This background note describes areas of work for the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) to enhance the focus on disaster risk reduction and resilience across the UN system. areasPublished by: UN/ISDR ; 2012
This background note describes areas of work for the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) to enhance the focus on disaster risk reduction and resilience across the UN system. areas
Format: Digital (Free)Permezel Melissa; Ebalu Oscar; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) - UN/ISDR, 2012This publication reports on the outcomes of a pilot project to ‘operationalize’ the Making Cities Resilient Campaign in three cities in Africa – Narok and Kisumu in Kenya and Moshi in Tanzania, commenced in 2012 by the UNISDR regional office for Africa in Nairobi, Kenya. It also describes disaster prevention activities undertaken by pilot cities, and provides assessment and analysis of city resilience according to the Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient: 1. Institutional and administrative frameworks; 2. Financing and Resources; 3. Multi-Hazard Risk Assessment – Know Your Risk; 4. Infr ...Published by: UN/ISDR ; 2012
This publication reports on the outcomes of a pilot project to ‘operationalize’ the Making Cities Resilient Campaign in three cities in Africa – Narok and Kisumu in Kenya and Moshi in Tanzania, commenced in 2012 by the UNISDR regional office for Africa in Nairobi, Kenya. It also describes disaster prevention activities undertaken by pilot cities, and provides assessment and analysis of city resilience according to the Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient: 1. Institutional and administrative frameworks; 2. Financing and Resources; 3. Multi-Hazard Risk Assessment – Know Your Risk; 4. Infrastructure Protection, Upgrading and Resilience; 5. Protect Vital Facilities: Education and Health, (Food and Water) supplies; 6. Building Regulations and Land Use Planning; 7. Training, Education and Public Awareness; 8. Environmental Protection and Strengthening of Ecosystems; 9. Effective Preparedness, Early Warning and Response; 10. Recovery and Rebuilding Communities.
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Capacity development ; Disaster Risk Management (DRM) ; Early warning systems ; Hazard risk assessment or analysis ; Urban zone ; Disasters - Sectoral planning ; Drought ; Flood ; Volcanic Eruption ; Region I - Africa ; Kenya ; United Republic of Tanzania Add tagWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2012 (WMO-No. 1093)Published by: WMO ; 2012
Joint WMO/IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) - Fourth session: Executive summary of the abridged final report with resolutions and recommendations
Collection(s) and Series: WMO- No. 1093
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-11093-0
Published by: WMO ; 2012
Statement on the Occasion of the Twenty-Fourth Meeting of the Parties to the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer and Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of the Protocol
Format: Digital (Free)This edition focuses on the potato as a targeted disaster risk reduction effort in western Afghanistan. By helping farmers adapting how they handle the potatoes, it describes how the USAID program is enabling farmers to grow more food to last through the cold winter months and even have a chance to sell surplus produce when prices are favorable to them. It demonstrates that a more resilient livelihood means less vulnerability to weather-related and economic shocks.Published by: U.S. Government printing office ; 2012
This edition focuses on the potato as a targeted disaster risk reduction effort in western Afghanistan. By helping farmers adapting how they handle the potatoes, it describes how the USAID program is enabling farmers to grow more food to last through the cold winter months and even have a chance to sell surplus produce when prices are favorable to them. It demonstrates that a more resilient livelihood means less vulnerability to weather-related and economic shocks.
Format: Digital (Free)
- Building country-wide support for the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) [Leaflet]
- Climate knowledge for action: a global framework for climate services (WMO-No.1065) [CD-Rom]
- Presentation of the GFCS [1 page]
- Climate information for health [4 pages]
- Climate information for disaster risk reduction [4 pages]PermalinkFollowing the advice of the XV Session of the Association, the TT-SPAP developed the regional Operating Plan by compiling the tasks in the Work Programmes of the Working Groups. Thus, the Operating Plan contains concrete tasks and deliverables aimed at assisting RA VI Members to implement their national plans for further development of their NMHSs and improvement of the provision of meteorological, hydrological and climatological services for supporting their national economies and the society. The RA VI Operating Plan is intended to be a living document regularly monitored and adjusted as nec ...PermalinkDia AliouMamadou; Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative (CADRI); Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); et al. - United Nations, 2012This publication identifies gaps and challenges Nigeria is currently facing to fully engage in preventing, mitigating and reducing natural disaster risks. The assessment is also an opportunity to clearly identify existing capacities both at national and state levels, to understand desired capacities, and to propose recommendations on how they can be further developed and strengthened.
