Published by: OMM ; 2012
Format: Digital (Free)
Published by: OMM ; 2012
Language(s): Spanish; Other Languages: English
Format: Digital (Free)ECHO, 2012Este documento nacional brinda una referencia común para la planificación de la Gestión de Riesgos de Desastres para los responsables gubernamentales, no gubernamentales e internacionales. Además, provee una perspectiva general de los avances y los desafíos de la gestión de riesgos en Ecuador para orientar la cooperación internacional y el fortalecimiento interinstitucional, a través de una serie de materiales de referencia básica y la colaboración interinstitucional que representa. El presente ha sido desarrollado bajo el liderazgo general de la Secretaría Nacional de Gestión de Riesgos (SNGR ...
Published by: ECHO ; 2012
Este documento nacional brinda una referencia común para la planificación de la Gestión de Riesgos de Desastres para los responsables gubernamentales, no gubernamentales e internacionales. Además, provee una perspectiva general de los avances y los desafíos de la gestión de riesgos en Ecuador para orientar la cooperación internacional y el fortalecimiento interinstitucional, a través de una serie de materiales de referencia básica y la colaboración interinstitucional que representa. El presente ha sido desarrollado bajo el liderazgo general de la Secretaría Nacional de Gestión de Riesgos (SNGR) y con la participación activa de los socios DIPECHO entre otras autoridades de Ecuador, producido en el marco del Plan de Acción DIPECHO 2011-2012 con financiamiento del Departamento de Ayuda Humanitaria y Protección Civil de la Comisión Europea (ECHO).
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Natural hazards ; Disaster Risk Management (DRM) ; Capacity development ; Hazard risk assessment or analysis ; Climate change ; Region III - South America ; Region IV - North America, Central America and the Caribbean ; Ecuador Add tagSalamanca Luis Alberto; Condori Franklin; Oficina de las Naciones Unidas para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres (UN/ISDR) - UN/ISDR, 2012Este documento país de Bolivia representa un esfuerzo de colaboración entre los socios DIPECHO en el país y las autoridades nacionales para proporcionar un documento país para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres (RRD). Tiene como objetivo no sólo orientar la financiación ECHO / DIPECHO como los documentos país anteriores, sino proporcionar un enfoque más holístico de la RRD a nivel de los países.
Published by: UN/ISDR ; 2012
Este documento país de Bolivia representa un esfuerzo de colaboración entre los socios DIPECHO en el país y las autoridades nacionales para proporcionar un documento país para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres (RRD). Tiene como objetivo no sólo orientar la financiación ECHO / DIPECHO como los documentos país anteriores, sino proporcionar un enfoque más holístico de la RRD a nivel de los países.
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Natural hazards ; Disaster Risk Management (DRM) ; Capacity development ; Region III - South America ; Region IV - North America, Central America and the Caribbean ; Bolivia, Plurinacional State of Add tagRepública de Venezuela, 2012Este documento país de Venezuela representa un esfuerzo de colaboración entre los socios DIPECHO en el país y las autoridades nacionales para proporcionar un documento país para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres (RRD). Tiene como objetivo no sólo orientar la financiación ECHO / DIPECHO como los documentos país anteriores, sino proporcionar un enfoque más holístico de la RRD a nivel de los países.
Published by: República de Venezuela ; 2012
Este documento país de Venezuela representa un esfuerzo de colaboración entre los socios DIPECHO en el país y las autoridades nacionales para proporcionar un documento país para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres (RRD). Tiene como objetivo no sólo orientar la financiación ECHO / DIPECHO como los documentos país anteriores, sino proporcionar un enfoque más holístico de la RRD a nivel de los países.
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Natural hazards ; Disaster Risk Management (DRM) ; Capacity development ; Hazard risk assessment or analysis ; Region III - South America ; Region IV - North America, Central America and the Caribbean ; Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Add tagINDECI, 2012Este documento país de Peru representa un esfuerzo de colaboración entre los socios DIPECHO en el país y las autoridades nacionales para proporcionar un documento país para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres (RRD). Tiene como objetivo no sólo orientar la financiación ECHO / DIPECHO como los documentos país anteriores, sino proporcionar un enfoque más holístico de la RRD a nivel de los países.
Permalink2011 fue un año de fenómenos climáticos extremos en todo el mundo. Precipitaciones excesivamente abundantes, muchas de ellas relacionadas con uno de los episodios de La Niña más intensos de los últimos 60 años, tuvieron importantes consecuencias en el mundo [...]
