AIDMI, 2013This paper offers a brief overview of how the All India Disaster Mitigation Institute's (AIDMI) risk reduction initiatives and their results have contributed to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) goals and how they can help shape the post-2015 development agenda from the bottom-up. The paper includes a description of AIDMI, a description of the HFA goals, and a chart which maps AIDMI's activities to the HFA priorities for action.Published by: AIDMI ; 2013
Shaping post-2015 development (HFA) agenda bottom-up: AIDMI statement of contributions to HFA during 2012-13
This paper offers a brief overview of how the All India Disaster Mitigation Institute's (AIDMI) risk reduction initiatives and their results have contributed to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) goals and how they can help shape the post-2015 development agenda from the bottom-up. The paper includes a description of AIDMI, a description of the HFA goals, and a chart which maps AIDMI's activities to the HFA priorities for action.
Format: Digital (Free)FAO, 2013This brief focuses on the key disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) carries out in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (WBGS). It seeks to give an overview of FAO's DRR strategy and briefly describe their activities in WBGS to protect livelihoods from shocks, to make food production systems more resilient and more capable of absorbing the impact of, and recovering from, disruptive events, such as floods, droughts, earthquakes, animal and plants pests and diseases.Published by: FAO ; 2013
This brief focuses on the key disaster risk reduction (DRR) activities that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) carries out in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (WBGS). It seeks to give an overview of FAO's DRR strategy and briefly describe their activities in WBGS to protect livelihoods from shocks, to make food production systems more resilient and more capable of absorbing the impact of, and recovering from, disruptive events, such as floods, droughts, earthquakes, animal and plants pests and diseases.
Format: Digital (Free)Which cities have the highest risk of human and economic losses due to natural hazards? And how will urban exposure to major hazards change over the coming decades? This paper develops a global urban disaster risk index that evaluates the mortality and economic risks from disasters in 1,943 cities in developing countries. Concentrations of population, infrastructure, and economic activities in cities contribute to increased exposure and susceptibility to natural hazards. The three components of this risk measure are urban hazard characteristics, exposure, and vulnerability. For earthquakes, cy ...Published by: World Bank ; 2013
Which cities have the highest risk of human and economic losses due to natural hazards? And how will urban exposure to major hazards change over the coming decades? This paper develops a global urban disaster risk index that evaluates the mortality and economic risks from disasters in 1,943 cities in developing countries. Concentrations of population, infrastructure, and economic activities in cities contribute to increased exposure and susceptibility to natural hazards. The three components of this risk measure are urban hazard characteristics, exposure, and vulnerability. For earthquakes, cyclones, floods, and landslides, single hazard risk indices are developed. In addition, a multi-hazard index gives a holistic picture of current city risk. Demographic-economic projection of city population growth to 2050 suggests that exposure to earthquake and cyclone risk in developing country cities will more than double from today's levels. Global urban risk analysis, as presented in this paper, can inform the prioritization of resources for disaster risk management and urban planning and promote the shift toward managing risks rather than emergencies.
Format: Digital (Free)In recent years, there have been a number of important actions at the institutional level for promoting disaster risk management (DRM) in developing countries. Yet securing a city-level political commitment that ensures the required investment and specific action plans in big cities has remained a pending challenge. This Brief describes how the Municipality of Lima designed and implemented its Disaster Risk Management Strategy, in particular analysing how disaster risk management was successfully positioned through advocacy and communications efforts. This case highlights some particularly int ...Published by: ELLA ; 2013
In recent years, there have been a number of important actions at the institutional level for promoting disaster risk management (DRM) in developing countries. Yet securing a city-level political commitment that ensures the required investment and specific action plans in big cities has remained a pending challenge. This Brief describes how the Municipality of Lima designed and implemented its Disaster Risk Management Strategy, in particular analysing how disaster risk management was successfully positioned through advocacy and communications efforts. This case highlights some particularly interesting DRM issues in cities: the relationship between city and national level governments; the use of communications to convince citizens to want to prioritise DRM public works and the resulting political will this builds; and finally, the context of the integrated, systems-approach to disaster risk management strategies that is becoming increasingly characteristic of the region. In telling the story of Lima's strategy, the Brief also highlights the role of key actors, initial results achieved, the contextual factors enabling the process, and some interesting lessons that could prove useful for city-level DRM efforts in other contexts.
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Natural hazards ; Disaster Risk Management (DRM) ; Climate change ; Adaptation ; Case/ Case study ; Latin America ; Region IV - North America, Central America and the Caribbean ; Region III - South America Add tagExtreme weather events have a direct impact on households' welfare, and in particular, the poorest, most socially excluded populations. Increasing frequency and intensity of disasters, such as earthquakes, hurricanes and flooding, is closely linked to the growing vulnerability of households and communities. Thus, the impacts of extreme events on poverty, income, consumption, health and education present a serious challenge to the well-being of these populations, and also produce negative long-term consequences for economic and social development across the region. In order to reduce the impact ...Published by: ELLA ; 2013
Extreme weather events have a direct impact on households' welfare, and in particular, the poorest, most socially excluded populations. Increasing frequency and intensity of disasters, such as earthquakes, hurricanes and flooding, is closely linked to the growing vulnerability of households and communities. Thus, the impacts of extreme events on poverty, income, consumption, health and education present a serious challenge to the well-being of these populations, and also produce negative long-term consequences for economic and social development across the region. In order to reduce the impacts of disasters on existing economic and social disparities, Latin American countries are implementing a range of initiatives that combine Disaster Risk Management (DRM) approaches with poverty reduction measures, social inclusion and the creation of jobs and productive activities. This Brief presents some key experiences from across the region, with a focus on urban governance, public investment systems and innovative insurance mechanisms. The Brief then describes the main contextual factors that explain why Latin American countries have made progress in these areas, as well as on-going challenges and key lessons that may be useful for other regions.
Format: Digital (Free)
Tags: Natural hazards ; Disaster Risk Management (DRM) ; Poverty and Poverty reduction ; Case/ Case study ; Latin America ; Region IV - North America, Central America and the Caribbean ; Region III - South America Add tagThis publication covers the first decade of the 21st century and aims at providing a decadal perspective of climate variability and change and its observed impacts on different sectors.PermalinkA decadal perspective makes it possible to assess trends and anticipate the future. it can also inform efforts to develop operational climate services that provide information and forecasts for decision-making in agriculture, health, disaster risk, water resources and other sectors.PermalinkVOICE, 2013The paper from the VOICE series on disaster risk reduction (DRR) explores the issue of “funding for DRR”. It states that DRR should be seen as a long-term investment, necessary to protect lives and livelihoods and to ensure the sustainability of development outcomes. It asserts that the need to address disaster risk remains urgent for vulnerable communities around the globe, and the resourcing of risk reduction measures is an area where progress is still needed.
The paper follows the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction, which gathered thousands of participants from 172 ...PermalinkThis report focuses on the risks of climate change to development in Sub-Saharan Africa, South East Asia and South Asia. Building on the 2012 report, Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must be Avoided, this new scientific analysis gives a more detailed look at how the negative impacts of climate change already in motion could create devastating conditions especially for those least able to adapt. It asserts that the case for resilience has never been stronger. This report demands action. It reinforces the fact that climate change is a fundamental threat to economic development and the ...PermalinkACT, 2013This paper presents ACT Alliance's position on the post 2015 framework for disaster risk reduction. Asserting that disaster risk reduction can only be effective through participatory and coordinated action by the affected people, civil society organizations and governments, it introduces some questions that need to be discussed: (i) recognising the impact of everyday disasters on lives, livelihoods and assets; (ii) prioritising the most at risk, poorest and marginalised people; (iii) tackling the underlying cause of people’s vulnerability to disasters; (iv) mobilising political commitment by f ...PermalinkThis paper highlights evidence of disaster risk governance at national and local levels in Indonesia. Drawing upon the strength of social network approach, it specifically analyzes and presents the network of actors in disaster risk reduction policy reform in Indonesia where civil society plays vital roles. Two case studies are provided to exemplify the roles of civil society at local level. The paper concludes that disaster reduction policy reform at different levels in Indonesia have been equally coproduced by civil society, local governments, national government and international actors.
PermalinkEPA, 2013Based on aforementioned observations, the objective of this publication is to present a report on the management of natural hazards and major risks in Switzerland with a particular emphasis on the role of science in this context. This report starts by examining the national strategies created in Switzerland and relates them to the international context. It then presents an overview of the actors involved in the battle for the integrated prevention of disasters – be they natural or technological in nature – by way of background to the introduction of a practical tool which facilitates the iden ...PermalinkThis document summarizes the conclusions of the joint UNOOSA/UNISDR open informal session of the United Nations Inter-Agency Meeting on outer space activities: "Space and disaster risk reduction: Planning for resilient human settlements" - Perspectives towards the Fourth Session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction.PermalinkAIDMI, 2013This statement offers a brief overview of how All India Disaster Mitigation Institute’s (AIDMI) humanitarian and risk reduction initiatives and their results have contributed to the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) goals and how they can help shape the post-2015 development agenda from the bottom-up.PermalinkJANIC, 2013This document summarizes the recommendations from major organization from Japanese civil society based on the lessons learned from the Great East Japan Earthquake and its numerous challenges with this unprecedented scale of triple disaster (9.0 earthquake, tsunami, and accident at nuclear power plant), and particularly its evolution and adaption to one of the most challenging humanitarian response it faced in the history.PermalinkThe report summarises the inaugural Red Cross National Disaster Resilience Roundtable, held in Melbourne in September 2012, and which brought together 43 researchers, policy makers, peak bodies, not for profit organisations and community members, representing both emergency management and the community sector, to explore the application of social capital to disaster resilience. It considers social capital as a type of capital, like financial and human capital, that can be invested in and drawn upon; and it examines in more detail the application of social capital as a concept, to further under ...PermalinkUnited Nations, 2013This report sets out a universal agenda to eradicate extreme poverty from the face of the earth by 2030, and deliver on the promise of sustainable development. It calls upon the world to rally around a new Global Partnership that offers hope and a role to every person in the world. The report recognizes the need to build climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction into regional and national strategies, and encourage countries to focus on these plans.PermalinkThis publication contains 14 good practices and case studies that have been compiled by the Private Sector Advisory Group of the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). Each of the 14 examples applies one or more of the five essentials for business in their pursuit of