It focuses on national and state capacities for disaster risk reduction (DRR) using the indicators set for the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action. It looks into five technical areas o ...PermalinkThis publication aims to raise awareness on the importance of gender equality and women’s empowerment. It aims to tell the story behind the larger issues and show the visible force behind lasting change. For example, how a girl saved her father’s life from drowning; how a woman is devoting all her time and energy into teaching ethnic minority children how to better protect themselves; how girls express their concerns for an uncertain future in their own innovative way; how working with women in disaster preparedness and response can achieve better results, and through many more truly inspirati ...PermalinkThis report, prepared by the secretariat, presents the outcome of the discussions on the key elements of the potential host agreement for the Climate Technology Centre (CTC) between the secretariat and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (on behalf of a consortium of partner institutions), which is the proponent ranked first by the Subsidiary Body for Implementation, at its thirty-sixth session, for hosting the CTC. The key elements of the potential host agreement are contained in the draft memorandum of understanding between the Conference of the Parties and UNEP, which is contain ...PermalinkCe guide s’adresse aux SMHN et devrait permettre de mettre en évidence les avantages que retirent les SMHN en participant au WWIS et de donner toutes les indications requises aux SMHN souhaitant se joindre à cette initiative ou y participer plus activement. On y trouve aussi des modèles des formulaires standard que les SMHN doivent remplir à cet effet.PermalinkThis report focuses on exploring an increasingly important question: ‘How can developing countries effectively integrate ICT tools within climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies?’ The contribution of this report is two-fold. It presents the potential of ICTs towards adaptation and mitigation through the concrete case of Ghana, illustrating the challenges and opportunities faced by developing countries in this field. The report complements this analysis by offering concrete lessons learned and practical suggestions aimed at developing country decision makers and practitioners, ...PermalinkThis report uses the latest available data, to analyse aid investments in disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the period immediately following the United Nations’ (UN) 2005 Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA), and looks in detail at the policies and investment profiles of 24 of the leading aid donors.PermalinkThis document reports on Philippines Region 8's accumulated experience and knowledge in the setting up and management of local flood early warning systems (LFEWS), which aims to reduce human vulnerability and suffering by monitoring sources of floods, predicting where and when floods could possibly happen, identifying who would be affected and strengthening the capacity of local disaster risk reduction and management institutions to make informed decisions. It describes the impacts observed in terms of saving lives and properties, improving institutional performance of local governments and in ...PermalinkDAM, 2012This bulletin gives an account of some important events and initiatives of the CMDRR Forum, Bangladesh. This issue captures: (i) the observance of Environment day, National Disaster Preparedness Day (NDPD) 2012 and the organizing of Climate Change Fair 2012; (ii) 'Capacity building of the community', a workshop on climate change impact and coping mechanism for the sustainable livelihood of people living in Haor; (iii) a seminar on climate change vulnerability and coastal people’s livelihood organized by ADD International; and (iv) District level sharing meetings on disaster risk reduction and ...PermalinkThe Consultative Group of Experts on National Communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention (CGE), in collaboration with the Technical Support Unit for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas Inventories, organized a hands-on training workshop for the Africa region on national greenhouse gas inventories, held in Swakopmund, Namibia, from 23 to 27 April 2012. This report outlines the proceedings of the workshop; it summarizes the feedback and recommendations from the participants of the workshop, the updated CGE training ...PermalinkA bibliographic review of the state of art of flood estimation techniques shows the importance of studying floods as multivariate events. The aim of this work is to discuss whether a multivariate analysis is necessary for designing dams or for assessing the adequacy of spillways belonging to existing dams. A multivariate approach offers a range of possible events associated to a joint return period, which can be used in a design stage. The multivariate criterion includes information related with the dependence structure linking the flood variables. This dependence is involved in the generation ...PermalinkThis issue addresses local actions in disaster risk reduction, asserting that all risks are reduced locally in the end. It presents articles covering different aspects of the development of district disaster management plan, focusing on Bihar, India. the content includes: (i) making district disaster management plan pro poor: local experience; (ii) a human rights-based approach and district disaster management plans; (iii) placing community first; (iv) a change of mind is needed; (v) embankment legacies and their effects on social systems; (vi) resilience and the district disaster management p ...PermalinkUnited Nations (UN); United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) - United Nations, 2012As a pressing priority, this report calls for affordable access to new technologies for climate change mitigation and adaptation and disaster risk management, recalling the commitment of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) at the conference held in Durban from 28 November to 11 December 2011 and the need to make sure the Green Climate Fund and the Technology Mechanism become operational in 2012.PermalinkThis guide is targeted at NMHSs and is intended to demonstrate the benefits that NMHSs gain by participating in WWIS, and to provide step-by-step guidance for a National Meteorological or Hydrometeorological Service (NMS) wishing to either join the WWIS initiative or to enhance its level of participation. Templates