Permalink《2005–2015 年兵库行动框架：提高国家和社区的抗灾力》（以下简称“《HFA 框 架》”）是减轻灾害风险的知识、实践、实施、经验和科学的来源。随着《HFA 框 架》期限将至，提出一种方法并展开有关后续框架的讨论，以备2015 年世界减灾 大会审议，这一点至关重要。
《制订2015 年后减轻灾害风险框架》一文包含背景信息（A 章节）；趋势、进展和 挑战概述（B 章节）；以及有关2015 年后框架形式的讨论（C 章节）。本文还概述 了磋商过程、时间表（D 章节），以及2015 年前的重要活动（参见时间表）。
PermalinkEl presente informe ha sido preparado por el Grupo de Tareas sobre el desfase en el logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, creado por el Secretario General de las Naciones Unidas para efectuar un mejor seguimiento del Objetivo de Desarrollo del Milenio 8 aprovechando la coordinación entre organismos. En el Grupo de Tareas están representados más de 20 organismos del sistema de las Naciones Unidas, además del Banco Mundial, el Fondo Monetario Internacional, la Organización de Cooperación y Desarrollo Económicos y la Organización Mundial del Comercio. El Programa de las Naciones Unida ...
PermalinkLe présent rapport a été établi par le Groupe de réflexion sur le retard pris dans la réalisation des objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement créé par le Secrétaire général de l’Organisation des Nations Unies afin d’améliorer le suivi de la réalisation du huitième objectif en resserrant la coordination interorganisations. Plus de 20 organismes des Nations Unies sont représentés au Groupe de réflexion, y compris la Banque mondiale et le Fonds monétaire international, ainsi que l’Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques et l’Organisation mondiale du commerce. Le Programm ...
PermalinkComisión Europea ; Oficina de las Naciones Unidas para la Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres (UN/ISDR) - Comisión Europea, 2012
PermalinkFernandez Rogelio; Sanahuj Haris; United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT); et al. - UN/ISDR, 2012
PermalinkPPRD South, 2012
PermalinkPermalinkХиогская рамочная программа действий на 2005–2015 годы (ХРПД): Создание потенциала противодействия бедствиям на уровне государств и общин – инициатива по изучению, разработке и реализации мер, а также накоплению опыта и научному изучению вопросов, связанных со снижением риска бедствий. Одновременно с
завершением действующей ХРПД необходимо выработать стратегию и сформулировать темы для обсуждения в связи с продолжением программы, которые могут быть рассмотрены на Всемирной конференции по уменьшению опасности
бедствий в 2015 году.
Настоящий документ «О разработке Рамочной п ...
PermalinkLe cadre d’action de Hyogo (CAH) 2005-2015 : construire la résilience des nations et des communautés face aux catastrophes, inspire les connaissances, les pratiques, la mise en oeuvre, l’expérience et la science pour la réduction des risques de catastrophe. Alors que l’actuel CAH touche à sa fin, il est temps de réfléchir à la suite de l’action et sur les discussions qui s’engageront à la Conférence mondiale de 2015 sur la réduction des risques de catastrophes.
2. Le présent document, « Vers un cadre d’action post-2015 pour la réduction des risques de catastrophe », propose un historiqu ...
PermalinkEl Marco de Acción de Hyogo para 2005-2015 (HFA): Aumento de la resiliencia de las naciones y las comunidades ante los desastres es la fuente de inspiración de conocimientos, prácticas, implementación, experiencia y ciencias para la reducción del riesgo de desastres. Como nos aproximamos a la finalización del HFA actual, es importante plantear un enfoque y orientar el debate sobre una continuación para su consideración en la Conferencia Mundial sobre la Reducción de los Desastres Naturales en 2015.
El informe Hacia un Marco después del 2015 para la reducción del riesgo de desastres incl ...
PermalinkQuarterly Natural Sciences Newsletter - A world of science, Vol. 9, No. 3. UNESCO, 2011Twenty-three years after this pharaonic project began, UNESCO and the Commission of the Geological Map of the World (CGMW) released the second edition of the Tectonic Map of Africa on 8–14 January at the University of Johannesburg (South Africa), during the 23rd Colloquium of African Geology. The map was distributed to all African universities with Earth science departments and to all African geological surveys during the colloquium.
