The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Public Weather Services (PWS) Programme has the primary role of assisting National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) to develop or enhance their capacity to deliver services to the public, media, disaster managers and responders and other users in socio-economic sectors. The PWS Programme therefore assists NMHSs in their responsibility of providing warning and alerting services for the safety of life and livelihood, and property when threatened by extreme weather events such as heavy rain, heavy snow, strong winds, heat waves and extre ...Published by: WMO ; 2013
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Public Weather Services (PWS) Programme has the primary role of assisting National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) to develop or enhance their capacity to deliver services to the public, media, disaster managers and responders and other users in socio-economic sectors. The PWS Programme therefore assists NMHSs in their responsibility of providing warning and alerting services for the safety of life and livelihood, and property when threatened by extreme weather events such as heavy rain, heavy snow, strong winds, heat waves and extreme cold. In some countries, NMHSs are also responsible for issuing warnings for non-meteorological hazards such as tsunamis and volcanic ash. In order to disseminate the alerts to as many people as possible in a timely manner, NMHSs need to be able to send a consistent alert message through multiple communication channels such as radio, television (TV), land-line telephone connections, mobile phones, Internet, facsimile (fax) and sirens. The Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) standard is key to supporting such standards-based, all-hazards, all-media public alerting. The purpose of this publication is to provide step-by-step guidance for implementing the CAP standard in NMHSs.
Language(s): English; Other Languages: Arabic, French, Russian, Spanish
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-63-11109-8
Tags: Service Delivery Division (SDD) ; Guidelines ; Natural hazards ; Disaster prevention and preparedness ; Weather service ; PWS - Advisors Supporting Disaster Prevention and Mitigation and other User Activities ; PWS - Personnel Engaged in Operational Forecasting Add tagThis synthesis report provides countries and all stakeholders with an overview of the issues emerging to date on the consultations and development of a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction (HFA2). The key purpose of this report is to provide the basis for continued consultations, and to inform a draft HFA2 following the Fourth Session of the Global Platform in May 2013.Published by: UN/ISDR ; 2013
This synthesis report provides countries and all stakeholders with an overview of the issues emerging to date on the consultations and development of a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction (HFA2). The key purpose of this report is to provide the basis for continued consultations, and to inform a draft HFA2 following the Fourth Session of the Global Platform in May 2013.
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Natural hazards ; Multi-hazard Early Warning Systems (MHEWS) ; Disaster Risk Management (DRM) ; Urban zone ; Region I - Africa ; Region II - Asia ; Region III - South America ; Region IV - North America, Central America and the Caribbean ; Region V - South-West Pacific ; Region VI - Europe Add tagNOAA, 2013This report describes the morphology of the 2012 summer U.S. central Great Plains drought, placing the event into a historical context, and providing a diagnosis of its proximate and underlying causes.Published by: NOAA ; 2013
This report describes the morphology of the 2012 summer U.S. central Great Plains drought, placing the event into a historical context, and providing a diagnosis of its proximate and underlying causes.
Format: Digital (Free)Algeria - Government, 2013This country brief summarizes Algeria’s efforts in planning for greater disaster resilience. Over the past decades, the country has learnt many valuable lessons from its disaster response and recovery experiences. Sustained political interest, engagement and commitment from the highest political office have given the issue of disa ster risk reduction (DRR) national prominence. Algeria has also demonstrated innovative ways in which multiple sectors can effectively integrate disaster risk considerations to realize a sustainable development agenda.Published by: Algeria - Government ; 2013
Making Algeria resilient: achieving disaster risk reduction in the Arab States - Good practice country brief
This country brief summarizes Algeria’s efforts in planning for greater disaster resilience. Over the past decades, the country has learnt many valuable lessons from its disaster response and recovery experiences. Sustained political interest, engagement and commitment from the highest political office have given the issue of disa ster risk reduction (DRR) national prominence. Algeria has also demonstrated innovative ways in which multiple sectors can effectively integrate disaster risk considerations to realize a sustainable development agenda.
Format: Digital (Free)A statement in which the participants of the 4th Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), including governments, intergovernmental regional organizations, bilateral and multilateral donors, United Nations, academic and technical institutions, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Government Organizations, mayors and local governments, community leaders, parliamentarians, youth, media and the private sector, committed to build the resilience of African communities and nations to disaster risk and adapt to a changing climate, in agreement with the prior ...Published by: UN/ISDR ; 2013
A statement in which the participants of the 4th Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), including governments, intergovernmental regional organizations, bilateral and multilateral donors, United Nations, academic and technical institutions, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Non-Government Organizations, mayors and local governments, community leaders, parliamentarians, youth, media and the private sector, committed to build the resilience of African communities and nations to disaster risk and adapt to a changing climate, in agreement with the priorities of the internationally agreed Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) and with the global agenda leading to a HFA2 in 2015.