of the standard forms that NMHSs would need to complete to join or enhance participation in the WWIS are also provided.PermalinkContinued population growth, urbanization and rising incomes are likely to continue to put pressure on food demand. International prices for most agricultural commodities are set to remain at 2010 levels or higher, at least for the next decade (OECD-FAO, 2010). Small-scale producers in many developing countries were not able to reap the benefits of high food prices during the 2007-2008 food price crises. Yet, this upward food price trend could have been an opportunity for them to increase their incomes and food security. The opportunity that high food prices could have provided as a pat ...PermalinkILO, 2012This document is intended to contribute to increase constituents’ resilience, mitigate risks and enhance preparedness for crisis and business recovery. The scope covers different types of major-scale, natural hazards, i.e. geophysical, hydrological, meteorological, climate and biological, including earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis, tropical storms, over-floods, flash flows, mud flows, droughts, desertification and landslides. It aims to inform and guide decision makers and technical service providers on how to manage business continuity vis-à-vis the multiple hazards that may threat t ...PermalinkThis report provides a snapshot of resilience building activities at the local level and identifies trends in the perceptions and approaches of local governments toward disaster risk reduction. It examines factors that enable urban disaster risk reduction activities, including how the global campaign Making Cities Resilient – “My City is Getting Ready!” founded by the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) in conjunction with over twenty partners has helped improve local knowledge of disaster risk and support capacity building.PermalinkWMO, 2012This brochure describes; (i) UNISDR and WMO's joint programme Building resilience to disasters in the Western Balkans and Turkey; (ii) its objectives, in line with the priorities set by the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 - Building resilience of nations and communities to disasters; (iii) the project activities, which focus on disaster risk reduction capacity building, knowledge management and disaster risk transfer and community based disaster management for UNISDR, and on risk assessment, meteorological and hydrological forecast, enabling climate risk management in decision-making, and ...PermalinkThe Global Climate Observing System has accelerated its program to help implement a number of renovation projects in developing areas around the world.PermalinkRahman Mizanur; Islamic Relief Worldwide ; National Alliance for Risk Reduction and Response Initiatives (NARRI) - NARRI, 2012This document reports on a project titled 'A Disaster Resilient Future: Mobilising Communities and Institutions for Effective Risk Reduction', which aims to support and complement strategies that enable local communities to better prepare for, mitigate and respond adequately to natural hazards by enhancing their capacities to cope and respond, thereby increasing their resilience and reducing vulnerability. It describes the processes and learning in mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction and adaptation adopted by the three Union Disaster Management Committees supported under the project. It a ...PermalinkIAEA, 2012"The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has released its annual report for 2011. The report highlights, inter alia, its research activities on climate change issues in the oceans, isotope applications in hydrology and climate studies, and nuclear energy as a mitigation option.
The report indicates that the Agency strengthened its research activities to monitor radionuclides in the marine and terrestrial environment, and to study climate change issues in the oceans, in particular to study the impact of ocean acidification and climate change on oceanographic processes, ecos ...PermalinkCentro Internacional para la Investigación del Fenómeno de El Niño (CIIFEN); Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) - OMM, 2012La Secretaría del Sistema de Observación Climática Global (GCOS), junto con el Centro Internacional para la Investigación del Fenómeno de El Niño (CIIFEN) ha iniciado un proceso para organizar un taller de “Estrategia de Implementación” para los países de América del Sur. Para lograr esto, fue realizado un taller en el cual asistieron representantes de las instituciones involucradas, usuarios, aliados estratégicos y posibles donantes, con el fin de discutir acciones para continuar con la implementación GCOS Regional Action Plan for South America del 2004. La presente evaluación contiene inform ...PermalinkA workshop on equitable access to sustainable development (EASD) was organized by the secretariat, under the guidance of the Chair of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA), and was held on 16 May 2012 in Bonn, Germany. The workshop provided an opportunity for participants to exchange views on EASD and equity in general, including on the following: the context for equity and EASD; the definition of equity; application of the equity principle; and possible next steps. Discussion points included the following: decoupling carbon dioxide emissions f ...PermalinkThis study reveals that while the Pakistani government has instituted a comprehensive disaster risk reduction (DRR) governance system, the system actually suffers from a lack of political commitment, funding, skilled human resources, and coordination and suffers from fragmentation, and overlapping and unclear mandates among government agencies horizontally and vertically. Issues addressed: (i) DRR governance; (ii) multi-hazard disaster risk analysis and early warning systems; (iii) DRR: prevention and mitigation; (iv) DRR: avoidance and response; (v) policy, advocating, and networking; (vi) co ...PermalinkThis paper discusses a project in the Arab region aimed at enabling national and regional institutions to develop system wide capacities to monitor, archive and disseminate data on key hazards and vulnerabilities, and periodically assess emerging risk such as national poverty trends. It shows that systematically recording data on disaster loss represents a low cost, high impact strategy for visualizing risk patterns and trends over space and time. This paper focuses on the findings of national disaster loss databases in three of the project's pilot countries: Jordan, Syria, and Yemen.
