This publication is the outcome of the revision, expansion and up-dating of the 1988 Handbook on Wave Analysis and Forecasting, a key element of the Wave Programme of the WMO Commission for Marine Meteorology. It is designed to enhance the provision of up-to-date information and guidance material on all aspects of the ocean-related activities of National Meteorological Services. It introduces new material on wave-measurement techniques, wave statistics and shallow-water effects and also considerably expands the material on numerical wave modeling.Published by: OMM ; 2020 (Édition 2018)
This publication is the outcome of the revision, expansion and up-dating of the 1988 Handbook on Wave Analysis and Forecasting, a key element of the Wave Programme of the WMO Commission for Marine Meteorology. It is designed to enhance the provision of up-to-date information and guidance material on all aspects of the ocean-related activities of National Meteorological Services. It introduces new material on wave-measurement techniques, wave statistics and shallow-water effects and also considerably expands the material on numerical wave modeling.
Collection(s) and Series: OMM- No. 702
Language(s): French; Other Languages: English, Russian, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy (ill., charts, maps)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-20702-9
Archives access: 1988-[...]This publication is the outcome of the revision, expansion and up-dating of the 1988 Handbook on Wave Analysis and Forecasting, a key element of the Wave Programme of the WMO Commission for Marine Meteorology. It is designed to enhance the provision of up-to-date information and guidance material on all aspects of the ocean-related activities of National Meteorological Services. It introduces new material on wave-measurement techniques, wave statistics and shallow-water effects and also considerably expands the material on numerical wave modeling.Published by: WMO ; 2020 (2018 edition)
Collection(s) and Series: WMO- No. 702
Language(s): English; Other Languages: French, Russian, Spanish, Chinese
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy (ill., charts, maps)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-10702-2
Archives access: 1988-[...]The first International Symposium on “Extreme Maritime Weather: Towards Safety of Life at Sea and a Sustainable Blue Economy” was held in London at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Headquarters from the 23rd to 25th October 2019. Jointly organized by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the IMO, over 200 participants from over 40 different countries attended, representing both private and public sectors, and including Ministers and Ambassadors. The structure of the Symposium consisted of Plenary Sessions, with invited presentations and panel discussions. The Symposium P ...Published by: WMO ; 2020
Report of the WMO/IMO International Symposium ‘Extreme Maritime Weather: Towards Safety of Life at Sea and a Sustainable Blue Economy
The first International Symposium on “Extreme Maritime Weather: Towards Safety of Life at Sea and a Sustainable Blue Economy” was held in London at the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Headquarters from the 23rd to 25th October 2019. Jointly organized by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the IMO, over 200 participants from over 40 different countries attended, representing both private and public sectors, and including Ministers and Ambassadors. The structure of the Symposium consisted of Plenary Sessions, with invited presentations and panel discussions. The Symposium Programme and presentations are available at https://public.wmo.int/en/events/meetings/londonsymposium.
Format: Digital (Free)Published by: WMO ; 2020
The Establishment of the Joint WMO/IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology: A Personal History
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-11250-7المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2019 (طبعة 2019; مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 49)يحدد المؤتمر العالمي للأرصاد الجوية مكونات اللائحة الفنیة وفقاً للمادة 8 (د) من الاتفاقیة.
الغرض من ھذه اللائحة:
-أ- تیسیر التعاون فیما بین الأعضاء في مجالي الأرصاد الجوية والهیدرولوجیا؛
-ب- القیام، بأكثر الطرق فاعلیة، بتلبیة الاحتیاجات المحددة لمختلف مجالات الأرصاد الجوية
والهیدرولوجیا التشغیلیة في المجال الدولي؛
ج- ضمان التطابق والتوحید القیاسي بصورة كافیة في الممارسات والإجراءات المستخدمة في تحقیق
الأھداف الواردة في الفقرتین الفرعیتین أ وب الواردتین أعلاه.Published by: المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; 2019 (طبعة 2019)
يحدد المؤتمر العالمي للأرصاد الجوية مكونات اللائحة الفنیة وفقاً للمادة 8 (د) من الاتفاقیة.
الغرض من ھذه اللائحة:
-أ- تیسیر التعاون فیما بین الأعضاء في مجالي الأرصاد الجوية والهیدرولوجیا؛
-ب- القیام، بأكثر الطرق فاعلیة، بتلبیة الاحتیاجات المحددة لمختلف مجالات الأرصاد الجوية
والهیدرولوجیا التشغیلیة في المجال الدولي؛
ج- ضمان التطابق والتوحید القیاسي بصورة كافیة في الممارسات والإجراءات المستخدمة في تحقیق
الأھداف الواردة في الفقرتین الفرعیتین أ وب الواردتین أعلاه.
Language(s): Arabic; Other Languages: Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-60049-3
Archives access: 1988-[...]
Tags: Weather ; Marine meteorology ; Meteorology ; Hydrology ; Global Space-based Inter-Calibration System (GSICS) ; Automated Weather Observing System (AWOS) ; Service Delivery Division (SDD) ; Aeronautical Meteorological Forecaster ; Aeronautical Meteorological Observer ; Marine Weather Forecasters ; PWS - Personnel Engaged in Operational Forecasting ; Technical Publications Add tag《技术规则》是根据《公约》第八条第4款由世界气象大会制定的。《技术规则》的制定是为了：
(3) 在实现上述(1)和(2)两项目标的过程中，确保他们所使用的规范和程序具有足够的一致性和标准化。PermalinkПравила Технического регламента определяются Всемирным метеорологическим конгрессом в соответствии со статьей 8 («d») Конвенции.
Эти правила предназначены для того, чтобы:
a) облегчить сотрудничество в области метеорологии и гидрологии между Членами ВМО;
b) наилучшим образом удовлетворять конкретные потребности в различных областях применения метеорологии и оперативной гидрологии в международном масштабе;
с) обеспечить надлежащие единообразие и стандартизацию практик и процедур, применяемых при достижении вышеуказанных целей «a» и «b».PermalinkEl Reglamento Técnico ha sido establecido por el Congreso Meteorológico Mundial, de acuerdo con lo dispuesto en el Artículo 8 d) del Convenio. Los objetivos del presente Reglamento son:
a) facilitar la cooperación entre los Miembros en materia de meteorología e hidrología;
b) satisfacer, de la forma más eficaz posible, necesidades específicas en los diversos campos de aplicación de la meteorología y de la hidrología operativa en el plano internacional;
c) velar adecuadamente por la uniformidad y la normalización de las prácticas y los procedimientos empleados para alcanzar ...PermalinkLe Règlement technique est établi par le Congrès météorologique mondial, conformément à l’article 8 d) de la Convention. Les buts du présent règlement sont les suivants:
a) Faciliter la coopération en matière de météorologie et d’hydrologie entre les Membres;
b) Répondre le plus efficacement possible, sur le plan international, aux besoins spécifiques des différents domaines d’application de la météorologie et de l’hydrologie opérationnelle;
c) Assurer, d’une manière adéquate, l’uniformité et la normalisation des pratiques et procédures employées pour atteindre les buts a) ...PermalinkThe Technical Regulations are determined by the World Meteorological Congress in accordance with Article 8 (d) of the Convention.