PermalinkBoletín trimestral del Sector de Ciencias exactas y naturales - Un Mundo de Ciencia, Vol. 9, No. 3. UNESCO, 2011Veintitrés años después del comienzo de este gigantesco proyecto, la UNESCO y la Comisión del Mapa Geológico del Mundo (CMGM) mostró la segunda edición del Mapa Tectónico de África, entre el 8 y el 14 de enero en la Universidad de Johannesburgo (Sudáfrica) en el 23 Coloquio de Geología de África. El mapa fue distribuido durante el simposio, a todas las universidades de frica que tienen una Facultad de Ciencias de la Tierra y a todas las Oficinas de investigaciones geológicas de África.
PermalinkBulletin trimestriel du Secteur des sciences exactes et naturelles - Planète science, Vol. 9, No. 3. UNESCO, 2011Vingt-trois ans après le début de ce projet pharaonique, l’UNESCO et la Commission de la carte géologique du monde (CCGM) ont révélé la seconde édition de la Carte tectonique de l’Afrique, entre les 8 et 14 janvier, à l’Université de Johannesburg (Afrique du Sud) lors du 23ème colloque
de géologie africaine. La carte a été distribuée, pendant le colloque, à toutes les universités africaines ayant une Faculté des sciences de la Terre ainsi qu’à tous les Bureaux africains de recherches géologiques.
Permalinkis an issue of Geofizika. Andrija Mohorovičić Geophysical Institute,, 2011
PermalinkLos servicios climáticos son fundamentales para respaldar el esfuerzo de Haití de reconstruir el país, tras las devastadoras consecuencias del terremoto que tuvo lugar a principios de este año.
PermalinkMejorar la predicción de los ciclones es uno de los objetivos de la investigación meteorológica internacional. Este caso práctico de un tifón de 2009 que estuvo a punto de impactar sobre Filipinas ofrece una perspectiva del alcance de la predicción por conjuntos.
PermalinkSAN FRANCISCO — Five days before approximately 200 tornadoes swept through six states in the Southeastern United States between April 25 and April 28, local meteorologists were alerted to the possibility of unusually severe weather by National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellite data.
PermalinkAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), Vol. 11. N° 7. Córdoba-Jabonero C.; Sorribas M.; Guerrero-Rascado J.L.; et al. - Copernicus GmbH, 2011The synergetic use of meteorological information, remote sensing both ground-based active (lidar) and passive (sun-photometry) techniques together with backtrajectory analysis and in-situ measurements is devoted to the characterization of dust intrusions. A case study of air masses advected from the Saharan region to the Canary Islands and the Iberian Peninsula, located relatively close and far away from the dust sources, respectively, was considered for this purpose. The observations were performed over three Spanish geographically strategic stations within the dust-influenced area along a co ...
PermalinkThis study compares the properties of atmospheric dust from the Saharan deserts and the Asian deserts using data from CALIPSO and AERONET during 2006 and 2007 along with simulations using a coupled climate-microphysical sectional model. Saharan deserts are largely south of 30° N, while Asian ones are primarily north of 30° N, hence they experience different meteorological regimes. Saharan dust lifting occurs all year long, primarily due to subtropical weather systems. However, Asian dust is lifted mostly in spring when mid-latitude frontal systems lead to high winds. Rainfall is more abundant ...
PermalinkSpore: the magazine for agricultural and rural development in ACP countries, N° 151. CTA, 2011The cost of soil erosion and forest degradation in Tanzania is now more than one-third of the country’s gross domestic product, says the government.
PermalinkSpore: le magazine du développement agricole et rural des pays ACP, N°151. CTA, 2011Selon une déclaration du gouvernement tanzanien, le coût de l’érosion des sols et de la dégradation forestière en Tanzanie dépasse à présent le tiers du PIB du pays.
PermalinkEsporo, N° 151. CTA, 2011Os custos decorrentes da erosão do solo e da degradação florestal na Tanzânia ascendem actualmente a mais de um terço do produto interno bruto do país, segundo fontes governamentais.
PermalinkAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), Vol. 11. N° 3. Huntrieser H.; Schlager H.; Lichtenstern M.; et al. - Copernicus GmbH, 2011During the "African Monsoon Multidisciplinary Analysis" (AMMA) field phase in August 2006, a variety of measurements focusing on deep convection were performed over West Africa. The German research aircraft Falcon based in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) investigated the chemical composition in the outflow of large mesoscale convective systems (MCS). Here we analyse two different types of MCS originating north and south of the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ, ~10° N), respectively. In addition to the airborne trace gas measurements, stroke measurements from the Lightning Location Network (LINE ...
PermalinkAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), Vol. 11. N° 3. Carrio G.G.; Cotton William R. - Copernicus GmbH, 2011This paper examines the feasibility of mitigating the intensity of hurricanes by enhancing the CCN concentrations in the outer rainband region. Increasing CCN concentrations would cause a reduced collision and coalescence, resulting in more supercooled liquid water to be transported aloft which then freezes and enhances convection via enhanced latent heat of freezing. The intensified convection would condense more water ultimately enhancing precipitation in the outer rainbands. Enhanced evaporative cooling from the increased precipitation in the outer rainbands would produce stronger and more ...
PermalinkAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), Vol. 11. N° 3. Emeis S.; Forkel R.; Junkermann W.; et al. - Copernicus GmbH, 2011The spatial structure and the progression speed of the first ash layer from the Icelandic Eyjafjallajökull volcano which reached Germany on 16/17 April is investigated from remote sensing data and numerical simulations. The ceilometer network of the German Meteorological Service was able to follow the progression of the ash layer over the whole of Germany. This first ash layer turned out to be a rather shallow layer of only several hundreds of metres thickness which was oriented slantwise in the middle troposphere and which was brought downward by large-scale sinking motion over Southern Germa ...
PermalinkAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), Vol. 11. N° 3. Rosa I.M.D.; Pereira J.M.C.; Tarantola S. - Copernicus GmbH, 2011Atmospheric emissions from wildfires in Portugal were estimated yearly over the period 1990–2008 using Landsat-based burnt area maps and land cover maps, national forest inventory data, biometric models, and literature review data. Emissions were calculated as the product of area burnt, biomass loading per unit area, combustion factor, and emission factor, using land cover specific values for all variables. Uncertainty associated with each input variable was quantified with a probability density function or a standard deviation value. Uncertainty and sensitivity analysis of estimates were perf ...
PermalinkAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), Vol. 11. N° 3. Heue K.-P.; Brenninkmeijer C.A.M.; Baker A.K.; et al. - Copernicus GmbH, 2011The ash cloud of the Eyjafjallajökull (also referred to as: Eyjafjalla (e.g. Schumann et al., 2011), Eyjafjöll or Eyjafjoll (e.g. Ansmann et al., 2010)) volcano on Iceland caused closure of large parts of European airspace in April and May 2010. For the validation and improvement of the European volcanic ash forecast models several research flights were performed. Also the CARIBIC (Civil Aircraft for the Regular Investigation of the atmosphere Based on an Instrument Container) flying laboratory, which routinely measures at cruise altitude (≈11 km) performed three dedicated measurements flights ...
PermalinkPermalinkis an issue of Geofizika. Andrija Mohorovičić Geophysical Institute,, 20117. Janeković, I., Sikirić, M. D., Tomažić, I. and Kuzmić, M. (2010): Hindcasting the Adriatic Sea surface temperature and salinity: A recent modeling experience. Geofizika, 27, 85-100.
8. Anil Kumar, R., Dudhia, J. and Roy Bhowmik, S. K. (2010): Evaluation of physics options of the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Model to simulate high impact heavy rainfall events over Indian Monsoon region. Geofizika, 27, 101-125.
9. Jurčec, V. and Dragojlović, D. (2010): The unexpected snowstorm of 13 - 14 January 2002 in Zagreb. Geofizika, 27, 127-145.
Permalinkis an issue of 気象研究所技術報告. Meteorological Research Institute, 2011
PermalinkThe National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of an increasing number of maritime countries are actively engaged in the provision of storm surge forecast services for a wide range of maritime and coastal activities, in particular for coastal defense, shipping, fisheries, offshore mining, commerce, coastal engineering, construction and recreation. This guide draws attention to vulnerabilities in coastal areas exposed to storm surges by focusing on risk forecasting, in addition to hazard forecasting.
PermalinkAssuming that capital productivity is higher in areas at risk from natural hazards (such as coastal zones or flood plains), this paper shows that rapid development in these areas—and the resulting increase in disaster losses—may be the consequence of a rational and well-informed trade-off between lower disaster losses and higher productivity. With disasters possibly becoming less frequent but increasingly destructive in the future, average disaster losses may grow faster than wealth. Myopic expectations, lack of information, moral hazard, and externalities reinforce the likelihood of this scen ...
PermalinkForced displacement due to natural hazard-induced disasters is a large-scale, global phenomenon. This study focuses on quantifying peak levels of displacement, including those due to preventative actions taken before and after the onset of a disaster, as people are forced to flee their homes and lands.
