings of this research are useful and relevant to multiple stakeholders involved in disaster preparedness. In particular, humanitarian organizations will benefit from this research in gaining knowledge about whether and how to use new technologies such as social media and related analysis tools in their existing programs of disaster preparedness and community engagement. As well, community members can benefit from the findings of this research by knowing whether and how to utilize social media in building up resources with humanitarian organizations for short-term disaster preparedness and long-term community resilience.
Format: Digital (Free)In this article, the author tabulates and measures the burden of disasters on the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) by aggregating and comparing the data found in the two global datasets on disaster impacts.
The paper shows that the most commonly used dataset greatly underestimates the burden of disasters for the Pacific islands. Next, it describes a new index that aggregates disaster impacts, calculates this index for the PICs, and then compares the burden of disasters for the island countries of the Pacific with the island countries of the Caribbean. This comparison demonstrates ...
Published by: Victoria University of Wellington ; 2015
Natural disasters and climate change in the Pacific island countries: new non-monetary measurements of impacts
In this article, the author tabulates and measures the burden of disasters on the Pacific Island Countries (PICs) by aggregating and comparing the data found in the two global datasets on disaster impacts.
The paper shows that the most commonly used dataset greatly underestimates the burden of disasters for the Pacific islands. Next, it describes a new index that aggregates disaster impacts, calculates this index for the PICs, and then compares the burden of disasters for the island countries of the Pacific with the island countries of the Caribbean. This comparison demonstrates quite clearly that the burden of disasters is significantly more acute in the Pacific.
Lastly, the paper discusses the evidence regarding the future impact of climatic change in the Pacific on the region’s disaster burden. The Pacific is facing a very high degree of disaster risk, and that is only predicted to increase in the future. On the other hand, the region has a small population, and given the global resources available for disaster risk reduction, it can easily be seen as the frontier where attempts to create a more sustainable and resilient future can be put to their first tests.
Collection(s) and Series: School of Economics and Finance Working paper- No. 08/2015
Format: Digital (Free)
PermalinkThis four-part study examines Twitter as a viable communications tool at the community level during crisis events with potential for disaster risk reduction and management, and establishes an evidence-based technological science and knowledge base necessary for community-level replication and education and training of this communications tool.
PermalinkSpringer, 2015These articles represent a first attempt to develop a baseline for understanding, analyzing, praising, and critiquing the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) and its progress in implementation.
PermalinkContributing to the global dialogue on disaster risk reduction (DRR), the purpose of this paper is to address a key priority for the Post-2015 Framework for DRR (HFA2) by analyzing initiatives used by one local government to increase local-level engagement in DRR.
A review of literature from the multidisciplinary areas of communication, social and political theory examines the role that communication theory and practice can play in facilitating public participation to build community resilience. Building on these insights, the authors introduce a research methodology to examine ...
PermalinkMalteser International, 2015This study aims to analyze national and international stakeholders and their initiatives in Early Warning Systems in Myanmar, to identify priority gaps that need to be addressed by all stakeholders. It is presented as a first step towards supporting GoUM in information-gathering under the Myanmar Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction (MAPDRR), in particular under Components (2) Risk Assessment, (3) Multi-hazard Early Warning System and (4) Preparedness at all levels, and especially in implementing Sub-Component (3.4) Enhanced Flood Monitoring and Forecasting Capacities at Township Levels.
PermalinkComme l’a montré l’article qui précède, la météorologie augmente rapidement sa capacité de gérer et de distribuer le volume croissant de données et d’informations produites par les Membres de l’OMM et diverses organisations. Il va de soi que d’autres branches scientifiques et techniques cherchent, elles aussi, le meilleur moyen de structurer d’énormes quantités de données. Et comme l’OMM, elles relèvent ce défi en mettant à profit l’expansion du réseau Internet, l’augmentation de la puissance des ordinateurs et l’affinement des logiciels.12
PermalinkWhen particles collide, data explodes. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN produces roughly one million gigabytes of data per second.
PermalinkCongress during its sixteenth session in 2011 welcomed the decision of the Commission for Climatology during its fifteenth session in 2010 for improving WMO Climate System Monitoring including related methodologies and dissemination of monitoring reports for timely information on extreme weather and climate events occurring on large scale and having high socioeconomic impacts. A brochure called "Assessment of the observed extreme conditions during the 2009/2010 boreal winter" was published by WMO in 2010 and is now followed by this supplement to the WMO annual statement on the status of the g ...