disaster risk reduction. It presents the various types of collaboration and cooperation, core to the all five essentials, that are positioned as critical in minimizing or potentially eliminating disasters as well as disasters’ effects on people, property and ultimately, the health, economy and resilience of wo ...PermalinkThis report outlines the challenges and opportunities as well as new priorities for the disaster risk management (DRM) field in East Asia and the Pacific. It takes stock of the most important activities, highlights examples of global good practice and innovative products, and makes recommendations for reducing risks and building resilience in the short, medium, and long run. It presents a comprehensive disaster risk management framework that offers practical opportunities for targeted policy action and investments, stretching across sectors and jurisdictions and reaching all the way to communi ...PermalinkHo Chi Minh City faces significant and growing flood risk. Recent risk reduction efforts may be insufficient as climate and socio-economic conditions diverge from projections made when those efforts were initially planned. This study demonstrates how robust decision making can help Ho Chi Minh City develop integrated flood risk management strategies in the face of such deep uncertainty. Robust decision making is an iterative, quantitative, decision support methodology designed to help policy makers identify strategies that are robust, that is, satisfying decision makers' objectives in many pla ...PermalinkThis short pamphlet sets out some preliminary findings from a 2-year comparative study of legislation for disaster risk reduction in 26 countries.PermalinkGermany - Government, 2013This paper addresses the growing risks of flooding in cities and presents GIZ's expertise in the domain. It introduces hazards involved in urban flooding and describes the main contents of the GIZ training course for urban flood risk management. It also includes a case study examining flood risk and governance in Vietnam. The paper was developed by the working group for Water and Sanitation in Asia.PermalinkUrban development increases flood risk in cities due to local changes in hydrological and hydrometeorological conditions that increase flood hazard, as well as to urban concentrations that increase the vulnerability. The relationship between the increasing urban runoff and flooding due to increased imperviousness is better perceived than that between the cyclic impact of urban growth and the urban rainfall via microclimatic changes. The large-scale, global impacts due to climate variability and change could compound these risks. We present the case of a typical third world city – Can Tho (the ...PermalinkThis paper synthesizes consultations held at the regional, national and community levels throughout the Asia-Pacific region on the Post-2015 Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (the successor of the Hyogo Framework for Action or HFA2). The document is particularly targeted at countries and stakeholders from Asia Pacific for their engagement at the global deliberations on HFA2 at the Fourth Session of the Global Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction (4th GPDRR) in May 2013. It also informs all stakeholders and countries engaged in the HFA2 discussions.PermalinkThis publications provides a detailed account of implementation of the HFA, as described in voluntary self-reporting from countries and regional organizations. The report aims to inform current efforts to reduce disaster risk as well as the planning and development of the post-2015 DRR framework.PermalinkThis report asserts that the more widespread integration of science into disaster risk reduction policy making will depend on science being ‘useful, useable and used’. The case studies in the report describe specific examples of scientific learning being employed to enhance disaster risk reduction, providing evidence that science is useable for disaster risk reduction. The case studies were selected from across the breadth of scientific disciplines and from all parts of the globe. They demonstrate that science can: (i) be driven by the need to address the adverse effects of disasters on lives, ...PermalinkThe main objective of this report is to identify key trends in terms of progress made and challenges faced at both national and regional levels through the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters in Europe between 2011 and 2013 and to compare progress made, lessons learned and challenges to overcome as compared with those reported in 2011 and in 2009.PermalinkOver five years from 2008 to 2012, around 144 million people were forced from their homes in 125 countries. In 2012, an estimated 32.4 million people in 82 countries were newly displaced by disasters associated with natural hazards triggered by climate- and weather-related events (98 per cent of all displacement in 2012; 83 per cent over five years), with flood disasters in India and Nigeria accounting for 41 per cent of global displacement in 2012. In India, monsoon floods displaced 6.9 million and in Nigeria 6.1 million people were newly displaced. The Global Estimates report determines that ...PermalinkThis report seeks to measure progress in the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) implementation in the Asia-Pacific region by synthesizing the review process and outcomes of the HFA national progress reports submitted by 36 countries during the review period from May 2011 to March 2013. It includes: (i) an executive summary capturing the progress and key trends in the implementation of HFA in the Asia Pacific; (ii) the disaster context in Asia Pacific and an introduction to the HFA and the monitoring and review process; (iii) the analysis on the progress achieved at the national level; (iv) progr ...PermalinkADB, 2013Over recent decades the concept of flood risk management has been cultivated across the globe. Implementation however remains stubbornly difficult to achieve. In part this reflects the perception that a risk management paradigm is more complex than a more traditional standard-based approach as it involves "whole systems" and "whole life" thinking; yet this is its main strength and a prerequisite for more integrated and informed decision making.
This book is the result of a collaborative effort between the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), the General Institute of Water Resources ...PermalinkIRP, 2013This document summarizes strategic recommendations to ensure recovery and reconstruction are explicitly referred to in the Post-2015 Global Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (HFA2). It is the outcome of the International Recovery Forum, held in Kobe, Japan, in January 2013, which gathered 180 disaster risk reduction (DRR) practitioners and policymakers to discuss the lessons on recovery from the Great East Japan Earthquake as well as global experiences on recovery to inform the Post-2015 Global Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.PermalinkGermany - Government, 2013This handbook presents global, national and local arrangements and philosophies of disaster risk management and their application in Mansehra as an evidence for learning and adaptation by local government leaders, disaster risk management practitioners, research institutes, community based organizations, non-government entities and social development workers to work further on the innovative interventions and strategies making the communities more resilient with the aim to further mainstream disaster risk reduction into development planning and practices.PermalinkGero Anna; National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF); University of Technology - NCCARF, 2013This research paper examines the nexus between disasters, human health, and climate change in the Pacific in order determine methods of effective disaster response in a changing climate to enhance long term adaptive capacity. The aim of this paper is to identify gaps in post-disaster support and to disseminate information regarding those gaps among policy-makers so as to establish a society more resilient to disaster.PermalinkGero Anna; National Climate Change Adaptation Research Facility (NCCARF); University of Technology - NCCARF, 2013This research paper examines the nexus between disasters, human health, and climate change in the Pacific in order determine methods of effective disaster response in a changing climate to enhance long term adaptive capacity. The aim of this paper is to identify gaps in post-disaster support and to disseminate information regarding those gaps among policy-makers so as to establish a society more resilient to disaster.PermalinkThis report presents the first peer review undertaken to assess progress in the implementation at national level of the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters (HFA), under which Member States of the United Nations have committed to policy action. It aims to: 1) establish state-of-the-art approaches to each of the HFA Priorities for Action; 2) identify good practices and shortcomings/areas needing improvement; and 3) develop recommendations to achieve further progress.PermalinkThe third edition of the United Nations Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction (GAR) is a resource for understanding and analysing global disaster risk today and in the future. It explores why increasing disaster risks represent a growing problem for the economic and business community at different scales and examines how paradoxically business investments that aimed to strengthen competitiveness and productivity may have inadvertently contributed to increasing risk. The report seeks to engage businesses in a dialogue on disaster risk management that goes beyond the current emphas ...PermalinkEarly warning systems (EWS) are a critical life-saving tool for floods, droughts, storms, bushfires and other hazards. Recorded economic losses linked to extreme hydro-meteorological events have increased nearly 50 times over the past five decades, but the global loss of life has decreased significantly, by a factor of about 10, thus millions of lives are being saved (Fig. 1). This has been attributed to advancements in monitoring and forecasting linked to effective emergency preparedness and response planning on the national and local levels (Box 1).PermalinkThis report shows the relationship of specific activities to the five priorities for action of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) and the strategic objectives governing them. It reveals the overall connection of national efforts to the expectations of the HFA and makes clear the significance of the progress that has been made since 2005, as described in voluntary self-reporting from countries and regional organizations. The report: (i) highlights some catalysts that engender progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR); (ii) presents an overview provided by individual countries regarding progre ...PermalinkThis report shows the relationship of specific activities to the five priorities for action of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) and the strategic objectives governing them. It reveals the overall connection of national efforts to the expectations of the HFA and makes clear the significance of the progress that has been made since 2005, as described in voluntary self-reporting from countries and regional organizations. The report: (i) highlights some catalysts that engender progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR); (ii) presents an overview provided by individual countries regarding progre ...PermalinkThis report shows the relationship of specific activities to the five priorities for action of the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) and the strategic objectives governing them. It reveals the overall connection of national efforts to the expectations of the HFA and makes clear the significance of the progress that has been made since 2005, as described in voluntary self-reporting from countries and regional organizations. The report: (i) highlights some catalysts that engender progress in disaster risk reduction (DRR); (ii) presents an overview provided by individual countries regarding progre ...PermalinkThis paper addresses the fiscal gaps in resource experienced by local governments in developing countries to address overall stock of disaster risks and vulnerabilities because there are many other competing priorities. It looks at Indonesia, who developed a new form of risk governance by inviting non-state actors such as civil society and private entities to collaborate in risk reduction. This collaboration emerges as form of disaster risk governance namely public-private partnership under the coordination of civil society.PermalinkThis study assesses the flood vulnerability of Pakistan's Sindh Province using Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The study is organized into five sections: (i) the first section introduces the region and the natural hazards present; (ii) section two defines the study's objectives and explains the methodology; (iii) section three presents the findings; (iv) and section four concludes the paper by asserting the utility of mapping in flood risk assessments.PermalinkThe present Statement is based on datasets and information that were made available by WMO Members and partners for 2012 and assessed in their global and regional geographical context. Comparisons were made with climatological averages and records (historical background) whenever possible and appropriate.PermalinkThis brief presents results from projects supported by the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) to assess vulnerability and mainstream climate resilience into development planning. Case studies from India, Ghana and Colombia illustrate the importance of involving diverse social groups in defining and monitoring vulnerability and delivering adaptation solutions. The paper highlights the use of innovative techniques such as role-playing games to raise people’s awareness of the tough challenges posed by decision-making in a changing climate. Examples include: an initiative to protect ...PermalinkThis research report aims to illustrate current trends in research and practice concerning the management of disasters in cities around the world. The report particularly focuses on understanding cities’ contemporary approaches to risk management, exploring aspects of disaster preparedness and risk assessment, response and countermeasures, and the institutions and collaboration involved in current processes of disaster risk management. Beside this analysis of the status quo in cities in different world regions, it draws on a strong examination of the trends in disaster research to also explore ...PermalinkDisasters can hamper economic growth, affect poverty levels and cause human suffering. This paper argues that including measures to promote disaster risk management (DRM) in the post-2015 development goals is needed to incentivise investment in advance of shocks to protect lives and livelihoods, but also to save money. It explores three scenarios for how DRM could be included in the post-2015 framework: a standalone goal on disasters, supported by targets; a target on disasters within a goal on resilience, security or tackling obstacles to development; integration of DRM into other goals. The ...PermalinkThe World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Public Weather Services (PWS) Programme has the primary role of assisting National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) to develop or enhance their capacity to deliver services to the public, media, disaster managers and responders and other users in socio-economic sectors. The PWS Programme therefore assists NMHSs in their responsibility of providing warning and alerting services for the safety of life and livelihood, and property when threatened by extreme weather events such as heavy rain, heavy snow, strong winds, heat waves and extre ...PermalinkThis synthesis report provides countries and all stakeholders with an overview of the issues emerging to date on the consultations and development of a post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction (HFA2). The key purpose of this report is to provide the basis for continued consultations, and to inform a draft HFA2 following the Fourth Session of the Global Platform in May 2013.PermalinkNOAA, 2013This report describes the morphology of the 2012 summer U.S. central Great Plains drought, placing the event into a historical context, and providing a diagnosis of its proximate and underlying causes.PermalinkAlgeria - Government, 2013This country brief summarizes Algeria’s efforts in planning for greater disaster resilience. Over the past decades, the country has learnt many valuable lessons from its disaster response and recovery experiences. Sustained political interest, engagement and commitment from the highest political office have given the issue of disa ster risk reduction (DRR) national prominence. Algeria has also demonstrated innovative ways in which multiple sectors can effectively integrate disaster risk considerations to realize a sustainable development agenda.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013PermalinkIIED, 2013This paper outlines the steps needed to apply the Tracking Adaptation and Measuring Development (TAMD) framework, providing practical guidance on how to put the concepts outlined in Climate Change Working Paper no. 1, Tracking adaptation and measuring development, into operation. The TAMD framework offers a ‘twin track’ framework for use in many contexts and at many scales to assess and compare the effectiveness of interventions that directly or indirectly help populations adapt to climate change. TAMD differs from other assessment frameworks by emphasising the need to assess development inter ...Permalink
Adaptation inspiration book: 22 implemented cases of local climate change adaptation to inspire European citizensUNDP, 2013This publication provides a short overview of disaster risk reduction in the Arab region. It focuses on the major risks, why in particular cities are at risk and what are the drivers of disaster risk in the region. Further, the factsheet provides information about the achievements and challenges for the future.PermalinkADB, 2013This study provides a quantitative and comprehensive view of water security in the countries of Asia and the Pacific. By focusing on critical water issues, it provides finance and planning leaders with recommendations on policy actions to improve water governance and guidance on investments to increase their country's water security. The authors stress that the social, economic, and political consequences of water shortages are real, as are the effects of water-related disasters exacerbated by climate change.PermalinkThis report discusses current models prediction that Boston will experience up to two feet of sea level rise by 2050 and up to six feet by 2100, and it provides vulnerability analyses for Boston Harbor and time-phased preparedness plans for Boston’s long and central wharves and UMass Boston campus to increase their resilience to coastal flooding over time.PermalinkThis edition focuses on the accomplishments in strengthening the ability of 27 remote Guatemalan communities to prepare for and respond to disasters. Among its many accomplishments, the program has facilitated the creation of a dedicated office to manage all facets of municipal risk management. The committed and trained staff members serve as liaisons to government officials, oversee risk reduction projects, manage emergency shelters, coordinate with local police and fire departments, and plug into the wider national emergency response system to ensure the effectiveness of all related investme ...PermalinkThis study looks at the role of one group of important, but little-studied actors in disaster risk management (DRM): regional organizations. It addresses the gap in descriptive studies about the relative strengths and weaknesses of regional bodies, and more specifically in the comparisons of their range of activities or effectiveness in DRM. It provides some basic information about the work of more than 30 regional organizations involved in disaster risk management and draws some comparisons and generalizations about the work of thirteen of these organizations through the use of 17 indicators ...PermalinkThis study is focused on the community as the central point of measuring vulnerability to climate change in Choiseul province. It is primarily based on information gathered through a series of facilitated workshops, observations and recorded data.PermalinkThis essay outlines why, by extension, it is the citizen's right to demand protection from disasters from his/her government and other duty-bearers. If disasters are unresolved problems of development, then failing to resolve these problems is denying people their right to protection from disasters. Losses due to disaster (numbers of people affected and economic, social and environmental assets) are on the increase.
