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Format: Digital (Free)[serial] Search in serial研究を行う中で開発された実験方法や観測手法などの技術的内容や研究の結果として 得られた資料などをまとめた刊行物です。第１巻から最新巻まですべてオンラインで閲覧できます。[serial] See available issues Search in serial
Published by: Meteorological Research Institute
- Technical Reports of the Meteorological Research Institute
Language(s): English, Japanese
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Archives access: 2001-[...]
Frequency: MonthlyThe world continues to urbanise. In 2008, for the first time in history more than half of the world's population lived in cities. By 2030, it is estimated that five billion people—80 per cent of humanity—will be urbanised.
For highly urbanised countries, a wrong step in urban policy can have national implications, especially when around 40 per cent of the national population live in just two cities (as is the case for Australia). Aside from city states like Singapore and Monaco, Australia is the most urbanised nation on earth. More than three in four of Australians live in the 18 cities ...
The world continues to urbanise. In 2008, for the first time in history more than half of the world's population lived in cities. By 2030, it is estimated that five billion people—80 per cent of humanity—will be urbanised.
For highly urbanised countries, a wrong step in urban policy can have national implications, especially when around 40 per cent of the national population live in just two cities (as is the case for Australia). Aside from city states like Singapore and Monaco, Australia is the most urbanised nation on earth. More than three in four of Australians live in the 18 cities of 100,000 people or more. Few other countries have as much need to understand how their cities work as Australia.
Format: Digital (Free)PermalinkThis glossary contains information on more than 2000 terms, phrases and abbreviations used by the NWS. Many of these terms and abbreviations are used by NWS forecasters to communicate between each other and have been in use for many years and before many NWS products were directly available to the public. It is the purpose of this glossary to aid the general public in better understanding NWS products.PermalinkThis electronic version of the second edition of the Glossary of Meteorology is a living document and meant to be periodically updated as terms in our field evolve. To that end, AMS has established a Chief Editor for the Glossary who is responsible for updating/revising existing terms and adding new terms. Learn more about the Glossary and current Editorial Board.PermalinkPermalink
PermalinkPermalinkThe place to learn about monitoring the weather and climate from space.PermalinkPermalinkThe Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin (WWCB) is jointly prepared by the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The WWCB provides a vital source of information on weather, climate and agricultural developments worldwide, along with detailed charts and tables of agrometeorological information that are appropriate for the season.PermalinkPermalinkThe fifteenth session of the Commission for Basic Systems (CBS-XV) (Jakarta, Indonesia, 10-15 September 2012) agreed the BUFR editions 3 and the CREX edition 1 should be removed from the Manual on Codes, Volume I.2 (WMO-No. 306) and retained on the WMO Website.PermalinkFollowing a recommendation of some members, as a measure to avoid duplication of efforts, it was agreed to combine two important reports - the Annual WWW Tecnical Progress Report on the Global Data-Processing and Forecasting System (GDPFS) and the Annual Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) Progress Report - into one, starting with the report for the year 2005.
This new combined annual publication will serve as a means of updating the rapidly evolving facilities, research and services being implemented at GDPFS/NWP Centres as requirements and technology advance.
It will also provid ...PermalinkThe effect of weather shocks on children's anthropometrics is investigated using the two most recent rounds of the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. For this purpose, climate data for each survey cluster are interpolated using daily weather-station records from the national network. The findings reveal that rainfall shocks have a statistically significant and robust impact on child health in the short run for both weight-for-height and height-for-age, and the incidence of diarrhea. The impacts of weather shocks on health are of considerable magnitude; however, children seem to catch up wi ...PermalinkOSCAR is a resource developed by WMO in support of Earth Observation applications, studies and global coordination.
It contains quantitative user-defined requirements for observation of physical variables in application areas of WMO (i.e. related to weather, water and climate). OSCAR also provides detailed information on all earth observation satellites and instruments, and expert analyses of space-based capabilities.
The tool constitutes a building block of WIGOS and more specifically, the so-called Rolling Requirements Review process. OSCAR targets all users int ...PermalinkAustralian Bureau of Meteorology, 2005-[...]Commentary on the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, typically issued fortnightly.PermalinkThe newsletter is aimed at sharing the latest satellite-related information in areas such as imagery, data, products and training, including:
- Access to satellite imagery, data and products including application products
- Training activities currently available or planned
- News on meteorological satellites
- News on new services
- Progress reports on the Pilot Project
- Introduction to activities of other RAs and the WMO VLabPermalinkDevelopment of the Tropical Cyclone Forecaster Website was under the WMO TCP Sub-Project No. 24 which was established in response to a recommendation from IWTC-IV (Haikou, Hainan, China, 1998) and IWTC-V (Cairns, Australia, 2002).