PermalinkThis document provides a functional specification for AMDAR onboard software, which can be utilized by avionics software developers to build avionics software applications for AMDAR that will efficiently meet WMO standards and requirements for reporting of meteorological data from the aircraft platform utilizing aviation communications protocols and infrastructure.
PermalinkInternational Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD); World Meteorological Organization (WMO) - WMO, 2014Submitted to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Finland by International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD), Kathmandu, Nepal
PermalinkThis report is based on initial research into the use of long-term (5-40 year) climate information in Malawi, Rwanda, Zambia and the coastal cities of Accra, Ghana and Maputo, Mozambique to achieve long-term development objectives in sub-Saharan Africa . The study also assesses how long-term climate information is being used by planners of large dams and ports in Africa. The research finds that governments and businesses are failing to consider long-term climate information in investment planning: in most of the case study countries, not a single example of climate information being effectivel ...
PermalinkInformation on ecosystem characteristics as well as economic statistics is needed to more fully inform decision makers on the impacts of climate change on human well-being. Climate change risks involve potentially large and irreversible as well as highly uncertain impacts that need to be evaluated with information that complements cost-benefit analysis. Information on the irreversibility of impacts also is relevant for evaluating implications for intergenerational equity. In addition, climate change is subject to a large degree of Knightian uncertainty, making it useful to understand how indiv ...
PermalinkThis publication establishes a framework defining the functionality required within a climate data management system (CDMS). A CDMS is an integrated computer-based system that facilitates the effective archival, management, analysis, delivery and utilization of a wide range of integrated climate data.
PermalinkThis report aims to contribute to a future comprehensive quantitative depiction of potential climate change impacts in Switzerland, from which the impacted community can draw upon to inform and support stakeholders and policymakers. The report compiles quantitative information from multiple fields, based on common climate scenarios. It is thus an effort toward building a set of quantitative scenarios of climate change impacts in Switzerland, in analogy to the CH2011 climate scenarios.
PermalinkThe development of these Guidelines was prompted by the need to establish some common understanding, as well as rules and procedures, for those engaged in the preparation and promulgation of regulatory material in WMO. Their purpose therefore is to lay out principles and procedures with a view to improving the quality of the WMO Technical Regulations, Volume I to Volume IV and their annexes (manuals) and guides and ensure their consistency. The Guidelines are addressed to both technical commissions and other bodies drafting regulatory provisions (such as the Executive Council Panel of Experts ...
PermalinkCe guide présente certains des systèmes d’observation existants qui sont susceptibles de répondre aux exigences pratiques de la météorologie aéronautique et donne des indications sur les systèmes que l’on juge les mieux adaptés aux différents contextes. Il préconise l’adoption, s’il y a lieu, des normes promulguées par l’OMM et l’Organisation de l’aviation civile internationale (OACI). Enfin, il aborde l’importante question du coût de la fourniture des observations en regard des avantages mesurables que l’on compte retirer d’une application donnée.
PermalinkThis Guide presents some of the observing systems currently available to meet the stated operational requirements in aeronautical meteorology and provides guidance on the ones deemed most appropriate under different circumstances. Where applicable, the Guide encourages the adoption of WMO/International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) standards. An important issue considered is the cost of the provision of observations in relation to the expected measurable benefits to be derived from a particular application.
PermalinkВ настоящем Руководстве представлены некоторые из систем наблюдений, которые в
настоящее время имеются для удовлетворения заявленных оперативных потребностей в
области авиационной метеорологии, а также представлены рекомендации по системам,
наиболее подходящим для использования в различных обстоятельствах. Когда это
необходимо, Руководство стимулирует принятие стандартов ВМО и Международной
организации гражданской авиации (ИКАО). Важным рассмотренным вопросом является
стоимость обеспечения наблюдений относительно ожидаемых измеримых выгод,
PermalinkLa presente Guía tiene por objeto describir diversos sistemas de observación actualmente en funcionamiento que responden a los requisitos operacionales establecidos y proponer sistemas que podrían ser más adecuados en función de circunstancias específicas. Si bien no se pretende aquí proponer ningún sistema de observación en particular, se alienta a adoptar las normas pertinentes de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) cuando proceda. En la elaboración de estas directrices se ha tenido en cuenta en todo momento el costo de adquisición y los beneficios cuantificables que podrían derivars ...
