This paper addresses the crisis in the Horn of Africa in 2011 and the need to enable communities to withstand droughts and move forward by building resilience and fostering sustainable growth. It presents USAID's vision for change through: (i) key principles, such as early action in response to early warning, connecting humanitarian and development programmes, fostering women's empowerment, ensuring evidence-based decision making and supporting and strengthening local, national, and regional capacities; and (ii) a new way of doing business, which includes joint planning, joint focus on resilie ...Published by: U.S. Government printing office ; 2012
This paper addresses the crisis in the Horn of Africa in 2011 and the need to enable communities to withstand droughts and move forward by building resilience and fostering sustainable growth. It presents USAID's vision for change through: (i) key principles, such as early action in response to early warning, connecting humanitarian and development programmes, fostering women's empowerment, ensuring evidence-based decision making and supporting and strengthening local, national, and regional capacities; and (ii) a new way of doing business, which includes joint planning, joint focus on resilience and joint programmes to strengthen early warning, preparedness, mitigation and prevention, and integrate preparedness and mitigation across sectors (water management, resilient livelihood strategies and sustainable economic growth).
Format: Digital (Free)UNDP, 2012This report is one of the main outputs from UNDP DDC's activities of the Africa-Asia Drought Risk Management Peer Assistance Network (AADP), funded by the Government of Japan, in 2011. It reviews the current drought risk management (DRM) institutional and programmatic landscape in Africa and Asia and mapped out some of the main DRM capacity gaps and gap-filling opportunities, such as the value of indigenous knowledge, the economic impacts of drought and related political decision-making, risk assessment, early warning systems and awareness raising. It highlights important similarities in DRM i ...Published by: UNDP ; 2012
This report is one of the main outputs from UNDP DDC's activities of the Africa-Asia Drought Risk Management Peer Assistance Network (AADP), funded by the Government of Japan, in 2011. It reviews the current drought risk management (DRM) institutional and programmatic landscape in Africa and Asia and mapped out some of the main DRM capacity gaps and gap-filling opportunities, such as the value of indigenous knowledge, the economic impacts of drought and related political decision-making, risk assessment, early warning systems and awareness raising. It highlights important similarities in DRM issues across Africa and Asia and identifies priority areas to which the inter-regional south-south cooperation could add value.
This study is based upon the consultations with key individuals in both continents, an online survey of some 400 people working in drought related fields and the First Africa-Asia Drought Adaptation Forum held in Bangkok, Thailand, in June 2011.
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Natural hazards ; Hazard risk assessment or analysis ; Early warning systems ; Disaster Risk Management (DRM) ; Multi-hazard Early Warning Systems (MHEWS) ; Economics ; Drought Preparedness and Mitigation ; Region I - Africa ; Region II - Asia Add tagWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) - WMO, 2012Published by: WMO ; 2012
Language(s): English; Other Languages: Arabic, French, Russian, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free)多年来，人们对某一特定气候条件下应该使用何种干旱指数、将其应用于何种目的等这类问题一直争论不休。人们也制定了许多干旱的定义和指数，并尝试为这类问题提供一些指导。Published by: 世界气象组织 (WMO) ; 2012
Collection(s) and Series: 世界气象组织 (WMO)- No. 1090
Language(s): Chinese; Other Languages: Arabic, Russian, English, French, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-51090-7A lo largo de los años se ha debatido mucho sobre qué índices de sequía deberían utilizarse en
determinados climas y para cuáles aplicaciones. Se han elaborado muchas definiciones e índices
de sequía y se ha tratado de ofrecer orientación sobre este tema.Published by: OMM ; 2012
A lo largo de los años se ha debatido mucho sobre qué índices de sequía deberían utilizarse en
determinados climas y para cuáles aplicaciones. Se han elaborado muchas definiciones e índices
de sequía y se ha tratado de ofrecer orientación sobre este tema.