PermalinkThis progress report addresses the Strategic Foresight Initiative (SFI), which is a transformative, community-wide effort in the United States to create an enduring foresight capability intended to advance strategic planning and thinking about the future. SFI also seeks to prepare the community for emerging challenges and for the key opportunities presented by the world's changing environment. This report is concerned about a future which is highly uncertain, noting that the complexity of this uncertainty will test the ability of the emergency management community to execute its mission. It is ...PermalinkSelby David; Kagawa Fumiyo; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); et al. - UNESCO, 2012This publication captures key national experiences in the integration of disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the curriculum, identifying good practice, noting issues addressed or still lacking, and reviewing learning outcomes. The study researched DRR related curriculum development and integration, pedagogy, student assessment, teacher professional development and guidance, learning outcomes and policy development, planning and implementation aspects covering thirty countries.Permalink2012"Who is the Met Office? What do we do? In this short video, Dave Britton explains who the Met Office is and what kind of products and services we provide not just to the UK but across the globe."PermalinkPermalinkThis brochure illustrates lessons and challenges learned from UNDP activities in disaster risk reduction (DRR), recovery and reconstruction. Its goal is to further the understanding of the role of UN agencies, including the UNDP, and the role of the international community in DRR. It also discusses the government of Japan's role as a strong partner with UNDP in DRR and provides other country examples. Issues addressed: (i) reducing the impact of disaster through prevention measures; (ii) emergency response and recovery from disasters; (iii) gender equality and the empowerment of women in disas ...PermalinkHayden Jacqueline; Cologon Kathy; Asia-Pacific Regional Network for Early Childhood (ARNEC); et al. - ARNEC, 2012This guidebook provides background information on Early Childhood Development (ECD) and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), and sets out processes for assessing the capacity and needs at community levels to further identify future steps to improve ECD in DRR. Furthermore, it addresses the vulnerability faced by children and the efforts to mitigate underlying causes of these vulnerabilities. Beyond national and international, policy and political issues, DRR occurs within communities and at the programme level. DRR processes and activities have the potential to address the special needs of young chi ...PermalinkCCC, 2012This progress report assesses how well the United Kingdom is preparing for climate change. According the report, four times as many properties are at risk of flooding in England without action on climate change. The report uses a set of national indicators to help assess adaptation progress on two of the largest risks to the English regions: flooding and droughts. The report analyses and provides advice to the government for its upcoming adaptation programme.PermalinkUNESCO, 2012This report summarizes the key outcomes of a three-day meeting which discussed and reflected on the challenges that climate change poses to education systems in Small Island Developing States (SIDS), and on the role that education must play in adaptation to climate change. Acknowledging that SIDS are already confronted with the effects of climate change, including rising sea levels and changes in weather and climate extremes such as droughts, floods and tropical cyclones/hurricanes, it considers the need for them to reduce their vulnerability to climate change by strengthening their adaptive c ...PermalinkThis document addresses how people in disaster prone areas of Bangladesh are at risk to lose their lives, land, and livelihoods due to floods, cyclones, earthquakes and drought, and how sustainable development and effective risk reduction can help prevent these risks. It also discusses how disasters in Bangladesh hamper the country's long-term ability to effectively tackle poverty. The document acknowledges the growing awareness among citizens that disaster risk reduction (DRR) is necessary to assist vulnerable communities; and that there needs to be a coordinated effort to undertake intensive ...PermalinkThis briefing paper considers what is needed to strengthen the management of disaster risk over the next two decades and strategies to embed disaster risk management in the international policy frameworks to achieve this. Key points: (i) a failure to include disaster risk management (DRM) in the international policy frameworks to be agreed in 2015 could undermine progress and squander investments; (ii) given the predicted wide-ranging impact of disasters by 2030, action is required to ensure that DRM is mainstreamed in these policy agreements and is supported by an international DRM mechanism; ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) - UN/ISDR, 2012This thematic think piece addresses the insufficient emphasis that disaster risk and resilience received in the original Millennium Development Goal agenda, despite the relationship between disasters and development. The think piece focuses on how reducing the risks of disasters for predictable events such as major severe weather impact conditions helps to protect both human and economic assets. Issues addressed: (i) disasters and disaster risk are a development challenge, in particular the challenge posed by climate change and weak governance; (ii) how science can inform effective decisions o ...PermalinkThis report addresses the challenge to reach a consensus on the contours of an agenda that adequately identifies the development needs of present and future generations, and is capable of crystallizing these priorities in clear sustainable development goals that will help guide coherent policy action at the global, regional and national levels. Issues addressed: (i) growing environmental footprints; (ii) governance and accountability deficits; (iii) transformative change towards inclusive, people-centered sustainable development; (iv) environmental sustainability; and (v) inclusive economic de ...PermalinkThis report addresses the challenge to reach a consensus on the contours of an agenda that adequately identifies the development needs of present and future generations, and is capable of crystallizing these priorities in clear sustainable development goals that will help guide coherent policy action at the global, regional and national levels. Issues addressed: (i) growing environmental footprints; (ii) governance and accountability deficits; (iii) transformative change towards inclusive, people-centered sustainable development; (iv) environmental sustainability; and (v) inclusive economic de ...Permalink(j) WMO M&E Manual, presented in 11 chapters, provides guidance on the implementation of the monitoring and evaluation system. It presents the purpose for implementing M&E; the terminology used, the monitoring process; evaluation process; baseline and impact measurement; the purpose and quality of indicators; project monitoring; data collection; M&E tools; data analysis; and information, particularly regarding its use, how to learn from it, and the need to communicate the information generated from M&E.PermalinkThis publication presents the architecture of the WMO Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) System. It is developed on the basis of the request of the Sixteenth World Meteorological