is an issue of International Trade Forum. International Trade Centre, 2010
[number or issue]
Language(s): English; Other Languages: French, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free)[number or issue]UNEP, 2010Launched by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the report confirms concerns that some organisms, such as corals and shellfish may find it increasingly difficult to form their skeletons in the decades to come making it harder to survive let alone thrive. It also shows that ocean acidification can react together with ocean warming so that animals such as crabs have a reduced range of temperatures they can thrive in.
Published by: UNEP ; 2010
Launched by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the report confirms concerns that some organisms, such as corals and shellfish may find it increasingly difficult to form their skeletons in the decades to come making it harder to survive let alone thrive. It also shows that ocean acidification can react together with ocean warming so that animals such as crabs have a reduced range of temperatures they can thrive in.
Format: Digital (Free) (ill., charts, maps)This updated handbook provides hands-on guidance for identifying the most effective technology options for poverty reduction and climate change mitigation and adaptation. By drawing on decades of experience and inputs from leading experts and practitioners, it brings novel insights for carrying out needs assessments and creating actionable plans as part of national climate change strategies.
Published by: UNDP ; 2010
This updated handbook provides hands-on guidance for identifying the most effective technology options for poverty reduction and climate change mitigation and adaptation. By drawing on decades of experience and inputs from leading experts and practitioners, it brings novel insights for carrying out needs assessments and creating actionable plans as part of national climate change strategies.
Notes: Step 3: Identify Strategic Options Leading to Low-Emission Climate-Resilient Development
Collection(s) and Series: UNDP - Green LECRDS Guidance Manuals and Toolkits- No. 7
Language(s): English; Other Languages: Chinese, French, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free) (ill., charts)Governments need to acknowledge that problems of undernutrition and micronutrient deficiency persist, and they should sensitize the public to the magnitude of the problem, its causes and effects and possible strategies to combat it. Nutritional considerations need to be seriously integrated into agriculture, livestock, aquaculture and related programmes so that this dimension can be monitored and desired outcomes achieved. The key objectives of this priority area are to contribute to the eradication of hunger and malnutrition in Asia and the Pacific region in line with the targets of the World ...
Published by: FAO ; 2010
Governments need to acknowledge that problems of undernutrition and micronutrient deficiency persist, and they should sensitize the public to the magnitude of the problem, its causes and effects and possible strategies to combat it. Nutritional considerations need to be seriously integrated into agriculture, livestock, aquaculture and related programmes so that this dimension can be monitored and desired outcomes achieved. The key objectives of this priority area are to contribute to the eradication of hunger and malnutrition in Asia and the Pacific region in line with the targets of the World Food Summit (WFS) and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and to support regional initiatives towards meeting these goals. The primary tools will be an analysis of vulnerable populations, improved means of information gathering and dissemination, institution building, policy dialogue, situation analysis, advocacy, partnerships and strengthening South-South collaboration. Expected results include an improved policy environment for food and nutritional security, improved policy and technical support, reports on food security issues and strengthened cost–benefit analyses.
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-5-106757-4The purpose of this unit is to introduce the online version of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior, S-290 course. The unit discusses the overall course objectives, the content covered in the twelve units comprising this course, course navigation, and the contributors to this effort.
Published by: The University Corporation for Atmospheric Research ; 2010
The purpose of this unit is to introduce the online version of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior, S-290 course. The unit discusses the overall course objectives, the content covered in the twelve units comprising this course, course navigation, and the contributors to this effort.
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Format: Digital (Standard Copyright)S-290 Unit 6: Atmospheric Stability introduces the processes related to stable and unstable atmospheric conditions and explains their impact on fire behavior. This Unit provides detailed information about how fire behavior is affected by stable and unstable atmospheric phenomena such as inversions and thunderstorms. The Unit also explains cloud formation and describes the usage of clouds and other visual indicators to recognize stable and unstable atmospheric conditions. The module is part of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior Course "http://www.meted.ucar.edu/dl_courses/S290".