These Regulations are designed:
(a) To facilitate cooperation in meteorology and hydrology among Members;
(b) To meet, in the most effective manner, specific needs in the various fields of application of meteorology and operational hydrology in the international sphere;
(c) To ensure adequate uniformity and standardization in the practices and procedures employed in achieving (a) and (b) above.Permalink如《WMO 技术规则》所述，世界气象组织（WMO）致力于确保其会员有能力提供海洋气象服务 提供的标准和推荐做法。 2018 年底，WMO 做了一项调查，以整理这份会员提供海洋和沿海服务能力的状况报告。本报告 中的调查结果将有助于WMO 更好地了解会员采取适当行动的需求，以确定需要援助的领域并确 定其优先顺序，尤其是在能力建设和培训支持的方面。Permalinkس ع ي ا ح ث ي ث ا إ ل ى ض م ا ن أ ن أ ع ض ا ء ه ا ق ا د ر و ن ع ل ى ت و ف ي ر ا ل م م ا ر س ا ت (WMO) تسعى المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية
القياسية والموصى بها المتعلقة بتقديم خدمات الأرصاد الجوية البحرية، على النحو المبين في اللائحة الفنية .(WMO) للمنظمةPermalinkВсемирная метеорологическая организация (ВМО) стремится к тому, чтобы ее Члены могли предоставлять стандартную и рекомендуемую практику в области морского метеорологического обслуживания, описанную в Техническом регламенте ВМО.
В конце 2018 г., с целью подготовки настоящего отчета, был проведен опрос о текущих возможностях Членов в области предоставления морского и берегового обслуживания. Результаты опроса, представленные в данном отчете, помогут ВМО лучше понять потребности Членов и принять необходимые меры для определения и приоритизации областей, в которых требуется поддержка, особ ...PermalinkLa Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) trata de garantizar que sus Miembros estén en condiciones de prestar servicios meteorológicos marinos ateniéndose a las prácticas normalizadas y recomendadas que se describen en el Reglamento Técnico de la OMM.
Para ello, a fines de 2018, se realizó una encuesta con el objeto de elaborar el presente informe de situación sobre la capacidad de los Miembros para prestar servicios marinos y costeros. Los resultados de la encuesta, que se presentan en este informe, ayudarán a que la OMM comprenda mejor las necesidades de los Miembros y adopte las ...PermalinkThe World Meteorological Organization (WMO) strives to ensure that its Members are capable of providing the standard and recommended practices for marine meteorological service delivery, as described in the WMO Technical Regulations.
At the end of 2018, a survey was conducted to collate this status report of Members capabilities in the provision of the marine and coastal services. The survey results presented in this report, will help WMO better understand Member's needs to take appropriate action to target and prioritize areas requiring assistance, especially in relation to capacity bu ...PermalinkL’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) s’efforce de garantir que ses Membres soient en mesure de fournir des services de météorologie maritime qui respectent les normes et pratiques recommandées, telles que décrites dans le Règlement technique de l’OMM. À la fin de l’année 2018, une enquête a été réalisée en vue d’établir le présent rapport sur l’état d’avancement des capacités des Membres en matière de prestation de services météorologiques destinés aux activités maritimes et côtières. Les résultats présentés ici aideront l’OMM à mieux cerner les besoins des Membres et à prendre les mes ...PermalinkThe Community Earth System Model (CESM) is a fully-coupled, community, global climate model that provides state-of-the-art computer simulations of the Earth's past, present, and future climate states. The CESM Distance Learning Course is based on the CESM Tutorial held annually at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, Colorado. This course consists of 12 lectures and 4 practical sessions on simulating the climate system and practical sessions on running Community Earth System Model (CESM), modifying components, and analyzing data. The course is targeted at the graduat ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThe purpose of this Guide is to provide guidance to Members’ organizations that are developing, implementing and/or maintaining competency-based training and assessment programmes based upon the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) competency frameworks established in the Technical Regulations, Volume I (WMO-No.49).
Examples of selected Members’ best practices are included in this guidance material to facilitate transfer of knowledge and experience, and thus enable organizations to achieve compliance with the WMO requirements in the most efficient way.
This Guide will also be ...PermalinkInternationally agreed methods of providing services to the marine community around the world are described in the Manual on Marine Meteorological Services (WMO-No. 558), Volume I. The purpose of this Guide is to complement the Manual by:
(a) Describing the requirements for the various types of service;
(b) Explaining the rationale for the agreed methods of providing services;
(c) Giving guidance on how to set up and maintain marine meteorological services.
