This report is the output from the Commission for Agricultural Meteorology (CAgM) Expert Team on Drought (Expert Team 3.1) from 2014 to 2018. The team members addressed several Terms of Reference (TOR) requested by the 16th Session of the WMO CAgM held in Antalya, Turkey in April 2014. These TORs included the following: (a) Review the definition of drought and conduct a comprehensive review of the definitions and phases of drought (onset, duration, recovery and the ‘end point’ of drought in all regions); (b) Identify case studies and conduct a literature review of the socio‐economic impacts ...Published by: WMO ; 2021
This report is the output from the Commission for Agricultural Meteorology (CAgM) Expert Team on Drought (Expert Team 3.1) from 2014 to 2018. The team members addressed several Terms of Reference (TOR) requested by the 16th Session of the WMO CAgM held in Antalya, Turkey in April 2014. These TORs included the following: (a) Review the definition of drought and conduct a comprehensive review of the definitions and phases of drought (onset, duration, recovery and the ‘end point’ of drought in all regions); (b) Identify case studies and conduct a literature review of the socio‐economic impacts of drought and successful mitigation and preparedness programs and policies. (c) Report on existing material on likely drought changes under future climate variability and change, d) Review the climate science to identify the main mechanisms behind drought onset and persistence (e) Report and make recommendations to CAgM on existing drought indices and potential new drought indices in consultation with the Integrated Drought Management Programme (IDMP).
Collection(s) and Series: AGM- No. 110
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy (ill., maps)Published by: WMO ; 2021
Ozonesonde Measurement Principles and Best Operational Practices: ASOPOS 2.0 (Assessment of Standard Operating Procedures for Ozonesondes) August 2021
Collection(s) and Series: GAW Report- No. 268
Format: Digital (Free)Published by: WMO ; 2021
Measurement-Model Fusion for Global Total Atmospheric Deposition Initiative: Implementation Plan for 2021–2026
Collection(s) and Series: GAW Report- No. 269
Format: Digital (Free)The purpose of the various METAGRI projects in West Africa was to increase the flow of information from National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to farmers and this included the need for simple rain gauges to be distributed to farmers. The METAGRI OPERATIONAL Project needed technical specifications for the ‘farmer’s rain gauge’ to make it more suitable for the purpose. The former Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation (CIMO) Lead Centre agreed to cooperate with the involved NMHSs in the evaluation of the rain gauges by technical consultations, laboratory tests and fiel ...Published by: WMO ; 2021
The purpose of the various METAGRI projects in West Africa was to increase the flow of information from National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to farmers and this included the need for simple rain gauges to be distributed to farmers. The METAGRI OPERATIONAL Project needed technical specifications for the ‘farmer’s rain gauge’ to make it more suitable for the purpose. The former Commission for Instruments and Methods of Observation (CIMO) Lead Centre agreed to cooperate with the involved NMHSs in the evaluation of the rain gauges by technical consultations, laboratory tests and field intercomparisons. The matters are closely related to the area of expertise of the WMO CIMO Italian Lead Centre, which, according to its Terms of Reference, should be instrumental in CIMO efforts to bridge gaps between countries by assisting CIMO in conducting training and capacity building. The work performed at the Lead Centre consisted in a preliminary laboratory assessment of instrument accuracy, held in 2015 at the rain gauge laboratory of the University of Genoa (I), for a set of gauges provided by the METAGRI OPS. Following the laboratory tests, an intercomparison campaign was held using the same gauges at the field test site of the Lead Centre in Vigna di Valle (Rome, I). This final report aims to describe the activities performed during the cooperation and to synthesise the results achieved. It also provides guidance material for improving the measurement accuracy and fostering standardization.
Collection(s) and Series: AGM- No. 109
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy (ill., maps)Crop calendars, indicating the optimal time of planting and the time of harvest, can aid both farmers and advisory experts in the field of agriculture to reduce any risks. Existing crop calendars are made available for many countries but the planting and harvest periods are very general and can even comprise a period of two months. Defining the onset of the rainy season for the different regions and providing more detailed information about crop cultivation in relation to the length of the growing season, will help farmers reduce their losses and increase crop yield. This report describex a me ...Published by: WMO ; 2021
Crop calendars, indicating the optimal time of planting and the time of harvest, can aid both farmers and advisory experts in the field of agriculture to reduce any risks. Existing crop calendars are made available for many countries but the planting and harvest periods are very general and can even comprise a period of two months. Defining the onset of the rainy season for the different regions and providing more detailed information about crop cultivation in relation to the length of the growing season, will help farmers reduce their losses and increase crop yield. This report describex a methodology for building a crop calendar of high quality, to better inform local farmers and advisory services in this field. The first part of this manual describes the methodology in three sections, so that this can be replicated for other countries with a distinct rainy season. The second part consists of a case study for Senegal, where this methodology has been tested and crop calendars were created as an output. Rainfall data for this country was provided by ANACIM, who were also involved in this project. This work could not have been completed without the support provided by Agence Nationale de l'Aviation Civile et de la Météorologie/ National Agency of Civil Aviation and Meteorology (ANACIM). Through a collaboration where rainfall data, knowledge and information were exchanged, a qualitative analysis of the methodology could be executed for Senegal. In addition, this work was funded by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) under a joint WMO and FAO project. WMO would like to graciously acknowledge the continued collaboration and support of FAO on issues related to agricultural meteorology.
Collection(s) and Series: AGM- No. 108
Format: Digital (Free), Hard copy (ill., maps)World Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Glen McConville, Koji Miyagawa, and Gerardo Carbajal Benítez - WMO, 2021This report describes the Fifth Intercomparison of Dobson Spectophotometers (IC/BUA-19) carried out at the Main Buenos Aires Observatory (Villa Ortúzar) of the Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (Argentina) (SMN) from 4 March to 22 March 2019. The Dobson spectrophotometer D065 was used as a reference for comparison of measured ozone column values and to calibrate individual instruments. The Regional Standard (R-III) also participated in the event and was calibrated. Through this activity, the data obtained by individual Dobson Spectrophotometers at different measurement sites will be standardized ...PermalinkThe Report was written by the Scientific Assessment Panel to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer. CFC-11 (CCl3F) was reportedly fully controlled under the Montreal Protocol since 2010. However, a 2018 scientific paper revealed that instead of decreasing, CFC-11 emissions were increasing. In reaction, the Protocol parties agreed to Decision XXX/3: Unexpected emissions of trichlorofluoromethane (CFC-11). This Report addresses: current and past observations of CFC-11 atmospheric abundances; information on the CFC-11 global and regional emission increase and subsequent ...Permalink
PermalinkPermalinkThis Guidance Volume II: Demonstration Cities presents an overview of the demand for integrated urban services and the particular practices of the integrated urban services implementation. This Guidance builds on examples from 27 demonstration cities and provides details of the types of integrated urban services and their placement within distinct administrative frameworks. The details from these cities are abstracted to create a map that illustrates the level of integration between services providers and between services and the economic sectors. According to the degree of integration, demons ...PermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; CAS Environmental Pollution and Atmospheric Chemistry Scientific Steering Committee, Sixth session (11-14 November 2019; Geneva, Switzerland) - WMO, 2020PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; International Comparison of Dobson Spectrophotometers, Pretoria, Gauteng Province, South Africa, 7-18 October 2019 - WMO, 2020PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; Global Atmosphere Watch Expert Meeting on Measurement-Model Fusion for Global Total Atmospheric Deposition (MMF-GTAD) (26-27 February 2019; Geneva, Switzerland) - WMO, 2020PermalinkPermalinkThis Guidance on Integrated Urban Hydrometeorological, Climate and Environment Services (Volume I: Concept and Methodology) serves to assist WMO Members in the development and implementation of the urban services that address the needs of the cities stakeholders in their countries.Permalink如《WMO 技术规则》所述，世界气象组织（WMO）致力于确保其会员有能力提供海洋气象服务 提供的标准和推荐做法。 2018 年底，WMO 做了一项调查，以整理这份会员提供海洋和沿海服务能力的状况报告。本报告 中的调查结果将有助于WMO 更好地了解会员采取适当行动的需求，以确定需要援助的领域并确 定其优先顺序，尤其是在能力建设和培训支持的方面。Permalinkس ع ي ا ح ث ي ث ا إ ل ى ض م ا ن أ ن أ ع ض ا ء ه ا ق ا د ر و ن ع ل ى ت و ف ي ر ا ل م م ا ر س ا ت (WMO) تسعى المنظمة العالمية للأرصاد الجوية
القياسية والموصى بها المتعلقة بتقديم خدمات الأرصاد الجوية البحرية، على النحو المبين في اللائحة الفنية .(WMO) للمنظمةPermalinkВсемирная метеорологическая организация (ВМО) стремится к тому, чтобы ее Члены могли предоставлять стандартную и рекомендуемую практику в области морского метеорологического обслуживания, описанную в Техническом регламенте ВМО.
В конце 2018 г., с целью подготовки настоящего отчета, был проведен опрос о текущих возможностях Членов в области предоставления морского и берегового обслуживания. Результаты опроса, представленные в данном отчете, помогут ВМО лучше понять потребности Членов и принять необходимые меры для определения и приоритизации областей, в которых требуется поддержка, особ ...PermalinkLa Organización Meteorológica Mundial (OMM) trata de garantizar que sus Miembros estén en condiciones de prestar servicios meteorológicos marinos ateniéndose a las prácticas normalizadas y recomendadas que se describen en el Reglamento Técnico de la OMM.
Para ello, a fines de 2018, se realizó una encuesta con el objeto de elaborar el presente informe de situación sobre la capacidad de los Miembros para prestar servicios marinos y costeros. Los resultados de la encuesta, que se presentan en este informe, ayudarán a que la OMM comprenda mejor las necesidades de los Miembros y adopte las ...PermalinkThe World Meteorological Organization (WMO) strives to ensure that its Members are capable of providing the standard and recommended practices for marine meteorological service delivery, as described in the WMO Technical Regulations.
At the end of 2018, a survey was conducted to collate this status report of Members capabilities in the provision of the marine and coastal services. The survey results presented in this report, will help WMO better understand Member's needs to take appropriate action to target and prioritize areas requiring assistance, especially in relation to capacity bu ...PermalinkL’Organisation météorologique mondiale (OMM) s’efforce de garantir que ses Membres soient en mesure de fournir des services de météorologie maritime qui respectent les normes et pratiques recommandées, telles que décrites dans le Règlement technique de l’OMM. À la fin de l’année 2018, une enquête a été réalisée en vue d’établir le présent rapport sur l’état d’avancement des capacités des Membres en matière de prestation de services météorologiques destinés aux activités maritimes et côtières. Les résultats présentés ici aideront l’OMM à mieux cerner les besoins des Membres et à prendre les mes ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkContiene:
La OMM y la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible
por el Secretario General de la OMM Petteri Taalas, p.2
Fortalecimiento de la capacidad de alerta temprana de los SMHN en los países de bajos ingresos
por John Harding y Silvia Llosa, p.4
Cómo los pronósticos climáticos fortalecen la seguridad alimentaria
por Tamuka Magadzine, Gideon Galu y James P. Verdin, p.. 10
Innovación y apoyo comunitario en la gestión sostenible del agua
por Sophia Sandström y Andreas Steiner, p.16
- L’OMM et le Programme de développement durable à l’horizon 2030, p.2
- Renforcer la capacité d’alerte précoce dans les SMHN des pays à faible revenu, p.4
- L’appui des prévisions climatologiques à la sécurité alimentaire, p.10
- Gestion durable de l’eau: innover et associer la population, p.16
- Prévenir les catastrophes grâce à la parité et au pouvoir d’action des femmes, p.22
- L’élite scientifique d’aujourd’hui et de demain en météorologie, hydrologie et climatologie – Une perspective intergénérationnelle, p.26
- Des indicateurs p ...Permalinkis an issue of Бюллетень. Всемирная Метеорологическая Организация (BMO); Всемирная Метеорологическая Организация (BMO) - BMO, 2018Содержание
- ВМО и Повестка дня в области устойчивого развития на период до 2030 года。 2
- Укрепление потенциала НМГС в области раннего предупреждения в странах с низким уровнем доходов。 4
- Как прогнозы климата укрепляют продовольственную безопасность。 10
- Инновационное и устойчивое управление водными ресурсами на общинном уровне。 16
- Снижение риска бедствий посредством обеспечения гендерного равенства и лидерства женщин。 22
- Нынешние и будущие лидеры в области науки о погоде, воде и климате — точки зрения представителей разных поколений。 26
...PermalinkThis lesson provides an introduction to the benefits, important input (forcing data), and key products of the National Water Model. Both official and evolving products are presented. The lesson uses the flooding associated with Hurricane Harvey in August 2017 to demonstrate key products.PermalinkSF6 is a substance which originates only from anthropogenic sources used primarily in the electricity and electronics supply industries, e.g. the semiconductor industry, where it is used as an electronic insulator due to its inertness. SF6 is a trace gas that exists in small quantities at the level of ppt (parts-per-trillion, 1/1012) in the atmosphere, but its global warming potential is 23,500 times greater than that of CO2 when compared over a 100-year period. In particular, SF6 has an atmospheric lifetime of 3,200 years upon emission, and will eventually exacerbate the man-made greenhous ...PermalinkWorld Meteorological Organization (WMO) ; IBBI ; The Global Fire Monitoring Center (GFMC) - WMO, 2018This concept note contains the expert recommendations resulting from discussions at the international workshop on Forecasting Emissions from Vegetation Fires and their Impacts on Human Health and Security in South-East Asia, which was hosted by the Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG), Jakarta, from 29 August to 1 September 2016. The workshop was organized by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the Interdisciplinary Biomass Burning Initiative (IBBI) in collaboration with the United Nations Office for Disaster Reduction/International Wildfire Prepared ...PermalinkPermafrost is recognized as Essential Climate Variable (ECV) within the Global Climate Observing System of UN and ICSU organisations. The Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost (GTN-P) is the primary international programme concerned with long-term monitoring of permafrost. The core mission of the GTN-P is sustained comprehensive long-term monitoring network, in order to provide consistent, representative and high quality standardized long-term data series of selected permafrost parameters at key sites and to assess their state and changes over time. The Strategy and Implementation Plan 201 ...PermalinkPermalink
PermalinkThis updated one-hour lesson explores the types of atmospheric and surface features that can be observed at night. It describes recent technical improvements in nighttime visible imaging with the VIIRS Day/Night Band on board the Suomi NPP and JPSS satellites, and the lunar phases and other conditions necessary for effective nighttime visible imaging. This lays the foundation for the rest of the lesson, which explores operational uses of nighttime visible observations. These include the detection and monitoring of city lights, tropical cyclones, fog and stratus, polar nights, auroras, fires an ...PermalinkTransforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (Agenda 2030) is a plan of action for people, the planet and prosperity, which seeks to strengthen universal peace in greater freedom. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) identified under Agenda 2030 provide a universal, transformative and integrated ambition that will provide an aligned pathway for the activities of UN Members, international organizations within and beyond the UN system, as well as the entire sphere of entities and individuals having a stake in sustainable development.PermalinkPermalink
PermalinkBulletin, Vol. 65(1). WMO, 2016The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by the United Nations (UN) General Assembly in September 2015, will serve as the centrepiece for national and international policymaking over the next 15 years. It sets out 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with 169 associated targets and describes a number of international mechanisms for supporting implementation. National Meteorological and Hydrological Services and the broader WMO community can contribute to the SDGs at the national and international levels.PermalinkL’urbanisation galopante, la détérioration de l’environnement et le changement climatique rendent les personnes, les organisations et les entreprises plus vulnérables aux dangers météorologiques et environnementaux. La vie moderne nous oblige à rester à tout moment intimement conscients de l’état de notre environnement personnel – conditions météorologiques et climatiques, et qualité de l’air, de l’eau et du sol – au travail, au foyer ou pendant nos loisirs, à l’intérieur ou à l’extérieur.1234PermalinkIt is the goal of the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) programme to ensure long - term measurements in order to detect trends in global distributions of chemical constituents in air and the reasons for them (WMO, 2001a). With respect to aerosols, the objective of GAW is to determine the spatio - temporal distribution of aerosol properties related to climate forcing and air quality on multi - decadal time scales and on regional, hemispheric and global spatial scales. The objective of GAW Report No. 153, published in 2003, was to provide a synthesis of methodologies and procedures for measuring the ...PermalinkThis lesson introduces you to three of the four near-infrared imager bands (at 1.37, 1.6, and 2.2 micrometers) on the GOES R-U ABI (Advanced Baseline Imager), focusing on their spectral characteristics and how they affect what each band observes. For information on the 0.86 micrometer near-IR "veggie" band which is not included here, refer to the Visible and Near-IR Bands lesson. This lesson is a part of the NWS Satellite Foundation GOES-R Course.PermalinkThis lesson introduces seven of the ten infrared imager bands on the GOES R-U ABI (Advanced Baseline Imager). It examines the spectral characteristics of each band to facilitate a better understanding of band selection and what each band observes, and to shed light on some of the many potential applications. This lesson is a part of the NWS Satellite Foundation GOES-R Course.PermalinkThis lesson introduces you to the two visible and one of the near-infrared imager bands on the GOES R-U ABI (Advanced Baseline Imager), focusing on their spectral characteristics and how they affect what each band observes. Also included is a brief discussion of the customization of visible enhancements as an important consideration for improving the depiction of various features of interest. This lesson is a part of the NWS Satellite Foundation GOES-R Course.PermalinkThe chemistry of the world’s oceans is changing. Ocean acidity is creeping upward, a result of rising atmospheric carbon dioxide. The added carbon dioxide depletes seawater of carbonate, a chemical constituent of minerals that form the shells and structures of animals including corals, molluscs, plankton, and others. The accelerating impacts are expected to reverberate through the marine food web. Most people are unaware of ocean acidification and its expected impacts. This lesson will educate policy makers and university students about its causes and consequences. The lesson explains the chem ...PermalinkSPREP ; Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI); Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland ; et al. - SPREP, 2016PermalinkPermalink
PermalinkWeather, climate and water can either disrupt sustainable development or advance it. The providers of weather, climate, hydrological, marine and related environmental services therefore have a critical role to play in assisting countries to implement the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). High-quality meteorological services empower decision-makers to better manage agriculture, public health, water resources, energy production, transportation and other sectors that are critical for national development.PermalinkAerosols are small, micrometer-sized particles, whose optical effects coupled with their impact on cloud properties is a source of large uncertainty in climate models. Aerosols when inhaled are believed to have significant and detrimental effects on human health. Their presence also affects photosynthesis and agricultural production. Aerosol measurements are urgently required for the complete understanding and modeling their role in the climate system. This study builds on the analysis of Aerosol Optical depth (AOD) using Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) and sun photometer measurements then ...PermalinkThis paper examines the aerosol extinction coefficient profiles measured by Rayleigh-Raman-Mie-Lidar (RRML) system in Nanjing, China. I introduced two lidars methods (Raman and Fernald) and detection principle, and two lidars data Using Raman analysis method and Fernald analysis method to obtained aerosol extinction coefficient. Aerosol profiles at 607 nm and 532 nm over ranges from 6 km to 10 km were obtained using respectively Raman lidar and Rayleigh lidar in Nanjing.PermalinkOnline coupled meteorology atmospheric chemistry models have undergone a rapid evolution in recent years. Although mainly developed by the air quality modelling community, these models are also of interest for numerical weather prediction and climate modelling as they can consider not only the effects of meteorology on air quality, but also the potentially important effects of atmospheric composition on weather. This report provides the main conclusions from the Symposium on “Coupled Chemistry-Meteorology/Climate Modelling: Status and Relevance for Numerical Weather Prediction, Air Quality and ...Permalink
PermalinkFast-growing urbanisation, environmental deterioration and climate change are making individuals, organisations and businesses more vulnerable to meteorological and environmental hazards. Modern life requires detailed knowledge about our immediate personal environment – the climate and weather as well as the air, water and soil quality – at work, home or play, may we be indoors or out.PermalinkWMO, 2015PermalinkThis brochure is part of a series highlighting the World Bank's achievements in disaster risk management initiatives. The brochure offers lessons learned on managing disaster risk and promoting urban resilience and it presents Bangladesh's path-breaking Urban Resilience Project, the product of a collaborative effort among the government, the World Bank, and GFDRR, which equips key government agencies with state-of-the art emergency management facilities and improves construction permitting processes.PermalinkUnderstanding Marine Customers, 2nd edition, introduces the different marine forecast customers and discusses what forecast information they need to know and why they need to know it. A better understanding of the needs of the marine forecast customer will lead to better daily forecasts. The 2nd edition expands upon marine customer base to include more nearshore users, such as beachgoers, surfers, and sea kayakers.PermalinkThis lesson introduces the concepts and principles basic to retrieving important land and ocean surface properties using microwave remote sensing observations from polar-orbiting satellites. Section one reviews the advantages of microwave remote sensing from polar-orbiting platforms and briefly highlights some of the unique spectral characteristics that allow for differentiation between various surface types and properties. Subsequent sections present a more in-depth look at the derivation and application of microwave products that quantify four different land and ocean surface properties and ...PermalinkThis lesson describes model parameterizations of surface, PBL, and free atmospheric processes. It specifically addresses how models treat these processes, how such processes can potentially interact with each other, and how they can influence forecasts of sensible weather elements. Topics covered include: soil moisture processes, radiative processes involving clouds, and turbulent processes in the PBL and free atmosphere.PermalinkThis lesson provides an overview of the primary influences of watershed and channel sedimentation. In a short narrated portion of the lesson, we explore a section of the Rio Grande watershed and channel in New Mexico using Google Earth imagery, river profiles, and graphic animations. We highlight features of the upland catchments, the river channel, and the Elephant Butte Reservoir. We then demonstrate how environmental factors (climate, geography, land use changes, reservoirs) impact the supply and movement of sediments for the Rio Grande and other rivers. The focus is on the three primary pr ...PermalinkWorld Bank, 2015This study’s overall aim is to provide local decision-makers an effective planning approach for minimizing the damage risk of rainfall-induced urban flooding in Dhaka in a changing climate. Specific objectives are to assess the vulnerability of the Greater Dhaka area to urban flooding and waterlogging, estimate probable economic damage due to climate change, develop structural adaptation measures, evaluate the reduction in economic damage resulting from implementing these measures, and estimate their cost.PermalinkAerosols in the atmosphere serve as condensation nuclei for the cloud formation. This brings an important influence on the microphysical properties of cloud water that in turn affect the processes in the formation of precipitation. Aerosol-cloud-precipitation interaction which simultaneously change cloud albedo interest many studies to find out aerosol impact on precipitation formation. The studies were done by observation measurement and simulation. UK Met Office Unified Model (UM) is one model that includes aerosol direct and indirect effect in the NWP configuration which leads to study aero ...PermalinkThis report details the lessons learned during the implementation of the High Mountains Adaptation Partnership (HiMAP)(www.highmountains.org) project between March 2012 and June 2015. Located under the broader USAID Climate Change Resilient Development (CCRD) project, the goal of the HiMAP is to strengthen the climate change adaptation capacities of people who live in, or are dependent on, high mountain glacial watersheds and the ecosystem services which they provide. The document is intended to be a resource for USAID Missions, donors, practitioners, and NGOs interested in learning more about ...PermalinkThe Climate Resilient Infrastructure Services (CRIS) program was an initiative of USAID’s Climate Change Resilient Development (CCRD) project. CRIS worked to improve the ability of cities in developing countries to provide reliable and sustainable infrastructure services that support smart and lasting development, even in a changing climate. For two-and-a-half years the CRIS program worked with cities to develop, test, and implement approaches to improve the climate resilience of infrastructure services. These services—which include transportation, water, sanitation and waste management, energ ...Permalink
PermalinkThis research looks at climate change vulnerability assessments (CCVAs) conducted in cities across Indonesia.
Two models are explored: one that was deployed in the cities of Semarang and Bandar Lampung through the Asian Cities Climate Change Resilience Network (ACCCRN) programme, and another developed by UNDP and implemented by Yayasan Kota Kita in Manado and Makassar. They vary in duration, funding, emphasis on shared learning, stakeholder involvement, and external support; studying them helps indicate how different processes may have different impacts upon decision-making and ...PermalinkThis brief gives an overview of the disaster trends and challenges across the Arab region.
There is a special emphasis on infrastructure, informal settlements, climate change, and cross-cutting issues such as governance, inclusiveness, decentralisation and legislation. The report also provides an analysis of proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Targets from an Arab Perspective.
As introduction is given to the issues around disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the Arab region. The main trends and challenges in DRR and reliance building are identified, spec ...PermalinkThis paper argues that growth, technological, population-expansion and governance constraints as well as some key systemic issues cast doubt ‘green growth’ hopes.
It argues that such an evolutionary (and often reductionist) approach may well not be sufficient to cope with the complexities of climate change. It may rather give much false hope and excuses to do nothing really fundamental that should bring about a turn around on global GHG emissions.
The paper argues that climate change calls into question the global equality of opportunity for prosperity and is thus ...PermalinkInternal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC); Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) - Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, 2015This annual report draws on information from a wide range of sources, including governments, UN and international organisations, NGOs and media, to provide up-to-date figures and analysis on displacement caused by disasters associated with rapid-onset geophysical and weather-related hazards such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods and storms. The report, the sixth of its kind, aims to equip governments, local authorities, civil society organisations and international and regional institutions with evidence relevant to these key post-2015 agenda.PermalinkPermalinkInternational Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) ; Ministry of the Environment, Japan - gov - IUCN, 2015This handbook explains what protected areas can and cannot contribute to DRR strategies. In this handbook protected areas are explained as a buffer against coastal erosion and flood risks, which provide ecosystem goods and services on which people rely for their livelihood.
The handbook describes how protected areas can be integrated into national DRR strategies to the mutual advantage of both and it looks at how to combine natural and engineering solutions in DRR.
The main text is supplemented by case studies drawing on the experience of the Ministry of Environme ...PermalinkThe book offers a critique of the dominant trends in thinking about adaptation and climate change, particularly social dimensions.
It presents a framework for making sense of choices around resilience (stability), transition (incremental social change and the exercising of existing rights) and transformation (new rights claims and changes in political regimes).
The resilience– transition–transformation framework is supported by three detailed case study chapters. These also illustrate the diversity of contexts in which adaption is unfolding, from organisations to ...PermalinkCliC is pleased to release its 2014 Annual Report which summarizers the amazing number of activities that we sponsored, supported, and in many cases, initiated over the past few years. We hope you will take the time to read the achievements, as well as our plans for the coming year(s).PermalinkThis portfolio of projects provides a ‘first generation’ view of how a set of cities have interpreted building urban climate change resilience (UCCR) challenges and translated their understanding into targeted priorities and actions, as a pioneering effort to advance on-the-ground actions. These projects seek to strengthen the capabilities of cities to plan, finance and implement UCCR strategies for coping with the inevitable impacts of climate change taking place now, and in the decades to come.
The document describes the projects capturing details from the various experiences ...PermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkPermalinkThis report seeks to inform economic decision-makers in both public and private sectors, many of whom recognise the serious risks caused by climate change, but also need to tackle more immediate concerns such as jobs, competitiveness and poverty. The report brings together evidence and analysis, learning from the practical experience of countries, cities and businesses across the world. The report’s conclusion is that countries at all levels of income now have the opportunity to build lasting economic growth at the same time as reducing the immense risks of climate change. It argues that the n ...PermalinkPermalinkThe meeting reviewed current WMO data quality objectives and observation scales, covering such topics as carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, stable isotopes, radiocarbon in greenhouse gas measurements, calibration, quality control, data management and archiving. The workshop also discussed new and emerging technologies, including measurements of greenhouse gases with high-precision spectroscopic methods. The group made several recommendations on the WMO data quality objectives, as well as on the development of the GAW Programme infrastructure. These recommendations are summarized in the ...Permalink