PermalinkThe SBI at its 33rd session requested the secretariat to organize, before its thirty-fifth session, a workshop to identify gaps and challenges in the implementation of risk management approaches to the adverse effects of climate change, building on the lessons learned and practical experience of international, regional and national organizations and the private sector.
PermalinkSince November 1985, WMO has organized a series of quadrennial International Workshops on Tropical Cyclones (IWTCs), the latest of which took place in La Reunion (France) from 10 to 15 November 2010. It is noteworthy that this seventh WMO International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones (IWTC-VII) has been the first held in WMO Regional Association I (Africa). The Workshop primary objectives were to review progress in tropical cyclone research and operational practices since IWTC-VI and to contribute in identifying future research and operational priorities. The six-day meeting set the scene for ex ...
PermalinkThe authors use regression analysis to assess the potential welfare impact of rainfall shocks in rural Indonesia. In particular, they consider two shocks: (i) a delay in the onset of monsoon and (ii) a significant shortfall in the amount of rain in the 90 day post-onset period. Focusing on households with family farm businesses, the analysis finds that a delay in the monsoon onset does not have a significant impact on the welfare of rice farmers. However, rice farm households located in areas exposed to low rainfall following the monsoon are negatively affected. Rice farm households appear to ...
PermalinkUNDP, 2011The purpose of this publication is to highlight the development challenges faced by people who live in drylands and to outline how these challenges can be tackled successfully. Covering about 40 percent of the world’s land surface, dryland is home to more than 2 billion people in nearly 100 countries, of which about half remains under poverty. It will be impossible to meet the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 if life does not improve for the poor people of the drylands. Together, they are the forgotten billion. The publication stresses that the policies designed to meet the needs of drylan ...
PermalinkExtra-tropical cyclones that develop near the east coast of Australia often have severe consequences such as flash flooding and damaging winds and seas, as well as beneficial consequences such as being responsible for heavy rainfall events that contribute significantly to total rainfall and runoff. There is subjective evidence that the development of most major events, commonly known as East Coast Lows, is associated with the movement of a high amplitude upper-tropospheric trough system over eastern Australia. This report examines a number of large-scale diagnostic quantities in the upper trop ...
PermalinkThe Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), the Dutch Rijkswaterstaat, the United Kingdom Environment Agency, and the United States Army Corps of Engineers agreed in 2009 to develop a document to explore risk-informed approaches as being practiced and developed primarily in those four countries. This document, the result of that collaboration, reflects contributions from agencies within the four participating nations but is not an official position of any government or international organization. It is organized around a conceptual framework developed to encomp ...
PermalinkOCHA, 2011I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
· In total, an estimated 708,000 people were affected by floods and/or storms in southern Africa this rainfall season, with 314,361 either displaced or evacuated and 477 people killed.
· In comparison with the previous four seasons, the 2010/2011 flood season was average in terms of number of people affected, although the number of deaths was markedly high.
· Heavy rains early in the season affected Mozambique, South Africa and Lesotho. South Africa, which is usually not seriously affected by flooding, experienced large-scale devastation.
PermalinkThis abstract book of the Second World Landslide Forum reviews 29 sessions addressing: landslides and land-use systems, food security, wild fires, extreme weather, GIS applications developments, socio-economic impact, transportation network and lifelines, policies, urban risk reduction, early warnings and emergency plans, training and capacity development, tsunami, cultural heritage, and seismic landslide hazard analysis. It asserts that incoming climatic changes urge appropriate policies to face the new challenges posed by hydrometeorological hazards. The Forum was held in Rome on 3-9 October ...
PermalinkNations Unies, 2011
PermalinkUnited Nations, 2011This report (available in English and French), summarizes the efforts undertaken by the United Nations system and its partners, in support to the Haitian people and their government, to answer the multiple humanitarian crises, to accompany the electoral calendar and to advance on the road to recovery.
PermalinkTsunami Strike! Pacific Edition is a scenario-based learning experience for kids from middle school through high school (approximate ages 13-17). The scenario tells the story of four main characters at different locations in the Pacific basin who are each impacted by a major tsunami that originates in Alaska’s Aleutian Islands. Over the course of the story, learners not only view the unfolding events and how each of the characters responds, but also observe how warning scientists analyze and communicate the tsunami threat. Fourteen short lessons provide interactive instruction focused on the s ...