It follows the same structure as the Manual on Marine Meteorological Services.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC); et al. - WMO, 2018PermalinkThis lesson provides an introduction to the Middle East for Navy meteorologists. It focuses on the major aspects of synoptic and mesoscale weather patterns, hazards to aviation and maritime operations, geography, oceanography, and climatology. The “Geography” Unit covers major political boundaries, cities, ports, topographical features, rivers, and seismicity. The “Oceanography” Unit includes major bathymetric features, mean sea surface temperature, vertical temperature profiles, salinity and velocity, ocean currents, and tidal ranges. The “Climatology” Unit covers the seasonal climatology of ...PermalinkThis short lesson describes the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) on board the next-generation polar-orbiting satellite platforms. AMSR2’s primary mission is to improve scientists’ understanding of climate by providing estimates of precipitation, water vapor, cloud water, wind velocity, sea surface temperature, sea ice concentration, snow depth, and soil moisture. AMSR2 also advances weather forecasting through real-time imagery, value-added products, and input to numerical weather prediction. This lesson is part of the Satellite Foundational Course for JPSS (SatFC-J).PermalinkNOAA’s Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (CO-OPS) operates the National Water Level Observation Network (NWLON) a system of water level sensors, that form the backbone of our nation’s coastal observation infrastructure. This short video, intended for decision makers and the general public, describes the value of accurate NWLON water level data provided by CO-OPS.PermalinkThis resource demonstrates the variety of satellite imagery and products accessible through the Community Satellite Processing Package (CSPP). Two videos, the first focused on imagery applications and the second on microwave applications, provide an overview of the types of weather and environmental information available through CSPP. Using CSPP, forecasters and others needing timely access to data can download and display imagery and products from Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) instruments. The resource provides some background information for obtaining and using the CSPP software, which ...PermalinkAEMET, 2018Over 100 experts in weather and climate modeling, numerical and operational forecasting, and related areas have come together to write this compendium of knowledge that addresses a diversity of maters such as history and foundations of meteorology, ensemble prediction systems, probabilistic forecasting and its applications, climatic change and social aspects, cases of study of special meteorological events, etc.Permalink
Launched in 2007, the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences' OER initiative enables departments and individual faculty to provide resources free-of-charge under a Creative Commons license. As long as they adhere to the license, teachers and learners around the world are free to download, remix, translate, localize, and make these materials their own.PermalinkThe surface wave investigation and monitoring (SWIM) will be one of the two payload instruments carried by China France Oceanography Satellite (CFOSAT) with a planned launch date in mid-2018. SWIM has six beams rotating around the vertical axis at incidence angles 0,2,4,6,8,10 degree. With nadir-beam, the SWH and wind speed can be detected as the same principle as an altimeter. At the same time, the ocean wave spectrum beams can also Catch the significant wave height (SWH). To find which SWH is more stable and accurate, first, the thesis presents an overview of SWH detection from a satellite. ...PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - WMO, 2018 (WMO-No. 1208)PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); et al. - WMO, 2018The present global modelling study of the Nr atmospheric cycle and Nr deposition to the ocean is the first that evaluates past, present and future Nr atmospheric deposition accounting for ON primary sources as well as for secondary ON chemical formation as a N-dependent process. While the total Nr deposition to the ocean is not expected to change significantly by 2050, the relative importance of oxidized and reduced N is expected to change, with an increasing proportion of ammonium compared to nitrate, resulting from more efficient controls on terrestrial emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) com ...PermalinkСогласованные на международном уровне методы предоставления обслуживания морскому сообществу по всему миру описаны в Наставлении по морскому метеорологическому обслуживанию (ВМО-№ 558), том I. Целью настоящего Руководства является дополнить Наставление посредством:
a) описания требований к различным видам обслуживания;
b) разъяснения целесообразности согласованных методов предоставления обслуживания;
c) предоставления руководящих указаний в отношении того, каким образом следует организовывать и поддерживать морское метеорологическое обслуживание.
Руководство имеет т ...PermalinkEn el Manual de servicios meteorológicos marinos (OMM Nº 558), volumen I, se describen los métodos convenidos internacionalmente para la prestación de servicios a la comunidad marina en todo el mundo. Como complemento de dicho Manual, la presente Guía responde a los siguientes propósitos:
a) describir las necesidades requeridas para los distintos tipos de servicios;
b) explicar las razones a que responden los métodos convenidos para la prestación de servicios;
c) orientar sobre la manera de constituir y mantener servicios meteorológicos marinos.
Para ello, está estr ...PermalinkLa connaissance des conditions météorologiques tient depuis toujours une place essentielle en matière de sécurité et d’efficacité appliquées aux activités maritimes, notamment le transport et la pêche. Au début du XXe siècle, avec l'apparition de la télégraphie sans fil, il devient possible d'établir des communications régulières entre les navires et la côte; c’est le commencement des émissions météorologiques pour la navigation maritime. La première Convention internationale pour la sauvegarde de la vie humaine en mer (Convention SOLAS) préconisait que la radiodiffusion de renseignements mété ...PermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Comisión Oceanográfica Intergubernamental (COI) - OMM, 2018 (OMM-No. 1208)PermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Commission Océanographique Intergouvernementale (COI); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - OMM, 2018 (OMM-No. 1208)PermalinkВсемирная Метеорологическая Организация (BMO); Межправительственной океанографической комиссией (МОК) - BMO, 2018 (BMO-No. 1208)Permalinkالمنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; اللجنة الأوقيانوغرافية الحكومية الدولية - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2018 (مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 1208)PermalinkThis short lesson provides an overview of the world's oceans, including information about geography, physical properties, major currents, and the effects of oceans on weather and climate. Brief information about wind waves, swell, and tides and the drivers of each of these phenomena are included along with an introduction to ocean measurements.PermalinkProduced in collaboration between NOAA’s National Ocean Service (NOS) US Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS) Program Office and The COMET Program, this video explains how high-frequency radar (known as HF radar) is used to provide detailed information in real-time on coastal ocean surface currents. It describes the important role that HF radar products play in critical coastal operations such as hazardous spill response. Finally, it covers basic capabilities and strengths of HF radar as well as how to access coastal current data. Coastal decision-makers and managers across all levels of g ...PermalinkThis lesson provides an overview of Earth’s atmosphere, its vertical structure, the fundamental forces acting on air, and how the atmosphere's composition affects the colors we see in the sky. The lesson also includes information about how Earth receives energy from the Sun as solar and infrared radiation, and the mechanisms for transferring heat around the globe. Learners will be introduced to the components of Earth’s water cycle, and also briefly explore the main types of systems used to observe the atmosphere.PermalinkOn Wednesday May 3 from 10am to 12.30 in the WMO Press Room, there will be a Marine Seminar by both WMO and visiting staff from UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC).
The Seminar will be chance for exchange of information and discussion between the two agencies, as outlined in the attached programme. From the UNESCO-IOC, Dr Albert Fischer, Dr Salvatore Arico and Dr Thorkild Aarup will share information about IOC programs relevant for WMO, and vice versa, WMO staff will share information on their marine work here.