PermalinkS-290 Unit 10: Fuel Moisture provides information about live and dead fuel moisture contents and their relation to fire behavior. Influences on fuel moisture and methods for estimating dead fuel and live fuel moisture in the field are summarized, and guidance is offered for assessing the potential fire danger based on fuel moisture and other fireline information. The module is part of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior Course.
PermalinkOne of the most spectacular aspects of the climate agenda has been the emergence of carbon markets. This paper demonstrates that the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) provides an opportunity for developing countries, including South Asian countries, to participate in carbon markets.
The document underlines that certified emissions reductions (CER) from CDM projects in developing countries can be used to meet reduction commitments in developed countries. However, excluding India, South Asian countries have been shy to invest in promoting CDM, and CDM projects in the region have f ...
PermalinkCambers Gillian; Diamond Paul; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - UNESCO, 2010Developed through UNESCO’s Coasts and Small Islands Platform, Sandwatch began in 1998 as a regional activity involving the Caribbean UNESCO Associated Schools Project Network. It has since grown into a global programme, actively implemented in more than 50 countries worldwide with the support of UNESCO, the Sandwatch Foundation, and several other partners. This new, revised edition of the Sandwatch manual, made possible through the generous support of the Government of Denmark, builds upon more than a decade’s experience of Sandwatch practitioners across the globe – teachers, students, univers ...
PermalinkUSAID, 2010This report discusses the climate change adaptation needs of the Asia-Pacific region; it was undertaken in order to inform USAID’s Regional Development Mission for Asia (RDMA). The report’s analysis is based on stakeholder consultations and literature reviews. It focuses on 19 countries: Cambodia, China, Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Laos, Maldives, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, Thailand, Timor Leste, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Vanuatu and Vietnam. The report begins by outlining vulnerability and adaptation priorities in the region. Whil ...
PermalinkThis working paper aims to create a more comprehensive understanding of how the impacts of CC will be realized at different scales in Nepal (from household livelihoods to national food security), and the many institutions governing the ultimate adaptation process. SectionI, Background, provides background information on Nepal. SectionII, Climate Change in Nepal, addresses the anticipated impacts of CC on water resources and agricultural systems in Nepal. SectionIII, Mapping of Relevant Institutions for Climate Change Adaptation, provides a theoretical discussion of adaptation and, through a ca ...
Permalink"The eco-region of Sundarbans is unique and fragile because it is one of the most extensive mangrove forests in the world. This report describes the Sundarbans region and the impacts of climate change using evidence from the people who live there, scientific data, and efforts to address the problems of the imminent threats and vulnerabilities to this fragile ecosystem."
PermalinkGNESD, 2010The papers from three of GNESD’s Member centres examine different aspects of the complex links between climate change, energy and poverty, to help clarify the debate and to demonstrate that the issues, while complex, are nonetheless perfectly manageable. The most salient finding of the studies is that energy, in spite of its pivotal role for sustainable development and for successful adaptation, is hardly mentioned in the adaptation plans prepared by developing countries under the UNFCCC’s National Adaptation Programmes of Action (NAPA) process. Moreover, some countries are continuing to view ...
PermalinkCLICO, 2010In contrast with the ubiquitousness of the headlines, empirically‐based research on the relationship between climate change, resource scarcity and conflict is often absent. The new EU project “Climate Change, Hydro‐conflicts and Human Security” (CLICO) will address this research gap. This policy brief presents CLICO’s research agenda regarding policy responses to climate change‐induced hydro‐conflicts. This policy brief is the first in a series of briefs presenting results of the CLICO project, which is funded by the 7th EU Framework Programme.
PermalinkThis report examines the potential impact of future climate change for the food security of vulnerable groups in the UK. Food security3 is a critical element of societal stability and prosperity, and its attainment is potentially influenced by climate in many ways. Globally, we are already committed to some climate change from emissions currently in the atmospheric-oceanic systems and looking ahead to the 2090s, assuming continuation of current emission trajectories, we can expect global warming of between 2.8 and 4 C (Solomon et al., 2007). Changes in climate at the global level over the comi ...
