This infographic presents the very latest figures on finance for disaster risk reduction. It provides a preview of a report, due to be released in the summer of 2013, which will present a thorough review of natural disaster related financing using the Disaster Aid Tracking (DAT) database.
It is eight years into the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action for disaster risk reduction and two years to its likely renewal. At this crucial juncture, with all these decisions likely to shape how disaster risk is managed well into the future, now is the time to ask the question ...Published by: FIC ; 2013
This infographic presents the very latest figures on finance for disaster risk reduction. It provides a preview of a report, due to be released in the summer of 2013, which will present a thorough review of natural disaster related financing using the Disaster Aid Tracking (DAT) database.
It is eight years into the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action for disaster risk reduction and two years to its likely renewal. At this crucial juncture, with all these decisions likely to shape how disaster risk is managed well into the future, now is the time to ask the question: how much has the international community contributed? Has it matched rhetoric with action?
With growing consensus among the international community on investing more and better in disaster risk reduction, this is an opportune time to take an in-depth look into past and current commitments.
Format: Digital (Free)FIC, 2013This study seeks to improve the overall knowledge of the relationship between disaster risk reduction (DRR) and livelihood strategies, to improve the understanding and gaps in knowledge, practice, and policy, and to improve the impact of donor-funded DRR programs carried out by implementing agencies. The report is organized as follows: (i) a comprehensive literature review on existing DRR practices is included, identifying gaps that should be explored in future research; (ii) the Haiti case study explores financial resilience in urban settings; (iii) the Nepal case study looks at traditional D ...Published by: FIC ; 2013
This study seeks to improve the overall knowledge of the relationship between disaster risk reduction (DRR) and livelihood strategies, to improve the understanding and gaps in knowledge, practice, and policy, and to improve the impact of donor-funded DRR programs carried out by implementing agencies. The report is organized as follows: (i) a comprehensive literature review on existing DRR practices is included, identifying gaps that should be explored in future research; (ii) the Haiti case study explores financial resilience in urban settings; (iii) the Nepal case study looks at traditional DRR programming in a rural flood affected area; and (iv) the Kenya case study explores conflict management and disaster risk reduction in a conflict-prone context. Each case study is followed by a list of recommendations for DRR programming in the described context.
The case studies identified capture as much breadth and variety of disasters as possible, including geographical areas, affected livelihood assets, and population groups. The first case study focuses on urban populations, and more specifically on financial resilience of households in Port-au-Prince following a large, covariate, sudden-onset disaster—the 2010 earthquake. The second case study serves as a traditional case study of DRR focusing on a rural, agrarian, and marginalized population living under an annual threat of flooding with traditional NGO DRR support with an emphasis on participatory methods. The final case study addresses the research gap that exists because the majority of DRR programming is frequently discussed in the context of natural hazards and climate change, but not in regard to conflict or political vulnerability.
Format: Digital (Free)This report covers the proceedings of the 4th Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (AfRP) from 13 to 15 February, 2013 in Arusha, Tanzania hosted by The African Union Commission (AUC) and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), Regional Office for Africa. The 4th AfRP focused on the progress made at the national, sub-regional, and regional levels in the implementation of the Africa Regional Strategy for disaster risk reduction (DRR) and its Programme of Action, and the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA). The theme of the 4th AfRP was ‘protecting developmen ...Published by: UN/ISDR ; 2013
Report of the 4th Africa regional platform on disaster risk reduction: protect development gains and build resilience of African nations
This report covers the proceedings of the 4th Africa Regional Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (AfRP) from 13 to 15 February, 2013 in Arusha, Tanzania hosted by The African Union Commission (AUC) and the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), Regional Office for Africa. The 4th AfRP focused on the progress made at the national, sub-regional, and regional levels in the implementation of the Africa Regional Strategy for disaster risk reduction (DRR) and its Programme of Action, and the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA). The theme of the 4th AfRP was ‘protecting development gains and building resilience of African countries’.
The three-day meeting focused on six thematic areas. Session 1 centred on strengthening DRR at the regional level while Session 2 outlined the achievements made and challenges faced at sub-regional levels in Africa, ranging from policy formulation and coordination to comprehensive disaster risk reduction implementation. Session 3 focused on concrete examples of disaster risk reduction investment and the shift in focus from response and relief to resilience building, and Session 4 dealt with risk identification, monitoring and early warning. Session 5 highlighted initiatives undertaken and recommendations for the future to address urban risks in the region by building urban resilience. Lastly, Session 6 aimed to identify and assess the challenges and opportunities for integrating climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction in Africa.
Over 250 participants from 45 African countries and partner organisations attended the meeting with representation from governments, intergovernmental regional organizations, bilateral and multilateral donors, United Nations, academic and technical institutions, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, civil society and non-government organizations. Among participants were mayors and representatives of local governments, community leaders, parliamentarians, youth, media and the private sector, all sharing a common commitment to build the resilience of African communities and nations to disaster risk and adapt to a changing climate.
Format: Digital (Free)Fitzgibbon Catherine; Crosskey Alexandra; Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) ; et al. - FAO, 2013This technical brief argues that disaster risk reduction (DRR) interventions should not only focus on addressing the hazards that causes disasters but should also encompass actions that reduce vulnerability to disaster risk and build local capacity to cope. It identifies good practice in DRR interventions and illustrates how risk-reduction considerations can be systematically incorporated into all development and humanitarian policies and programming.Published by: FAO, CGIAR ; 2013
This technical brief argues that disaster risk reduction (DRR) interventions should not only focus on addressing the hazards that causes disasters but should also encompass actions that reduce vulnerability to disaster risk and build local capacity to cope. It identifies good practice in DRR interventions and illustrates how risk-reduction considerations can be systematically incorporated into all development and humanitarian policies and programming.