UNESCO IOC is an important part ...PermalinkPermalink世界气象组织 (WMO); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC); 联合国教育,科学 和文化组织 (UNESCO) - 世界气象组织 (WMO), 2017 (世界气象组织 (WMO)-No. 1208)PermalinkБюллетень, Том 64(2). BMO, 2016Владимир Рябинин, Российская Федерация, 1 марта 2015 г. был назначен новым Исполнительным секре- тарем Межправительственной океанографической комиссии (МОК) ЮНЕСКО, что соответствует уровню помощника Генерального директора (ПГД) ЮНЕСКО. Г-н Рябинин перешел на работу в МОК из ВМО, где он с 2001 по 2015 г. занимал пост старшего научного сотрудника Всемирной программы исследований кли- мата (ВПИК). Годы, проведенные в ВМО, безусловно, окажут благотворное воздействие на тесное сотрудни- чество между двумя организациями. Бюллетень ВМО с удовольствием представляет г-на Рябинина читателям и предлагае ...PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 64(1). OMM, 2016Les gouvernements, les entreprises du secteur privé et les particuliers sont de plus en plus exigeants lorsqu’il s’agit de la qualité des services climatologiques, d’où l’importance du Cadre mondial pour les services climatologiques (CMSC). Cependant, certaines composantes du réseau d’observation de l’océan – pourtant essentielles à la prestation de ces services – risquent de se dégrader, et les systèmes de prévision climatique ont du mal à rester au fait des attentes croissantes quant à l’exactitude et à la fi abilité des services.1234PermalinkA large focus of the meeting was completing the GCOS Implementation Plan, in addition to progressing activities in the OOPC Work Plan. The first day of the meeting was held jointly with the JCOMM Observations Coordination Group, and hence was focused on discussing the structure and focus of the ocean section of the GCOS IP, and refining the network based actions for the plan. The Second day was focused on further refining the package of Essential Ocean Variable Specification Sheets, particularly ensuring consistent articulation of applications areas, and phenomena to capture. The 3rd Day focus ...PermalinkClimate is changing at unprecedented rates in recorded history. A variety of lines of evidence demonstrate that climate change is likely to affect the hydrologic cycle and thus create new challenges in water management. This requires that climate change information be included in water and water-related resources planning, operations, and management. Climate and Water Resources Management, Part 1: Climate Variability and Change describes the terminology, global evidence, regional manifestations, and basic science of global climate variability and anthropogenic change, with a focus on water res ...PermalinkThis lesson will describe the real-time storm surge products that are issued by the National Hurricane Center (NHC) and National Weather Service Weather Forecast Offices (NWS WFOs) during a significant tropical cyclone event along the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States. Tropical cyclones that threaten a coastline have the potential to inflict devastating damage to communities. Real-time storm surge information will assist decision-makers in their plans and preparation work for these events. Basic familiarity with probabilistic forecast guidance is required. It is recommended that us ...PermalinkThis module provides an introduction to the European continent and the Mediterranean and Black Sea areas for weather forecasters. It focuses on geography, climatology, oceanography, major aspects of the synoptic and mesoscale weather patterns, and hazards to aviation and maritime operations. Geography covers major political boundaries, cities, ports, topographical features, rivers, and volcanic areas. Climatology covers the seasonal climatology of jet stream, synoptic weather systems, extratropical cyclones, and high winds and seas. Oceanography includes major bathymetric features; mean sea su ...PermalinkClimate is changing at unprecedented rates in recorded history. A variety of lines of evidence demonstrate that climate change is likely to affect the hydrologic cycle and thus create new challenges in water management. This requires that climate change information be included in water and water-related resources planning, operations, and management. Climate Variability and Change for Water Resources Management - International Edition describes the terminology, global evidence, regional manifestations, and basic science of global climate variability and anthropogenic change, with a focus on wa ...PermalinkThe TsunamiReady® program began in 2001 to promote tsunami hazard preparedness and improve public safety before, during, and after tsunami emergencies. In 2015, the National Weather Service updated the TsunamiReady Guidelines based directly on emergency management principles and with input from the social sciences. This training provides an overview of the 2015 guidelines, which are focused on mitigation, preparedness, and response. The training will equip community officials and others interested in becoming TsunamiReady with strategies for streamlining their implementation of the guidelines. ...PermalinkThis lesson addresses how sea level is determined and applied. It starts with a general discussion of the surfaces that form the basis of measurement, called datums, then looks more closely at the vertical datums that form the basis of height measurements. We cover tidal datums in more depth, including the different datums, their extent, period of record (called a tidal epoch), and common applications. We conclude with a look at some data resources for tidal datums and sea level trends.PermalinkThis lesson describes the physical processes, both natural and human-induced, that lead to changes in sea level. The processes described include climate induced changes in ocean heat content and volume, natural oceanic cycles, and both natural and human-induced changes in coastal land elevation. The learning is enhanced with rich graphics and periodic questions.PermalinkCrafting clear, concise and effective messages focused on customer needs is a crucial skill in every decision-support situation. Tropical cyclones that threaten a coastline have the potential to inflict devastating damage to communities and communicating relevant weather information will assist decision-makers in their plans and preparation work. This lesson examines how to effectively prepare for the hurricane season and then focuses on how best to support NWS partners through meteorological briefings during tropical cyclone events. Basic familiarity with probabilistic forecast guidance is re ...PermalinkThe chemistry of the world’s oceans is changing. Ocean acidity is creeping upward, a result of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide. The added carbon dioxide depletes seawater of carbonate, a chemical constituent of minerals that form the shells and structures of animals including corals, molluscs, plankton, and others. The accelerating impacts are expected to reverberate through the marine food web. Most people are unaware of ocean acidification and its expected impacts. This lesson will educate policy makers and university students about its causes and consequences. The lesson explains the chem ...Permalink"This is my first time-lapse film I decided to put together. All scenes are shot in Florida from April - September 2016. This film is meant to showcase Florida's weather pattern from a stray shower to a fierce severe warned thunderstorm.
Through that time period, I had taken over 149,000 photos between the two cameras for this project. Less than half were used for the final production. Overall editing took about 2 months and was really because of the music choice as I had switched songs half way through the project.