PermalinkThe three main operational components of daily weather production systems are real-time observing and data collection, routine global exchange of data and information and the systematic operational processing of data to produce meteorological analyses, numerical weather predictions (NWP) and weather forecasts and warnings. Thus, these three components – the Global Observing System (GOS), the WMO Information System (WIS), and the Global Data-processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS) – have formed the backbone of the World Weather Watch (WWW) System.
PermalinkThis report provides information for scientists interested in high quality surface radiation data as well as for scientists running a BSRN station. It offers information about the available data, the data access and describes tools to visualize the data and to check their quality.
PermalinkThis document provides a functional specification for AMDAR onboard software, which can be utilized by avionics software developers to build avionics software applications for AMDAR that will efficiently meet WMO standards and requirements for reporting of meteorological data from the aircraft platform utilizing aviation communications protocols and infrastructure.
PermalinkThe World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has undertaken the 2012 WMO Survey on the Use of Satellite Data to collect information on the availability and use of satellite data and products by users globally, and to identify any areas for improvement and remedial action. This is part of the work programme of the WMO Commission for Basic Systems Expert Team on Satellite Utilization and Products (ET-SUP).1 The total number of valid responses received was 227 (originating from 95 WMO Member countries2 ) of which 127 (56%) were provided by National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS), ...
PermalinkThis first session of the CIMO Expert Team on Standardization was held from 26 to 29 November 2012 at the WMO Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.
The meeting followed up on the matter of the Siting Classification for Surface Observing Station on Land that was published in the WMO Guide to Meteorological Instruments and Methods of Observation (WMO-No. 8, CIMO Guide). It agreed on a way to provide clarifications on how to interpret and apply the classification through a question and answer website. It also reviewed the process for further developing this classification as a common WMO-I ...
PermalinkThis document provides the Final Report of the 15 th Session of the WMO AMDAR Panel, which, was also the final Meeting of the Panel, having agreed to hand over full programmatic management and governance of the Aircraft-based and AMDAR observing systems to WMO and its Technical Commissions, CBS and CIMO. Most importantly, Members should be aware that this does not mean the end of AMDAR related developmental activities and there remains a strong need to continue supporting the work programme of the WMO Aircraft-based Observations programme. This programme will be managed jointly by a CBS Expert ...
PermalinkThis report examines four different issue areas to analyze how social media is used in the context of risk and crisis communication, using hurricane Sandy as an example. These areas include: public safety and preparedness; emergency warnings, alerts and requests for assistance; recovery efforts; and, finally, monitoring and situational awareness. In the context of each of these areas, the report highlights the key literature and real-life examples to explore the risks vs. opportunities in the utility of social media. These four areas capture the role of engagement and strategy in both the risk ...
PermalinkDe Groeve Tom; European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) ; Poljansek Karmen; et al. - European Commission, 2013In this study commissioned by Directorate General Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection of the European Commission, the Joint Research Centre formulates technical recommendations for a European approach to standardize loss databases. Loss data are useful for the implementation of disaster risk reduction strategies in Europe (from local to national scales) and to help understand disaster loss trends at global level.
PermalinkUNU, 2013This Source edition as a product of the seventh Summer Academy comprises seven scientific papers from participants originating from different countries and working in various disciplines debating issues associated with social vulnerability and resilience. The seven papers address various aspects of integrating social, environmental and infrastructure elements in understanding vulnerability and resilience. They represent new and innovative approaches to vulnerability and resilience metrics, with an eye towards informing policy.
PermalinkOECD, 2013This report is the main outcome of the APEC Finance Ministers’ initiative on disaster risk financing, supporting the implementation of the G20/OECD Methodological Framework. Prepared by the OECD, in cooperation with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the UNISDR and the World Bank, it is directed to APEC Finance Ministers and aims to present examples of policies and practices in disaster risk financing with a view to promoting the exchange of knowledge and practices on financial strategies among APEC members and illustrating progress being made by economies in strengthening financial resilience ...