Collection(s) and Series: OMM- No. 1090
Language(s): Spanish; Other Languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-31090-3Savoir quel indice de sécheresse serait le mieux adapté à tel ou tel climat et à telle ou telle application est une question qui suscite force débats au fil des ans. Bon nombre de définitions et d’indices de la sécheresse ont vu le jour et certains auteurs se sont essayés à formuler des avis éclairés sur le sujet.PermalinkВ течение ряда лет шло активное обсуждение вопроса о том, какие индексы засухи
следует использовать в конкретном климате и для какого применения. Были
подготовлены многочисленные определения и индексы засухи и предпринимались
попытки предоставить некоторое руководство по этому вопросу.PermalinkSvoboda Mark; Hayes Michael; Wood Deborah A.; et al. - المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد, 2012 (مجموعة مطبوعات المنظمة-No. 1090)دار على مر السنين نقاش مستفيض بشأن أي مؤشرات الجفاف ينبغي استخدامه في مناخ معين ولأية تطبيقات يستخدم. ووُضعت تعاريف ومؤشرات كثيرة للجفاف، وجرت محاولات لتقديم بعض الإرشادات بشأن هذه المسألة. ونأمل في أن يساعد البلدان والمؤسسات في فهم كيفية حساب واستخدام المؤشر المعياري للهطول من أجل تطوير قدراتها الخاصة على رصد الجفاف والإنذار المبكر به، أو زيادة تعزيز هذه القدرات. ونأمل في أن يساعد البلدان والمؤسسات في فهم كيفية حساب واستخدام المؤشر المعياري للهطول من أجل تطوير قدراتها الخاصة على رصد الجفاف والإنذار المبكر به، أو زيادة تعزيز هذه القدرات.Permalink
PermalinkPermalinkOMM, 2012PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) - WMO, 2012PermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Convención de las Naciones Unidas de Lucha contra la Desertificación - OMM, 2012PermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Convención de las Naciones Unidas de Lucha contra la Desertificación - OMM, 2012PermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Convention des Nations Unies sur la lutte contre la désertification (UNCCD) - OMM, 2012PermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Convention des Nations Unies sur la lutte contre la désertification (UNCCD) - OMM, 2012PermalinkPermalinkSpore: the magazine for agricultural and rural development in ACP countries, N° 151. CTA, 2011The cost of soil erosion and forest degradation in Tanzania is now more than one-third of the country’s gross domestic product, says the government.PermalinkSpore: le magazine du développement agricole et rural des pays ACP, N°151. CTA, 2011Selon une déclaration du gouvernement tanzanien, le coût de l’érosion des sols et de la dégradation forestière en Tanzanie dépasse à présent le tiers du PIB du pays.PermalinkEsporo, N° 151. CTA, 2011Os custos decorrentes da erosão do solo e da degradação florestal na Tanzânia ascendem actualmente a mais de um terço do produto interno bruto do país, segundo fontes governamentais.PermalinkFEM, 2011Permalink
PermalinkAs climate changes, dynamic coastal regions are experiencing a wide range of impacts. Sea levels, ocean acidification, sea surface temperatures, ocean heat, and ocean circulation have all been changing in ways unseen for thousands of years. Arctic sea ice melted significantly more during summers in the last 30 years, and storms are intensifying. Coastal ecosystems stand to be damaged, and coasts will likely erode from rising sea levels, intensified storm surges, and flooding that climate change may amplify. Coastal communities will need to prepare adaptation strategies to cope, and many who li ...PermalinkUganda has experienced a number of extreme weather and climate events in the form of floods and droughts. In a number of cases, flood events associated with heavy rainfall have been followed immediately by droughts that tend to persist for several seasons. These events have always had devastating impacts on various sectors of the country's economy. The impacts include destruction of infrastructure, loss of life and property and many other far reaching socio-economic impacts. The impact of these extreme events can be greatly reduced through good understanding of previous climatic events and the ...Permalink