Format: Digital (Free)This report presents the findings of a study commissioned by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to review the status of development and implementation of disaster risk management (DRM) plans for the agriculture sector throughout the Caribbean. The report is divided into four sections: (i) the first section introduces the background of the region, the Hyogo Framework for Action, and the methodology and objective of the study; (ii) section two reviews the status of disaster risk management (DRM) strategies in the agricultural sector, highlighting the participation ...Published by: FAO ; 2013
Status of disaster risk management: plans for floods, hurricanes and drought in the agriculture sector - a Caribbean perspective
This report presents the findings of a study commissioned by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to review the status of development and implementation of disaster risk management (DRM) plans for the agriculture sector throughout the Caribbean. The report is divided into four sections: (i) the first section introduces the background of the region, the Hyogo Framework for Action, and the methodology and objective of the study; (ii) section two reviews the status of disaster risk management (DRM) strategies in the agricultural sector, highlighting the participation rate among Caribbean countries and the development and implementation of DRM plans; (iii) section three reviews existing DRM plans of the Dominican Republic, Grenada, Belize, Jamaica, and Saint Lucia, dividing the review into two groups, best practices and shortcomings; (iv) and section four concludes the report with recommendations for the future of DRM planning in the Caribbean.
Format: Digital (Free)
ISBN (or other code): 978-92-5-107739-9This document is the final report of a Senate inquiry by the Environment and Communications References Committee looking at Australia’s extreme weather and asking if the country is ready. It looks at any emerging trends on the frequency of extreme weather events. Based on evidence on future projections of such events and on global warming scenarios of between 1C and 5C by 2070, the inquiry looks at the costs of extreme weather events and their impacts on ecosystems, infrastructure and human health. It also examines the “availability and affordability” of private insurance in disaster-prone are ...PermalinkCity of Moncton, 2013This document assesses climate and flood related risks in the City of Moncton in New Brunswick, Canada in order to inform the development of the city's climate change adaptation plan. The document was prepared by the City of Moncton's Climate Change Action Committee (CCAC). The results of this study were presented to Moncton City Council in the fall of 2012, and, in response, Moncton City Council resolved to undertake a climate change adaptation plan and flood management strategy by June 2013.PermalinkThis guide introduces the concept of local flood risk management and outlines a six step process for local officials to find and implement effective adaptation policies and strategies. The guide is divided into sections based on the six steps, which include mapping and assessing risk, selecting the appropriate method of adaptation, implementation of the flood management plans, and long-term maintenance. At the end of each section there is guidance on recommended information resources.PermalinkAlberta WaterSMART, 2013This paper intends to outline actions that can be taken to reduce the likelihood of large-scale destruction resulting from extreme weather events in order to inform policy discussions across Alberta, Canada. The paper is organized according to the six recommendations for action: (i) planning for more frequent extreme weather events; (ii) improving operational capacity through modeling and data management; (iii) analyzing the costs and benefits of investment in infrastructure; (iv) strengthening building codes in urban planning; (v) evaluating insurance options; and (vi) improving the managemen ...PermalinkICIMOD, 2013This paper discusses flood risk in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region and the involvement of the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) in mitigating that risk. The paper specifically encourages the importance of flood forecasting with satellite imagery, infrastructure planning, and data sharing among the eight regional countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan.PermalinkDas Partha J.; Bhuyan Himadri K.; International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) - ICIMOD, 2013This publication explores the governance of flood mitigation infrastructure in parts of India and Nepal. It also covers the traditional coping and adaptation strategies of local communities to deal with floods, which are being increasingly challenged due to the changing nature of floods and other water hazards attributed largely to climate change.
The publication is comprised of thirteen sections: (i) section one introduces the scope and methodology of the study; (ii) section two introduces the background of the two study areas in India and Nepal; (iii) section three discusses ...PermalinkIFPRI, 2013This report explores the challenges and opportunities for building human, organizational, and institutional capacity for more effective climate change adaptation in developing countries. It particularly focuses on climate change issues related to the agriculture sector and rural livelihoods in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Mali.
The report is part of a larger research project titled “Enhancing women’s assets to manage risk under climate change: potential for group-based approaches,” which is being conducted to help organizations better understand ways in which development pr ...PermalinkThis paper explores various issues surrounding disaster risk reduction in the Asia-Pacific region, a region which experiences high vulnerability to disasters.
The paper is divided into three sections: (i) section one explains the background and scope of the study, highlighting recent disaster data organized by disaster type, continent, and number of lives lost; (ii) section two explains the major issues found in the course of the study and the coordinating recommendations, including recommendations for compound disasters and climate change adaptation; (iii) section three summar ...PermalinkThis paper introduces a new method of measuring vulnerability and exposure to extreme weather events (EWEs) call the Disaster Exposure Index (DEI). The DEI identifies new indicators of vulnerability so that Latin American governments justify their claims for financial and technical assistance in preparing for EWEs.