PermalinkThis document presents a tsunami scenario that depicts a hypothetical but plausible tsunami created by an earthquake offshore from the Alaska Peninsula and its impacts on the California coast. The scenario was developed to better understand tsunami impacts to California coastal communities. It includes evaluations of tsunami science such as tsunami source mechanics and tsunami deposits, as well as estimates of potential damage and the socio-economic and environmental impacts from such a scenario.
The document presents evidence for past tsunamis, the scientific basis for the sou ...
PermalinkThe aims and objectives for the workshop had been approved by ICT-IOS-7 in July 2012 and CBS-XV in September 2012. However the challenge was substantial as: the user community has varied and evolving requirements; the operating communities have a wide range of technological, political and financial challenges and there are already numerous successful bi-lateral and multi-lateral exchange agreements already in place. Understanding the current situation in terms of requirements, exchange agreements and constraints is an issue in itself. But this will be necessary in order for the next step actio ...
PermalinkThe workshop was presented with examples of available global and regional climate data, monitoring, prediction and projection information from global, regional and national entities and mechanisms (introductory overview see Annex V), such as WMO Global Producing Centres for 1 Long-range Forecasts (GPCs), the WCRP Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP), WMO Regional Climate Centres (RCCs; status document see Annex VI), the WMO RCC Tokyo (Japan), the WCRP Co-ordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX), Regional Climate Outlook Forums (RCOFs), the WMO Climate Watch concept, ...
PermalinkEPA, 2013Based on aforementioned observations, the objective of this publication is to present a report on the management of natural hazards and major risks in Switzerland with a particular emphasis on the role of science in this context. This report starts by examining the national strategies created in Switzerland and relates them to the international context. It then presents an overview of the actors involved in the battle for the integrated prevention of disasters – be they natural or technological in nature – by way of background to the introduction of a practical tool which facilitates the iden ...
PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2013This document summarizes the conclusions of the joint UNOOSA/UNISDR open informal session of the United Nations Inter-Agency Meeting on outer space activities: "Space and disaster risk reduction: Planning for resilient human settlements" - Perspectives towards the Fourth Session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction.
PermalinkThis report identifies positive and potentially replicable practice in the use of ICTs for climate change adaptation, drawing on case studies in three countries-Senegal, Uganda and Malawi. It explores the barriers, opportunities, implementation risks and challenges concerning the use of ICTs for adaptation to climate change, and assessed the stakeholders involved.
PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013
PermalinkLa variabilidad del clima y el cambio climático representan un importante desafío para el desarrollo sostenible en África. La actual crisis de hambruna en el Cuerno de África es solo otro recordatorio de cómo las fluctuaciones en el clima pueden destruir vidas y sustentos. Etiopía, uno de los países afectados por la actual sequía, ha sufrido las fluctuaciones del clima durante décadas. La variabilidad climática es uno de los principales obstáculos para el desarrollo en Etiopía. Las sequías y las crecidas han reducido el potencial anual de crecimiento del país en más de un tercio (Grey y otros, ...
PermalinkLa necesidad de contar con información y productos climáticos basados en series históricas de larga duración es más importante que nunca. Los progresos en el terreno de la predicción climática estacional han creado un importante potencial para que esta ciencia contribuya a mejorar las prácticas en la gestión de recursos hídricos. El aumento de la colaboración entre los dos sectores solo puede dar lugar a beneficios.
PermalinkИзменчивость и изменение климата являются серьезным испытанием для устойчивого развития Африки. Текущий кризис, вызванный голодом в странах Африканского Рога, является лишним напоминанием того, как колебания климата могут оказать разрушительное воздействие на жизнь людей и источники их существования. Эфиопия – одна из стран, подвергшихся воздействию засухи, – в течение десятилетий страдает от колебаний климата.
PermalinkПотребность в долгосрочной исторической информации о климате актуальна как никогда. Достижения в области сезонного прогнозирования климата создали значительный потенциал для вклада в совершенствование технологий управления водными ресурсами. Укрепление сотрудничества между двумя секторами может принести только пользу.
PermalinkClimate variability and change are serious challenges to sustainable development in Africa. The current famine crisis in the Horn of Africa is yet another reminder of how fluctuations in the climate can destroy lives and livelihoods. Ethiopia, one of the countries impacted by the current drought, has been suffering from climate fluctuations for decades.