The concept of disaster risk reduction (DRR) has been developed and widely accepted globally as a good approach to reduce disaster losses. The concept is based on t ...PermalinkThis document addresses the regional disaster risk situation in South America which is an issue of growing concern for governments of the region and for its people. There have been major efforts at national levels and this document aims to complement this effort with a regional perspective from the Regional Office for the Americas for the United Nations for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR), as part of a joint project with the Department of Aid Humanitarian and Civil Protection. (ECHO) "South America: A regional view of disaster risk" is the first document of this kind that focuses exclusively ...PermalinkThis book has two main aims: to demonstrate to international development agencies, governments, policy makers, project managers, practitioners, and community residents that landslide hazard can often be reduced in vulnerable urban communities in the developing world, and to provide practical guidance for those in charge of delivering Management of Slope Stability in Communities (MoSSaiC) on the ground. The purpose of the book is to take readers into the most vulnerable communities in order to understand and address rainfall-triggered landslide hazards in these areas.PermalinkICIMOD, 2013This publication contains a summary of each of eight case studies in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region, as well as an overview of the status of flash flood risk management in the region and a list of regional recommendations to be brought to the attention of policy makers.PermalinkThis report focuses on the links between conditions of vulnerability and risks associated with the nexus of natural disasters, conflict and fragility. It also recognises that any given context will be mired by an even more complex array of intersecting risks. For example, in 2011, drought, and food and political insecurity in East Africa contributed to a full-scale humanitarian crisis. A combination of natural hazards, conflict and fragility provided a recipe for human suffering.PermalinkThis policy brief addresses the high agricultural loss due to natural hazards in agricultural sectors in Indonesia, and the lack of adequate ex-ante risk management policy to guide risk reduction in the sector, which will affect the country's food security. The research examines the impact of disasters and climate hazards on Indonesian agricultural and food crops. The findings firmly conclude that natural catastrophes have already caused a great deal of loss in agricultural sectors in particular food crops. Loss accumulation over the last decade has caused significant leakage of central govern ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UN/ISDR) - UN/ISDR, 2013This is the second Thematic Think Piece on Disaster Risk and Resilience developed by UN entities to support discussions on the post-2015 development agenda. The paper outlines the modus operandi of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction partnership in working with and empowering stakeholders to build partnerships and political legitimacy for international agreements in the context of disaster risk reduction. With this approach the paper refers to the directions outlined in the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015: Building the Resilience of Nations and Communities to Disasters.
PermalinkWorld Economic Forum, 2013This report analyses 50 global risks in terms of impact, likelihood and interconnections, based on a survey of over 1000 experts from industry, government and academia.PermalinkNCCARF, 2013This report examines the impacts on the built environment of increased intensities in weather-related natural hazard events, in order to identify the possibilities of using the regulatory mechanisms of building construction, housing insurance and planning in climate change adaptation. The research findings are restricted to these three aspects of the built environment, and further concentrated on adaptation responses that may be required in mitigation of the impacts of three types of hazards; tropical cyclones, floods and bushfires. Adaptation of the built environment to climate change is pred ...PermalinkThis guide aims to provide an overview of successful practice from the field for the disaster risk reduction/management practitioner interested in early warning systems (EWS) from more than 50 countries across the world, both inside the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and alongside it, through key partners. It presents guiding principles that will build a strong foundation for the design or strengthening of EWS at any level. It is not an operational, but a strategic guide that insists on asking the right questions and exploring all perspectives prior even to deciding whether ...PermalinkThis report addresses the low participation of Indian's tribes, some of which being at high risk of flooding, in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) and its three components: (1) the provision of flood insurance, (2) a requirement that participating communities adopt and enforce floodplain management regulations, and (3) the identification and mapping of floodplains.Permalink2013This report, from a consortium of experienced international and Filipino actors, highlights the strengths and weaknesses of the response to the Sendong disaster and the recovery process. It describes in detail the Philippines’ developing corpus of laws on disaster risk reduction (DRR) and draws out linkages between disaster preparedness, disaster impacts, responses, displacement and the subsequent, often prolonged, search for durable solutions for internally displaced persons (IDPs).PermalinkThis paper conceptualizes the established practice of a real world flood warning system and uses social network