Congress (May/June 2011) to the Executive Council and the Secretary General to continue with further development and implementation of the M&E System, in particular with regard to the need for the M&E System to be precisely defined and correctly applied. It is intended for use by the constituent bodies and the Secretariat. Its application is guided by the WMO M&E Manual presented in a separate publication.PermalinkThis publication presents a guide for implementing the WMO Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) System presented in a separate publication. It is developed on the basis of the request of the Sixteenth World Meteorological Congress (May/June 2011) to the Executive Council and the Secretary-General to continue with further development and implementation of the M&E System, in particular with regard to the need for the M&E System to be precisely defined and correctly applied. It is intended for use by the constituent bodies and the Secretariat. It should be applied in close reference to the publication ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC); et al. - WMO, 2012The demand for information on global climate has never been greater.Many regions in the world are clearly impacted by changes in climate, and those changes need to be managed now.It took years of work by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), assessing the climate science literature, and by the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP), advancing the state of climate science, to raise the awareness that observations of climate need to be available on a global scale to underpin decisions.The year 2012 marks the 20th anniversary of the system dedicated to providing the observational ...PermalinkEvery year natural hazards cause significant loss of life, and erode or destroy devel¬opment gains. From the ten most commonly reported disasters, nine are directly or indirectly related to weather or climate. Vulnerability to disasters is increasing as more people and assets locate in areas of high risk. Since 1970, the world’s population has grown by 87 per cent. During the same time, the proportion of people living in flood-prone river basins increased by 114 per cent and on cyclone-exposed coastlines by 192 per cent. Rapid urbanization and the growth of megacities will increase exposure to ...PermalinkThe purpose of this document is to provide a World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Strategy for Service Delivery that will assist National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) in the provision of weather, climate and waterrelated services to the public and decisionmakers. The Strategy incorporates assessment of user needs and the application of performance metrics.PermalinkThe issue of climate change is set to increase the frequency of extreme weather events. Countries, therefore, are required to undertake adaptive measures to ameliorate the impact of such events; Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is an important element of such measures. This report, published by the United Nations Development Program and the Government of Indonesia, presents findings from the final evaluation of the Safer Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction (SC-DRR) project. The project aimed to improve safety in Indonesia by considering the ways in which DRR can be integrated into the cou ...PermalinkUNESCO, 2012This report provides an overview of the published scientific literature (primarily peer-reviewed, but also grey) relating to the contribution of traditional/indigenous knowledge to our understanding of global climate change: observations, impacts and opportunities for adaptation. It focuses in particular on post-AR4 literature and also includes inputs from the international expert meeting ‘Indigenous Peoples, Marginalized Populations and Climate Change: Vulnerability, Adaptation and Traditional Knowledge’, held from 19–21 July 2011 in Mexico City, Mexico.PermalinkThis position paper outlines how, through the Global Framework for Climate Services experts from various disciplines and regions will work together to develop science-based climate and environmental information tailored to end-users’ needs for the purpose of increasing agricultural productivity to improve food security and reduce hunger; Improving and optimizing management of water resources to provide sustainable access to freshwater for drinking, irrigation and household use; Reducing the risk of disasters and other climate hazards, the cost of which often burdens developing and least develo ...PermalinkIFRC, 2012This study provides an analysis of the current level of integration of DRR and CCA in the region, with an emphasis on the policy and institutional environment. The report outlines some of the barriers to integration and makes recommendations on how they can be addressed. The analysis presented includes seven PICs (Cook Islands, FSM, Fiji, Palau, Samoa, Tonga, and Vanuatu).The countries analysed are typical in terms of the current low level of integration of DRR and CCA.This report also explores how and why the fields of DRR and CCA have developed in parallel globally as well as in the Pacific, ...PermalinkIFRC, 2012This document covers the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Socieites' Disaster Law Programme, formerly known as the IDRL Programme. In addition to the IDRL Programme guidelines, the new programme will gradually expand the capacity of the movement to support governments on legal issues related to disaster risk reduction, shelter and other key domestic disaster management issues as was mandated by the 31st International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent proceedings. The document elaborates on the new Disaster Law Programme's four areas of work: (i) cooperating wit ...PermalinkThe Third Meeting of the Coastal Inundation Forecasting Demonstration Project (CIFDP) Steering Group was opened by Co-Chairs of the Group, Drs Don Resio (University of North Florida) and Val Swail (Environment Canada), at 0830 hours on Monday 2 April 2012, in the conference room of the University of North Florida (UNF), Jacksonville, USA. All participants were warmly welcomed by Dr Mark E. Workman, Provost of the UNF, who expressed his satisfaction to hold this important meeting in the international era at UNF. Dr Workman emphasized the importance of the research and application of meteorology ...PermalinkPermalinkThe Stakeholders Workshop for JCOMM-CHy Coastal Inundation Forecasting Demonstration Project (CIFDP-BSW) was opened at 1000 hours in the conference room of the Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD), Dhaka, Bangladesh, at the kind invitation of BMD. Dr Arjumand Habib, Director of Bangladesh Meteorological Department (BMD) and the Permanent Representative of Bangladesh to WMO, welcomed all participants from national agencies and the Project Steering Group. In her opening remark, she emphasized the importance of this timely initiative of CIFDP to protect life and property in the coastal zon ...PermalinkCoastal disasters are a major threat to the people whose lives and livelihoods depend on safety and socio-economic development in low-lying, highly-populated coastal areas. They include storm surges and wind-induced waves associated with severe cyclones, and their combined effect with river flooding, leading to coastal inundation. Risk management for such coastal disasters represents a great challenge to scientists and policy makers in Meteorology, Hydrology, Oceanography, Emergency Management and Coastal Planning. In particular, recognizing this extreme vulnerability of coastal areas to storm ...PermalinkIn Europe, it can be estimated