The paper is divided into five sections: (i) section one introduces climate change and its effects on the global environment; (ii) section two presents and explains disaster data from Latin America; (iii) section three discusses different measurements of exposure and ...PermalinkRAI, 2013This document is the summary of the findings of Griffith University, which was commissioned by the Regional Australia Institute (RAI) to examine the experiences and learnings arising from the communities that have experienced the challenges of recovering from and adapting to the impact of disasters. Four case studies were undertaken to research communities recovering from disasters such as cyclones, floods and bushfires.PermalinkShrestha Mandira Singh; International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) - ICIMOD, 2013This publication addresses the vulnerability of the Hindu Kush Himalayan region to many types of hazards, and especially to floods and landslides. As part of a project aimed at strengthening regional cooperation in flood forecasting and information exchange, and building capacity among partner institutions, it presents the findings of a detailed assessment of the accuracy of NOAA CPC_RFE2.0 satellite rainfall estimates over the central Himalayas of Nepal. The results indicate that the overall spatial detection and trends are good, and with appropriate bias correction.
The repor ...PermalinkThis report is an account of a cross-country study that covered Vietnam, Indonesia and the Philippines. Covering four sites (one each in Indonesia and Vietnam) and two sites in the Philippines, the study documented the impacts of three climate hazards affecting coastal communities, namely typhoon/flooding, coastal erosion and saltwater intrusion. It also analyzed planned adaptation options, which communities and local governments can implement, as well as autonomous responses of households to protect and insure themselves from these hazards. It employed a variety of techniques, ranging from pa ...PermalinkEvidence on Demand was requested by DFID to carry out a climate and environmental assessment. This was for part of the Business Case for building an evidence base in Yemen by gathering high quality, nationally representative data on key poverty indicators and living conditions.PermalinkThe proceedings of the Fourth Session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction highlight the four days of deliberations, discussions and presentations via various forums, which called for a shared vision and commitment for the next 30 years – a trans-generational compact for the sustainability of development. This Session generated critical and substantive advice for the preparation of the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction, commonly called “HFA2”, and for the Third World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction, which will take place Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture in March ...PermalinkThis consultation seeks the Government of the United Kingdom's views on proposals for securing the availability and affordability of flood insurance in areas of flood risk. The consultation is divided into ten sections: (i) section one introduces the geographical extent covered by the document and the purpose of the consultation; (ii) section two describes the background of flood risk in the UK, current availabilities of insurance, and the government's objectives in creating flood insurance policy for the UK; (iii) section three explains the current actions taken by the UK Government toward in ...PermalinkIbne Habib; Khan Md.Muzahid; Catholic Organization for Relief and Development Aid (CORDAID) ; et al. - CMDRR Forum, 2013This document reports on four school based simulation programmes aimed at raising public awareness and developing capacity on disaster risk reduction (DRR) that were organized in Babugonj, Chittagong, Kurigram and Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh between February and April 2013. It concludes that simulation programmes create a good positive learning for the community in the management of pre, during and post disaster situation. It provides lessons learned and recommendations intended to help the agencies working with disaster risk reduction and these types of campaigning programmes.PermalinkIOM, 2013Description: With an ever-increasing number of people on the move, migration and its effects will be defining features of societies and environment in the 21st century. Exposing the linkages between human mobility, the environment and disasters is especially relevant in the context of the post Hyogo Framework for Action and ongoing dialogues on the global post-2015 development agenda. Enabling and managing migrations will be key both for reducing one of the root causes of risk and for ensuring sufficient protection to especially vulnerable people in the wake of a crisis, allowing societies to ...PermalinkHAP, 2013This guide puts the widely used 2010 HAP Standard into context and identifies challenges and solutions for organisations looking to instil accountability in their management systems. The scope of the Standard covers not only humanitarian relief programmes but also disaster preparedness, development and advocacy.PermalinkThis post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction background paper is being developed based on five sub-regional studies conducted by UNISDR on this issues of vulnerability with specific reference to gender in the Asia Pacific Region, and the consultations conducted by the Stakeholder Group on Gender and Women’s Issues, UNISDR Asia Partnership (IAP).
The paper was reviewed by the Asia Pacific Regional Coordination Mechanism Thematic Working Group on Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (RCM TWG-GEEW), and shared with the UN Gender Group in the Pacific and the Pacific ...PermalinkThis document explains resilience in the context of disaster and climate change, giving nine examples of case studies from Action Contre la Faim (ACF) resiliency projects around the world. The document is comprised of six sections: (i) section one defines resilience and the effects of shocks and stresses; (ii) section two explains ACF's target groups for resilience (individuals, households, and communities); (iii) section three explains how to measure resilience and the characteristics of disaster resilient communities; (iv) section four offers three strategies to operationalize resilience to ...PermalinkADB, 2013Natural disasters are on the rise worldwide. There are more and more intense natural disasters—which are defined to cause at least 100 deaths or to affect the basic survival needs of at least 1,000 people—resulting from floods and storms as well as droughts and heat waves. The Asia and the Pacific region has experienced some of the most damaging disasters in recent decades, with alarming consequences for human welfare. At the same time, the climate in the region has been changing. Temperatures have been higher, on average, and also more variable and more extreme. Rainfall has also been more va ...PermalinkThis framework explains the Disaster Risk Reduction for Food and Nutrition Security Framework Programme of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) which has been undertaken with the goal of enhancing the resilience of livelihoods against threats and emergencies to ensure the food and nutrition security of vulnerable farmers, fishers, herders, foresters and other at risk groups. The framework presents four thematic pillars which mirror the priorities outlined in the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA): (i) enable the environment, emphasizing good governance and effective ...PermalinkTaking into account the strong basis of learning the Pacific offers in the area of disaster risk reduction (DRR) and climate change adaptation (CCA), this study explores and unpacks what were the drivers and process to develop joint national action plans on disaster risk management and climate change (JNAPs), primary DRM legislation, and sustainable development plans addressing DRR and CCA in Pacific islands countries. Their impact and potential in facilitating effective DRM and CCA is assessed, as well as potential linkages between legislation and policy documents The three Pacific islands co ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR); World Bank the; et al. - UN/ISDR, 2013The Country Assessment Reports for Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Philippines and Viet Nam investigate the capacity of the national hydrological and meteorological services (NHMSs) and recommend improvements through a regional approach.