Language(s): English; Other Languages: French
Format: Digital (Free)A declaration by the Mayors and Local Government representatives together with National Government Officials emphasizing the importance of reducing disaster risk in Arab cities, in which the participants of the First Arab conference for disaster risk reduction recognize the vulnerability Arab cities and towns to disasters such as earthquakes, volcanoes, flooding, flash flooding and storms, as well as to climate change induced droughts, desertification, flash flooding, and storms leading to food insecurity. They call for: (i) sustainable development principles to be closely linked to urban deve ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013PermalinkIIED, 2013This paper outlines the steps needed to apply the Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development (TAMD) framework, providing practical guidance on how to put the concepts outlined in Climate Change Working Paper no. 1, Tracking adaptation and measuring development, into operation. The TAMD framework offers a ‘twin track’ framework for use in many contexts and at many scales to assess and compare the effectiveness of interventions that directly or indirectly help populations adapt to climate change. TAMD differs from other assessment frameworks by emphasising the need to assess development inter ...Permalink
Adaptation inspiration book: 22 implemented cases of local climate change adaptation to inspire European citizensThis handbook is a resource for enhancing disaster resilience in urban areas. It summarizes the guiding principles, tools, and practices in key economic sectors that can facilitate incorporation of resilience concepts into the decisions about infrastructure investments and general urban management that are integral to reducing disaster and climate risks.PermalinkUNDP, 2013This publication provides a short overview of disaster risk reduction in the Arab region. It focuses on the major risks, why in particular cities are at risk and what are the drivers of disaster risk in the region. Further, the factsheet provides information about the achievements and challenges for the future.PermalinkADB, 2013This study provides a quantitative and comprehensive view of water security in the countries of Asia and the Pacific. By focusing on critical water issues, it provides finance and planning leaders with recommendations on policy actions to improve water governance and guidance on investments to increase their country's water security. The authors stress that the social, economic, and political consequences of water shortages are real, as are the effects of water-related disasters exacerbated by climate change.PermalinkThis report discusses current models prediction that Boston will experience up to two feet of sea level rise by 2050 and up to six feet by 2100, and it provides vulnerability analyses for Boston Harbor and time-phased preparedness plans for Boston’s long and central wharves and UMass Boston campus to increase their resilience to coastal flooding over time.PermalinkThis edition focuses on the accomplishments in strengthening the ability of 27 remote Guatemalan communities to prepare for and respond to disasters. Among its many accomplishments, the program has facilitated the creation of a dedicated office to manage all facets of municipal risk management. The committed and trained staff members serve as liaisons to government officials, oversee risk reduction projects, manage emergency shelters, coordinate with local police and fire departments, and plug into the wider national emergency response system to ensure the effectiveness of all related investme ...PermalinkThis study looks at the role of one group of important, but little-studied actors in disaster risk management (DRM): regional organizations. It addresses the gap in descriptive studies about the relative strengths and weaknesses of regional bodies, and more specifically in the comparisons of their range of activities or effectiveness in DRM. It provides some basic information about the work of more than 30 regional organizations involved in disaster risk management and draws some comparisons and generalizations about the work of thirteen of these organizations through the use of 17 indicators ...PermalinkThis study is focused on the community as the central point of measuring vulnerability to climate change in Choiseul province. It is primarily based on information gathered through a series of facilitated workshops, observations and recorded data.PermalinkThis essay outlines why, by extension, it is the citizen's right to demand protection from disasters from his/her government and other duty-bearers. If disasters are unresolved problems of development, then failing to resolve these problems is denying people their right to protection from disasters. Losses due to disaster (numbers of people affected and economic, social and environmental assets) are on the increase.