***Technical*** - Equipment used was a Canon 6D ...PermalinkWhen it comes to the weather, most of us think only about what is happening in the atmosphere. If we ignore the ocean, however, we miss a big piece of the picture: covering some 70 per cent of the Earth’s surface, the ocean is a major driver of the world’s weather and climate. The ocean is also a major driver of the global economy, carrying more than 90 per cent of world trade and sustaining the 40 per cent of humanity that lives within 100 km of the coast. Recognizing this, national weather agencies and researchers regularly monitor the ocean, model how it affects the atmosphere and deliver m ...PermalinkFor Zimbabwe, where rain fed agriculture is the backbone of the economy, the importance of accurate rainfall seasonal forecasts cannot be overemphasized (Makarau and Jury, 1997). In fact, extremes in interseasonal variability of rainfall can significantly complicate human livelihoods. In addition, there have been predictions of increased precipitation variability and hydro-meteorological hazards such as floods, droughts, and erratic rainfall due to global warming (Field et al., 2014; Mushore, 2013a). Thus, detailed understanding of the major contributors to the rainfall variability over Zimbab ...PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 64(2). WMO, 2015Vladimir Ryabinin of the Russian Federation was appointed as the new Executive Secretary of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO at the level of Assistant Director-General (ADG) of UNESCO on 1 March 2015. Mr Ryabinin went to IOC from WMO, where he was a Senior Scientific Officer in the World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) from 2001 to 2015. His years of experience with WMO will surely benefit the close cooperation between the two organizations. The Bulletin is pleased to introduce him to our readers through the interview below. 1PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 64(1). WMO, 2015Governments, private companies and individuals are demanding ever more sophisticated climate services, as manifested by the Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS). But parts of the ocean observation network – paramount to the delivery of climate services – are at risk, and the evolution of climate prediction systems is not keeping pace in terms of accuracy and reliabilityPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - WMO, 2015This publication presents a summarized version of the WMO No-8 information, focusing on the instruments used by the VOS, but breaks new ground in making specific recommendations (including providing software modules and test validation cases) on the algorithms to be used to compute “derived” variables.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2015PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2015The Pilot Inter - comparison Project for Seawater Salinity Measurements is organized by The Joint WMO - IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) and undertaken by the Regional Marine Instrument Center for the Asia - Pacific Region (RMIC/AP). As the first inter - comparison project under JCOMM framework in history, the purpose is of understanding the overall quality level of salinity measurements of JCOMM Members/Member States and observation programmes, identifying the differences an d promoting the expertise of salinity measurements.PermalinkUnderstanding Marine Customers, 2nd edition, introduces the different marine forecast customers and discusses what forecast information they need to know and why they need to know it. A better understanding of the needs of the marine forecast customer will lead to better daily forecasts. The 2nd edition expands upon marine customer base to include more nearshore users, such as beachgoers, surfers, and sea kayakers.PermalinkThe availability of numerical guidance from NWP models has been an important component of operational forecasting for decades. For many, the output from this numerical guidance was produced by a mysterious “black box”. Rules for using and adjusting the guidance for operational forecasters were often subjective “Rules of Thumb” based on experience rather than based on quantitative analysis. To open up this “black box”, we produced this web-based “Operational Models Encyclopedia” linking both generic information on how NWP models work, and specifics on physical parameterizations, dynamics, and d ...PermalinkThis lesson introduces forecasters to the various probabilistic guidance products used by the National Hurricane Center to forecast storm surge. It provides an overview of how these probabilistic surge products are created, their purposes, and why they are preferred to deterministic-only style guidance for specific events. The lesson also provides practice in correctly interpreting probabilistic storm surge guidance at various phases of an event. Basic familiarity with probabilistic forecast guidance is required. This online lesson is part of the Tropical Cyclone Storm Surge: Forecasting and C ...PermalinkScatterometers and altimeters provide a variety of space-based observations that are useful for marine analysis and forecasting as well as other applications. Key among the products are ocean surface winds from scatterometers and significant wave heights from altimeters. This lesson describes the basics of scatterometers and altimeters, including how they work, what they measure, and how scatterometer winds and altimeter significant wave heights are derived. It then discusses some of the challenges in using the estimates, such as dealing with ambiguities and rain contamination. The lesson also ...PermalinkThis lesson introduces forecasters to the orthometric and tidal datums used to describe tropical cyclone storm surge measurements and forecasts. It provides a general overview of how to interpret storm surge forecasts using various vertical datums. This online lesson is part of the Tropical Cyclone Storm Surge: Forecasting and Communication course.PermalinkMarine Weather Services Incident Response and Decision Support provides guidance for forecasters tasked with supporting oil or chemical spills and other marine-focused incidents. The lesson follows an example spill event to help demonstrate marine forecasters' responsibilities for coordinating with emergency managers, other NOAA line offices, and governmental agencies and outlines best practices related to effective communication.PermalinkThis lesson introduces the concepts and principles basic to retrieving important land and ocean surface properties using microwave remote sensing observations from polar-orbiting satellites. Section one reviews the advantages of microwave remote sensing from polar-orbiting platforms and briefly highlights some of the unique spectral characteristics that allow for differentiation between various surface types and properties. Subsequent sections present a more in-depth look at the derivation and application of microwave products that quantify four different land and ocean surface properties and ...PermalinkThis lesson provides a basic introduction to celestial navigation for navigators, sailors, and others interested in the topic. It begins with the relationship between celestial coordinates and Earth coordinates and examines key celestial navigation parameters—geographic position, sextant altitude, observed altitude, azimuth, and computed altitude—that can be used to identify to a ship's position. A U.S. Navy navigator demonstrates the main celestial sights performed over the course of a day, including the morning three-star fix, morning Sun line, Local Apparent Noon Sun line, afternoon Sun lin ...PermalinkHigh swell events can develop far from the coast under cyclonic conditions, and take several days to travel to land. If early warnings are not issued, they can take an area by surprise and have a devastating impact. This lesson aims to improve the ability of marine forecasters to forecast extreme marine events related to high swells. It does so by providing background information on winds and waves, and presenting a process for monitoring and forecasting high swell events using a variety of data. These include ASCAT scatterometer wind data and the ECMWF Extreme Forecast Index (EFI) product, wh ...PermalinkThis lesson introduces forecasters to the physical processes and impacts of tropical cyclone storm surge. It provides an overview of the factors that affect storm surge, how it is measured, and the limitations associated with storm surge data. This online lesson is part of the Tropical Cyclone Storm Surge: Forecasting and Communication course.PermalinkThis case study lesson demonstrates the use of scatterometer wind and, to a lesser extent, altimeter significant wave height products in marine forecasting. A brief introduction to cold fronts and their impact on weather and sea state conditions sets the stage for the main part of the lesson, the case study. The case follows the passage of a cold front over the South Atlantic Ocean on 23 and 24 November 2013 when the Polarstern research vessel was transiting the area. Learners use ASCAT wind and Jason significant wave height data to help determine current conditions and evaluate GFS and WAVEWA ...PermalinkShips operating in areas with ice are expected to report conditions as part of standard weather reporting procedures. This lesson is aimed at those tasked with this responsibility, be they official or informal observers. The lesson begins with background information on ice, addressing such topics as where it is found, how it develops, and how to observe and report it. This sets the stage for the lesson’s scenarios, which simulate the experience of being an ice observer in four situations: on the U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Healy operating in the Arctic Ocean, on a container ship transiting the Nor ...PermalinkForecasting heavy rainfall associated with in-situ convective cloud development over small island states is a challenge in operational forecasting as not all numerical models are able to resolve convection at such small scales. Forecasting of such phenomena is mainly based on prevailing local conditions and the use of a plethora of thermodynamic indices derived from the local sounding. This study is an effort to assess the suitability of the different available indices, hereafter referred as traditional indices, to forecast heavy rainfall from local convection, commonly known as pure sea breez ...Permalink
PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2014PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC); United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - WMO, 2014This document provides the rationale for the strategy of the SOT for the implementation of the ship fleets under its responsibility in the foreseeable future. It particularly includes an overarching implementation plan, and a detailed implementation plan with clear objectives, and some performance targets.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2014PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2014Permalink"Weather Observing Fundamentals" provides guidance for U.S. Navy Aerographer's Mates, Quartermasters, and civilian observers tasked with taking and reporting routine, special, and synoptic observations. Although the focus of this lesson is on shipboard observations, much of the content applies to land-based observing and reporting as well. The lesson details standard procedures for taking accurate weather observations and for encoding those observations on COMNAVMETOCCOM Report 3141/3. Exercises throughout the lesson and four weather identification drills at the end provide learners with oppor ...Permalink
PermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Всемирная Метеорологическая Организация (BMO) - WMO, 2014 (WMO-No. 259)This document provides snapshot of the WMO Sea Ice Nomenclature (WMO No. 259, volume 1 – Terminology and Codes, Volume II – Illustrated Glossary and III – International System of Sea-Ice Symbols) by March 2014 (5th Session of JCOMM Expert Team on Sea Ice)PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013PermalinkThis module provides an introduction to the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea for weather forecasters. It focuses on major aspects of the geography, oceanography, and climatology. Geography covers major political boundaries, cities, ports, topographical features, rivers, and volcanic areas. Oceanography includes major bathymetric features, mean sea surface temperature and surface salinity, ocean currents, and tidal ranges. Climatology covers the seasonal climatology of jet streams and synoptic weather systems, extratropical cyclones in the Gulf of Mexico, and monthly and seasonal statistics of ...PermalinkClimate information can be used as guidance for a range of weather-dependent operations. This module summarizes the Climate Analysis Process, a series of steps for determining which climatological products and data will be most useful for a specified application. The Climate Analysis Process is followed in the context of preparing a climatological brief for a ship deployment across multiple ocean basins. Though the focus is on Department of Defense data sources, including the Advanced Climate Analysis and Forecasting (ACAF) system, information on other sources is also provided. Products from t ...PermalinkThis Regional Study Guide highlights the sections of the Introduction to Tropical Meteorology, 2nd Edition online textbook that are applicable to aeronautical forecasting operations in Africa. Topics include remote sensing, global circulations, tropical variability, tropical cyclones and the challenges encountered when forecasting tropical weather. The guide consists of a list of links to the content in the textbook and has its own stand-alone quiz.PermalinkIn order to assist Pacific overseas countries and territories (OCTs) develop resilience to natural hazards, the European Union (EU) has commissioned the SOPAC Division of the SPC to work alongside OCTs to increase the protection and management of the coastal environment. The project, which falls under the European Development Fund (EDF) 9 C Envelope, will focus on the analysis, development and efficient implementation of the disaster risk solutions in Wallis and Futuna, New Caledonia, the Pitcairn Islands and French Polynesia. This document forms part of the work undertaken for French Polynesi ...Permalink2013This report present CDP, C40 and AECOM latest results from the third consecutive year of climate change reporting for cities. The data presented in the report conveys information about every aspect of climate change measurement and management in cities, including risks such as temperature increase/heatwaves, frequent/intense rainfall, drought, storms/flooding and sea level rise, and adaptation. It is intended to provide city governments with information and insights in order to assist their work in tackling the challenge of climate change.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013PermalinkThis document is the final report of a Senate inquiry by the Environment and Communications References Committee looking at Australia’s extreme weather and asking if the country is ready. It looks at any emerging trends on the frequency of extreme weather events. Based on evidence on future projections of such events and on global warming scenarios of between 1C and 5C by 2070, the inquiry looks at the costs of extreme weather events and their impacts on ecosystems, infrastructure and human health. It also examines the “availability and affordability” of private insurance in disaster-prone are ...Permalink2013Climate scientists studying the impact of changing wave behaviour on the world's coastlines are reporting a likely decrease in average wave heights across 25 per cent of the global ocean.PermalinkPermalinkThis report discusses current models prediction that Boston will experience up to two feet of sea level rise by 2050 and up to six feet by 2100, and it provides vulnerability analyses for Boston Harbor and time-phased preparedness plans for Boston’s long and central wharves and UMass Boston campus to increase their resilience to coastal flooding over time.PermalinkFollowing the successful outcome of the First Workshop on Marine Instrumentation for the Asia-Pacific Region, held in Tianjin, China, in July 2011 (see JCOMM Meeting Report No. 871), which focused on focused on metrological instrumentation technology, the Second JCOMM Marine Instrument Workshop for the Asia-Pacific Region was held at the RMIC in Tianjin, China, from 3 to 5 December 2012, at the kind invitation of the National Center of Ocean Standards and Metrology (NCOSM), China State Oceanic Administration (SOA). About 50 participants from 8 Members/Member States attended the workshop.
PermalinkThe fourth session of the Expert Team on Marine Climatology (ETMC) was held at the Project Office of the International Oceanographic Data and Information Exchange (IODE) of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, Ostend, Belgium, from 26 to 28 November 2012. Members of the Task Team on the Marine Climate Data System (MCDS) were also invited to the meeting as MCDS was high in the agenda for this meeting.
The main goals of the meeting were to address guidance from the fourth session of the Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology ( ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkis an issue of Atmosphere-ocean. Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society, 2012Permalinkis an issue of 気象研究所技術報告. Meteorological Research Institute, 2012In this technical report, we describe a newly developed method for evaluating monthly fields of oceanic pCO2 and the subsequent temporal variations of the sea-air CO2 flux over extensive regions of the North and South Pacific by using synthesized observational data. The application of this method is expected to contribute to understanding of future changes in the ocean carbon sink and the ocean's role in controlling the rate of atmospheric CO2 increase.PermalinkThis manual is designed to facilitate cooperation in respect of the international coordination of marine meteorological services (MMS); to specify obligations of Members in the implementation of MMS; and to ensure uniformity in the practices and procedures employed in achieving these. It also aims to facilitate the development of adequate support from World Weather Watch (WWW) to MMS.PermalinkBrassington G.; Freeman John W.; Huang X.; et al. - Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, 2012The Bureau of Meteorology established operational ocean forecasting in August 2007 through the Ocean Model, Analysis and Prediction System (OceanMAPS). OceanMAPS was developed through the BLUElink project an Australian government partnership between the Australian Bureau of Meteorology, CSIRO and the Royal Australian Navy. A major upgrade to this system OceanMAPS version 2 (OceanMAPSv2) was implemented operationally in December 2011 developed through a follow-on BLUElink-2 project. The new system is based on the latest GFDL Modular Ocean Model version 4 and the BLUElink Ocean Data Assimilation ...PermalinkThis report assesses the current state of the science on the relationship between climate change and tropical cyclone (TC) activity in the Western North Pacific (WNP) basin. It focuses in particular on identifying any possible influences of anthropogenic climate change on tropical cyclone track and impact area in this region.PermalinkEastern boundary upwelling systems (EBUS) are naturally more acidic than most of the rest of the surface ocean. Observations of EBUS already show pH values and saturation states with regard to the carbonate mineral aragonite that are as low as those expected for most open ocean waters several decades from now. Thus, as atmospheric CO2 increases further, EBUS are prone to widespread and persistent undersaturation with regard to aragonite, making them especially sensitive to ocean acidification. Here, we describe ocean carbonate chemistry and its short-term-to-seasonal variability in one major E ...PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2012PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2012PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); International Council for Science (ICSU); et al. - WMO, 2012PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; International Maritime Organization (IMO); Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); et al. - WMO, 2012The atmospheric input of chemicals to the ocean is closely related to a number of important global change issues. The increasing input of atmospheric anthropogenic nitrogen species to much of the ocean may cause a low level fertilization of the ocean that could result in an increase in marine 'new' productivity of up to ~3% and thus impact carbon drawdown from the atmosphere. However, the increase in nitrogen inputs are also likely to increase the formation of nitrous oxide in the ocean. The increased emission of this powerful greenhouse gas will partially offset the climate forcing impact res ...PermalinkThe Seventh TCP/JCOMM Workshop on Storm Surge and Wave Forecasting was held at Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau (SMG), Macao, China, from 10 to 14 October 2011.
This series of workshop is co-organized by the Tropical Cyclone Programme (TCP) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) that is jointly supported by WMO and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), with a view to enhancing capacities of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) for reduction of mari ...PermalinkNational Academies Press, 2012Tide gages show that global sea level has risen about 7 inches during the 20th century, and recent satellite data shows that the rate of sea-level rise is accelerating. As Earth warms, sea levels are rising mainly because ocean water expands as it warms; and water from melting glaciers and ice sheets is flowing into the ocean. Sea-level rise poses enormous risks to the valuable infrastructure, development, and wetlands that line much of the 1,600 mile shoreline of California, Oregon, and Washington. As those states seek to incorporate projections of sea-level rise into coastal planning, they a ...PermalinkPermalinkThis module presents an overview of space-based microwave remote sensing for environmental applications with a focus on meteorological applications. It delivers basic information on polar-orbiting satellite characteristics, current microwave instruments, and the products they provide. Special attention is given to the newer capabilities of the U.S.’s Suomi NPP (National Polar-orbiting Partnership) and future JPSS (Joint Polar Satellite System) satellites with additional information included for those missions being operated by international partners. This module also serves as an introduction ...PermalinkTsunami Strike! Caribbean Edition offers an interactive learning experience in which learners take on the role of a journalist writing an article for a news magazine. Sixteen multimedia lessons on tsunami science, safety, and history are interwoven within the learning scenario as resources for the article. The material is aimed at middle school and high school students (ages 13-17) but will be useful to a broader audience wishing to learn more about tsunamis in general, and in particular about tsunami risks in the Caribbean.PermalinkDiminishing sea ice has opened the Arctic to navigation and operations like never before. Forecasters are increasingly predicting weather in support of those operations. This module is intended to provide forecasters with a brief introduction to the Arctic, including its geography, climatology, and the forecast problems they are likely to encounter. The module follows a U.S. Coast Guard Cutter on a voyage from Dutch Harbor, in the Aleutian Islands, to Barrow, on the north coast of Alaska. Various topics are addressed along the way in a series of short, stand-alone lessons.PermalinkThis module describes characteristics of African easterly waves including horizontal and vertical structure, evolution, speed, frequency, methods of tracking, and their downstream transformation over the Atlantic, Caribbean, and East Pacific. Mechanisms for wave formation are presented. Also explored are differences between waves that develop into tropical cyclones and those that do not. The final sections focus on extratropical interactions and variability of easterly waves.PermalinkВсемирная Метеорологическая Организация (BMO) - BMO, 2012 (Издание 2012 г. Обновлено в 2018 г.; BMO-No. 558)Настоящее Наставление предназначается:
a) для определения обязанностей Членов в осуществлении морского метеорологического обслуживания (ММО);
b) для облегчения сотрудничества в отношении международной координации ММО, в частности в осуществлении деятельности Всемирной службы Международной морской организации (ИМО)/ВМО метеорологической и океанографической информации и предупреждений (ВСМОИП);
c) для облегчения сотрудничества между Всемирной службой погоды (ВСП) и ММО;
d) для обеспечения надлежащей однородности и стандартизации практик и процедур, используемых для вы ...PermalinkThe Stakeholders Workshop for the WMO Coastal Inundation Forecasting Demonstration Project in Fiji (CIFDP-FSW) was held at the conference room of the Tanoa International Hotel, Nadi, Fiji. This was the kick-off of the national sub-project of CIFDP in Fiji (CIFDP-F), of which the Phase 1 was sponsored by the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), and implemented by WMO in collaboration with the Fiji Meteorological Service (FMS).PermalinkThe Eighth JCOMM-TCP Workshop on Storm Surge and Wave Forecasting (SSW-8) was held at the Institute for Meteorological Training and Research (IMTR), Nairobi, Kenya, from 19 to 23 November 2012.
This series of workshop is co-organized by the Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) and the WMO Tropical Cyclone Programme (TCP), with a view to enhancing capacities of the National Hydrological and Meteorological Services (NMHSs) in providing necessary forecasting and warning services against natural marine hazards that complement b ...PermalinkAn international workshop on wave prediction and hazard assessment in coastal areas sponsored by the U.S. Army Engineer Research and Development Center’s Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory, Environment Canada, WMO/IOC Joint Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM).PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2012The focus of the GIP 2012 remains the GCN and the datasets that result from this network. The new plan calls for two significant upgrades to the GCN motivated by scientific and operational requirements.Permalinkssued annually since 2006, the Arctic Report Card (hereafter the Report Card) is a timely and peer-reviewed source for clear, reliable and concise environmental information on the current state of the Arctic relative to historical records. The Report Card is intended for a wide audience, including scientists, teachers, students, decision-makers and the general public interested in the Arctic environment and science.