PermalinkAn important component of the submission of the ACCESS coupled model data to the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) is publishing a comprehensive set of the CMIP5 requested data and ensuring the data meets the stringent CMIP5 format and quality requirements. CMIP5 specifies a standard for model output where each parameter is stored in a single NetCDF file and includes additional meta-data. These requirements are designed to make analysis of the data as straight forward as possible. This document describes the ACCESS Post-Processor (APP), and how it is used. The APP has been ...
PermalinkSuspended particulate matter in the atmosphere, commonly known as aerosol by the technical and scientific community, plays a role in climate change, air quality/human health, ozone depletion and the long-range transport and deposition of toxics and nutrients. Aerosols have many sources ranging from sea spray and mineral dust that are mechanically generated by wind at the Earth’s surface to sulphates, nitrates and organics produced primarily by chemical reaction of gases in the atmosphere producing non-volatile products that condense to form particles. In addition, semi-volatile substances such ...
PermalinkA survey on the “Impacts of Achieved Results on Members” was undertaken in February-October 2012. The Members were requested to respond to a questionnaire developed by the EC WG/SOP, which comprised of 129 questions. As of October 2012, a total of 109 NMHSs (58%) had responded. Of these, six started the survey but only responded to a few questions. The response rate per Regional Association (RA) is as follows: RA I (Africa) – 42%; RA II (Asia) – 65%; RA III (South America) – 58%; RA IV (North America, Central America and the Caribbean) – 68%; RA V (South-West Pacific) – 50%; and RA VI ( ...
PermalinkThe World Weather Records (WWR) database contains historical monthly climatic data from land surface stations worldwide. First released in 1927, the WWR database has been widely employed in operational climate monitoring, international climate assessments, and numerous other applications. To date, there have been nine editions of WWR, the first containing data up through 1920, with each successive release containing data for another decade (i.e., 1921-1930, 1931- 1940, 1941-1950, 1951-1960, 1961-1970, 1971-1980, 1981-1990, 1991- 2000). Since its inception, WWR has been produced by three ...
PermalinkGNDR, 2012As a contribution to the development of a successor to the Hyogo Framework for Action on Disaster Reduction, this discussion paper informs a number of regional and online discussions and distills down the key themes which emerged with a particular focus on recommendations for a post HFA framework, accompanied by fuller notes of the discussions which appear in annexes.
PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2012The focus of the GIP 2012 remains the GCN and the datasets that result from this network. The new plan calls for two significant upgrades to the GCN motivated by scientific and operational requirements.
PermalinkThis document reports on a research aiming at a more gender-sensitive approach to disaster risk reduction (DRR) in Vanuatu and the Solomon Islands. It gives insight on the situations in which women and men, girls and boys live in three selected communities in both countries. It provides information about their local behaviour patterns, belief and value systems, their daily life routines etc. - all necessary information to adapt ongoing and plan future DRR measures in this specific context.
PermalinkWorld Bank, 2012This report is a preliminary effort to present a body of knowledge on the state of disaster risk financing and insurance in Sub-Saharan Africa. It aims to contribute to a strengthened understanding and collective knowledge within Sub-Saharan Africa on disaster risk financing and insurance, and to encourage open dialogue between stakeholders on how strategies can best be developed to increase financial resilience against natural disasters. It is targeted at policy-makers and actors in the international community with an interest in this agenda. In the context of this report, disaster risk finan ...
PermalinkThe report analyses the effects of climate change on U.S. agriculture on the basis of research needs categorized within a vulnerability framework addressing specific actions that would improve understanding of the exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity to: (i) improve projections of future climate conditions, including extreme temperatures, precipitation, and related variables; (ii) evaluate and develop process-level understanding of the sensitivity of plant and animal production systems; and (iii) develop and extend the knowledge, management strategies and tools needed by U.S. agricultur ...
PermalinkUNDP, 2012This issue provides a summary of the disaster risk management activities activities, progress, achievements and efforts carried out by UNDP in Uzbekistan. I covers: (i) youth motivation for disaster risk reduction (DRR); (ii) the help provided to Uzbekistan by a new Disaster Preparedness and Response Group (UN DPRG) in case of a disaster; (iii) the development of practical guidelines for community preparedness for earthquake safety; (iv) the mainstreaming of DRR in schools and the involvement of kids; (v) the establishment of lessons learnt and knowledge exchange platform with the Russian Fede ...