The concept of disaster risk reduction (DRR) has been developed and widely accepted globally as a good approach to reduce disaster losses. The concept is based on t ...PermalinkYengoh Genesis T. - 2013Just how influential is rainfall on agricultural production in the Sudan-Sahel of Africa? And, is there evidence that support for small-scale farming can reduce the vulnerability of crop yields to rainfall in these sensitive agro-ecological zones? These questions are explored based on a case study from Cameroon’s Sudan-Sahel region. Climate data for 20 years and crop production data for six major food crops for the same years are used to find patterns of correlation over this time period. Results show a distinction of three periods of climatic influence of agriculture: one period before 1989, ...PermalinkThis document addresses the regional disaster risk situation in South America which is an issue of growing concern for governments of the region and for its people. There have been major efforts at national levels and this document aims to complement this effort with a regional perspective from the Regional Office for the Americas for the United Nations for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), as part of a joint project with the Department of Aid Humanitarian and Civil Protection. (ECHO) "South America: A regional view of disaster risk" is the first document of this kind that focuses exclusively ...PermalinkThis book has two main aims: to demonstrate to international development agencies, governments, policy makers, project managers, practitioners, and community residents that landslide hazard can often be reduced in vulnerable urban communities in the developing world, and to provide practical guidance for those in charge of delivering Management of Slope Stability in Communities (MoSSaiC) on the ground. The purpose of the book is to take readers into the most vulnerable communities in order to understand and address rainfall-triggered landslide hazards in these areas.PermalinkICIMOD, 2013This publication contains a summary of each of eight case studies in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region, as well as an overview of the status of flash flood risk management in the region and a list of regional recommendations to be brought to the attention of policy makers.PermalinkThis brief deals with adapting Australia’s agriculture to climate change, especially broadacre farming, and is based mainly, but not exclusively, on experiences in southern South Australia. It highlights key needs to support future adaptation, including investment in education, social science research, seasonal weather predictions and policy certainty and adaptability.PermalinkThis report focuses on the links between conditions of vulnerability and risks associated with the nexus of natural disasters, conflict and fragility. It also recognises that any given context will be mired by an even more complex array of intersecting risks. For example, in 2011, drought, and food and political insecurity in East Africa contributed to a full-scale humanitarian crisis. A combination of natural hazards, conflict and fragility provided a recipe for human suffering.PermalinkThis policy brief addresses the high agricultural loss due to natural hazards in agricultural sectors in Indonesia, and the lack of adequate ex-ante risk management policy to guide risk reduction in the sector, which will affect the country's food security. The research examines the impact of disasters and climate hazards on Indonesian agricultural and food crops. The findings firmly conclude that natural catastrophes have already caused a great deal of loss in agricultural sectors in particular food crops. Loss accumulation over the last decade has caused significant leakage of central govern ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) - UN/ISDR, 2013This is the second Thematic Think Piece on Disaster Risk and Resilience developed by UN entities to support discussions on the post-2015 development agenda. The paper outlines the modus operandi of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction partnership in working with and empowering stakeholders to build partnerships and political legitimacy for international agreements in the context of disaster risk reduction. With this approach the paper refers to the directions outlined in the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.
PermalinkWorld Economic Forum, 2013This report analyses 50 global risks in terms of impact, likelihood and interconnections, based on a survey of over 1000 experts from industry, government and academia.PermalinkNCCARF, 2013This report examines the impacts on the built environment of increased intensities in weather-related natural hazard events, in order to identify the possibilities of using the regulatory mechanisms of building construction, housing insurance and planning in climate change adaptation. The research findings are restricted to these three aspects of the built environment, and further concentrated on adaptation responses that may be required in mitigation of the impacts of three types of hazards; tropical cyclones, floods and bushfires. Adaptation of the built environment to climate change is pred ...PermalinkIFRC, 2013This guide aims to provide an overview of successful practice from the field for the disaster risk reduction/management practitioner interested in early warning systems (EWS) from more than 50 countries across the world, both inside the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and alongside it, through key partners. It presents guiding principles that will build a strong foundation for the design or strengthening of EWS at any level. It is not an operational, but a strategic guide that insists on asking the right questions and exploring all perspectives prior even to deciding whether ...PermalinkThis report addresses the low participation of Indian's tribes, some of which being at high risk of flooding, in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and its three components: (1) the provision of flood insurance, (2) a requirement that participating communities adopt and enforce floodplain management regulations, and (3) the identification and mapping of floodplains.PermalinkWorld Bank, 2013This document