PermalinkGEF, 2011One third of all African people live today in drought-prone areas, and 250 million are exposed to drought every year. "Land, Water, and Forests" is a publication that covers the topics of land degradation, deforestation, desertification and water scarcity in the cases of the Congo Basin, Lake Chad and the Sahel region.PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2011This report addresses drought, which is considered the major disaster occurring in the Arab region, where the total people affected between the years 1970-2009 by drought is of about 38.09 million. The report focuses on Syria, considered one of the most economically affected countries by drought in the region. The case study provides information on historical droughts in the country between 2000-2010, including data on frequency, vulnerabilities and lessons learned with drought impacts.PermalinkUNFCCC, 2011Since 2007 Sompo Japan has been carrying out research on risk finance methods to respond to climate change together with organizations including Japan Bank for International Cooperation. As a result, Sompo Japan began offering Weather Index Insurance in Khon Kaen Province in northeast Thailand in January 2010. This product, which is one method of adaptation to climate change, aims to reduce damage caused by droughts for rice farmers who rely heavily on rainfall, by linking compensation to precipitation.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; George Mason University ; Environmental Science and Technology Center (ESTC); et al. - WMO, 2011Droughts produce a large number of socio-economic impacts which may arise from the interaction between natural conditions and human factors. There is growing evidence that the frequency and extent of drought has increased as a result of global warming. Some information on the current droughts in 2011 around the world in the Horn of Africa, China, Texas in the US, and England and Wales is presented. The context of current droughts calls for pro-active future actions to cope with droughts. National governments must adopt policies that engender cooperation and coordination at all levels ...PermalinkA key aim of the Norwegian Development Fund is to increase the adaptive capacity of marginalised rural poor farmers and pastoralists in the South. The focus country of this project study, Ethiopia, has a legacy of variable and unpredictable rainfall, causing frequent droughts and heavy floods, undermining local as well as national food and water security. The analysis in this paper is based mainly on interview data collected in two sites in Afar as well as insights from past studies in the region as documented in published literature. Some of the key issues identified for Afar are followed u ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Motha Raymond P.; Wilhite Donald A.; et al. - WMO, 2011 (WMO/TD-No. 1572)The Murcia Expert Meeting is based on the outcomes of the Regional Workshop on Indices and Early Warning Systems for Drought which was held at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln in December, 2009. At the Lincoln workshop, drought experts examined what indices are used for meteorological, agricultural and hydrological drought and developed the Lincoln Declaration on Drought Indices. There was a consensus agreement that the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) should be used to characterize meteorological droughts by all NMHSs around the world. Several other of the recommendations formt eh Lin ...PermalinkThe performance of a 1-D soil model in a semiarid area of North China was investigated using observational data from a cropland station at the Tongyu reference site of the Coordinated Enhanced Observing Period (CEOP) during the non-growing period, when the ground surface was covered with bare soil. Comparisons between simulated and observed soil surface energy balance components as well as soil temperatures and water contents were conducted to validate the soil model. Results show that the soil model could produce good simulations of soil surface temperature, net radiation flux and sensible he ...PermalinkKirono G.C.; Hennessy Kevin; Mpelasoka Freddie; et al. - Centre for Australian Weather and Climate Research, 2010 (CAWCR Technical Report-No. 034)This report describes approaches used for constructing climate projections from a set of climate model simulations for use in drought projections, particularly in Australia. The description includes the pros and cons of each approach with respect to the calculation process, data that are produced, and discussion of the main sources of uncertainty. Although the main focus is on research and approaches that are applied in Australia, the report also briefly discusses approaches applied elsewhere in the world.PermalinkThis publication reports on a community-based cost benefit analysis of a disaster risk reduction (DRR) and food security programme in a Malawian agricultural community. The aim of this study is to assess programme activities for their cost-effectiveness and to gather evidence to help inform programming decisions taken by Tearfund, their partners and other NGOs. A second key aim is to inform policy-relevant recommendations to