PermalinkThe "SKYWARN® Spotter Convective Basics" module will guide users to a basic understanding of convective storms. Through three different scenarios, you will cover reporting and proper communication of local storm reports to the National Weather Service (NWS), personal safety during these events, and field identification of convective storm hazards. After completing the scenarios, you will be given the opportunity to practice identifying storm features from a spectrum of photos.
PermalinkThis lesson is designed to help emergency managers prepare their communities for tsunamis. Topics include basic tsunami science, hazards produced by tsunamis, the tsunami warning system, the importance of public education activities, and how to craft good emergency messages and develop tsunami response plans. The lesson also contains links to extensive Reference and Resources sections.
PermalinkAs climate changes, dynamic coastal regions are experiencing a wide range of impacts. Sea levels, ocean acidification, sea surface temperatures, ocean heat, and ocean circulation have all been changing in ways unseen for thousands of years. Arctic sea ice melted significantly more during summers in the last 30 years, and storms are intensifying. Coastal ecosystems stand to be damaged, and coasts will likely erode from rising sea levels, intensified storm surges, and flooding that climate change may amplify. Coastal communities will need to prepare adaptation strategies to cope, and many who li ...
PermalinkSnowmelt is an integral component of the hydrologic forecasting process in many parts of the world. Here, we examine the influences of environmental conditions on snowfall distribution, snowpack structure, snowpack-environment energy exchange, and finally, the rate and amount of snowmelt itself. The fate of snowmelt water after it reaches the ground is also explored.
PermalinkThe goal of the "Role of the SKYWARN® Spotter" module is to provide baseline training for all spotters through multiple scenarios covering the procedures for spotting (including communication and storm report criteria), safety considerations for all hazards, and an overview of the national program and its history.
PermalinkProvides a concise introduction to volcanic ash through the examples of the Mt. Pinatubo and Eyjafjallajökull eruptions. This is the introduction to a four-part series on Volcanic Ash.
PermalinkFlash floods can occur in nearly any area of the world. A rainfall-induced flash flood is a truly hydrometeorological event: one that depends on both hydrologic and meteorological conditions. Forecasting flash floods involves a detailed understanding of the local hydrologic features and continual monitoring of the current meteorological situation. This module examines both the hydrologic and meteorological processes that often contribute to the development of flash flooding. Common tools and technologies that are used in flash flood monitoring and forecasting, from manual gauging systems to co ...
PermalinkThis module allows users to explore the flood forecasting process by assuming the role of a visiting hydrologist intern at the National Hydrologic Service in Main Country. Fictional senior hydrologists guide the intern through an idealized flooding event that takes place over Main Country's Mainstem river basin and its tributary basins, each with varying landscapes and observation systems. Users will examine how these variations impact the quality and type of forecast that can be achieved. Users will also learn about common problems encountered in flood forecasting, and how to adjust forecasts ...
PermalinkThe Flash Flood Warning System Reference Guide is intended to promote the implementation of flash flood early warning systems based upon proven and effective methods already in use in flash-flood prone nations around the world. Both governmental and non-governmental decision makers can use it to better understand flash floods and the elements that constitute a robust, end-to-end flash flood early warning system. The guide includes chapters on Flash Flood Science, Flash Flood Forecasting Methods, Monitoring Networks, Technology Infrastructure, Warning Dissemination and Notification, and Communi ...
PermalinkThe chapter begins with a review of the general principles of atmospheric motion including scale analysis of tropical motions. An overview of the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean is presented including stratospheric general circulation. Special emphasis is given to the Hadley circulation including its maintenance, seasonal migration, northern and southern hemispheric differences, and the contrast between tropical and midlatitude wind systems. Tropical circulations are examined in a theoretical framework as responses to heating at the equator. Regional monsoons, their conceptual ...
PermalinkThis module is the second in the four-part Volcanic Ash series. It provides information about the geological, and geophysical processes related to volcanic activity and volcanic ash in the atmosphere and on the ground. It discusses four types of volcanic eruptions and describes six major volcanic hazards: Tephra Pyroclastic flow Lahar Lava flow Volcanic gas Tsunami
PermalinkSediment-related disasters, which are caused by debris flows, slope failures and landslides, have different characteristics from water-related disasters. That is, disasters sites, timing of occurence, and hazard levels are difficult to predict accurately. This Tool explains practical approaches of identifying debris flows and landslides areas and introduces good practices of mitigation measures to minimize human loss. For example, disaster prevention maps containing hazard areas, sage refuges and evacuation routes are as essential and effective means as flood hazard maps.
PermalinkThis tool provides basic information on preparation and implementation of flood emergency management, which breaks down into three stages: preparedness, response, and recovery. By reducing exposure to flooding at each stage, flood emergency management contributes to flood risk reduction, which is an important objective of Integrated Flood Management. To this end, flood hazard maps help users understand hazard information through the process of planning, preparing and responding to flood. Emergency exercises (e.g. role playing drill) also strengthen stakeholders’ capacity to smoothly conduct em ...
PermalinkThis Tool introduces strategies for climate change adaption and implementation of the strategies in the context of flood management. Nine case studies are extracted from the following countries and a regional organization, namely US, UK, France, Germany, Netherlands, Japan, China, South Korea, and EU. The adaptation strategies are described especially from the point of flood risk assessment. Based on the projected impacts of climate change, each country formulates their own adaption measures and designates responsible agencies for their implementation.
PermalinkThis tool aims to provide guidance for reservoir operations and managing flows that optimize the benefits from ecosystems in the flood plains and socio-economic activities on those. It provides guidance on the issues that need to be addressed in designing and operating reservoirs to meet the requirements of various users and uses along with the ecological needs . The tool highlights various aspects of reservoir operation and discusses possibilities how flows can be managed successfully to minimize their adverse impacts. As this tool exists in the second edition, it has been revised in order to ...
PermalinkUganda has experienced a number of extreme weather and climate events in the form of floods and droughts. In a number of cases, flood events associated with heavy rainfall have been followed immediately by droughts that tend to persist for several seasons. These events have always had devastating impacts on various sectors of the country's economy. The impacts include destruction of infrastructure, loss of life and property and many other far reaching socio-economic impacts. The impact of these extreme events can be greatly reduced through good understanding of previous climatic events and the ...
PermalinkUnited Nations, 2011The 2011 Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction was prepared while disasters have continued to wipe out the lives and livelihoods of millions. The impacts of the catastrophic earthquake in Haiti in January 2010 and floods in Pakistan in July 2010 show how disaster risk and poverty are closely interlinked. Meanwhile, in 2011, floods in Australia, the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, and the earthquake, tsunami and nuclear disaster wreaking havoc in north-eastern Japan as this report goes to press are a stark reminder that developed countries are also very exposed. Less visi ...
PermalinkPermalinkThis disaster preparedness guide provides general information to help general public prepare for natural disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, land slides, storms, floods and fires. The booklet gives a brief orientation on what to do before, during and after a disaster strikes and identifies useful procedures and emergency tools that can be used in the event of an emergency.
PermalinkThe study objective of evaluating and costing the most suitable climate change adaptation measures responding to the Rwandan Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy, 2008-2012, in which climate change and its adverse impacts were recently identified as a high priority. The EDPRS highlights the establishment of criteria for secure settlements in the areas that are exposed to meteorological hazards, as well as the development and implementation of early warning systems to improve drought and food security. This study has particularly focused on coffee and banana farming systems and a ...
PermalinkThis research paper aims to provide a brief overview of the frequency, distribution and impact of floods and storms in Viet Nam through a preliminary analysis of the historical disaster damage and loss database over the past twenty years. It is a first attempt to describe a number of spatial disaster patterns and trends over time in Viet Nam. It strongly makes the case for more in-depth spatial, temporal and geographical analysis of disaster patterns and trends combined with practical policy recommendations. The paper also highlights the need for disaggregated data up to district level for mor ...
PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Global Water Partnership (GWP); United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) - WMO, 2011This training manual addresses a broad spectrum of relevant issues in this emerging field of integrated urban flood management. It is expected to provide course participants and practitioners with best practice concepts and application with the intention to further inform and engage stakeholders in promoting integrated and cooperative approaches in water management in general. The manual integrates expertise from disciplines such as hydrology, sociology, economics, architecture, urban design, construction and water resources engineering and management. The subject is approached from an interna ...
PermalinkThis document gives an introduction to the concepts related to disaster risk reduction (DRR): disaster, risk, hazard, vulnerability, copying capacity, resilience, emergency and disaster management, DRR and disaster risk management. It describes the interaction between hazards, vulnerability and disaster risk, then presents a detailed explanation of these concepts. It also introduces a framework for DRR and addresses cross-cutting issues such as development, governance, gender and climate change adaptation.
PermalinkNARRI, 2011This study intends to identify the baseline reference points to depict the existing scenario of the community people in light of all the indicators set forth in the sixth DIPECHO Action Plan for South Asia in Bangladesh undertaken by NARRI Consortium. It clusters three zones based on prominent hazards and highlights significant differences in the knowledge and practice of preparedness and mitigation measures, awareness and responses to warning signals in cyclone, flood-prone and earthquake prone areas. The study presents a set of recommendations in order to strengthen the programme and project ...
PermalinkAssuming that capital productivity is higher in areas at risk from natural hazards (such as coastal zones or flood plains), this paper shows that rapid development in these areas -- and the resulting increase in disaster losses -- may be the consequence of a rational and well-informed trade-off between lower disaster losses and higher productivity. With disasters possibly becoming less frequent but increasingly destructive in the future, average disaster losses may grow faster than wealth. Myopic expectations, lack of information, moral hazard, and externalities reinforce the likelihood of thi ...
PermalinkThis book presents lessons to be learned from Haiti with the aim of improving the health sector’s response in major, sudden-onset disasters in the future. It also identifies opportunities provided by the disaster for making significant changes in health services in Haiti. One of the key lessons of the Haiti tragedy is that coordination can only be effective where national authorities are equipped to assume leadership and establish relief and recovery priorities.
PermalinkGEF, 2011One third of all African people live today in drought-prone areas, and 250 million are exposed to drought every year. "Land, Water, and Forests" is a publication that covers the topics of land degradation, deforestation, desertification and water scarcity in the cases of the Congo Basin, Lake Chad and the Sahel region.
PermalinkThis publication focuses on the importance of education in disaster prevention and makes recommendations on how to support and build on local and national initiatives to reduce the risk of disasters through education. It provides a brief overview of major hazards and disaster risks in Central and Eastern Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States. It presents a snapshot of national disaster risk reduction structures and key legislations. It also briefly outlines disaster risk reduction activities related to education undertaken by national agencies and activities by UNISDR and UNICEF.
PermalinkThis report addresses drought, which is considered the major disaster occurring in the Arab region, where the total people affected between the years 1970-2009 by drought is of about 38.09 million. The report focuses on Syria, considered one of the most economically affected countries by drought in the region. The case study provides information on historical droughts in the country between 2000-2010, including data on frequency, vulnerabilities and lessons learned with drought impacts.
PermalinkAragón-Durand Fernando; Adaptation Fund Board (AFB); European Commission ; et al. - European Commission, 2011These proceedings outline the outcomes and conclusions of the regional workshop addressing disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation, inlcuding: panel discussions on a) Governability and development planning, b) Risk reduction measures and climate change adaptation, c) Post-disaster recovery; a field visit to the landslide risk areas in Tegucigalpa City; round-tables on experiences and lessons corresponding to the three discussion panels that were carried out in the City of Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; ANAMS ; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) - WMO, 2011Severe weather events in West Africa are associated mainly with meso-scale thunderstorms and squall lines. Forecasting such severe weather to reduce the risk of hazards is one of the challenges faced by many met services. However, the recent progress in the area of numerical weather prediction has enabled some countries to forecast these events in a better way.
Due to lack of capacity, many of the West African countries were not able to use numerical weather prediction systems effectively in their day to day forecasting activities. The CPC/African Desk has been playing big role in buil ...
PermalinkFor developing countries, particularly LDCs (Least Developed Countries), this publication provides guidelines on enhancing the contribution of WMO and NMHSs (National Meteorological and Hydrological Services) to the achievement of the MDGs (Millenium Development Goals). Benefiting from the GFCS (Global Framework for Climate Services), NMHSs should be encouraged to use these guidelines, among others, to mainstream their activities, including generation and effective delivery of relevant weather-, climate- and water-related information and services into national sustainable development strategie ...
PermalinkMaplecroftís Climate Change and Environmental Risk Atlas provides analysis of the key risks to business in the four areas of: climate change vulnerability and adaptation; emissions and energy use; environmental regulation; and ecosystem services. Interactive maps and indices enable the identification, evaluation and comparison of risks, whilst subnational maps pinpoint vulnerability down to a 25km² scale.
PermalinkSince 2007 Sompo Japan has been carrying out research on risk finance methods to respond to climate change together with organizations including Japan Bank for International Cooperation. As a result, Sompo Japan began offering Weather Index Insurance in Khon Kaen Province in northeast Thailand in January 2010. This product, which is one method of adaptation to climate change, aims to reduce damage caused by droughts for rice farmers who rely heavily on rainfall, by linking compensation to precipitation.