evaluates the progress of risk management in Colombia proposes recommendations that will enable the Government to set up public policies in this area on a short-and long-term basis. It defines a set of recommendations so that disaster risk management becomes a State policy, emphasizing that improving land use and land occupation conditions is a priority in reducing the impact of disasters. The technical analysis included in the report is intended for those responsible for implementing disaster risk management policies, as well as professionals, researchers, and experts in the sub ...Permalink2013This report, from a consortium of experienced international and Filipino actors, highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the response to the Sendong disaster and the recovery process. It describes in detail the Philippines’ developing corpus of laws on disaster risk reduction (DRR) and draws out linkages between disaster preparedness, disaster impacts, responses, displacement and the subsequent, often prolonged, search for durable solutions for internally displaced persons (IDPs).PermalinkThis paper conceptualizes the established practice of a real world flood warning system and uses social network analysis in visualizing the transmission of flood warning messages in Cawang, Jakarta. It also contributes to the academic literature concerning the innovation in early warning systems research.PermalinkOxfam, 2013This document outline's Oxfam's core recommendations for HFA2, the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction (DRR) and successor to the Hyogo Framework for Action. As a core principle, it asserts that the HFA2 should enshrine equity and accountability as the primary drivers of DRR to provide an unambiguous direction for the negotiation of the agreement and its subsequent implementation at local, national, regional and international levels.PermalinkWorld Bank, 2013This report provides Mayors and other policymakers with a policy framework and diagnostic tools to anticipate and implement strategies that can prevent their cities from locking into irreversible physical and social structures, including: improving living conditions, especially in slums and hazard-prone areas; bridging the divided cities (inclusion); expanding the coverage and quality of basic infrastructure services; and managing the city’s physical form.PermalinkEEA, 2013This second volume presents case studies covering a diverse range of chemical and technological innovations, and highlighting a number of systemic problems. It contains five parts: (i) lessons from health hazards and the value of independent scientific research and risk assessments; (ii) emerging lessons from ecosystems and their wider impacts such as climate change, floods and ecosystem resilience more broadly; (iii) emerging issues and potentially harming technology, including the Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear accidents cases; (iv) costs, justice and innovation; and (v) implications for sc ...Permalink2013This document contains information on the conceptual framework of risk management, and relevant approaches in the international context. It describes Chile’s principal geographic, demographic, and socio-economic features, and presents the current legal and regulatory framework for civil protection, as well as a number of complementary frameworks. The document was based on an update of the Chile 2010 disaster risk analysis, aiming to provide a view of the current panorama of risk conditions in Chile that takes into account threat factors, vulnerability, and capacities present in the country; de ...PermalinkNCCARF, 2013This report documents a study aimed at identifying cross-scale barriers to planned adaptation within the context of local government in Australia, and the development of enabling actions to overcome these barriers. It presents a background review of common cross-scale barriers within the local government context in Australia and internationally, followed by an outline of the theoretical and conceptual framework underpinning the research. Section 4 presents a background to the regulatory context as well as the types of adaptation funds/programs that have supported local government in adaptation ...PermalinkIRGSC, 2013This paper highlights the development of Jakarta and its social-economic-environmental vulnerability. The paper uses formal statistical data, flood historical data and secondary sources to examine the evolution of flood risks in Jakarta over the last three decades. It asks what the main factors that contribute to the evolution of risks in Jakarta are and highlights the poor connection between government policy related to flood control and metropolitan development. It recommends fundamental reform in the existing megacity planning in order to anticipate future climate extremes.PermalinkRAB Consultants, Ltd., 2013This study addresses the recognised gap between what climate science can currently provide and what end users of that information require in order to make robust adaptation decisions about their climate related risks. It identifies five key contributing factors to the gap: (i) uncertainty in climate science; (ii) cognitive bias and challenges of interdisciplinary research; (iii) (mis)understanding and (mis)use of key terminology; (iv) communication (or lack of); and (v) non-climatic influences.