The Purpose or Objective of the Web site was to provide a plaform that will serve as a source that tropical cyclone forecasters can access to obtain forecasting tools concerning tropical cyclone development, motion, intensification, wind distribution, and analysis using both conventional data sources and remote sensing sources. It will contain techniques and b ...PermalinkThe Regional Office for Europe initiates a regular RA VI Newsletter, which will be issued twice a year. The objective is to raise the awareness of RA VI Members of the numerous activities taking place in the Region. The Newsletter will provide information about the work of the RA VI subsidiary bodies - working groups and task teams, regional events in hydrometeorology, as well as, interesting activities conducted by Members and other partners. We would like to encourage all RA VI Members to send us information about important developments, projects, weather extremes and other interesting stori ...PermalinkPermalinkGAWSIS is being developed and maintained by QA/SAC Switzerland in collaboration with the WMO GAW Secretariat, the GAW World Data Centres and other GAW representatives to improve the management of information about the GAW network of ground-based stations. The goal is to provide the GAW community and other interested people with an up-to-date, searchable data base of site descriptions, measurements programs and data available, contact people.PermalinkIGAC coordinates and fosters atmospheric chemistry research towards a sustainable world by facilitating international collaboration of atmospheric chemistry and multi-disciplinary research, coordinating the synthesis, assessment, and summary of research, cultivating the next generation of atmospheric chemist, and acting as the liaison between the atmospheric chemistry community and the broader Earth System Sustainability community. Although IGAC does not conduct or fund research directly, it does provide an internationally recognized "added value" to atmospheric chemistry research. IGAC aims t ...PermalinkThe OzonAction Newletter produced by theOzonAction Branch is a tri-annual publication dedicated to the protection of the ozone layer and implementation of the MontrealProtocol.
Since 1987 the OzonAction Newsletter has played an essential role in providing the excellent record of authentic, policy-relevant and consistent messges that contributed to the progress that Parties to the Montreal Protocol have achieved.PermalinkThis is the reference publication on the existing facilities and services available in the operation of the WWW. It is an electronic publication in CD-ROM that includes Volumes A, C1, C2 and D, The data is kept up to date on a daily basis via the internet and a revised edition is issued yearly.PermalinkIncendies en Indonésie, pluies diluviennes sur les Andes, cyclones dévastateurs... De manière inexpliquée, le courant marin El Niño chamboule le régime des vents sur le Pacifique. Et de là tout le climat de la planète.
El Niño a diverses répercussions sur le climat de toute la planète et sur l'activité humaine. Voici les principales répercussions, observées lors du dernier épisode 1997-1998, le plus violent du siècle.PermalinkJMA, 2003-[...]The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) promotes monitoring climate change.
JMA has issued "Climate Change Monitoring Report" every year informing the latest status of climate change in Japan and the world, greenhouse gases and the ozone layer.
These reports are expected to help readers such as policy makers and researchers to obtain better understanding of the latest status of the climate and further to take measures against the global warming and for protection of the global environment.Permalink
PermalinkThe main activities of the Commission for Basic Systems (CBS) are related to the development, implementation and operation of integrated systems for observing, data processing, data communication and data management, and to the provision of public weather services, in response to requirements of all WMO Programmes and opportunities provided by technological developments. CBS is the lead Technical Commission for the overall World Weather Watch Programme (WWW), the WMO Space Programme and the Public Weather Services Programme.PermalinkThe WMO Information system (WIS) is the single coordinated global infrastructure responsible for the telecommunications and data management functions. It is the pillar of the WMO strategy for managing and moving weather, water and climate information in the 21st century. WIS provides an integrated approach suitable for all WMO Programmes to meet the requirements for routine collection and automated dissemination of observed data and products, as well as data discovery, access and retrieval services for all weather, climate, water and related data produced by centres and Member countries in the ...PermalinkWWW Data Management (WWW/DM) is the component within the WWW system that provides the support functions needed for the orderly and efficient overall management of meteorological data and products of the WWW system, in particular the standardised representation of data and metadata, and coordinates the monitoring of data availability and quality. The underlining principle in the WWW/DM design is the integration of the GOS, GTS, and GDPFS facilities into an efficient, well-coordinated, comprehensive system. The WWW/DM activities contribute to the development, implementation and operation of the ...PermalinkGlobal Observing System (GOS): The coordinated system of methods and facilities for making meteorological and other environmental observations on a global scale in support of all WMO Programmes; the system is comprised of operationally reliable surface-based and space-based subsystems. The GOS comprises observing facilities on land, at sea, in the air and in outer space. These facilities are owned and operated by the Member