help convince governments, donors and UN agencies to act in a timely way and with appropriate interventions to address food insecurity, given the growing threat from droug ...PermalinkThis module discusses global climate change that is occurring largely because of greenhouse gases emitted by human activities, and in particular the impact that tropical deforestation plays in the climate system. It also covers signs of climate change, the current thinking on future changes, and international agreements that are attempting to minimize the effects of climate change. The United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries (UN-REDD Programme) is also discussed.PermalinkThis module discusses climate change, particularly as it is currently being affected by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases emitted by human activities. It also covers signs of climate change, how scientists study climate, the current thinking on future changes, and what can be done to minimize the effects. Updated in 2012.PermalinkA set of core WMO publications on the the topic.Contains:
- Climate Change and Desertification. 2007. Poster. (English only)
- Drought Monitoring and Early Warning: Concepts, Progress, and Future Challenges. 2006. WMO Pub. No 1006.(En, Fr, Es)
- World Climate News No 30. Drought and Desertification Issue. 2007 (En)
- Climate and Land Degradation. 2005. WMO Pub No. 989. (En, Fr, Es)
- Early Warning Systems for Drought Preparedness and Drought Management, 2000. WMO No. 1037. (En)
- Coping with Drought in Sub-Saharan Africa: Better Use of Climate Informat ...PermalinkThis second module in the two-part series expands on the science explaining catastrophic dam failure and flood-wave prediction methods associated with these events. Through the use of rich illustrations and interactions, this module introduces the St. Venant equations for dynamic wave flow, and flood wave characteristics. It also explains the general dam failure modeling process along with advantages and limitations of dam failure models including model stability, accuracy, and sensitivity issues. Finally, it also provides an overview of the Teton River dam failure, one of the most famous hydr ...Permalinkis an issue of Nouvelles du climat mondial. OMM, 2007Contient:
- Désertification, pauvreté et développement durable
- La désertification, la sécheresse et le rôle de l’OMM
- Programmes de l’OMM
- Atelier international d’Arusha
- Climat et dégradation des sols
- Comment les SMHN peuvent lancer le programme RANET
- Suivi de la sécheresse aux États-Unis, dans la Corne de l’Afrique et dans le bassin méditerranéen
- Changement climatique, désertification et adaptation: le point de vue du GIEC
- Transmission des messages CLIMAT et CLIMAT TEMP
- La sécheres ...Permalinkis an issue of World Climate News. WMO, 2007Contents:
- Desertification, poverty and sustainable development
- Desertification, drought and the role of WMO
- WMO programmes
- Climate and land degradation
- International workshop in Arusha
- How NMHSs can initiate the RANET programme
- Drought monitoring in the United States, the Horn of Africa and the Mediterranean
- Climate change, desertification and adaptation: what IPCC says
- The drought of Amazonia in 2005
- GEOSS update
- CLIMAT and CLIMAT TEMP reporting
- NASA astronaut’s ...PermalinkThis brochure provides updated information on how climate science and services can enhance adaptation to climate variability and change, especially for development needs.PermalinkPermalinkThis short course provides broadcast meteorologists with knowledge and instructional materials to help them understand watersheds as our environmental home and to help their viewers understand the relationship between the weather and the health and protection of the environment. Environmental impacts in many areas of the country result from the daily actions of people. We can easily see the consequences of a major oil spill at sea that is driven ashore by winds and ocean currents, but what about the fertilizer that people put on their lawns and the de-icer they apply to their driveway, or chan ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Gringof I.G.; Mersha E.; et al. - WMO, 2006 (WMO/TD-No. 1343)Report of the Joint Rapporteurs on the Impact of Agrometeorological Advisories and Information on Operational Aspects of Forestry Planning, with Emphasis on Wildland Fire Ecology, Including the Use of Prescribed Fire in Rangelands and Forests Preventing and Combating Wildfires in Forests and Rangelands.