The study aims to bridge this gap between end user needs and science capability by b ...PermalinkThis report tracks a rich and diverse portfolio of programs around the world that have found creative ways to finance safe drinking water and instream supplies and to address water risks and dependencies, such as drought, flood, soil erosion, receding glaciers, storm-induced landslides and even wildfire. It sates that climate risk adaptation and mitigation are increasingly cited as a driver of watershed investment, and observes little movement from the private sector to tackle their water-related risk.PermalinkThis document presents the disaster risk reduction (DRR) processes developed in several Latin American cities. It shows the benefits of making risk reduction an integral part of local development. It also highlights the importance of good information for risk assessment, government-civil society collaboration, and links between local, national and regional levels of government. It is intended to offer a wealth of lessons for African and South Asian counterparts embarking on their own urban risk reduction processes.PermalinkAbout 90 per cent of disasters are caused by hazards related to weather, climate or water such as droughts, tropical cyclones and floods. These hazards know no national boundaries. International cooperation at a global and regional scale is therefore essential. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the authoritative voice of the United Nations (UN) on weather, climate and water, facilitates this cooperation through the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of its 191 Members [...]PermalinkDroughts are slow-onset events that cause more loss of lives, livelihoods and permanent displacement of people than cyclones, floods and earthquakes combined. From 1991 to 2000, drought took over 280,000 lives and cost billions of US dollars in damage. Sub-Saharan Africa suffered its worst dry-spell of the twentieth century in 1991–1992 when drought covered some 6.7 million km2 and affected about 110 million people. The 2010–2011 drought in the Horn of Africa put 10 million people at risk.PermalinkLa présente publication, qui couvre la première décennie du XXIe siècle, vise à présenter une perspective décennale de la variabilité du climat et des changements climatiques, ainsi que des conséquences observées dans différents secteurs.Permalinkيقوم البيان الحالي على مجموعات البيانات والمعلومات التي وفرها أعضاء المنظمة وشركاؤها عن سنة 2012 وتقييمها في السياق الجغرافي العالمي والإقليمي. وقد أجريت مقارنات مع المتوسطات والسجلات المناخية )الخلفية التاريخية( كلما كان ذلك ممكناً ومناسباً.PermalinkДесятилетняя перспектива дает возможность для оценки тенденций и прогнозирования будущего. Она может также являться основой для усилий, направленных на разработку опе- ративного климатического обслуживания, которое обеспечивает информацию и прог- нозы для принятия решений в таких секто- рах, как сельское хозяйство, здравоохранение, уменьшение опасности бедствий, водные ре- сурсы, а также в других секторах. Эти усилия координируются через Глобальную рамочную основу для климатического обслуживания, действующую под руководством ВМО.PermalinkUna perspectiva decenal permite evaluar las tendencias y anticipar el futuro. Asimismo puede informar de las iniciativas que se prevé poner en marcha para desarrollar servicios climáticos operativos que proporcionen información y previsiones para la adopción de decisiones en las esferas de la agricultura, la salud, los riesgos de desastre, los recursos hídricos y otros sectores. Esas iniciativas se coordinarán a través del Marco Mundial para los Servicios Climáticos, dirigido por la OMM.Permalinkويمكّن المنظور العقدي من تقييم الاتجاهات وتوقع ما سيحدث في المستقبل. كما أنه يوجه الجهود لإعداد خدمات مناخية تطبيقية يمكن أن تقدم معلومات وتنبؤات لاتخاذ القرارات في قطاعات الزراعة والصحة ومخاطر الكوارث وموارد المياه وغيرها من القطاعات. ويجري حالياً تنسيق هذه الجهود من خلال الإطار العالمي للخدمات المناخية الذي تقوده المنظمة.PermalinkCette perspective sur dix ans nous permet d’évaluer les tendances et d’anticiper l’avenir. Elle peut également étayer les mesures qui seront prises pour mettre au point des services climatologiques opérationnels capables de fournir des informations et des prévisions utiles aux décideurs dans les domaines notamment de l’agriculture, de la santé, de la prévention des catastrophes et des ressources en eau. Ces mesures sont coordonnées par l’intermédiaire du Cadre mondial pour les services climatologiques, dont l’OMM est le fer de lance.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013PermalinkPortugal - Government, 2013PermalinkEl Programa de Servicios Meteorológicos para el Público (PSMP) de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) tiene por objeto principal ayudar a los Servicios Meteorológicos e Hidrológicos Nacionales (SMHN) a desarrollar o mejorar su capacidad para prestar servicios al público, los medios de comunicación, las autoridades encargadas de la gestión de desastres, los equipos de emergencia y otros usuarios de los sectores social y económico. Por consiguiente, el PSMP ayuda a los SMHN a cumplir con su responsabilidad de proporcionar servicios de alerta y aviso con objeto de garantizar la seguridad ...Permalinkيتمثل الدور الرئيسي لبرنامج الخدمات العامة في للمنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية (PWS) مجال الطقس في مساعدة المرافق الوطنية للأرصاد الجوية (WMO) على تطوير وتعزيز قدرتها (NMHSs) والهيدرولوجيا على تقديم خدمات إلى الجمهور، ووسائط الإعلام، والمعنيين بإدارة الكوارث والاستجابة في حال وقوعها، وغيرهم من المستخدِمين في القطاعات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية. وبناء على ذلك يقدّم برنامج الخدمات العامة المساعدة للمرافق الوطنية (PWS) في مجال الطقس للاضطلاع بمسؤوليتها في توفير خدمات (NMHSs) التحذير والإنذار من أجل سلامة الأرواح وسبل العيش والممتلكات عندما تكون مهددة بسبب الظواهر الجوية المتطرفة، آالأمطار الغزيرة والث ...PermalinkПрограмма по метеорологическому обслуживанию населения (МОН) Всемирной Метеорологической Организации (ВМО) играет ведущую роль в оказании поддержки национальным метеорологическим и гидрологическим службам (НМГС) в развитии или расширении их возможностей предоставлять обслуживание населению, средствам массовой информации, органам, отвечающим за управление и реагирование в случае бедствий, а также другим пользователям, представляющим социально-экономические сектора. По этой причине Программа по МОН помогает НМГС в осуществлении их обязанностей по предоставлению обслуживания, связанного с предупр ...PermalinkLe Programme des services météorologiques destinés au public (PSMP) relevant de l’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) vise principalement à aider les Services météorologiques et hydrologiques nationaux (SMHN) à développer ou à améliorer leur capacité de fournir des services à la population, aux médias, aux responsables de la gestion des catastrophes, au personnel d’intervention ainsi qu’aux autres utilisateurs des divers secteurs socio-économiques concernés. Il aide donc les SMHN à remplir leur mission et à fournir des services d’avis et d’alerte en vue d’assurer la protection des perso ...PermalinkVille de Moncton, 2013PermalinkPermalinkCRF, 