PermalinkUNFCCC, 2010This publication consists of two parts. Part I provides an introduction (chapter 1), a synthesis of information on actions undertaken by Nairobi work programme partners (chapter 2) and key messages and conclusions (chapter 3). Chapter 2 is divided into two sections: the first section presents synthesis information on the actions taken to enhance the assessment and understanding of impacts and vulnerability to climate change, while the second section focuses on actions that aim to improve the ability of Parties to make informed decisions on adaptation planning, measures and actions. Part II of ...
PermalinkThe number of people which the world must feed is expected to increase by 50% during the first half of this century, but will the world’s agricultural resource base be up to the task of meeting the diverse demands being placed on it? This paper reviews the evidence on the future supply and demand for agricultural land four decades from now and provide a critical evaluation of the potential for a perfect storm in land markets, worldwide.
PermalinkThe International Workshop on Addressing the Livelihood Crisis of Farmers: Weather and Climate Services is taking place at a time when there is a growing concern about livelihoods of over 500 million smallholder farmers around the world coupled with the increasing climate variability and future climate change. The world population is projected to grow from 6.5 billion today to 8.3 billion in 2030 and nearly 9.2 billion in 2050. All of that growth will be concentrated in developing countries. Global food production will therefore need to increase by more than 50% by 2030, and should nearly doub ...
PermalinkThis guidebook assists planners working at the sub-national levels to identify and map the nature of current and future vulnerability to long-term climate change so that appropriate policies and intervention can be designed and implemented.
PermalinkHuman activity is expanding in the Arctic marine environment, in part due to warming ocean temperatures and the dramatic loss of summer sea ice. New and expanding human uses include fishing, shipping and offshore oil and gas development. All have the potential to place major additional stress on ocean ecosystems which are already undergoing profound change related to warming, sea ice loss, and alterations in ocean chemistry.
Because activities conducted in one nation's waters can affect other parts of the region, effective management of some human uses in the Arctic marine environmen ...
PermalinkThis paper reviews the impacts of climate change and their implications for food security and sustainable development in the Asia and the Pacific region; analyses opportunities and options for climate change adaptation and mitigation in the agricultural sectors; discusses major policy, institutional and technical issues to be addressed; presents global and regional initiatives taken by FAO; and proposes recommendations for further actions.
PermalinkThe number of undernourished people in the world remains unacceptably high at close to one billion in 2010 despite an expected decline – the first in 15 years. This decline is largely attributable to a more favourable economic environment in 2010 – particularly in developing countries – and the fall in both international and domestic food prices since 2008.
PermalinkIndigenous peoples1 must be considered an undeniable stakeholder in a development agenda shaped by such a mandate. Recent estimates indicate that although indigenous peoples make up approximately 5 percent of the worldâ€™s total population, they comprise about 15 percent of the global poor.2 The adversities faced by indigenous peoples have grown in the last few decades, but so too have the recognition of and appreciation for their potential contributions to sustainable development and natural resources management. Protecting the livelihood systems and specialized knowledge that are held within ...
PermalinkThis paper suggests that there are many development possibilities in Zambezi river basin (ZRB), considering the very low current level of consumptive water use there.
PermalinkUNEP, 2010This report outlines the core argument of Share the Road, a campaign that works to help re-balance the current state of road investments across all modes. Share the Road aims to increase investments in walking and cycling infrastructure by working with all stakeholders - governments and donors in particular - to develop and implement strong investment policies specifically for non-motorised transport (NMT). The core impetus is that investments in NMT infrastructure spur a triple win in improved environment, safety and accessibility, which as a whole, contribute to sustainable development and p ...
PermalinkUnited Nations, 2010The objective of the study is to serve as a guiding framework for policymakers, researchers and practitioners interested in developing practical tools for evidence-based policymaking, impact assessment, monitoring and evaluation in the area of social inclusion. It provides guidance on how to develop tools, taking into consideration the historical, cultural and contextual backgrounds of one’s own society.
The study also builds on the work on social indicators that has already been undertaken by many people at local, national, regional and international levels. It is hoped that th ...
PermalinkPNUD, 2010Esta Guía actualizada de Evaluación de necesidades en materia de tecnología ha sido diseñada para ayudar a los países a adoptar decisiones informadas en sus elecciones de tecnología. Basándose en lecciones de esfuerzos de ENT anteriores de la última década, ofrece un enfoque sistemático para realizar evaluaciones de necesidades en materia de tecnología a fin de identificar, evaluar y establecer prioridades de medios tecnológicos para mitigación y adaptación. También proporciona procesos y metodologías para revelar brechas en capacidades y marcos favorecedores, y para formular un plan de acción ...
Permalink新版手册是与来自联合执行网络、英国爱丁堡大学环境变化与可持续发展研究中心和 斯德哥尔摩环境研究所（美国波士顿）的专家密切合作的结果。他们对手册的撰写都 做出了巨大的贡献。技术变化专家组的成员也在本书的写作过程中给予了宝贵的意见 和指导。
PermalinkPNUD, 2010Ce Guide pour l’Évaluation des besoins technologiques pour le changement climatique révisé a été conçu dans le but d’aider les pays à prendre des décisions éclairées quant à leurs choix technologiques. S'appuyant sur les leçons tirées des évaluations des besoins technologiques issues de la dernière décennie, ce guide offre une approche méthodique de l'évaluation des besoins technologiques en vue d'identifier, d’évaluer et de prioriser les moyens technologiques, à la fois pour l'atténuation et pour l'adaptation. Il fournit également des procédés et des méthodes permettant de déceler les lacunes ...
Permalink本 文 件 审 查 了 气 候 变 化 的 影 响 ，以 及 气 候 变 化 对 亚 洲 及 太 平 洋 区 域 的 粮 食 安 全 和 可 持 续 发 展 产 生 的 影 响 ； 分 析 了 农业 部 门 气 候 变 化 适 应 和 减 缓 的 机 遇 和 方 案 ； 讨 论 了 主 要 的 政 策 和 需 要 解 决 的 体 制 和 技 术 问 题 ；介 绍 了 粮 农 组 织 实 施 的 全 球 和 区 域 举 措 ； 并 提 出 了 进 一 步 行 动 的 建 议
Permalinkلا يزال عدد ناقصي التغذية في العالم مرتفعاً بصورة لم تعد مقبولة حيث يكاد يصل إلى مليار نسمة في عام 2010 رغم التراجع المتوقع – للمرة الأولى منذ 15 عاماً. ويُعزى هذا التراجع في قسم كبير منه إلى وجود مناخ اقتصادي مشجّع أكثر في عام 2010 – خاصة في البلدان النامية – وإلى انخفاض الأسعار الدولية والمحلية للمواد الغذائية منذ سنة 2008.
PermalinkEl número de personas subnutridas en el mundo sigue siendo inaceptablemente elevado, casi mil millones en 2010, a pesar de haber experimentado una reducción prevista, la primera en 15 años. Esta reducción se puede atribuir principalmente a la existencia de un entorno económico más favorable en 2010, especialmente en los países en desarrollo, y a la caída de los precios nacionales e internacionales de los alimentos desde 2008.
PermalinkPermalinkНесмотря на ожидаемое снижение – впервые за 15 лет - число недоедающих людей в мире в 2010 году остается недопустимо высоким, приблизившись к 1 миллиарду человек. Это снижение относят главным образом на счет более благоприятной экономической конъюнктуры в 2010 году, особенно в развивающихся странах, и снижения как мировых, так и внутренних цен на продовольствие после 2008 года.
PermalinkLe nombre de personnes sous-alimentées dans le monde, qui avoisine le milliard en 2010, se maintient à un niveau inacceptable malgré une baisse attendue – la première en 15 ans. Cette baisse s'explique dans une large mesure par un environnement économique plus favorable en 2010 – notamment dans les pays en développement – et par la diminution des prix des denrées alimentaires sur les marchés intérieurs et internationaux depuis 2008.