Initial assessments in the reports show the cost-effectiveness of strengthening national hydro-meteorological services through regional cooperation for reducing adverse impacts of natural hazard-induced disasters and climate change which know no national boundaries.
The World Bank and UNISDR produced the reports in collaboration w ...PermalinkUnderscoring that droughts affect more people annually than any other type of natural disaster, the July edition of 'Issues in the Spotlight' of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN (FAO) describes the increased international attention given to national drought policies in the lead up to, and following. the first High-Level Meeting on National Drought Policy.
The newsletter calls for policy makers to break the crisis management cycle and move toward pro-active risk management strategies. It describes the Declaration adopted at the conclusion of the High-Level Meeting ...PermalinkIOM, 2013This compendium presents the state-of-the-art approach to mobility and disaster to practitioners and policy-makers in the risk reduction and migration community. The analysis is based on IOM’s extensive achievements in the field: 257 disaster-related projects in 31 countries from early 2009 to early 2013 for a total over USD 720 million, supporting at least 23 million individuals exposed to, or affected by, natural hazards.PermalinkMunich-Re, 2013This report shows that the natural catastrophe statistics for 2012 were largely dominated by atmospheric events, with no catastrophic earthquakes. Due to a number of major weather-related catastrophes, including severe tornado outbreaks in the spring and a record drought in the US Midwest, the USA accounted for an exceptionally high proportion of natural catastrophes. However, Russia also experienced unusually hot, dry conditions, and vast tracts of land were devastated by wildfires.PermalinkElsevier, 2013This report summarizes lessons learnt from the Y Care International supported Sierra Leone YMCA project to carry out a disaster risk reduction (DRR) pilot project in two urban slum communities of Freetown in 2012. The project is a good example of youth participation in DRR, collaboration with other agencies, and learning through research on youth volunteerism. The aim of this pilot project was to learn the best ways of reducing the risk of disasters such as flooding and cholera in urban slum communities of Freetown through involving young people in preparing for, carrying out activities to red ...PermalinkYCI, 2013This report summarizes lessons learnt from the Y Care International supported Sierra Leone YMCA project to carry out a disaster risk reduction (DRR) pilot project in two urban slum communities of Freetown in 2012. The project is a good example of youth participation in DRR, collaboration with other agencies, and learning through research on youth volunteerism. The aim of this pilot project was to learn the best ways of reducing the risk of disasters such as flooding and cholera in urban slum communities of Freetown through involving young people in preparing for, carrying out activities to red ...PermalinkPatra Jyotiraj; Integrated Action on Resilience and Global Sustainability (InAcReGS) - InAcReGS, 2013This policy brief analyses some of the existing institutional constraints, as well opportunities, for systematic and robust coordination among scientists/researchers, policy makers and practitioners in the field of disaster risk management in India. Building on the recent experience of the Himalayan Tsunami, it suggests a set of action points and a framework that would further strengthen science-informed decision making to deal with the uncertainties and complexities in a changing disaster risk context in India.PermalinkThis report highlights the main similarities and differences between flood risk management strategies (FRMSs) and flood risk governance arrangements (FRGAs) in the 6 STAR-FLOOD consortium countries: the UK, Belgium, France, The Netherlands, Poland and Sweden. The report derives 8 themes which relate to the differences discovered between the countries: (i) the countries’ baseline situation in terms of their actual flood experiences; (ii) designated competent authorities and the actual competences that actors have for implementing flood risk management strategies; (iii) resources for flood risk ...PermalinkThis report investigates the nature of the flood risk problem and the path to flood risk governance in 18 vulnerable urban regions in 6 European countries: the UK, Belgium, France, The Netherlands, Poland and Sweden. The report summarizes current thinking on the nature of the flood problem, the intended objectives, and the appropriate courses of action.
This report is the first in a series of four which were compiled by the STAR-FLOOD project.PermalinkThis report focuses on the issue of European flood regulation, including issues related to mandatory flood risks assessments, flood risk maps, flood risk management plans, the involvement of the public and stakeholders, the science-policy interface, and uncertainties related to climate change. The report identifies the challenges and knowledge gaps regarding the implementation of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) and the Floods Directive (FD).
This report is the third in a series of four which were compiled by the STAR-FLOOD project.PermalinkThis report explores the need for a shift in flood risk management strategies (FRMSs), such as risk prevention, flood defense, mitigation, preparation and recovery, in order to create a more resilient Europe, and the governance challenges which such a shift in FRMSs may pose to society. The aim of this report is to identify questions for further research.
This report is the second in a series of four which were compiled by the STAR-FLOOD project.PermalinkUllberg Susann; Centre for Natural Disaster Science (CNDS); Stockholm University ; et al. - Stockholm University, 2013This study addresses the relationship between memory, morality and social inequality and discusses the implications for questions regarding vulnerability, resilience and adaptation. The study examines how past flooding is remembered by flood victims in the middle- and low-income districts and by activists of the protest movement that emerged in the wake of the 2003 flood in Argentina by examining flood memory in the local bureaucracy, in local historiography, myths and popular culture. The analysis reveals that the Santafesinian flood memoryscape is dynamically configured by evocative, reminis ...PermalinkThis report shows what the government of the United Kingdom is doing to support action and share its expertise in areas such as weather forecasting, flood modelling, infrastructure and insurance as the world's climate changes and Britain faces extreme weather events.PermalinkAIDMI, 2013This paper offers a brief overview of how the All India Disaster Mitigation Institute's (AIDMI) risk reduction initiatives and their results have contributed to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) goals and how they can help shape the post-2015 development agenda from the bottom-up. The paper includes a description of AIDMI, a description of the HFA goals, and a chart which maps AIDMI's activities to the HFA priorities for action.PermalinkThis brief focuses on the key disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) carries out in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (WBGS). It seeks to give an overview of FAO's DRR strategy and briefly describe their activities in WBGS to protect livelihoods from shocks, to make food production systems more resilient and more capable of absorbing the impact of, and recovering from, disruptive events, such as floods, droughts, earthquakes, animal and plants pests and diseases.PermalinkWhich cities have the highest risk of human and economic losses due to natural hazards? And how will urban exposure to major hazards change over the coming decades? This paper develops a global urban disaster risk index that evaluates the mortality and economic risks from disasters in 1,943 cities in developing countries. Concentrations of population, infrastructure, and economic activities in cities contribute to increased exposure and susceptibility to natural hazards. The three components of this risk measure are urban hazard characteristics, exposure, and vulnerability. For earthquakes, cy ...PermalinkIn recent years, there have been a number of important actions at the institutional level for promoting disaster risk management (DRM) in developing countries. Yet securing a city-level political commitment that ensures the required investment and specific action plans in big cities has remained a pending challenge. This Brief describes how the Municipality of Lima designed and implemented its Disaster Risk Management Strategy, in particular analysing how disaster risk management was successfully positioned through advocacy and communications efforts. This case highlights some particularly int ...PermalinkExtreme weather events have a direct impact on households' welfare, and in particular, the poorest, most socially excluded populations. Increasing frequency and intensity of disasters, such as earthquakes, hurricanes and flooding, is closely linked to the growing vulnerability of households and communities. Thus, the impacts of extreme events on poverty, income, consumption, health and education present a serious challenge to the well-being of these populations, and also produce negative long-term consequences for economic and social development across the region. In order to reduce the impact ...PermalinkThis publication covers the first decade of the 21st century and aims at providing a decadal perspective of climate variability and change and its observed impacts on different sectors.PermalinkA decadal perspective makes it possible to assess trends and anticipate the future. it can also inform efforts to develop operational climate services that provide information and forecasts for decision-making in agriculture, health, disaster risk, water resources and other sectors.PermalinkThe paper from the VOICE series on disaster risk reduction (DRR) explores the issue of “funding for DRR”. It states that DRR should be seen as a long-term investment, necessary to protect lives and livelihoods and to ensure the sustainability of development outcomes. It asserts that the need to address disaster risk remains urgent for vulnerable communities around the globe, and the resourcing of risk reduction measures is an area where progress is still needed.
The paper follows the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, which gathered thousands of participants from 172 ...PermalinkThis report focuses on the risks of climate change to development in Sub-Saharan Africa, South East Asia and South Asia. Building on the 2012 report, Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must be Avoided, this new scientific analysis gives a more detailed look at how the negative impacts of climate change already in motion could create devastating conditions especially for those least able to adapt. It asserts that the case for resilience has never been stronger. This report demands action. It reinforces the fact that climate change is a fundamental threat to economic development and the ...PermalinkUNDP, 2013This case study reviews the UNDP-WHO collaboration in Tajikistan on a pilot project to reduce disaster risk and to improve the safety of health care facilities in rural areas of the country. Identifying seismic risk reduction as an appropriate target area for the project, it reports on the numerous challenges and useful lessons on implementing risk reduction involving existing infrastructure. It also addresses the shift from a predominant focus on disaster warning and response to reducing the causes of disaster damage in risk management practice, which puts a priority on incorporating disaster ...PermalinkACT, 2013This paper presents ACT Alliance's position on the post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction. Asserting that disaster risk reduction can only be effective through participatory and coordinated action by the affected people, civil society organizations and governments, it introduces some questions that need to be discussed: (i) recognising the impact of everyday disasters on lives, livelihoods and assets; (ii) prioritising the most at risk, poorest and marginalised people; (iii) tackling the underlying cause of people’s vulnerability to disasters; (iv) mobilising political commitment by f ...PermalinkThe Post-Hyogo Framework, the successor to the Millennium Development Goals, and a new climate agreement are all expected in 2015. Thus, the next three years offer an outstanding opportunity to provide a crucial step change in disaster risk reduction (DRR) through the development of new international instruments. In this paper, Oxfam calls for equality and accountability to be enshrined as the primary drivers of DRR within the follow-up to the Hyogo Framework for Action, in order to provide an unambiguous direction for the negotiation of the agreement and its subsequent implementation at local ...PermalinkThis paper highlights evidence of disaster risk governance at national and local levels in Indonesia. Drawing upon the strength of social network approach, it specifically analyzes and presents the network of actors in disaster risk reduction policy reform in Indonesia where civil society plays vital roles. Two case studies are provided to exemplify the roles of civil society at local level. The paper concludes that disaster reduction policy reform at different levels in Indonesia have been equally coproduced by civil society, local governments, national government and international actors.