2013Ce rapport présente le bilan de l’action humanitaire en faveur des victimes du terrible séisme qui a dévasté Haïti et sa capitale 12 janvier 2010. Après trois ans d’actions sans relâche en Haïti, la Croix-Rouge française est convaincue qu’il faut prendre en considération l'ensemble des vulnérabilités du pays et prône une mobilisation constante pour enrayer l’enchainement régulier de catastrophes, en luttant contre la pauvreté et en renforçant les capacités des acteurs locaux. Au travers de ce rapport, la Croix-Rouge s'engage à poursuivre ses efforts pour renforcer la résilience des populations ...PermalinkEl propósito de este documento es desarrollar un conjunto de criterios para priorizar las acciones de reducción de riesgos y proporcionar una guía metodológica para el uso en América Latina y el Caribe. Se pretende que estos criterios contribuyen a los procesos nacionales de análisis de riesgos y toma de decisiones en la definición inicial de los programas de ayuda y cooperación internacional. Está dirigido a nivel nacional, subnacional y local los interesados riesgo de gestión de desastres.PermalinkEn este artículo se cuestiona la idea tradicional de un límite determinista al considerar la posibilidad de que haya alguna capacidad predictiva en todas las escalas temporales que van desde horas a décadas.Permalinkis an issue of MeteoWorld. WMO, 2012Notably contains:
- Extraordinary Congress
- Commission for Basic Systems
- The hybridization of Sandy
- Brown Blizzards of the Vestfold Hills, AntarcticaPermalinkWhenever an episode of extreme weather – heatwave, flood, drought, etc. – hits the headlines, someone somewhere is sure to point the finger of blame at human-induced climate change.PermalinkThe Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) identifies four initial priority areas: water, food security, health and disaster risk reduction. Drought and desertification are important issues in all of these areas.PermalinkScience for Environment Policy, Issue 297. EEA, 2012Researchers have reviewed early warning systems (EWS) for water hazards, such as flash flooding, landslides, river flooding and coastal flooding. They conclude that EWS continue to provide valuable information to allow emergency services and local communities prepare for water-related natural hazards. However, there are a number of challenges to address to gain the most benefit from EWS.Permalinkis an issue of Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. AMS, 2012PermalinkOur ability to reduce disaster risk relies on the full engagement of local governments. When national and local governments work together, they can be a formidable alliance for risk reduction.PermalinkBoletín, Vol. 60(2). OMM, 2012El riesgo de desastres es un problema que va en aumento en las áreas urbanas, donde se concentran tanto la población como los activos económicos. Una campaña lanzada en mayo de 2010 ha creado una red mundial de gobiernos locales comprometidos con la reducción del riesgo y con la construcción de ciudades más resistentes.PermalinkNuestra capacidad de reducir el riesgo de desastres depende del compromiso total de los gobiernos locales.PermalinkБюллетень, Том 60(2). BMO, 2012Опасность бедствий становится все более серьезной проблемой в городах, где сосредоточены население и экономическая инфраструктура. В рамках кампании, организованной в мае 2010 г., создана глобальная сеть местных органов власти, задачей которой является уменьшение опасности бедствий и повышение устойчивости городов к бедствиям.PermalinkНаши возможности уменьшить опасность бедствий зависят от полноценного участия местных органов власти. Когда центральные и местные органы власти работают сообща, они могут представлять собой внушительный альянс в деятельности по уменьшению опасности.PermalinkScience for Environment Policy, Issue 286. EEA, 2012Adapting to climate change is essential to protecting populations against extreme weather events, but is it adequately integrated into civil protection policy? A new study has analysed the level of integration in Norway, Sweden and the Netherlands and provided broad recommendations for improvement.PermalinkScience for Environment Policy, Issue 32. EEA, 2012Scientists have modelled the potential benefits of decentralised flood protection (DFP) in Central Europe and conclude that it could be a significant step towards natural flood management in the EU.PermalinkScience for Environment Policy, Issue 32. EEA, 2012Soil conditions play a crucial role in determining water runoff and retention in forested sites, according to new research. Soil characteristics, such as compaction, play a greater role than forest type in determining water dynamics.PermalinkScience for Environment Policy, Issue 275. EEA, 2012An analysis of flash flood forecasting in Europe has produced recommendations for emergency planners and others to improve flood risk management in vulnerable regions. In particular, the researchers recommend improved data collection and sharing, a common European policy for flash flood forecasting, and that local risk management recognises the specific challenges presented by flash floods.PermalinkScience for Environment Policy, Issue 268. EEA, 2012By analysing previous disasters, lessons learnt can be incorporated into policies and plans to manage the effects of future disasters. A recent study examining the 2009 L’Aquila earthquake in Italy suggests that although the national response effectively dealt with the emergency, longer-term measures to help local populations cope with the aftermath of the disaster need to be set out more clearly.PermalinkMoritz Max A.; Parisien Marc-André; Batllori Enric; et al. - Ecosphere, Ecological Society of America, (ESA), 2012PermalinkThis review analyses some of the major events and trends related to natural disasters and humanitarian disaster response and looks at the experience of developed countries with natural disasters in 2011. Highlighting evidences from the Japanese earthquake-tsunami-nuclear accident, the earthquake in Christchurch, New Zealand, floods in Australia, and tornadoes, hurricanes and drought in the United States, it reminds that natural hazards affect all regions of the world and even rich countries have much to learn about both disaster risk reduction and disaster response.