PermalinkLe présent document analyse les impacts du changement climatique et leurs implications pour la sécurité alimentaire et le développement durable dans la région Asie et Pacifique. Il décrit les possibilités et les options en matière d’adaptation et d’atténuation dans les secteurs agricoles et présente les principales questions politiques, institutionnelles et techniques à approfondir ainsi que les initiatives mondiales et régionales prises par la FAO, avant de conclure par des recommandations sur les actions à engager.
PermalinkS-290 Unit 7: Wind Systems outlines general and local winds and their processes. Detailed information is provided about critical fire weather winds, including frontal winds, foehn winds, and thunderstorm winds and the effects of these winds on wildland fires. The module also describes topographic influences on winds, and provides guidelines for estimating winds based on location and fuel sheltering. The module is part of the Intermediate Wildland Fire Behavior Course.
PermalinkADB, 2009This report, published by the Asian Development Bank, examines the economics of climate change in Southeast Asia. The report focuses on Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam in particular. It is found that the region is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change due to its heavily populated coastal areas and its reliance on agriculture. Therefore, Southeast Asia will be required to undertake a relatively high proportion of adaptation measures. It is also argued that the region has a great deal of potential in terms of climate change mitigation and the regio ...
PermalinkThis book presents historical evidence of the linkages between climate and food security and the current challenges climate change poses on world food security. It argues that changing climatic conditions are projected to affect food security from the local to the global level as the unpredictability of weather conditions increases. It calls for new policy driven options to address the emerging challenges of attaining improved food security.
PermalinkUNFCCC, 2009This paper analyzes the information submitted in NAPAs as well as costing data in project proposals submitted to the GEF for funding under the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) to provide an estimate of the financial support needed to fully implement NAPAs. Other types of support, including capacity-building, technology development and transfer and institutional arrangements are also considered.
PermalinkCQNUM, 2009Este guia foi escrito com a finalidade de assistir os países menos desenvolvidos (PMDs) na elaboração da implementação de programas de ação nacional para adaptação (NAPAs na sigla em inglês), e orientar as equipes responsáveis em nível nacional sobre como acessar o financiamento existente no âmbito do Fundo para Países Menos Desenvolvidos (LDCF) para a implementação dos seus NAPAs
PermalinkUNFCCC, 2009This guide has been written to support least developed countries (LDCs) in designing the implementation of national adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs), and to guide country teams in accessing existing funding from the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) for implementing their NAPAs.
PermalinkOCHA, 2009During the past century global temperatures increased by approximately 0.7 degrees Celsius. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the pace of climate change is now such that even in a ‘best-case’ scenario, further increases of at least 1 degree are expected by 2050. According to the IPCC, current emissions are already nearing the limit required in 2015 to keep warming below 2 degrees Celsius; the level UNDP defines as a “a reasonable and prudent long term objective for avoiding dangerous climate change”. In the absence of swift action to radically reduce gre ...
Permalink2009This report describes how climate change is affecting the lives of vulnerable African people and how they are adapting to survive. The report was compiled by 5 development non-governmental organisations (NGOs).
PermalinkCCNUCC, 2009Le but de l’ouvrage est d’aider les pays les moins avancés (PMA) à organiser la mise en œuvre de leur programme d’action national aux fins de l’adaptation (PANA) et de donner aux équipes responsables des indications sur la manière de bénéficier du Fonds pour les pays les moins avancés (LDCF).
PermalinkThe objectives of this Technical Paper are to highlight the contribution that inland and coastal small-scale fisheries can make to poverty alleviation and food security and to make practical suggestions on ways that this contribution can be maximized. This paper is organized into three main sections.
PermalinkHalving hunger and extreme poverty by 2015 is the first Millennium Development Goal (MDG). However, persistent hunger is still prevalent worldwide, slowing progress towards all other MDGs, particularly in
Many regions have progressed towards achieving food security, notably South Asia since the Green Revolution. However, this issue of id21 insights focuses on sub-Saharan Africa, the only developing region where food security has worsened in recent decades.