PermalinkEPA, 2013Based on aforementioned observations, the objective of this publication is to present a report on the management of natural hazards and major risks in Switzerland with a particular emphasis on the role of science in this context. This report starts by examining the national strategies created in Switzerland and relates them to the international context. It then presents an overview of the actors involved in the battle for the integrated prevention of disasters – be they natural or technological in nature – by way of background to the introduction of a practical tool which facilitates the iden ...PermalinkThis document summarizes the conclusions of the joint UNOOSA/UNISDR open informal session of the United Nations Inter-Agency Meeting on outer space activities: "Space and disaster risk reduction: Planning for resilient human settlements" - Perspectives towards the Fourth Session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction.PermalinkAIDMI, 2013This statement offers a brief overview of how All India Disaster Mitigation Institute’s (AIDMI) humanitarian and risk reduction initiatives and their results have contributed to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) goals and how they can help shape the post-2015 development agenda from the bottom-up.PermalinkUNDP, 2013This publication highlights the results that UNDP has achieved since 2005, in supporting disaster risk reduction (DRR) and recovery in countries prone to disasters. As a first comprehensive report outlining UNDP’s contribution to the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action, the report illustrates the reforms that countries and communities are undertaking, with UNDP support, to become more disaster resilient.PermalinkJANIC, 2013This document summarizes the recommendations from major organization from Japanese civil society based on the lessons learned from the Great East Japan Earthquake and its numerous challenges with this unprecedented scale of triple disaster (9.0 earthquake, tsunami, and accident at nuclear power plant), and particularly its evolution and adaption to one of the most challenging humanitarian response it faced in the history.PermalinkIFRC, 2013The report summarises the inaugural Red Cross National Disaster Resilience Roundtable, held in Melbourne in September 2012, and which brought together 43 researchers, policy makers, peak bodies, not for profit organisations and community members, representing both emergency management and the community sector, to explore the application of social capital to disaster resilience. It considers social capital as a type of capital, like financial and human capital, that can be invested in and drawn upon; and it examines in more detail the application of social capital as a concept, to further under ...PermalinkUnited Nations, 2013This report sets out a universal agenda to eradicate extreme poverty from the face of the earth by 2030, and deliver on the promise of sustainable development. It calls upon the world to rally around a new Global Partnership that offers hope and a role to every person in the world. The report recognizes the need to build climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction into regional and national strategies, and encourage countries to focus on these plans.PermalinkThis publication contains 14 good practices and case studies that have been compiled by the Private Sector Advisory Group of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). Each of the 14 examples applies one or more of the five essentials for business in their pursuit of disaster risk reduction. It presents the various types of collaboration and cooperation, core to the all five essentials, that are positioned as critical in minimizing or potentially eliminating disasters as well as disasters’ effects on people, property and ultimately, the health, economy and resilience of wo ...PermalinkThis report outlines the challenges and opportunities as well as new priorities for the disaster risk management (DRM) field in East Asia and the Pacific. It takes stock of the most important activities, highlights examples of global good practice and innovative products, and makes recommendations for reducing risks and building resilience in the short, medium, and long run. It presents a comprehensive disaster risk management framework that offers practical opportunities for targeted policy action and investments, stretching across sectors and jurisdictions and reaching all the way to communi ...PermalinkHo Chi Minh City faces significant and growing flood risk. Recent risk reduction efforts may be insufficient as climate and socio-economic conditions diverge from projections made when those efforts were initially planned. This study demonstrates how robust decision making can help Ho Chi Minh City develop integrated flood risk management strategies in the face of such deep uncertainty. Robust decision making is an iterative, quantitative, decision support methodology designed to help policy makers identify strategies that are robust, that is, satisfying decision makers' objectives in many pla ...PermalinkWHO, 2013This case study of the Philippines addresses the knowledge gap on the level of preparedness of cities to address specific challenges posed by the risk of health emergencies. The study is divided into seven sections: (i) section one provides a background of the assessment, outlining the natural hazards present in the Philippines and the goals of the project; (ii) section two explains the methodology of the study; (iii) section three identifies the strengths and gaps found in the assessment; (iv) section four presents a summary of results; (v) section five concludes the study by highlighting nin ...PermalinkIFRC, 2013This short pamphlet sets out some preliminary findings from a 2-year comparative study of legislation for disaster risk reduction in 26 countries.PermalinkGermany - Government, 2013This paper addresses the growing risks of flooding in cities and presents GIZ's expertise in the domain. It introduces hazards involved in urban flooding and describes the main contents of the GIZ training course for urban flood risk management. It also includes a case study examining flood risk and governance in Vietnam. The paper was developed by the working group for Water and Sanitation in Asia.PermalinkICOMOS - ICORP, 2013This paper presents the current thinking in the field as well as various examples – from different regions of the world - of how heritage can be better protected from disasters while contributing to the resilience of societies. It aims to bring these important issues to the attention of the larger disaster risk reduction community and to stimulate wider discussion in the context of ongoing consultations around a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction and a post 2015 development agenda. In advocating for integration of these issues within both disaster risk and heritage conservation po ...PermalinkUrban development increases flood risk in cities due to local changes in hydrological and hydrometeorological conditions that increase flood hazard, as well as to urban concentrations that increase the vulnerability. The relationship between the increasing urban runoff and flooding due to increased imperviousness is better perceived than that between the cyclic impact of urban growth and the urban rainfall via microclimatic changes. The large-scale, global impacts due to climate variability and change could compound these risks. We present the case of a typical third world city – Can Tho (the ...PermalinkThis paper synthesizes consultations held at the regional, national and community levels throughout the Asia-Pacific region on the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (the successor of the Hyogo Framework for Action or HFA2). The document is particularly targeted at countries and stakeholders from Asia Pacific for their engagement at the global deliberations on HFA2 at the Fourth Session of the Global Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction (4th GPDRR) in May 2013. It also informs all stakeholders and countries engaged in the HFA2 discussions.PermalinkThis publications provides a detailed account of implementation of the HFA, as described in voluntary self-reporting from countries and regional organizations. The report aims to inform current efforts to reduce disaster risk as well as the planning and development of the post-2015 DRR framework.PermalinkThis paper looks at how post-2015 frameworks now under discussion can contribute to improved risk reduction. Timely released the week of the Global Platform, it contains recommendations developed by the VOICE DRR Working Group, putting forward key elements that need to be taken into account in the discussion to ensure real improvement in risk management at local level.PermalinkThis report asserts that the more widespread integration of science into disaster risk reduction policy making will depend on science being ‘useful, useable and used’. The case studies in the report describe specific examples of scientific learning being employed to enhance disaster risk reduction, providing evidence that science is useable for disaster risk reduction. The case studies were selected from across the breadth of scientific disciplines and from all parts of the globe. They demonstrate that science can: (i) be driven by the need to address the adverse effects of disasters on lives, ...PermalinkThe main objective of this report is to identify key trends in terms of progress made and challenges faced at both national and regional levels through the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters in Europe between 2011 and 2013 and to compare progress made, lessons learned and challenges to overcome as compared with those reported in 2011 and in 2009.PermalinkOver five years from 2008 to 2012, around 144 million people were forced from their homes in 125 countries. In 2012, an estimated 32.4 million people in 82 countries were newly displaced by disasters associated with natural hazards triggered by climate- and weather-related events (98 per cent of all displacement in 2012; 83 per cent over five years), with flood disasters in India and Nigeria accounting for 41 per cent of global displacement in 2012. In India, monsoon floods displaced 6.9 million and in Nigeria 6.1 million people were newly displaced. The Global Estimates report determines that ...PermalinkA ten-year United Nations plan to make the world safer from natural disasters went into effect in 2005. With 2015 nearing, countries are now assessing how well it has worked. The Hyogo Framework for Action spelled out what all countries had to do over the following ten years to make disasters less disastrous. This review finds that signing on to the Hyogo process is one thing, but there is not much evidence of the framework making the world a safer place. Since the advent of the framework some of the most devastating disasters have occurred and disasters have become more frequent, hovering now ...PermalinkThis report seeks to measure progress in the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) implementation in the Asia-Pacific region by synthesizing the review process and outcomes of the HFA national progress reports submitted by 36 countries during the review period from May 2011 to March 2013. It includes: (i) an executive summary capturing the progress and key trends in the implementation of HFA in the Asia Pacific; (ii) the disaster context in Asia Pacific and an introduction to the HFA and the monitoring and review process; (iii) the analysis on the progress achieved at the national level; (iv) progr ...PermalinkADB, 2013Over recent decades the concept of flood risk management has been cultivated across the globe. Implementation however remains stubbornly difficult to achieve. In part this reflects the perception that a risk management paradigm is more complex than a more traditional standard-based approach as it involves "whole systems" and "whole life" thinking; yet this is its main strength and a prerequisite for more integrated and informed decision making.
This book is the result of a collaborative effort between the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the General Institute of Water Resources ...PermalinkUNCCD, 2013"In this issue of UNCCD News, we highlight some of the meeting’s major outcomes and offer insights into useful science-based actions that can successfully address drought. You will see that although we cannot stop droughts from happening, we, the actors from the international community, do have the knowledge and the experience to put in place measures that will help to prevent the associated crises. What we need now is to complete the shift to this new paradigm, away from reaction and towards risk management and resilience building. Together, we won’t let our future dry up"PermalinkIRP, 2013This document summarizes strategic recommendations to ensure recovery and reconstruction are explicitly referred to in the Post-2015 Global Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (HFA2). It is the outcome of the International Recovery Forum, held in Kobe, Japan, in January 2013, which gathered 180 disaster risk reduction (DRR) practitioners and policymakers to discuss the lessons on recovery from the Great East Japan Earthquake as well as global experiences on recovery to inform the Post-2015 Global Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.PermalinkGermany - Government, 2013This handbook presents global, national and local arrangements and philosophies of disaster risk management and their application in Mansehra as an evidence for learning and adaptation by local government leaders, disaster risk management practitioners, research institutes, community based organizations, non-government entities and social development workers to work further on the innovative interventions and strategies making the communities more resilient with the aim to further mainstream disaster risk reduction into development planning and practices.PermalinkGero Anna; National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF); University of Technology - NCCARF, 2013This research paper examines the nexus between disasters, human health, and climate change in the Pacific in order determine methods of effective disaster response in a changing climate to enhance long term adaptive capacity. The aim of this paper is to identify gaps in post-disaster support and to disseminate information regarding those gaps among policy-makers so as to establish a society more resilient to disaster.PermalinkGero Anna; National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF); University of Technology - NCCARF, 2013This research paper examines the nexus between disasters, human health, and climate change in the Pacific in order determine methods of effective disaster response in a changing climate to enhance long term adaptive capacity. The aim of this paper is to identify gaps in post-disaster support and to disseminate information regarding those gaps among policy-makers so as to establish a society more resilient to disaster.PermalinkThis paper explores how disaster risk reduction (DRR) fits with other development concerns including climate change adaption, poverty reduction, and resilience. It is the third of a series of six working towards the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in May 2013 providing an introduction to key discussions around DRR.PermalinkThis report presents the first peer review undertaken to assess progress in the implementation at national level of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA), under which Member States of the United Nations have committed to policy action. It aims to: 1) establish state-of-the-art approaches to each of the HFA Priorities for Action; 2) identify good practices and shortcomings/areas needing improvement; and 