The review ...PermalinkUNU, 2012The WorldRiskIndex seeks answers to the following questions: How probable is an extreme natural event, and will it affect people?
How vulnerable are the people to the natural hazards? To what extent can societies cope with acute disasters? Is a society taking preventive measures to face natural hazards to be reckoned with in the future?PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThis report explores practical approaches to building urban resilience, focusing on tools and methodologies that can facilitate the use of risk information in public infrastructure investment and urban management decisions as integral elements of reducing disaster and climate risks. It demonstrates that risk-based methodology focused on building urban resilience can be implemented within a range of contexts, with risk assessments as crucial tools for decision-makers. It encourages national, local and city level governments to invest in geospatial risk information, as well as making risk inform ...PermalinkThis report describes how the natural cycle of water availability is continuously coming under threat from a variety of different pressures like droughts and water scarcity, pollution, and flood risks which all increase the vulnerability of the freshwater ecosystems and societies. Land use, water abstraction and climate change are human-induced changes that alter the natural flow regimes that exist in water bodies.PermalinkThis report assesses the current state of the science on the relationship between climate change and tropical cyclone (TC) activity in the Western North Pacific (WNP) basin. It focuses in particular on identifying any possible influences of anthropogenic climate change on tropical cyclone track and impact area in this region.PermalinkA survey on the “Impacts of Achieved Results on Members” was undertaken in February-October 2012. The Members were requested to respond to a questionnaire developed by the EC WG/SOP, which comprised of 129 questions. As of October 2012, a total of 109 NMHSs (58%) had responded. Of these, six started the survey but only responded to a few questions. The response rate per Regional Association (RA) is as follows: RA I (Africa) – 42%; RA II (Asia) – 65%; RA III (South America) – 58%; RA IV (North America, Central America and the Caribbean) – 68%; RA V (South-West Pacific) – 50%; and RA VI ( ...PermalinkMunich-Re, 2012With economic losses amounting to some US$ 380bn, 2011 has been the most expensive natural disaster year to date.
Extract from the contents: Earthquake, tsunami, nuclear accident – The triple disaster of Tohoku; ″This is totally different from anything we have ever experienced“; Earthquakes in Christchurch, New Zealand; Severe floods in Australia, the USA and Thailand; Spring 2011: Severe thunderstorms in the USA
Climate protection further postponed; Facts, figures, background; The year in pictures; The year in figures; Three-dimensional modelling increases transparency.PermalinkIn 2009 the latest long-range climate projections for the UK were published in order to inform the UK’s first Climate Change Risk Assessment (CCRA), required by the Climate Change Act (2008), covering 11 sectors across society. This HPA report complements the Health Sector report of the CCRA by providing scientific evidence of the wider risks to public health from climate change in the UK.PermalinkIn December 2007, dry lightning ignited numerous bush fires on Kangaroo Island. Four of the fires continued to burn for two weeks, consuming over 20% of the islands' vegetation. The unique environment of Kangaroo Island is strongly influenced by the surrounding cold ocean waters, and the local meteorology, topography and vegetation were factors that influenced the evolution of the bushfires. This case study investigates the fire weather and fire behaviour by examination of meteorological observations, archived high-resolution numerical weather prediction models and documented and anecdotal obs ...PermalinkThe first WMO International Workshop on Satellite Analysis of Tropical Cyclones (IWSATC) was organized by the WMO Tropical Cyclone Programme (TCP) in collaboration with the WMO World Weather Research Programme (WWRP), and the World Data Center (WDC) for Meteorology which is maintained by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The main purpose of IWSATC is to increase the accuracy and reliability of satellite analyses of tropical cyclones (TCs) by sharing the latest knowledge and techniques amongst operational forecasters of the major warning centers and researchers. The or ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR); et al. - WMO, 2012A fundamental mission of the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is to contribute to the protection of the lives and livelihood of people by providing early warnings for hydrometeorological and climaterelated hazards. They provide crucial support to Disaster Risk Management (DRM) agencies and other Early Warning Systems (EWS) stakeholders, as well as to various socio-economic sectors through provision of hydrometeorological and climate related data, information and services, within a multi-agency, multi-hazard and multi-level disast ...PermalinkThe Seventh TCP/JCOMM Workshop on Storm Surge and Wave Forecasting was held at Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau (SMG), Macao, China, from 10 to 14 October 2011.