PermalinkOn 27 May 2008, the China Meteorological Administration (CMA) successfully launched the FY-3 polar orbiting meteorological satellite through its partners. While making the Earth observations, FY-3 continuously broadcasts within its coverage the raw MPT data (from MERSI instrument), which is packed in CCSDS format and raw HRPT data from all its payload instruments (with only exception of MERSI instrument) via both X and L transmission bands. To extensively share the FY-3 data, the National Satellite Meteorological Center/CMA has released 2 software packages oriented to Linux users: (1) FY3L0pp ...
PermalinkAll 42 Parties included in Annex I to the Convention (Annex I Parties) submitted their greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory common reporting format (CRF) tables and national inventory reports (NIRs) in 2012. By the deadline of 15 April, 41 sets of CRF tables and 36 NIRs had been received. From 1990 to 2010, total aggregate GHG emissions excluding emissions/removals from land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) for all Annex I Parties decreased by 8.9 per cent, and total GHG emissions/removals including LULUCF decreased by 14.6 per cent. For Annex I Parties with economies in transition ( ...
PermalinkGlobal Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery, the ; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR); World Bank the - GFDRR, 2012This report provides a five year retrospective on the experiences and successes of the Track I of the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), which 'provides the financial and technical support to the ISDR system through the ISDR secretariat,' and identifies some pointers for 2013 and beyond. This report focuses only on the period 2007-2011 and reviews in detail the programmatic activities of Track I, including: (i) strengthening the regional architecture for implementing the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 through regional platforms, ministerial meetings, regional st ...
PermalinkWinpenny James; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - UNESCO, 2012 (UNESCO Side publications series-No. 02)Water makes a critical contribution to all aspects of personal welfare and economic life. However, global water resources are coming under increasing pressure. It is widely recognized that over the next few decades global drivers such as climate change, population growth and improving living standards will increase pressure on the availability, quality and distribution of water resources. Managing the impacts of these drivers to maximize social and economic welfare will require intelligent policy and management responses at all levels of collection, production and distribution of water. The go ...
PermalinkThis wokring paper aims to identify barriers to information use for climate adaptation in South Asia. It serves as background for a South Asian regional workshop that will bring together adaptation information users and producers to inform likely new investments in the information base for climate adaptation. This paper aims to support progress toward the regional workshop's objectives by: (i) identifying barriers to effective information production, access, and application in the South Asian region; (ii) posing a practical vocabulary for characterizing relevant information types; (iii) articu ...
PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2012This paper discusses a project in the Arab region aimed at enabling national and regional institutions to develop system wide capacities to monitor, archive and disseminate data on key hazards and vulnerabilities, and periodically assess emerging risk such as national poverty trends. It shows that systematically recording data on disaster loss represents a low cost, high impact strategy for visualizing risk patterns and trends over space and time. This paper focuses on the findings of national disaster loss databases in three of the project's pilot countries: Jordan, Syria, and Yemen.
PermalinkRedR, 2012This report attempts to map existing disaster risk reduction (DRR) resources and tools and to establish the essential components of a 5-day training workshop for humanitarian workers. It uses a learning needs assessment to map exercises in order to identify the existing DRR resources and an Internet survey which was completed by 146 respondents, and 20 semi-structured interviews, including donors, national NGOs, governments, and UN agencies.
PermalinkIn 2011, 332 natural disasters1 were registered, less than the average annual disaster frequency observed from 2001 to 2010 (384). However, the human and economic impacts of the disasters in 2011 were massive. Natural disasters killed a total of 30 773 people and caused 244.7 million victims worldwide (see Figure 1). Economic damages from natural disasters were the highest ever registered, with an estimated US$ 366.1 billion [...]
PermalinkThis report presents the findings on the effectiveness and impact of PreventionWeb (PW) and other UNISDR information services, and their ability to meet current and evolving information needs of existing and new disaster risk reduction (DRR) stakeholders, of the external evaluation undertaken by ITAD.
The evaluation and corresponding report aim to answer the following key questions: Is PW reaching the right people? Is PW meeting their needs? Is PW providing the optimum user experience? What impact is PW having? How effective and efficient is the management of PW?