3) develop recommendations to achieve further progress.PermalinkThe third edition of the United Nations Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR) is a resource for understanding and analysing global disaster risk today and in the future. It explores why increasing disaster risks represent a growing problem for the economic and business community at different scales and examines how paradoxically business investments that aimed to strengthen competitiveness and productivity may have inadvertently contributed to increasing risk. The report seeks to engage businesses in a dialogue on disaster risk management that goes beyond the current emphas ...PermalinkNOAA, 2013For the first time in decades, the top U.S. weather model should finally have "greater capacity" than the gold-standard European model.PermalinkEarly warning systems (EWS) are a critical life-saving tool for floods, droughts, storms, bushfires and other hazards. Recorded economic losses linked to extreme hydro-meteorological events have increased nearly 50 times over the past five decades, but the global loss of life has decreased significantly, by a factor of about 10, thus millions of lives are being saved (Fig. 1). This has been attributed to advancements in monitoring and forecasting linked to effective emergency preparedness and response planning on the national and local levels (Box 1).PermalinkThis report shows the relationship of specific activities to the five priorities for action of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) and the strategic objectives governing them. It reveals the overall connection of national efforts to the expectations of the HFA and makes clear the significance of the progress that has been made since 2005, as described in voluntary self-reporting from countries and regional organizations. The report: (i) highlights some catalysts that engender progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR); (ii) presents an overview provided by individual countries regarding progre ...PermalinkThis report shows the relationship of specific activities to the five priorities for action of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) and the strategic objectives governing them. It reveals the overall connection of national efforts to the expectations of the HFA and makes clear the significance of the progress that has been made since 2005, as described in voluntary self-reporting from countries and regional organizations. The report: (i) highlights some catalysts that engender progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR); (ii) presents an overview provided by individual countries regarding progre ...PermalinkThis report shows the relationship of specific activities to the five priorities for action of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) and the strategic objectives governing them. It reveals the overall connection of national efforts to the expectations of the HFA and makes clear the significance of the progress that has been made since 2005, as described in voluntary self-reporting from countries and regional organizations. The report: (i) highlights some catalysts that engender progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR); (ii) presents an overview provided by individual countries regarding progre ...PermalinkThis paper addresses the fiscal gaps in resource experienced by local governments in developing countries to address overall stock of disaster risks and vulnerabilities because there are many other competing priorities. It looks at Indonesia, who developed a new form of risk governance by inviting non-state actors such as civil society and private entities to collaborate in risk reduction. This collaboration emerges as form of disaster risk governance namely public-private partnership under the coordination of civil society.PermalinkThis study assesses the flood vulnerability of Pakistan's Sindh Province using Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The study is organized into five sections: (i) the first section introduces the region and the natural hazards present; (ii) section two defines the study's objectives and explains the methodology; (iii) section three presents the findings; (iv) and section four concludes the paper by asserting the utility of mapping in flood risk assessments.PermalinkThis paper explores the concept of risk and why a better assessment of risk is fundamental for protecting lives and livelihoods from disaster. It is the second of a series of six working towards the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction in May 2013 providing an introduction to key discussions around disaster risk reduction (DRR).PermalinkThe present Statement is based on datasets and information that were made available by WMO Members and partners for 2012 and assessed in their global and regional geographical context. Comparisons were made with climatological averages and records (historical background) whenever possible and appropriate.PermalinkESCAP, 2013This report addresses the series of shocks, both natural and financial crisis, that battered the Asia-Pacific region in recent years. It highlights the unrealistic traditional way of considering these events individually, and responds to the need for governments to deal with overlapping shocks that demand a more comprehensive and systemic approach to building resilience. It provides a comprehensive response to addressing multiple shocks in Asia and the Pacific. It shows how people, organizations, institutions and policymakers can work together to weave resilience into economic, social and envi ...PermalinkThis brief presents results from projects supported by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) to assess vulnerability and mainstream climate resilience into development planning. Case studies from India, Ghana and Colombia illustrate the importance of involving diverse social groups in defining and monitoring vulnerability and delivering adaptation solutions. The paper highlights the use of innovative techniques such as role-playing games to raise people’s awareness of the tough challenges posed by decision-making in a changing climate. Examples include: an initiative to protect ...PermalinkThis research report aims to illustrate current trends in research and practice concerning the management of disasters in cities around the world. The report particularly focuses on understanding cities’ contemporary approaches to risk management, exploring aspects of disaster preparedness and risk assessment, response and countermeasures, and the institutions and collaboration involved in current processes of disaster risk management. Beside this analysis of the status quo in cities in different world regions, it draws on a strong examination of the trends in disaster research to also explore ...PermalinkDisasters can hamper economic growth, affect poverty levels and cause human suffering. This paper argues that including measures to promote disaster risk management (DRM) in the post-2015 development goals is needed to incentivise investment in advance of shocks to protect lives and livelihoods, but also to save money. It explores three scenarios for how DRM could be included in the post-2015 framework: a standalone goal on disasters, supported by targets; a target on disasters within a goal on resilience, security or tackling obstacles to development; integration of DRM into other goals. The ...PermalinkPWRI, 2013This report analyzes the success of a Master's programme intended to foster solution-oriented practitioners with solid theoretical and engineering bases who can serve for planning and practices of flood management within the framework of integrated river basin management at all levels from nations to localities. The Master's programme entitled "Water-related Disaster Management Course of Disaster Management Policy Program" took place from October 2, 2011 to September 15, 2012 in Japan.Permalink