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Gringof I.G.; Mersha E.; et al. - WMO, 2006 (WMO/TD-No. 1343)The report starts with an overview of the desertfication and drought and then summarizes the assessment of desertification, drought And other extreme meteorological events. Next, the report gives an overview of the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and methods to mitigate the effects of drought. In conjuction with this chapter, the Annex provides a summary of the National Action Programme for India. Then, the report summarizes the actions to be taken by the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHS) for the UNCCD. There i ...PermalinkThis brochure, prepared with input from two past presidents of CAgM, Wolfgang Baier and Kees Stigter, and the present president, Ray Motha, presents a fascinating summary of CAgM’s work over the past 50 years and I wish to thank them for their input. Sadly, Mr Baier passed away soon after submitting his contribution to this brochure and CAgM will remember his very act ive role in the Commission over the years.PermalinkLa sécheresse est un phénomène naturel dangereux de caractère insidieux, qui résulte d’une insuffisance des précipitations par rapport aux valeurs prévues ou normales; lorsqu’elle persiste durant une saison entière ou plus, cette insuffisance empêche de répondre comme il convient aux besoins des sociétés humaines et de l’environnement. La sécheresse est donc une anomalie temporaire, à la différence de l’aridité, qui est une caractéristique permanente du climat. Il faut aussi distinguer l’aridité saisonnière (c’est- à-dire une saison sèche bien définie) de la sécheresse. On confond souvent ces ...PermalinkDrought is an insidious natural hazard characterized by lower than expected or lower than normal precipitation that, when extended over a season or longer period of time, is insufficient to meet the demands of human activities and the environment. Drought is a temporary aberration, unlike aridity, which is a permanent feature of climate. Seasonal aridity, that is, a well-defined dry season, also needs to be distinguished from drought, as these terms are often confused or used interchangeably. The differences need to be understood and properly incorporated in drought monitoring and early warnin ...PermalinkOn World Meteorological Day 2006, WMO proposes a story of confidence, planning, empowerment, positive action and hope—a
description of how the cycle of information, preparedness, survival and progress should work. This story is set in a tropical village prone to cyclones. The village is confident,
informed, organized and ready to face the challenge of the weather. The story could apply to anyone, anywhere in the world, because in this village are local citizens, visiting businessmen, tourists and others who find themselves in the path of violent weather in a place far from home. ...PermalinkEl presente folleto, que se ha preparado con la colaboración de dos antiguos presidentes de la CMAg –Wolfgang Baier y Kees Stigter– y del presidente actual –Ray Motha–, contiene un fascinante resumen de las actividades de la Comisión durante los últimos cincuenta años. Que quede constancia aquí de nuestro agradecimiento por sus aportaciones. Desgraciadamente, el Sr. Baier falleció poco después de enviar su colaboración. La CMAg recordará siempre la muy activa labor que desarrolló durante años en el seno de la Comisión.PermalinkCette brochure résume les travaux passionnants qui ont été menés à bien par la CMAg depuis 50 ans. Elle a été préparée avec le concours de deux anciens présidents de la Commission, MM. Wolfgang Baier et Kees Stigter, et du président en exercice, M. Ray Motha, que nous remercions vivement pour leur collaboration. M. Baier nous a malheureusement quittés peu après avoir accompli cette tâche, mais nous n’oublierons pas le rôle précieux qu’il a joué au sein de la Commission durant toutes ces années.PermalinkLa sequía es un fenómeno perjudicial y subrepticio que se produce a raíz de niveles de precipitación inferiores a lo esperado o a lo normal y que, cuando se prolonga durante una estación o durante períodos más largos, hace que las precipitaciones sean insuficientes para responder a las demandas de la sociedad y del medio ambiente. La sequía es una aberración transitoria y en ello se diferencia de la aridez, que es una característica permanente del clima. La aridez estacional, es decir, una estación seca claramente demarcada, es también distinta de la sequía, aunque frecuentemente existe una co ...Permalink