analysis in visualizing the transmission of flood warning messages in Cawang, Jakarta. It also contributes to the academic literature concerning the innovation in early warning systems research.PermalinkOxfam, 2013This document outline's Oxfam's core recommendations for HFA2, the post-2015 framework for disaster risk reduction (DRR) and successor to the Hyogo Framework for Action. As a core principle, it asserts that the HFA2 should enshrine equity and accountability as the primary drivers of DRR to provide an unambiguous direction for the negotiation of the agreement and its subsequent implementation at local, national, regional and international levels.PermalinkWorld Bank, 2013This report provides Mayors and other policymakers with a policy framework and diagnostic tools to anticipate and implement strategies that can prevent their cities from locking into irreversible physical and social structures, including: improving living conditions, especially in slums and hazard-prone areas; bridging the divided cities (inclusion); expanding the coverage and quality of basic infrastructure services; and managing the city’s physical form.Permalink2013This document contains information on the conceptual framework of risk management, and relevant approaches in the international context. It describes Chile’s principal geographic, demographic, and socio-economic features, and presents the current legal and regulatory framework for civil protection, as well as a number of complementary frameworks. The document was based on an update of the Chile 2010 disaster risk analysis, aiming to provide a view of the current panorama of risk conditions in Chile that takes into account threat factors, vulnerability, and capacities present in the country; de ...PermalinkIRGSC, 2013This paper highlights the development of Jakarta and its social-economic-environmental vulnerability. The paper uses formal statistical data, flood historical data and secondary sources to examine the evolution of flood risks in Jakarta over the last three decades. It asks what the main factors that contribute to the evolution of risks in Jakarta are and highlights the poor connection between government policy related to flood control and metropolitan development. It recommends fundamental reform in the existing megacity planning in order to anticipate future climate extremes.PermalinkRAB Consultants, Ltd., 2013This study addresses the recognised gap between what climate science can currently provide and what end users of that information require in order to make robust adaptation decisions about their climate related risks. It identifies five key contributing factors to the gap: (i) uncertainty in climate science; (ii) cognitive bias and challenges of interdisciplinary research; (iii) (mis)understanding and (mis)use of key terminology; (iv) communication (or lack of); and (v) non-climatic influences.
The study aims to bridge this gap between end user needs and science capability by b ...PermalinkThis report tracks a rich and diverse portfolio of programs around the world that have found creative ways to finance safe drinking water and instream supplies and to address water risks and dependencies, such as drought, flood, soil erosion, receding glaciers, storm-induced landslides and even wildfire. It sates that climate risk adaptation and mitigation are increasingly cited as a driver of watershed investment, and observes little movement from the private sector to tackle their water-related risk.PermalinkThis document presents the disaster risk reduction (DRR) processes developed in several Latin American cities. It shows the benefits of making risk reduction an integral part of local development. It also highlights the importance of good information for risk assessment, government-civil society collaboration, and links between local, national and regional levels of government. It is intended to offer a wealth of lessons for African and South Asian counterparts embarking on their own urban risk reduction processes.PermalinkAbout 90 per cent of disasters are caused by hazards related to weather, climate or water such as droughts, tropical cyclones and floods. These hazards know no national boundaries. International cooperation at a global and regional scale is therefore essential. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the authoritative voice of the United Nations (UN) on weather, climate and water, facilitates this cooperation through the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of its 191 Members [...]PermalinkDroughts are slow-onset events that cause more loss of lives, livelihoods and permanent displacement of people than cyclones, floods and earthquakes combined. From 1991 to 2000, drought took over 280,000 lives and cost billions of US dollars in damage. Sub-Saharan Africa suffered its worst dry-spell of the twentieth century in 1991–1992 when drought covered some 6.7 million km2 and affected about 110 million people. The 2010–2011 drought in the Horn of Africa put 10 million people at risk.PermalinkLa présente publication, qui couvre la première décennie du XXIe siècle, vise à présenter une perspective décennale de la variabilité du climat et des changements climatiques, ainsi que des conséquences observées dans différents secteurs.Permalinkيقوم البيان الحالي على مجموعات البيانات والمعلومات التي وفرها أعضاء المنظمة وشركاؤها عن سنة 2012 وتقييمها في السياق الجغرافي العالمي والإقليمي. وقد أجريت مقارنات مع المتوسطات والسجلات المناخية )الخلفية التاريخية( كلما كان ذلك ممكناً ومناسباً.PermalinkДесятилетняя перспектива дает возможность для оценки тенденций и прогнозирования будущего. Она может также являться основой для усилий, направленных на разработку опе- ративного климатического обслуживания, которое обеспечивает информацию и прог- нозы для принятия решений в таких секто- рах, как сельское хозяйство, здравоохранение, уменьшение опасности бедствий, водные ре- сурсы, а также в других секторах. Эти усилия координируются через Глобальную рамочную основу для климатического обслуживания, действующую под руководством ВМО.PermalinkUna perspectiva decenal permite evaluar las tendencias y anticipar el futuro. Asimismo puede informar de las iniciativas que se prevé poner en marcha para desarrollar servicios climáticos operativos que proporcionen información y previsiones para la adopción de decisiones en las esferas de la agricultura, la salud, los riesgos de desastre, los recursos hídricos y otros sectores. Esas iniciativas se coordinarán a través del Marco Mundial para los Servicios Climáticos, dirigido por la OMM.Permalinkويمكّن المنظور العقدي من تقييم الاتجاهات وتوقع ما سيحدث في المستقبل. كما أنه يوجه الجهود لإعداد خدمات مناخية تطبيقية يمكن أن تقدم معلومات وتنبؤات لاتخاذ القرارات في قطاعات الزراعة والصحة ومخاطر الكوارث وموارد المياه وغيرها من القطاعات. ويجري حالياً تنسيق هذه الجهود من خلال الإطار العالمي للخدمات المناخية الذي تقوده المنظمة.PermalinkCette perspective sur dix ans nous permet d’évaluer les tendances et d’anticiper l’avenir. Elle peut également étayer les mesures qui seront prises pour mettre au point des services climatologiques opérationnels capables de fournir des informations et des prévisions utiles aux décideurs dans les domaines notamment de l’agriculture, de la santé, de la prévention des catastrophes et des ressources en eau. Ces mesures sont coordonnées par l’intermédiaire du Cadre mondial pour les services climatologiques, dont l’OMM est le fer de lance.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) - WMO, 2013PermalinkPortugal - Government, 2013PermalinkEl Programa de Servicios Meteorológicos para el Público (PSMP) de la Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) tiene por objeto principal ayudar a los Servicios Meteorológicos e Hidrológicos Nacionales (SMHN) a desarrollar o mejorar su capacidad para prestar servicios al público, los medios de comunicación, las autoridades encargadas de la gestión de desastres, los equipos de emergencia y otros usuarios de los sectores social y económico. Por consiguiente, el PSMP ayuda a los SMHN a cumplir con su responsabilidad de proporcionar servicios de alerta y aviso con objeto de garantizar la seguridad ...Permalinkيتمثل الدور الرئيسي لبرنامج الخدمات العامة في للمنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية (PWS) مجال الطقس في مساعدة المرافق الوطنية للأرصاد الجوية (WMO) على تطوير وتعزيز قدرتها (NMHSs) والهيدرولوجيا على تقديم خدمات إلى الجمهور، ووسائط الإعلام، والمعنيين بإدارة الكوارث والاستجابة في حال وقوعها، وغيرهم من المستخدِمين في القطاعات الاجتماعية والاقتصادية. وبناء على ذلك يقدّم برنامج الخدمات العامة المساعدة للمرافق الوطنية (PWS) في مجال الطقس للاضطلاع بمسؤوليتها في توفير خدمات (NMHSs) التحذير والإنذار من أجل سلامة الأرواح وسبل العيش والممتلكات عندما تكون مهددة بسبب الظواهر الجوية المتطرفة، آالأمطار الغزيرة والث ...PermalinkПрограмма по метеорологическому обслуживанию населения (МОН) Всемирной Метеорологической Организации (ВМО) играет ведущую роль в оказании поддержки национальным метеорологическим и гидрологическим службам (НМГС) в развитии или расширении их возможностей предоставлять обслуживание населению, средствам массовой информации, органам, отвечающим за управление и реагирование в случае бедствий, а также другим пользователям, представляющим социально-экономические сектора. По этой причине Программа по МОН помогает НМГС в осуществлении их обязанностей по предоставлению обслуживания, связанного с предупр ...PermalinkLe Programme des services météorologiques destinés au public (PSMP) relevant de l’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) vise principalement à aider les Services météorologiques et hydrologiques nationaux (SMHN) à développer ou à améliorer leur capacité de fournir des services à la population, aux médias, aux responsables de la gestion des catastrophes, au personnel d’intervention ainsi qu’aux autres utilisateurs des divers secteurs socio-économiques concernés. Il aide donc les SMHN à remplir leur mission et à fournir des services d’avis et d’alerte en vue d’assurer la protection des perso ...PermalinkPermalinkCRF, 2013Ce rapport présente le bilan de l’action humanitaire en faveur des victimes du terrible séisme qui a dévasté Haïti et sa capitale 12 janvier 2010. Après trois ans d’actions sans relâche en Haïti, la Croix-Rouge française est convaincue qu’il faut prendre en considération l'ensemble des vulnérabilités du pays et prône une mobilisation constante pour enrayer l’enchainement régulier de catastrophes, en luttant contre la pauvreté et en renforçant les capacités des acteurs locaux. Au travers de ce rapport, la Croix-Rouge s'engage à poursuivre ses efforts pour renforcer la résilience des populations ...PermalinkEl propósito de este documento es desarrollar un conjunto de criterios para priorizar las acciones de reducción de riesgos y proporcionar una guía metodológica para el uso en América Latina y el Caribe. Se pretende que estos criterios contribuyen a los procesos nacionales de análisis de riesgos y toma de decisiones en la definición inicial de los programas de ayuda y cooperación internacional. Está dirigido a nivel nacional, subnacional y local los interesados riesgo de gestión de desastres.Permalinkis an issue of MeteoWorld. WMO, 2012Notably contains:
- Extraordinary Congress
- Commission for Basic Systems
- The hybridization of Sandy
- Brown Blizzards of the Vestfold Hills, AntarcticaPermalinkWhenever an episode of extreme weather – heatwave, flood, drought, etc. – hits the headlines, someone somewhere is sure to point the finger of blame at human-induced climate change.PermalinkThe Global Framework for Climate Services (GFCS) identifies four initial priority areas: water, food security, health and disaster risk reduction. Drought and desertification are important issues in all of these areas.Permalinkis an issue of Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. AMS, 2012Permalink