that hydro-meteorological information and early warning systems save several hundreds of lives per year, avoid between 460 million and 2.7 billion Euros of disaster asset losses per year, and produce between 3.4 and 34 billion of additional benefits per year through the optimization of economic production in weather-sensitive sectors (agriculture, energy, etc.). The potential for similar benefits in the developing world is not only proportional to population, but also to increased hazard risk due to climate and geography, as well as increased exposure to weather ...PermalinkThis handbook provides mayors, governors, councillors and other local government leaders with a generic framework for risk reduction and points to good practices and tools that are already being applied in different cities for that purpose. It discusses why building disaster resilience is beneficial; what kind of strategies and actions are required; and how to go about the task. It offers practical guidance to understand and take action on the "Ten Essentials for Making Cities Resilient" as set out in the global campaign "Making Cities Resilient: My City is Getting Ready!".PermalinkDuring 2010–2011, WMO (including its Members and WMO RA IV), with support from regional and international partners, conducted a comprehensive assessment of the institutional and technical capacities and needs of the Caribbean region to support Multi-hazard Early Warning Systems (MHEWS) and risk assessment. The outcomes of this assessment are presented in this Report. They provide the foundation for future capacity development projects and for the improvement of existing capacities, and a support for other projects and developments in the region.PermalinkThe Durban Climate Conference in December 2011 represented a significant step forward for the United Nations climate change process. Although its outcomes continue to be debated, the Durban Conference could prove to be a game-changing conference for the climate negotiations. Governments adopted a comprehensive package of decisions—including an agreement to initiate a second commitment period for the Kyoto Protocol and the "Durban Platform" to negotiate a long-term, all inclusive future mitigation regime that includes a process to address the "ambition gap" for stabilizing average global temper ...PermalinkThis paper outlines 9 National Action Plan for Adaptation (NAPA) priority projects in Uganda: 1. Community Tree Growing Project 2. Land Degradation Management Project 3. Strengthening Meteorological Services 4. Community and Water Sanitation Project 5. Water for Production Project 6. Drought Adaptation Project 7. Vectors, Pests and Disease Control Project 8. Indigenous Knowledge (IK) and Natural Resources Management Project 9. Climate Change and Development Planning ProjectPermalinkThis paper is a UNISDR contribution towards effective Drought Contingency Planning (DCP) for stakeholders and partners implementing drought risk reduction programmes in the Greater Horn of Africa (GHA). It attempts to convert findings, concepts and guidelines into a guidance document from critical gaps to bridge general drought preparedness, contingency planning and early response.
The paper points out that although 'Drought Contingency Plan' and 'Drought Contingency Planning' are used interchangeably, they are not identical. With respect to this review a few conceptual and ope ...PermalinkPrieur Michel; Council of Europe ; European and Mediterranean Major Hazards Agreement (EUR-OPA) - Council of Europe, 2012This document deals with the ethical principles of the whole disaster cycle: from prevention to reconstruction via the emergency phase, irrespective of the duration of the disaster (sudden or progressive) or its context (simple or complex emergency). It concerns both natural and technological disasters. It is intended to deal both with the direct victims of disasters and with the other parties involved, such as public civil defence organisations, public servants of states affected by disasters and of assisting states, and humanitarian NGOs.
This document is the response of the ...PermalinkThis toolkit outlines actions, examples and resources available for those with the responsibility for invigorating their country’s national platform for disaster risk reduction (DRR) or participating in it. It is designed for those who have the responsibility to set up, maintain and sustain a national platform for DRR, or participants who organize and administer them.
Stakeholders may include: government officials, members of civil society and the NGO community, as well as representatives of international organizations, donors, private sector, and members of communities at risk ...PermalinkThis special issue looks at drought risk reduction through the lens of the Hyogo Framework of Action (HFA), the global framework for disaster risk reduction. It features the excellent work being done throughout the African region and underscores the necessary holistic approach to achieve better resilience to drought in the future. This issue has been made possible by the financial contribution of ECHO.PermalinkThe overall aim of the training package is to increase awareness on natural hazards and disaster risk reduction (DRR) to key stakeholders with knowledge on disaster management to empower the actors to support their organizations in developing disaster resilient programs and projects.
This training manual is for use in DRR training aimed at building the capacity of sub-national government officials, NGOs, academia and other actors responsible for delivering, implementing, planning, researching or coordinating programs/policies and projects by raising awareness on DRR issues. The ...PermalinkThis paper addresses the crisis in the Horn of Africa in 2011 and the need to enable communities to withstand droughts and move forward by building resilience and fostering sustainable growth. It presents USAID's vision for change through: (i) key principles, such as early action in response to early warning, connecting humanitarian and development programmes, fostering women's empowerment, ensuring evidence-based decision making and supporting and strengthening local, national, and regional capacities; and (ii) a new way of doing business, which includes joint planning, joint focus on resilie ...PermalinkTogether, both women and men play a significant role in safeguarding food security. It is important to understand their respective roles and responsibilities to ensure that they benefit equally from climate-smart agriculture practices. However, insufficient research has been undertaken to understand how they are adapting to climate change, mitigating emissions and maintaining food security. To address the gap, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security have jointly come up with this training guide. Its ...PermalinkThe Conference provided material, and, in particular, a number of studies which are contained in these proceedings and which will be used in the development of guidelines on undertaking the analysis, assessment and demonstration of socio-economic benefits of meteorological and hydrological services. These guidelines will complement the development of demonstration and pilot projects and capacity-building and training activities on this subject. These proceedings represent the collection of abstracts of papers delivered at the Conference.PermalinkBroadband commission, 2012The purpose of the report is to raise awareness about the pivotal role that ICT and broadband can play in helping to create the low-carbon economy of the future, and it identifies best practices, expresses the views of leaders and outlines clear recommendations for policymakers.
It emphasizes the kind of transformative solutions that are enabled by broadband and provides practical examples of how broadband can be used to help societies reduce greenhouse gas emissions, mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change, and promote resource efficiency. The report concludes with ...PermalinkWorld Bank, 2012"The brief explains that all of the 17 country assistance and partnership strategies prepared in Fiscal Year 2011 address climate change. It also showcases results achieved in projects related to: forestry, which help sequester carbon and increase resilience; “climate smart” agriculture, where the focus is on a triple-win – carbon sequestration, food security and climate resilient livelihoods; and water efficiency measures in urban municipalities that reduce water and energy consumption and emissions from water pumping and distribution.
Results of projects dealing with sustainab ...PermalinkFAO, 2012Starting with an overview of the concept of climate change, the course then looks at its impact on food security. After examining strategies for mitigating or adapting to the effects of climate change, it suggests concrete ways to make sure agriculture is “climate smart”.
The course is aimed at policy makers and people working in development agencies, who need to better understand how climate change affects agriculture and food systems, and what concrete actions can be taken.
The course also includes face to face training materials, such as exercises, trainer’s no ...PermalinkIn support of the programmes coordinated or co-sponsored by WMO for weather and climate, CGMS Members plan to maintain the operational capabilities and services described below, that constitute the “CGMS baseline for the operational contribution to the GOS”. While this particular document focuses on missions that are decided and managed in an
operational or sustained framework, with a perspective of long-term follow-on, this in no way precludes the importance of other missions undertaken e.g. on a research or demonstration basis. First of all, because today’s research and development a ...PermalinkPermalinkThis paper examines the effect of multilateral energy technology initiatives, so called "Implementing Agreements", on international research collaboration in seven important climate change mitigation technologies. The analysis is conducted using patent data on 33 OECD countries during the period 1970- 2009. We find that co-invention is significantly affected by the membership in the Implementing Agreement. Extending adherence to other countries would increase co-invention by about 90% in the case of wind and fuel cells, and even more in the case of biofuels, solar PV and CCS. Given the urgency ...Permalink
PermalinkGood climate projections for agriculture can help guide investments in risk management and adaptation. New reports offer insights into the reliability of future climate projections for agriculture, and show how to make the most of current data.PermalinkEach year, on 23 March, World Meteorological Day commemorates the entry into force, in 1950, of the WMO Convention creating the Organization.
The theme for World Meteorological Day 2012 is Powering our future with weather, climate and water. This focuses on the critical roles of weather, climate and water services in powering a sustainable future for us and for generations to come.PermalinkUNEP, 2012The guidebook is structured in eight chapters. First, the guidebook introduces the main concepts to be used. Four generic categories are defined: consumer goods, capital goods, public goods and non-market goods. These categories are used throughout the book to ease the identification of generic barriers and measures. Thereafter, guidance is provided on how to identify and analyse barriers to the transfer and diffusion of climate technologies.PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkالمنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; اللجنة الدولية الحكومية لعلوم المحيطات والمعنية بعلوم المحيطات والأرصاد الجوية البحرية - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2012 (مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 1093)PermalinkPermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Comisión Oceanográfica Intergubernamental (COI) - OMM, 2012 (OMM-No. 1093)PermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Commission Océanographique Intergouvernementale (COI) - OMM, 2012 (OMM-No. 1093)Permalinkالمنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; Gill Jon - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2012 (مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 1099)وتتضمن هذه المبادئ التوجيهية نموذجاً عاماً يصف الأجزاء المهمة من مذآرة التفاهم. وينبغي استخدام النموذج آدليل توجيهي، لا آوصفة تُتّبع بحذافيرها. وتحدد الظروف الخاصة بكل مرفق وطني للأرصاد الجوية أو والوآالة الشريكة له أي من مكونات النموذج ينبغي إدراجها وأية أحكام ينبغي (NMS) الأرصاد الجوية الهيدرولوجية الأخذ بها. ويوجد أيضاً مثلان اثنان من مذآرات تفاهم يمكن الاسترشاد بهما، واحد بين مرفق وطني للأرصاد الجوية ووآالة لإدارة الكوارث والآخر بين مرفق وطني للأرصاد الجوية أو (NMS) أو الأرصاد الجوية الهيدرولوجية ومنظمة إعلامية. (NMS) الأرصاد الجوية الهيدرولوجيPermalinkEsas orientaciones incluyen una plantilla genérica para describir la estructura fundamental de un memorando de entendimiento. Dicha plantilla, que no es una norma prescriptiva, debería utilizarse únicamente como una guía. Las circunstancias específicas de un SMN y su organismo asociado determinarán las partes de la plantilla y las disposiciones pertinentes que han de tenerse en cuenta. Como orientación adicional, se incluyen a título informativo dos ejemplos de memorandos de entendimiento entre un SMN y un organismo encargado de la gestión de desastres, y entre un SMN y una organización de med ...PermalinkУчитывая крайне важную роль средств массовой информации в распространении предупреждений и другой необходимой метеорологической информации, важно, чтобы между НМГС и соответствующими национальными организациями, представляющими средства массовой информации, были заключены официальные соглашения, которые бы содержали руководящие указания для совместной работы по обслуживанию населения. В этой связи Группа экспертов по аспектам МОН, касающимся коммуникации, информационно- пропагандистской деятельности и просвещения населения (ГЭ-КИПН) ОГПО-МОН/КОС приняла решение сотрудничать с ГЭ/ПОСПБ для разр ...Permalinkتعرض الوثيقة نظام المراقبة والتقييم المعمول به في المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية. وقد وُضِعت هذه الوثيقة تلبية لطلب المؤتمر العالمي السادس عشر للأرصاد الجوية (أيار/ مايو – حزيران/ يونيو 2011 ) إلى المجلس التنفيذي والأمانة العامة بمواصلة إعداد وتنفيذ نظام المراقبة والتقييم، وخصوصاً فيما يتصل بضرورة تحديد نظام المراقبة والتقييم على نحو دقيق وتطبيقه بشكل سليم. والغرض من هذه الوثيقة هو أن تستخدمها الهيئات التأسيسية والأمانة. ويسترشد تطبيقها بدليل المراقبة والتقييم المعمول به في المنظمة، والمنشور في مطبوع منفصل.Permalink本出版物介绍了“WMO 监测与评价 (监评) 体系”的架构。它是在第十六次世界气象大 会（2011 年5/6 月）要求执行理事会和秘书长继续进一步发展和实施“监评体系”的基 础上编制的。大会特别要求要准确地界定并正确地应用“监评体系”。本指南供各组成 机构和秘书处使用。其应用指南见另一独立出版物 - “WMO 监测与评估指南”。Permalinkيتضمن هذا المطبوع دليلاً لتنفيذ نظام المراقبة والتقييم الذي تطبقه المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية والمنشور في مطبوع منفصل. وقد وُضِع هذا الدليل تنفيذاً لطلب المؤتمر العالمي السادس عشر للأرصاد الجوية (أيار/ مايو – حزيران/ يونيو 2011 ) إلى المجلس التنفيذي والأمين العام بمواصلة تطوير وتنفيذ نظام المراقبة والتقييم، وخصوصاً فيما يتعلق بالحاجة إلى تحديد نظام المراقبة والتقييم على نحو دقيق وتطبيقه بشكل صحيح. والغرض منه هو أن تستخدمه الهيئات التأسيسية والأمانة. وينبغي تطبيقه في ترابط وثيق مع نظام المراقبة والتقييم المطبق في المنظمة. ويحدد دليل المراقبة والتقييم الذي وضعته المنظمة التفاصيل ويتضمن توجيه ...Permalink本出版物为实施“WMO 监测与评估（监评）体系”（见另一出版物）提供指南。本指南是在 第十六次世界气象大会（2011 年5/6 月）要求执行理事会和秘书长继续进一步发展和实施此 “监评体系”的基础上编制的。大会特别要求要准确地界定并正确地应用“监评体系”。本指 南供各组成机构和秘书处使用。使用时应密切参照名为“WMO 监测与评估体系”的出版物。“世界气象组织 (WMO) 监测与评估 (监评) 指南”详细描述了有关监测体系的信息，为建立 监测体系的流程、实现WMO 战略计划中明确的结果提供指南。监测体系以及“WMO 关键绩 效指标”另见 “WMO监测与评估体系”。PermalinkЭта публикация является руководством по внедрению Системы ВМО для мониторингa и оценки (МиО) ВМО, представленным в виде отдельного издания. Онa подготовленa на основе поручения, данного Шестнадцатым Всемирным метеорологическим конгрессом (май/июнь 2011 г.) Исполнительному Совету и Генеральному секретарю, продолжить дальнейшую разработку и внедрение Системы МиО, в частности в том, что касается необходимости точного определения и правильного применения Системы МиО. Онa предназначенa для использования конституционными органами и Секретариатом. Ee следует применять в совокупности с публикацией о С ...PermalinkEsta publicación es una guía para aplicar el Sistema de seguimiento y evaluación de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM), presentado en otra publicación. Se ha elaborado tras la petición del Decimosexto Congreso Meteorológico (celebrado entre mayo y junio de 2011) al Consejo Ejecutivo y al Secretario General para seguir contribuyendo al desarrollo y a la aplicación del Sistema de seguimiento y evaluación, en particular con respecto a la necesidad de definirlo con precisión y aplicarlo correctamente. Esta Guía está dirigida a los órganos integrantes y a la Secretaría de la Organiza ...Permalink