Comprising 20 essays on different topics in the physical and biological sciences, the Report Card is organized into five sections: Atmosphere; Sea Ice & Ocean; Marin ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2012 (WMO-No. 1093)PermalinkScientific evidence indicates that global warming could well lead to a sea-level rise of 1 meter or more in the 21st century. This paper seeks to quantify how a 1-meter sea-level rise that would affect coastal wetlands in 76 developing countries and territories, taking into account how much of wetlands would be submerged and how likely the wetlands would move inland as the coastline recedes. It is estimated that approximately 64 percent of the freshwater marsh, 66 percent of Global Lakes and Wetlands Database coastal wetlands, and 61 percent of brackish/saline wetlands are at risk. A large per ...PermalinkFollowing the advice of the XV Session of the Association, the TT-SPAP developed the regional Operating Plan by compiling the tasks in the Work Programmes of the Working Groups. Thus, the Operating Plan contains concrete tasks and deliverables aimed at assisting RA VI Members to implement their national plans for further development of their NMHSs and improvement of the provision of meteorological, hydrological and climatological services for supporting their national economies and the society. The RA VI Operating Plan is intended to be a living document regularly monitored and adjusted as nec ...PermalinkThe effects of global environmental change, including coastal flooding stemming from storm surges as well as reduced rainfall in drylands and water scarcity, have detrimental effects on countries and megacities in the costal regions worldwide. Among these, Bangladesh with its capital Dhaka is today widely recognised to be one of the regions most vulnerable to climate change and its triggered associated impacts. Natural hazards that come from increased rainfall, rising sea levels, and tropical cyclones are expected to increase as climate changes, each seriously affecting agriculture, water & fo ...PermalinkEmissions from human activities are changing the ocean’s chemistry and temperature in ways that threaten the livelihoods of those who depend on fish and seafood for all or part of their diets. The changes may reduce the amount of wild caught seafood that can be supplied by the oceans and also redistribute species, changing the locations at which seafood can be caught and creating instability for ocean-based food security, or seafood security. This report ranks nations based on the seafood security hardships they may experience by the middle of this century due to changing ocean conditions from ...PermalinkLloyd's, 2012This report looks at the impact of climate change on flood risk at a number of coastal locations around the world, considering sea-level rise, the effect of wind speed on storm surges and, at one location, changes in land use. It investigates the impact on: (i) an unprotected property with no flood defences on a Caribbean island, the coasts of which are exposed to hurricanes and their associated storm surges; (ii) a building on the coast of a northern European country protected by flood defences against up to a 1-in-100 year storm surge event; (iii) a property on the coast of a northern Europe ...PermalinkIAEA, 2012"The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has released its annual report for 2011. The report highlights, inter alia, its research activities on climate change issues in the oceans, isotope applications in hydrology and climate studies, and nuclear energy as a mitigation option.
The report indicates that the Agency strengthened its research activities to monitor radionuclides in the marine and terrestrial environment, and to study climate change issues in the oceans, in particular to study the impact of ocean acidification and climate change on oceanographic processes, ecos ...PermalinkThis paper is concerned with rising sea levels that have the potential to submerge coastal regions and displace millions of people. It reports on how current international legal frameworks applicable to refugees and immigrants will offer little protection to citizens of Freely Associated States (FAS) displaced by rising sea levels. The FAS are sovereign nations (Marshall Islands, Micronesia, and Palau) that have negotiated Compacts of Free Association with the United States, under which the U.S. provides the states with certain types of assistance. It addresses how current refugee and immigrat ...PermalinkThis document contains practical information on preparing and recovery from the effects of disaster events which may affect the British Virgin Islands. It includes hazard-specific safety tips and information on personal, family, business and community preparedness and protection. It considers the following hazards: flood, hurricane, including tides and surge, earthquake and tsunami, extreme heat and drought, as well as climate change.
This document is a revision of the 2005 Community Disaster Preparedness Handbook with updated information, pictures and with more colour. Its pro ...PermalinkWorld Bank, 2012A healthy ocean is a valuable natural asset that, if maintained and nurtured, can provide ‘ecosystem services’ that contribute to economic expansion – or ‘blue growth’ – in developing coastal and island countries. World Bank investments in the oceans between 2007 and 2011 have supported developing coastal and island countries in improving the health of their ocean environments, enhancing the value of the ecosystem services they provide to the local and global economy. In particular, these investments supported countries to manage the transition to more sustainable fisheries, establish coastal ...PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2012This booklet targets primary school children to sensitize them to the causes, impacts and mitigation of coastal and marine hazards, such as cyclone, tsunami, storm surge and flood, as well as other natural hazards such as drought, oil spill, ‘red tide’ and ‘brown tide’, and city fire.PermalinkPermalinkLes buts du Manuel sont les suivants:
a) Préciser les obligations des Membres quant à la mise en oeuvre de l’assistance
météorologique aux activités maritimes;
b) Faciliter la coopération en matière de coordination internationale de l’assistance météorologique aux activités maritimes, en particulier la prestation du Service mondial OMI/OMM d’information et d’alerte pour la météorologie maritime et l’océanographie;
c) Faciliter la coopération entre la Veille météorologique mondiale et l’assistance météorologique aux activités maritimes;
d) Assurer l’uniformité ...PermalinkPermalinkالمنظمة العالمية للأرصاد ; اللجنة الدولية الحكومية لعلوم المحيطات والمعنية بعلوم المحيطات والأرصاد الجوية البحرية - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2012 (مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 1093)PermalinkPermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Comisión Oceanográfica Intergubernamental (COI) - OMM, 2012 (OMM-No. 1093)PermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Commission Océanographique Intergouvernementale (COI) - OMM, 2012 (OMM-No. 1093)PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2012PermalinkPermalinkQuarterly Natural Sciences Newsletter - A world of science, Vol. 9, No. 3. UNESCO, 2011A Regional Training and Research Centre on Ocean Dynamics and Climate was launched on 9 June in Qingdao City at the host centre, the First Institute of Oceanography, which is part of the State Oceanic Administration of China. The centre is the first to join a network launched in 2008 by UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC).PermalinkBoletín trimestral del Sector de Ciencias exactas y naturales - Un Mundo de Ciencia, Vol. 9, No. 3. UNESCO, 2011Un Centro de Formación y de Investigación sobre la Diná-mica y el Clima Oceánicos fue inaugurado, el 9 de junio, en Qingdao, en la sede del Primer Instituto de Oceanografía, que depende de la Administración Oceánica Nacional de China. Este Centro es el primer eslabón de una red lanzada en 2008 por la Comisión Oceanográfica Intergubernemental (COI) de la UNESCO.PermalinkBulletin trimestriel du Secteur des sciences exactes et naturelles - Planète science, Vol. 9, No. 3. UNESCO, 2011Un Centre de formation et de recherches sur la dynamique et le climat océaniques a été inauguré, le 9 juin, à Qingdao, au siège du Premier institut d’océanographie, qui dépend de l’Administration océanique nationale de Chine. Ce Centre est le premier maillon d’un réseau lancé en 2008 par la Commission océanographique intergouvernementale (COI) de l’UNESCO.Permalink