PermalinkUNEP, 2005Africa's high dependence on natural resources makes its people vulnerable to environmental change. Acknowledging this, UNEP and START initiated a study in Feb. 2003 - (Vulnerability of Water Resources to Environmental Change in Afica). In the publication 4 regional groups of researchers address the vulnerability issue in Southern, Eastern, Western and Northern Africa by means of selected river/lake/groundwater,basins according to natural (physuigraphic) anthropogenic (socio-economic) and management criteria. The basin was selected as a key unit for assessment because it balances resource prote ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) - WMO, 2004 (WMO-No. 971)To reduce the risk due to water-related disasters, the watchword is to “be informed and be prepared”. Information must flow between global and local, between traditional and modern,
between the village and the boardroom, between scientists and decision makers. This booklet is an attempt in that direction, and it is hoped that national governments and all those concerned by the issue will find it useful and informative.PermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Stratégie Internationale pour la Prévention des Catastrophes (SIPC) - OMM, 2004 (OMM-No. 971)Pour réduire le risque de catastrophes liées à l’eau, il faut avant tout être informé et préparé. L’information doit se transmettre du niveau mondial au niveau local, de la sphère traditionnelle au monde moderne, du village à la salle du conseil d’administration, des scientifiques aux décideurs. La présente brochure a été conçue dans cette optique, et nous espérons que les gouvernements et tous ceux qui s’intéressent à ces questions la trouveront utile et instructive.PermalinkMunthali G.; Department of Meteorological Services, Malawi - Chancellor College, University of Malawi, 2003Extreme climate events such as droughts are very common in Malawi and yet their impacts are generally not well factored into the long term National Development Plan. Good examples of the potential hazards of extreme climatic events have been demonstrated by the impacts of the 1948/49 and 1991/92 droughts.
The overall objective of this study is therefore to assess historical droughts that had detrimental effects on the economy. Specifically it aims at developing thematic mapping of areas affected by droughts so as to identify vulnerable zones and to identify profiles of notable d ...PermalinkUN/ISDR, 2003This special issue looks at drought risk reduction through the lens of the Hyogo Framework of Action (HFA), the global framework for disaster risk reduction. It features the excellent work being done throughout the African region and underscores the necessary holistic approach to achieve better resilience to drought in the future. This issue has been made possible by the financial contribution of ECHO.Permalink
PermalinkCold Air Damming is part of the Mesoscale Meteorology Primer series. This module first presents a Navy forecast scenario prior to the development of a major cold air damming (CAD) event along the east slopes of the Appalachian Mountains. Then, from a conceptual standpoint, the classic CAD scenario is described in detail, both from an observational and modeling standpoint.PermalinkThis report captures the Kadoma Ranch workshop deliberations on the outcome of the survey and recommendations for a programme to address farmers' needs for information on climate and drought. The major partners who supported this work include USAID, the US Drought Mitigation Center, the US National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, the UNCCD Global Mechanism and the Government of Zimbabwe through National Meteorological Directorate.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Sivakumar Mannava V.K.; Wood Deborah A. - WMO, 2000 (WMO/TD-No. 1037)Effective drought early warning systems are an integral part of efforts worldwide to improve drought preparedness. Timely and reliable data and information must be the cornerstone of effective drought policies and plans. In pursuit of the goal of improving the effectiveness of drought early warning systems, participants of the experts meeting were asked to address three fundamental questions:
1. What is your assessment of the current status of drought early warning systems?
2. What are the shortcomings, limitations, and needs for drought early warning systems?
3. How ca ...PermalinkThis brochure describes the growing menace of drought and desertification. It highlights the importance of early warning systems, giving guiding principles for effective early warning. Some systems in use by National Meteorological and Hydrological Services are described.Permalink
PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Dambe J.; Darnhofer T.; et al. - WMO, 1997 (WMO/TD-No. 836)Contains:
- Gommes, R. An Overview of Extreme Agrometeorological Events.