This series of workshop is co-organized by the Tropical Cyclone Programme (TCP) of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) that is jointly supported by WMO and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), with a view to enhancing capacities of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) for reduction of mari ...PermalinkIndian summer monsoon (ISM) rainfall is the major prerequisite of agricultural productivity in the region and its variability severely affects the livelihoods of a large share of the world’s population. While average ISM rainfall has been relatively stable during the past century, rising trends have been observed in the annual number of extreme rain events. This study shows severe failure of ISM rainfall is possible but unlikely under present climatic conditions, according to a comprehensive climate model. However, monsoon failure is projected to become much more frequent over the next 200 yea ...PermalinkFour of five cities classified as extreme risks among the world’s fastest growing urban areas are in Asia. The region accounts for half of the estimated economic cost of disasters over the past 20 years. By one estimate, floods and landslides cost the People’s Republic of China some $18 billion in 2010 alone, and Thailand an estimated $45 billion in 2011. Policymakers need to recognize that investments in disaster risk management are an essential means to sustain growth.PermalinkThis report argues that the practice of disaster risk management (DRM) is a defining characteristic of resilient societies, and should therefore be integrated – or ‘mainstreamed’ – into all aspects of development. It (i) analyses the alarming trend of disasters and development; (ii) presents disaster risk management in action through four pillars (risk identification, risk reduction, preparedness, financial protection and resilient reconstruction); (iii) features the need for national policies and planning; (iv) reviews international development cooperation, including financing and policies, a ...PermalinkThis in-depth study of the hydrological risks to hydropower dams on the Zambezi River gives an early warning about what Southern Africa could be facing as it contemplates plans for more large hydropower dams in a time of climate change.PermalinkThis report reviews the interventions of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) that have strong implications for increasing resilience and reducing vulnerability to natural disasters, and it aims at improving the understanding of how Sida has worked with these issues so far and how the work can be further strengthened. The report combines findings from a mapping phase with more in-depth analysis of resilience initiatives related to climate change adaptation, agriculture and water hazards.PermalinkThis report offers a strategic overview of the present and future potential of science to inform and enhance disaster risk reduction (DRR) over the next three decades. It considers disasters whose primary causes are natural hazards. Its focus is on disasters that occur in developing countries, but lessons from past disasters in developed countries are also drawn upon. It explores the diversity of impacts, and the extent to which these are, or should be, considered by decision makers but does not review in detail the scale of past and present disasters.PermalinkNCCARF, 2012Focused on four disaster-impacted communities in Australia - Beechworth, Bendigo, Ingham and Innisfail, this report makes recommendations for emergency management and local government policies. It presents a study that used Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological systems theory to analyse individual and, by proxy, community resilience to disasters. The theory provided a comprehensive framework to evaluate the interacting factors that support resilience across different disaster sites and communities. While Bronfenbrenner’s theory has been used extensively, the authors believe that this is the first tim ...PermalinkWarner Koko; CARE France ; Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN); et al. - UNU, 2012This report explores the interrelationships among rainfall variability, food and livelihood security, and human mobility in a diverse set of research sites in eight countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. While climate change affects nearly all aspects of food security – from production and availability, to the stability of food supplies, access to food, and food utilization – the Rainfalls research focuses on linkages between shifting rainfall patterns and food production and the stability of food supplies.PermalinkThe Satellite Feature Identification: Atmospheric Rivers lesson presents the global moisture transport phenomenon known as the Atmospheric River (AR). ARs are responsible for transporting the majority of maritime moisture from low to middle latitudes. Advanced satellite products, including Integrated Water Vapor and Total Precipitable Water, provide excellent observations of AR development and evolution. This lesson demonstrates the usefulness of these products in forecasting the impacts of ARs, especially when they are combined with numerical weather prediction products. Several AR case studi ...PermalinkThis case study focuses on monitoring of the MJO and equatorial waves and their role in tropical cyclogenesis. Learners will use conceptual models to understand the structure of the MJO and equatorial waves. They will identify and monitor those circulations using geostationary satellite images. 850-hPa synoptic analysis is used to track equatorial Rossby and mixed Rossby-gravity waves. Focus is on May 2002, a period when an MJO and associated equatorial waves spawned sets of twin cyclones over the Indian Ocean. This case study is similar to a synoptic meteorology laboratory exercise but is des ...Permalink