countries of WMO each of which undertakes to meet certain responsibilities in the agreed global scheme so that all countries can benefit from the consolidated efforts.PermalinkWMO's Emergency Response Activities (ERA) programme involves the application of specialized atmospheric dispersion-modelling techniques to track and predict the spread of airborne hazardous substances in the event of an environmental emergency. This kind of specialized application depends directly on the operational infrastructure of the numerical weather prediction systems that are implemented and maintained at many of the global, regional or national meteorological centres within WMO's World Weather Watch system.PermalinkEstablished in 1963, the World Weather Watch -the core of the WMO Programmes- combines observing systems, telecommunication facilities, and data-processing and forecasting centres - operated by Members - to make available meteorological and related environmental information needed to provide efficient services in all countries.PermalinkWWRP advances society's ability to cope with high impact weather through research focused on improving the accuracy, lead time and utilization of weather prediction. The WWRP includes working groups, experts teams and the THORPEX programme.PermalinkThe mission of the CAS is, through the GAW and WWRP-THORPEX Programmes:
- Support research in atmospheric science
- Reduce and mitigate natural disasters
- Protect the environment
- Enhance understanding and response to environmental changePermalinkWithin the United Nations , it is the responsibility of WMO to provide the authoritative voice on the state and behaviour of the atmosphere and climate of the Earth. To this end, the Atmospheric Research and Environment Programme department co-ordinates and stimulates research on the composition of the atmosphere and weather forecasting, focusing on extreme weather events and socio-economic impacts. AREP supports global research initiatives under programmatic guidance from the Commission for Atmospheric Science (CAS). It does this through two programmes: the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) and ...PermalinkThe Education and Training Office manages the Education and Training Programme, which serves as an advisory body on all aspects of technical and scientific education and training in meteorology and operational hydrology.PermalinkAs one of the eight technical commissions of WMO, the Commission for Agricultural Meteorology (CAgM) provides guidance in the field of agricultural meteorology by studying and reviewing the available science and technology; proposes international standards for methods, procedures; provides a forum for the examination and resolution of relevant scientific and technical issues; promotes the training and the transfer of knowledge and methodologies, including the results of research, between WMO Members; and promotes international cooperation and maintains close cooperation in scientific and techn ...PermalinkThe purpose of the WMO Public Weather Services Programme (PWSP) is to strengthen the capabilities of WMO Members to meet the needs of society through provision of comprehensive weather services, with a particular emphasis on public safety and welfare, and to foster a better understanding by the public of the capabilities of their respective National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs), and how best to use the services that NMHSs deliver.PermalinkThe purpose of the Agricultural Meteorology Programme (AGMP) is to support food and agricultural production and activities. The Programme assists WMO Members in provision of meteorological and related services to the agricultural community to help develop sustainable and economically viable agricultural systems, improve production and quality, reduce losses and risks, decrease costs, increase efficiency in the use of water, labour and energy, conserve natural resources and decrease pollution by agricultural chemicals or other agents that contribute to the degradation of the environment.PermalinkThe WMO Aeronautical Meteorology Programme, a component of the WMO Applications of Meteorology Programme, has as its long term objective: the provision of meteorological support to meet the requirements of aviation for safe, economic and efficient air navigation.PermalinkThe AMP consists of four essential programme areas:
Public weather services, agricultural meteorology, aeronautical meteorology and
marine meteorology and oceanography. These promote the development of infrastructure, expertise and services for the benefit of the general public and the economic sectors of agriculture, air and marine transport in Member Countries.PermalinkIncendies en Indonésie, pluies diluviennes sur les Andes, cyclones dévastateurs... De manière inexpliquée, le courant marin El Niño chamboule le régime des vents sur le Pacifique. Et de là tout le climat de la planète.
El Niño a diverses répercussions sur le climat de toute la planète et sur l'activité humaine. Voici les principales répercussions, observées lors du dernier épisode 1997-1998, le plus violent du siècle.PermalinkECMWF, 1976-[...]The Centre's Annual Report provides an overview and a broad, non-technical description of ECMWF's main activities. It also gives an indication of future plans of ECMWF. The Annual Report of each year is normally released in June/July of the following year.PermalinkThe WMO Space Programme is:
- Coordinating environmental satellite matters within WMO
- Developing the space-based Global Observing System
- Promoting satellite data use for weather, water, climate and related applications
- Supporting international coordination on Space WeatherPermalinkWaterbase is the generic name given to the EEA's databases on the status and quality of Europe's rivers, lakes, groundwater bodies and transitional, coastal and marine waters, and on the quantity of Europe's water resourcesPermalink