Perarnaud, V. Measures to Monitor and Predict the effects of Agricultural Drought.
- Dambe, D.D. Agrometeorological Inputs in Measures to Alleviate the Effects of Drought and to Combat Desertification.
- Darnhofer, T. Interactions of Desertification and Climate : An Overview.
- Pedgley, D.E. Agrometeorological Information for Locust Control.
- Mwongela, G.N. Agrometeorological Information for Monitoring the Spread of Animal Diseases.
- Bedson, G. Specific Aspects of Nat ...PermalinkDesertification directly affects more than 250 million people in more than 100 countries. This brochure describes the contributions WMO is making to fighting drought and desertification.Permalink
PermalinkBotswana - government, 1994This report presents the institutional and legal framework for disaster risk reduction in Botswana, and describes its common disaster risks and natural hazards, such as drought and insect infestation. It outlines the strategies, plans, projects and activities related to disaster prevention and risk management.PermalinkThis report presents the institutional and legal framework for disaster risk reduction in Burkina Faso, and describes its common disaster risks and natural hazards, such as flood, wild fire, drought and insect infestation. It outlines the strategies, plans, projects and activities related to disaster prevention and risk management.PermalinkThis report presents the institutional and legal framework for disaster risk reduction in Cook Islands, and describes its common disaster risks and natural hazards, such as drought, tsunami and cyclone. It outlines the strategies, plans, projects and activities related to disaster prevention and risk management.PermalinkBangladesh - government, 1994This report presents the institutional and legal framework for disaster risk reduction in Bangladesh, and describes its common disaster risks and natural hazards, such as flood, storm, drought, and cyclone. It outlines the strategies, plans, projects and activities related to disaster prevention and risk management.
The report provides an evaluation of Bangladesh’s progress, achievements and challenges in disaster risk reduction during the first half of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR), and highlights suggested activities and plans for the rest of ...PermalinkPermalinkChina - Government, 1993This report presents the institutional and legal framework for disaster risk reduction in China, and describes its common disaster risks and natural hazards, such as flood, drought and wild fire. It outlines the strategies, plans, projects and activities related to disaster prevention and risk management.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Furuuchi S.; Izadi M.; et al. - WMO, 1993 (WMO/TD-No. 524)Contains:
- Muminov, F.A. Part I - Report of the Chairman of the working Group on Agricultural Meteorology.
- Furuuchi, S. Part II - Weather and Animal Diseases
- Izadi, M. Part III -The Effect of Climatic Factors on Irrigated Potatoes in the RA II Region.
- Noohi, K. Part IV - Drought and Desertification.
- Vaidya, B.K. Part V - Application of Meteorology to Forestry and Pasture Lands.
- Zixi, Z. Part VI - Cotton Climatology.PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Ogallo Laban - WMO, 1985-[...], 1993 (2nd ed.; WMO-No. 653)First published to celebrate World Meteorological Day 1985 and updated and revised by Prof. L.A.J. Ogallo in 1993 to include the World Meteorological Organization's post-UNCED activities to combat desertification, and as part of WMO's contributions to the convention, this booklet explores the climatic stresses underlying drought and desertification and presents a balanced perspective of the role of climate in the uses made of the arid zone by human society.PermalinkOrganización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM); Ogallo Laban - OMM, 1985-[...], 1993 (2a ed.; OMM-No. 653)PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkOrganisation météorologique mondiale (OMM); Groupe d'étude CAgM-IX - OMM, 1992 (OMM/DT (FR)-No. 505)PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; CAgM-IX Working Group on Monitoring Assessment and Combat of Drought and Desertification - WMO, 1992 (WMO/TD-No. 505)PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalink