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Format: Digital (Standard Copyright)World Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) - WMODrought is widely recognized as a slow creeping natural hazard that occurs as a consequence of the natural climatic variability. In recent years, concern has grown world-wide that droughts may be increasing in frequency and severity given the changing climatic conditions. Responses to droughts in most parts of the world are generally reactive in terms of crisis management and are known to be untimely, poorly coordinated and disintegrated. Consequently, the economic, social and environmental impacts of droughts have increased significantly worldwide. Because of their long-term socio-economic im ...Published by: WMO
Drought is widely recognized as a slow creeping natural hazard that occurs as a consequence of the natural climatic variability. In recent years, concern has grown world-wide that droughts may be increasing in frequency and severity given the changing climatic conditions. Responses to droughts in most parts of the world are generally reactive in terms of crisis management and are known to be untimely, poorly coordinated and disintegrated. Consequently, the economic, social and environmental impacts of droughts have increased significantly worldwide. Because of their long-term socio-economic impacts, droughts are by far the most damaging of all natural disasters.
The context of current droughts calls for pro-active future actions to be able to cope with their associated imperatives. Despite the repeated occurrences of droughts throughout human history and their large impacts on different socio-economic sectors, no concerted efforts have ever been made to initiate a dialogue on the formulation and adoption of national drought policies. Without a coordinated, national drought policy that includes effective monitoring and early warning systems to deliver timely information to decision makers, effective impact assessment procedures, pro-active risk management measures, preparedness plans aimed at increasing the coping capacity, and effective emergency response programmes directed at reducing the impacts of drought, nations will continue to respond to drought in a reactive, crisis management mode. To provide this preventive support mechanism to drought-affected societies, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) launched the Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP).
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Tags: ~e-Journals ; Socio-economic benefits ; Climate ; Environment and landscape ; Information management ; Observations ; Oceans ; Least Developed Countries ; Research ; Capacity development ; Natural hazards ; Weather Add tagECMWF, 2007-[...]The ECMWF Newsletter is published quarterly and contains articles about new developments and systems at ECMWF. Articles about the use of ECMWF forecasts and products are welcome (especially from Member States and Co-operating States).PermalinkPermalinkThe Australian Journal of Emergency Management (AJEM) has been published since 1986. The journal began as the Macedon Digest in March 1986, and then in 1995 the name was changed to the Australian Journal of Emergency Management.PermalinkTIGGE-LAM currently groups five European ensemble systems in a standard data format, and five more will be added in the near future [see table].
TIGGE-LAM is an extension of the THORPEX Interactive Grand Global Ensemble (TIGGE) archive to include weather forecasts from limited area model (LAM) ensembles. These forecasts are produced on grids between 10 and 2 km resolution and provide detailed information for the short range, up to a few days ahead. This complements the larger-scale information provided by the global data in the established TIGGE archive.PermalinkClimate changes the water rules is a comprehensive report that shows all of us working in the water sector that we will be affected by natural and human activities one way or the other. The evidence for climate change is there; chapter 1 gives an excellent overview and has used well known sources and references. The dialogues have concentrated to bring water managers closer to the climate community. The authors mentioned the confidence of climatologists to say something about the world's climate in 50 to 100 years, but what they preferred to know is the next occurrence of a severe drought or f ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThe Bulletin is the Centre's main publication. Published approximately two years after earthquakes occur, it contains all relevant information for a given month's earthquakes. For each event the origin estimates given by other agencies are listed, followed by the refined estimate calculated by the Centre. This gives origin time, latitude, longitude and depth with standard errors. The earthquake's felt effects and any unusual scientific features are also described. Magnitudes are calculated from body waves and surface waves when individual stations report measurements of amplitude and period, o ...PermalinkSouth Bulletin: Reflections and Foresights takes stock of ongoing debates on major global policy challenges and delivers regular flow of analysis and commentary to policymakers in the South.PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkInstituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (IDEAM) - Instituto de Hidrología, Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales (IDEAM)PermalinkIntroduction to the First Edition
This glossary contains weather-related terms that may be either heard or used by severe local storm spotters or spotter groups. Its purposes are 1) to achieve some level of standardization in the definitions of the terms that are used, and 2) provide a reference from which the meanings of any terms, especially the lesser-used ones, can be found. The idea is to allow smooth and effective communication between storm spotters and forecasters, and vice versa. This is an important necessity within the severe weather warning program. Despite advances in warni ...PermalinkWhat’s new in the APFM? Not only further activities and publications, but the newsletter itself! Discover our latest achievements in the restyled Flood Management News!PermalinkThe indicators and indices listed are based from the IDMP Handbook on Drought Indicators and Indices and have been drawn from IDMP and partner literature and online searches. They are categorized by type and ease of use, and grouped into the following classifications: (a) meteorology, (b) soil moisture, (c) hydrology, (d) remote sensing and (e) composite or modelled. Although listed by ‘ease of use’, it is possible that any, all or none of the indicators may be suitable for a particular application, based on user knowledge, ...PermalinkThis website of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is aimed to serve as a platform for the information sources for tropical cyclone forecasters to obtain data and tools which are useful for monitoring and forecasting of tropical cyclones. Forecasters may access the various sources providing conventional and specialized data/products including those from numerical predictions and remote sensing observations as well as forecasting tools concerning tropical cyclone development, motion, intensification and wind distribution. It will continue to develop along with the availability of new ...PermalinkPermalinkWeather and Climate Extremes provides academics, decision makers, international development agencies, nongovernmental organizations and civil society with publications on different aspects of research in weather and climate extremes, monitoring and early warning systems, assessment of vulnerability and impacts, developing and implementing intervention policies, effective risk management and adaptation practices to address local and regional needs and circumstances, engagement of local communities in the adoption of these practices to cope with extremes, and information and communication strate ...PermalinkThe project seeks to assess the vulnerability of water resources in mountain regions such as the European Alps, the Central Chilean Andes, and the mountains of Central Asia (Kyrgyzstan) where declining snow and ice are likely to strongly affect hydrological regimes in a warmer climate. Model results are then used to quantify the environmental, economic and social impacts of changing water resources in order to assess how robust current water governance strategies are and what adaptations may be needed in order to alleviate the most negative impacts of climate change on water resources and wate ...PermalinkPermalinkDeveloped as a collaborative project of several United Nations System libraries, this guide directs researchers to UN entities and documents concerned with disaster prevention, to relevant materials in each library’s print and electronic collections, and to key sources of information from other organizations.PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThe Historical Hurricane Tracks website includes tropical cyclone data and information on coastal county hurricane strike data through 2011 while also providing links to detailed reports on the life history and effects of U.S. tropical cyclones since 1958.PermalinkGDACS is a cooperation framework between the United Nations, the European Commission and disaster managers worldwide to improve alerts, information exchange and coordination in the first phase after major sudden-onset disasters.PermalinkCountries and national platforms are key partners to implementing disaster risk reduction strategies at a country level to help build resilient communities.
Visit the countries [...] to learn about their disaster reduction activities.PermalinkAs a part of global efforts to tackle impacts of climate and ecosystem changes, we urgently need to overcome vulnerability of terrestrial ecosystems in developing countries, especially Africa. This research program aims for three objectives by focusing on the semi-arid region of northern Ghana where the change impacts have been severely felt in forms of unpredictable floods and droughts: (1) forecast and assessment of climate and ecosystem change impact on agricultural production; (2) risk assessment of extreme weather events and introduction of adaptive water resource management methods; and ...PermalinkDevelopment of the Tropical Cyclone Forecaster Website was under the WMO TCP Sub-Project No. 24 which was established in response to a recommendation from IWTC-IV (Haikou, Hainan, China, 1998) and IWTC-V (Cairns, Australia, 2002).
The Purpose or Objective of the Web site was to provide a plaform that will serve as a source that tropical cyclone forecasters can access to obtain forecasting tools concerning tropical cyclone development, motion, intensification, wind distribution, and analysis using both conventional data sources and remote sensing sources. It will contain techniques and b ...Permalink18 April 2012: As part of its Making Cities Resilient Campaign, the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR) has launched the Local Government Self Assessment Tool, to support cities in managing disaster risk. UNISDR reports that 2011 was the worst year on record for economic losses from disasters.
The tool aims to increase understanding of disaster risk reduction (DRR), allowing cities to establish baselines and identify planning and investment gaps for risk reduction and climate change adaptation. According to UNISDR, the new tool has been piloted in over 20 c ...PermalinkNecessity is the mother of invention. This is very much true in disaster management and development activities in Bangladesh. As a part of policy matters of government of Bangladesh disaster management efforts have been integrated into the process of national development. Flood protection embankments are
used as roads and in some cases as a portion of national road network system. Cyclone centres are used for multipurpose activities of community and rural development. Schools in coastal areas have been designed to be used as cyclone shelters in case of necessity. Houses and other ...PermalinkDesertification, along with climate change and the loss of biodiversity, were identified as the greatest challenges to sustainable development during the 1992 Rio Earth Summit. Established in 1994, UNCCD is the sole legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management. The Convention addresses specifically the arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as the drylands, where some of the most vulnerable ecosystems and peoples can be found. In the ten-year Strategy of the UNCCD (2008-2018) that was adopted in 2007, Parties to the Conventi ...PermalinkThe main objective of the database is to serve the purposes of humanitarian action at national and international levels. It is an initiative aimed to rationalise decision making for disaster preparedness, as well as providing an objective base for vulnerability assessment and priority setting.
EM-DAT contains essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present. The database is compiled from various sources, including UN agencies, non-governmental organisations, insurance companies, research institutes and press agenci ...PermalinkWMO data provide the basis for better understanding the climatology of severe weather and extreme events such as tropical cyclones, El Niño, floods, heat waves, cold waves, droughts and other natural hazards, contributing to saving both lives and property, and improving our understanding and monitoring of the climate system and environment. WMO has drawn attention to issues of major concern, such as ozone layer depletion, global warming, climate change and diminishing water resources.
WMO enhances the application of meteorological and hydrological information for the security and well-b ...PermalinkAs a key initiative of the Pacific Climate Change Science Program "Pacific Climate Futures" assists decision makers and planners in 15 partner countries of the Asia-Pacific region in understanding how their climate has changed and how it may change in the future.
The Pacific Climate Futures web-tool has been designed to provide information and guidance in the generation of national climate projections and facilitate the generation of data for detailed impact and risk assessments.PermalinkEstablished in 1960, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO promotes international cooperation and coordinates programmes in marine research, services, observation systems, hazard mitigation and capacity development in order to learn more and better manage the nature and resources of the ocean and coastal areas. Through the application of this knowledge the Commission aims to improve management practices and the decision-making process of its Member States, foster sustainable development and protect the marine environment. In addition, The Commission strives to further develo ...PermalinkThe Tropical Cyclone Programme is a part of WMO's Weather and Disaster Risk Reduction Services Department tasked to establish national and regionally coordinated systems to ensure that the loss of life and damage caused by tropical cyclones are reduced to a minimum.PermalinkWMO's Emergency Response Activities (ERA) programme involves the application of specialized atmospheric dispersion-modelling techniques to track and predict the spread of airborne hazardous substances in the event of an environmental emergency. This kind of specialized application depends directly on the operational infrastructure of the numerical weather prediction systems that are implemented and maintained at many of the global, regional or national meteorological centres within WMO's World Weather Watch system.PermalinkThe Commission for Hydrology (CHy) shapes the water related activities of the WMO and addresses issues related to the basic hydrological observation network, water resources assessment, flood forecasting and management, adaptability to climate variability and change and promotes exchange of technology and capacity building. In particular the outcomes of its deliberations provide guidance to WMO Member countries and WMO Secretariat for the implementation of the Hydrology and Water Resources Programme of WMO.PermalinkThe Associated Programme on Flood Management (APFM) is a joint initiative of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Global Water Partnership (GWP). It promotes the concept of Integrated Flood Management (IFM) as a new approach to flood management. The programme is being financially supported by the governments of Japan and Switzerland.PermalinkThe mission of the CAS is, through the GAW and WWRP-THORPEX Programmes:
- Support research in atmospheric science
- Reduce and mitigate natural disasters
- Protect the environment