PermalinkThe Workshop on Aircraft Observing System Data Management was hosted by the WMO Secretariat, over 5-8 June, 2012, in Geneva, Switzerland. The Workshop was a joint initiative of the WMO AMDAR Panel and the CBS Expert Team on Aircraft-based Observations (ET-AIR). The aims and objectives, which are provided in full within Appendix II, were chiefly concerned with furthering two tasks within the WIGOS Pilot Project for AMDAR, namely the “Development of a standardised Quality Management Framework for AMDAR data”, and, the “Application of WMO Metadata relevant to AMDAR”. The Workshop also covered a n ...
PermalinkIncreasingly, Social Media meet the information needs of individuals and communities. Social Media provide enormous opportunities for National Meteorololgical and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) to enhance the delivery of information and services and to interact with users to better understand their needs and interests. The purpose of these Guidelines is to assist NMHSs who may be considering the use of Social Media. The Guidelines address the challenges and highlight the benefits of Social Media, suggest some principles for an effective strategy, and encourage NMHSs to consider Social Media as ...
PermalinkAs a follow-up to a first paper A preliminary analysis of flood and storm disaster data in Viet Nam, this Quang Binh case study provides a more in-depth disaster profile of one particular province in Viet Nam, including specific temporal and spatial distribution patterns while using district aggregated data. It also looks deeper into the relationship between disasters and poverty through analysis of various indicators: number of deaths, impact on housing and agricultural produce, poverty rate and the percentage of poor households.
The first part of this paper examines the disas ...
PermalinkThe first meeting of the CBS Inter-Programme Expert Team on Metadata and Data Interoperability (IPET-MDI) was held in Geneva, Switzerland, from 27 to 29 April 2010 under the chairmanship of Mr J. Tandy (UK).
The meeting focused its activities on the WMO core profile of the ISO metadata standard, in particular on the clarification required for the implementation of the WMO core profile by WIS centres and the tool to support the development of WMO Core Profile standard.
PermalinkIn support of the programmes coordinated or co-sponsored by WMO for weather and climate, CGMS Members plan to maintain the operational capabilities and services described below, that constitute the “CGMS baseline for the operational contribution to the GOS”. While this particular document focuses on missions that are decided and managed in an
operational or sustained framework, with a perspective of long-term follow-on, this in no way precludes the importance of other missions undertaken e.g. on a research or demonstration basis. First of all, because today’s research and development a ...
PermalinkОперативное прогнозирование климата завоевывает позиции в качестве самой современной, активно развивающейся области климатического обслуживания для финансового сектора.
PermalinkLos planificadores nacionales están buscando inversores privados que contribuyan a financiar los planes de desarrollo basados en unas bajas emisiones de carbono.
PermalinkPermalinkBulletin, Vol. 60 (1). WMO, 2011
Permalinkis an issue of Rivista di Meteorologia. Organo del Servizio Meteorologico dell'Aeronautica, 2011Contiene tali:
- Il caldo anomalo del 2003 in Italia: anomalie climatiche ed
inquinamento da ozono
- HSAF - Hydrology Satellite Application Facilities: un progetto
europeo con finalità di servizio e impiego operativo
- Nuovo approccio alle previsioni stagionali: analisi
- Simulazione del Meteosat Third Generation Lightning Imager
attraverso dati reali rilevati dal satellite NASA TRMM - LIS
- Intensità delle precipitazioni: campagna internazionale di
misura a Vigna di Valle organizzata dal Ser ...
PermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) - OMM, 2011 (Edición de 2011, actualización de 2019; OMM-No. 306)
PermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) - OMM, 2011 (Edition 2011, mise à jour en 2019; OMM-No. 306)
PermalinkVolume I contains WMO international codes for meteorological data and other geophysical data relating to meteorology; it constitutes Annex II of the WMO Technical Regulations and, therefore, has the status of a Technical Regulation. It is issued in two volumes: Volume I.1, containing Part A, and Volume I.2, containing Part B and Part C.
PermalinkEEA, 2011The main project partners are the national environmental and statistical organisations leading in the field of environmental information within the ENPI area: ministries, agencies and statistical offices responsible for collecting, producing, storing and disseminating environmental data and information.