- Enhance understanding and response to environmental changePermalinkDisaster risk reduction is at the core of the mission of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), and the National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) of its 188 Members. WMO, through its scientific and technical programmes, its network of Global Meteorological Centres and Regional Specialized Meteorological Centres, and the NMHSs, provides scientific and technical services. This includes observing, detecting, monitoring, predicting and early warning of a wide range of weather–, climate- and water-related hazards. Through a coordinated approach, and working with its partners, ...PermalinkThe 11 March 2011 magnitude-9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake off the eastern coast of Japan was one of the largest recorded earthquakes in history. It triggered a devastating tsunami that killed more than 20,000 people and an ongoing nuclear disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi power plant. Three research papers in the 17 June 2011 issue (published on 19 May) report on the mechanics of this megaquake and provide insights into the behavior of other very large, rare earthquakes.PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) - German IHP/HWRP National Committee, 2004-[...]IHP/HWRP publications Scientific papers originating in the work of the German IHP/HWRP National Committee are published in the series IHP/HWRP-Berichte under ISSN 1614-1180.PermalinkPermalinkThe Global Platform for Disaster Reduction was established in 2007 as a biennial forum for information exchange, discussion of latest development and knowledge and partnership building across sectors, with the goal to improve implementation of disaster risk reduction through better communication and coordination amongst stakeholders. The Global Platform is managed by the UN International Strategy for Disaster Reduction.
The Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction is now the world’s foremost gathering of stakeholders committed to reducing disaster risk and building the resilience of ...PermalinkThe International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) is a strategic framework, adopted by United Nations Member States in 2000, aiming to guide and coordinate the efforts of a wide range of partners to achieve substantive reduction in disaster losses and build resilient nations and communities as an essential condition for sustainable development.PermalinkOCHA is the arm of the UN Secretariat that is responsible for bringing together humanitarian actors to ensure coherent response to emergencies. OCHA also ensures there is a framework within which each actor can contribute to the overall response effort.
OCHA's mission is to mobilize and coordinate effective and principled humanitarian action in partnership with national and international actors in order to alleviate human suffering in disasters and emergencies; advocate for the rights of people in need; promote preparedness and prevention; and facilitate sustainable solutions.PermalinkThe Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC) is a non-profit organization supporting the advancement of safer communities and sustainable development, through implementing programs and projects that reduce the impact of disasters upon countries and communities in Asia and the Pacific, by:
- Developing and enhancing sustainable institutional disaster risk management capacities, frameworks and mechanisms, and supporting the development and implementation of government policies;
- facilitating the dissemination and exchange of disaster risk management expertise, exp ...PermalinkThe information in this World Meteorological Organization (WMO) website is based on advisories issued by Regional Specialized Meteorological Centres (RSMCs) and Tropical Cyclone Warning Centres (TCWCs), and official warnings issued by National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) for their respective countries or regions. The media may use this information for their broadcasting services on the radio or TV. When doing so, it should be indicated that they are issued by the respective RSMCs, TCWCs or NMHSs.
As different participating Members may give different locatio ...PermalinkThe Supersites have data for the study of natural hazards in geologically active regions, including information from Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), GPS crustal deformation measurements, and earthquakes. The data are provided in the spirit of GEO, ESA, NASA and the National Science Foundation (NSF), that easy access to Earth science data will promote their use and advance scientific research, ultimately leading to reduced loss of life from natural hazards.PermalinkThe IUGG Yearbook is a reference document of IUGG members, administrative officers, and Association and Union Commission officers that is updated annually and distributed free of charge. Each issue endeavors to update the contact information for hundreds of persons who are actively participating in IUGG scientific activities. Information is complied throughout the year until early December. The print-ready copy is sent to the publisher in late December, and the Yearbooks are distributed as soon as possible thereafter.Permalink
PermalinkThe Natural Hazards Observer covers disaster issues, recent disaster management and education programs, hazards research, political and policy developments, resources and Web sites, upcoming conferences, and recent publications.PermalinkGroundwater: Development and evaluation of groundwater resources, DroughtPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) - WMOPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalink